Aylesbury (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 51°48′58″N0°49′01″W / 51.816°N 0.817°W / 51.816; -0.817

Contents

Aylesbury
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Aylesbury2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire
EnglandBuckinghamshire.svg
Location of Buckinghamshire within England
County Buckinghamshire
Population108,027 (2011 census) [1]
Electorate 82,448 (2018) [2]
Major settlements Aylesbury, Saunderton, Stoke Mandeville, Wendover
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Rob Butler (Conservative Party)
Number of membersOne
1553–1885
Number of membersTwo
Type of constituency Borough constituency

Aylesbury is a constituency created in 1553 — created as a single-member seat in 1885 — represented in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom since 2019 by Rob Butler of the Conservative Party. [n 1]

Constituency profile

Aylesbury expanded significantly after World War II, in a diverse way with a similar proportion of this recent development being social housing estates as private estates.

Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 lower than the regional average of 2.4% and national average of 3.8%, at 2.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian . [3]

Whereas the average house price is higher than the national average, in the Aylesbury Vale authority (which largely overlaps) this in the first quarter of 2013 was £262,769, the lowest of the four authorities in Buckinghamshire and this compares to the highest county average of £549,046 in South Bucks District.

History

Early form

The seat was a much narrower, generally urban borough with two-member status at Westminster from its grant of a limited franchise in 1553 until the passing of the Great Reform Act 1832. [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] Unusually, the contents of the Parliamentary Borough were defined within the Act itself to include the "Three Hundreds of Aylesbury". [14] This extended the seat to include Wendover and Princes Risborough. [15] The Borough continued to elect two MPs until its abolition by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and transformation into a large county division, formally named the Mid or Aylesbury Division of Buckinghamshire. It was one of three divisions formed from the undivided three-member Parliamentary County of Buckinghamshire, the other two being the Northern or Buckingham Division and the Southern or Wycombe Division. As well as the areas previously represented by the abolished Borough, the reconstituted seat included Linslade to the north-east and Chesham to the south-east. Since then national boundary reviews have seen a gradual reduction in its physical size as its population has grown (see Boundaries Section below).

Political history

The Conservative Party has held the seat since 1924, and held it at the 2015 general election with a 50.7% share of the vote. The result made the seat the 133rd safest of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority. [16] The closest result since 1929 was in 1966 when the Labour Party candidate fell 7.4% short of a majority.

In June 2016, an estimated 51.8% of local adults voting in the EU membership referendum chose to leave the European Union instead of to remain. This was matched in two January 2018 votes in Parliament by its MP. [17]

Frontbenchers

David Lidington, the current incumbent, was the Secretary of State for Justice in Theresa May's cabinet since succeeding Elizabeth Truss in the 2017 cabinet reshuffle, before becoming the effective First Secretary of State in the place of Damian Green in 2018's new year's reshuffle. During the premiership of David Cameron he served as Minister for Europe, campaigning unsuccessfully (in the constituency as well as the whole country) to remain in the EU. From 2007 to 2010 he had been his party's Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.

MPs who have received honours

Sir Stanley Reed edited The Times of India from 1907 until 1924 and received correspondence from the major figures of India such as Mahatma Gandhi. In all he lived in India for fifty years. He was respected in the United Kingdom as an expert on Indian current affairs. He devised the sobriquet for Jaipur, 'the Pink City of India'.

Boundaries and boundary changes

1885–1918: The Sessional Divisions of Aylesbury, Chesham, and Linslade, and parts of the second Sessional Division of Desborough and the Sessional Division of Winslow. [18]

Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire, 1918-45 1918-1944 Aylesbury.png
Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire, 1918–45

1918–1945: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Urban Districts of Beaconsfield and Chesham, the Rural District of Amersham, the part of the Rural District of Aylesbury not included in the Buckingham Division, in the Rural District of Long Crendon the parish of Towersey, and in the Rural District of Wycombe the parishes of Bledlow, Bradenham, Ellesborough, Great and Little Hampden, Great and Little Kimble, Horsenden, Hughenden, Ilmer, Monks Risborough, Princes Risborough, Radnage, Saunderton, and Wendover. [19]

Linslade was transferred to the Buckingham Division and Amersham and Beaconsfield were transferred from the Wycombe Division.

1945–1950: The House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1944 set up Boundaries Commissions to carry out periodic reviews of the distribution of parliamentary constituencies. It also authorised an initial review to subdivide abnormally large constituencies in time for the 1945 election. [20] This was implemented by the Redistribution of Seats Order 1945 under which Buckinghamshire was allocated an additional seat. As a consequence, the parts of the (revised) Rural District of Wycombe in the Aylesbury Division, including Hughenden and Princes Risborough (but not Wendover which had been moved from the Rural District of Wycombe to that of Aylesbury by the reorganisation of local authorities in Buckinghamshire), were transferred to Wycombe.

There were no further changes and the revised composition of the constituency, after taking account of changes to local authorities, was: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Urban Districts of Beaconsfield and Chesham, the Rural District of Amersham, parts of the Rural Districts of Aylesbury and Wing, and the part of the Rural District of Bullingdon in Buckinghamshire. [21]

1950–1974: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Urban District of Chesham, the Rural District of Aylesbury, and in the Rural District of Amersham the parishes of Ashley Green, Chartridge, Cholesbury-cum-St Leonards, Great Missenden, Latimer, Lee, and Little Missenden. [22]

Beaconsfield and southern parts of the Rural District of Amersham (including Amersham itself) were transferred to the new County Constituency of South Buckinghamshire. The boundary with Buckingham was redrawn to align with the northern boundary of the Rural District of Aylesbury.

1974–1983: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Rural District of Aylesbury, and in the Rural District of Wycombe the parishes of Bledlow-cum-Saunderton, Bradenham, Ellesborough, Great and Little Hampden, Great and Little Kimble, Ibstone, Lacey Green, Longwick-cum-Ilmer, Princes Risborough, Radnage, and Stokenchurch. [23]

Parts of the Rural District of Wycombe, including Princes Risborough (but excluding Hughenden), transferred back from Wycombe.  Chesham and the northern part of the Rural District of Amersham included in the new County Constituency of Chesham and Amersham.

1983–1997: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Aston Clinton, Aylesbury Central, Bedgrove, Elmhurst, Gatehouse, Grange, Mandeville, Meadowcroft, Oakfield, Southcourt, Wendover, and Weston Turville, the District of Chiltern wards of Ballinger and South Heath, Great Missenden, and Prestwood and Heath End, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bledlow-cum-Saunderton, Icknield, Lacey Green and Hampden, Naphill-cum-Bradenham, Princes Risborough, and Stokenchurch. [24]

Great Missenden transferred from Chesham and Amersham.  Rural areas to the north and west of the town of Aylesbury transferred to Buckingham.

1997–2010: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Aylesbury Central, Bedgrove, Elmhurst, Gatehouse, Grange, Mandeville, Meadowcroft, Oakfield, Southcourt, Wendover, and Weston Turville, the District of Chiltern wards of Ballinger and South Heath, Great Missenden, and Prestwood and Heath End, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bledlow-cum-Saunderton, Icknield, Lacey Green and Hampden, Naphill-cum-Bradenham, Princes Risborough, and Stokenchurch. [25]

Minor changes, including the transfer of District of Aylesbury Vale ward of Aston Clinton to Buckingham.

2010–present: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Aston Clinton, Aylesbury Central, Bedgrove, Coldharbour, Elmhurst and Watermead, Gatehouse, Mandeville and Elm Farm, Oakfield, Quarrendon, Southcourt, Walton Court and Hawkslade, and Wendover, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bledlow and Bradenham, Greater Hughenden, Lacey Green, Speen and the Hampdens, Stokenchurch, and Radnage. [26]

Hughenden transferred from Wycombe.  Princes Risborough transferred to Buckingham, offset against return of Aston Clinton.  Great Missenden returned to Chesham and Amersham.

The constituency is based on the large town of Aylesbury and its suburbs as well as a small swathe of villages broken up by woods and cultivated land in the centre of the Chilterns which cover most of Buckinghamshire and parts of three other counties.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1553-1659MPs 1659-1885MPs 1885-1982Elections

MPs 1553–1659

YearFirst memberSecond member
1554 (Apr) Thomas Smith Humphrey Moseley
1554 (Nov) William Rice John Walwyn
1555 Anthony Restwold
1558Names lost
1559 Arthur Porter Thomas Crawley
1563 Thomas Sackville Thomas Coleshill
1571 Thomas Lichfield Edmund Dockwra
1572 George Burden
1584 Thomas Tasburgh John Smith
1586 Thomas Scott
1589 Thomas Pigott Henry Fleetwood
1593 Sir Thomas West John Lyly
1597 Thomas Tasburgh Thomas Smythe
1601 John Lyly Richard More
1604 Sir William Borlase Sir William Smith
1614 Sir John Dormer Samuel Backhouse
1621 Henry Borlase
1624 Sir John Pakington, Bt Sir Thomas Crewe
1625 Sir Robert Carr
May 1625 Sir John Hare
1626 Clement Coke Arthur Goodwin
1628 Sir Edmund Verney
April 1640 Sir John Pakington, Bt Ralph Verney
1640 Thomas Fountaine
November 1640 Sir John Pakington, Bt
1645 Thomas Scot Simon Mayne
YearMember
1654Henry Philips
1656 Thomas Scot

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MPs 1659–1885

YearFirst member [27] First partySecond member [27] Second party
1659 James Whitelocke Thomas Tyrrill
1660 Sir Thomas Lee, 1st Bt. Sir Richard Ingoldsby
1685 Sir William Egerton Richard Anderson
1689 Sir Thomas Lee, 2nd Bt. Richard Beke
1690 Sir Thomas Lee, 1st Bt
1691 Simon Mayne
1695 James Herbert
1699 Robert Dormer
1701 Sir Thomas Lee, 2nd Bt.
July 1702 Sir John Pakington, 4th Bt. Tory
December 1702 Simon Harcourt
1704 Sir Henry Parker, 2nd Bt.
1705 Sir John Wittewrong, 3rd Bt. Simon Mayne
1710 Simon Harcourt John Essington
January 1715 Nathaniel Meade John Deacle
April 1715 Trevor Hill
1722 Richard Abell Whig John Guise
1727 Sir William Stanhope Philip Lloyd
1728 by-election Edward Rudge
1730 by-election Thomas Ingoldsby
1734 George Champion Christopher Tower
1741 Charles Pilsworth Viscount Petersham
1747 The Earl of Inchiquin Whig Edward Willes
1754 Thomas Potter John Willes
1757 John Wilkes
1761 Welbore Ellis
1764 by-election Anthony Bacon Whig [28]
1768 John Durand
1774 John Aubrey Tory [28]
1780 Thomas Orde Tory [28]
1784 Sir Thomas Hallifax William Wrightson
1789 by-election Scrope Bernard
1790 Gerard Lake
1802 James Du Pre Whig [28] Robert Bent Whig [28]
1804 by-election William Cavendish Whig [28]
1806 George Nugent, 1st Bt. Tory [28] George Cavendish Whig [28]
1809 by-election Thomas Hussey Whig [28]
1812 George Nugent-Grenville Whig [28] [29]
1814 by-election Charles Cavendish Whig [28] [30] [31] [32]
1818 William Rickford Tory [28]
1832 Henry Hanmer Tory [28]
1834 Conservative [28] Conservative [28]
1837 Winthrop Mackworth Praed Conservative [28]
1839 by-election Charles Baillie-Hamilton Conservative [28]
1841 Rice Richard Clayton Conservative [28]
1847 John Peter Deering Conservative The Lord Nugent Whig [28] [29]
1848 by-election Quintin Dick Conservative
1850 by-election Frederick Calvert Whig [33] [34]
1851 by-election Richard Bethell Whig [35] [36]
1852 Austen Henry Layard Radical [37] [38]
1857 Thomas Bernard Conservative
1859 Samuel George Smith Conservative
1865 Nathan Rothschild Liberal
1880 George W. E. Russell Liberal
1885 by-election Ferdinand de Rothschild Liberal
1885 Parliamentary borough abolished

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MPs 1885–present

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the parliamentary borough of Aylesbury was abolished. The name was transferred to a new, larger, county division of Buckinghamshire, which elected one Member of Parliament (MP).

YearMember [27] Party
1885 Ferdinand de Rothschild Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1899 Walter Rothschild Liberal Unionist
1910 Lionel de Rothschild Liberal Unionist
1912 Unionist
1918 Coalition Unionist
1922 Unionist
1923 Thomas Keens Liberal
1924 Sir Alan Burgoyne Unionist
1929 Michael Beaumont Conservative
1938 Sir Stanley Reed Conservative
1950 Spencer Summers Conservative
1970 Timothy Raison Conservative
1992 Sir David Lidington Conservative
2019 Rob Butler Conservative

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Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Aylesbury [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Rob Butler 32,737 54.0 1.0
Labour Liz Hind15,36425.44.6
Liberal Democrats Steven Lambert10,08116.6+7.0
Green Coral Simpson2,3944.0+1.8
Majority17,37328.6+3.6
Turnout 60,57669.91.3
Conservative hold Swing +1.8
General election 2017: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative David Lidington 32,313 55.0 +4.3
Labour Mark Bateman17,61730.0+14.8
Liberal Democrats Steven Lambert5,6609.61.0
UKIP Vijay Singh Srao1,2962.217.5
Green Coral Simpson1,2372.11.7
Independent Kyle Michael6201.1+1.1
Majority14,69625.06.0
Turnout 58,74371.4+2.4
Conservative hold Swing 5.25
General election 2015: Aylesbury [40] [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative David Lidington 28,083 50.7 1.5
UKIP Chris Adams10,92519.7+12.9
Labour William Cass8,39115.1+2.5
Liberal Democrats Steven Lambert5,88510.617.8
Green David Lyons2,1353.9+3.9
Majority17,15831.0+7.3
Turnout 55,41969.0+0.8
Conservative hold Swing 7.2
General election 2010: Aylesbury [42] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative David Lidington 27,736 52.2 +3.1
Liberal Democrats Steven Lambert15,11828.4+0.8
Labour Kathryn White6,69512.65.9
UKIP Chris Adams3,6136.8+2.0
Majority12,61823.7+2.2
Turnout 53,16268.2+5.8
Conservative hold Swing +2.1

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Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Aylesbury [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative David Lidington 25,252 49.1 +1.8
Liberal Democrats Peter Jones14,18727.6+0.7
Labour Mohammed Khaliel9,54018.54.7
UKIP Chris Adams2,4794.8+2.3
Majority11,06621.5+1.1
Turnout 51,45862.4+1.0
Conservative hold Swing +0.6
General election 2001: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative David Lidington 23,230 47.3 +3.1
Liberal Democrats Peter M. Jones13,22126.92.6
Labour Keith M. White11,38823.2+1.0
UKIP Justin D. Harper1,2482.5N/A
Majority10,00920.4+5.8
Turnout 49,08761.411.4
Conservative hold Swing +2.9

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Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative David Lidington 25,426 44.2 −13.2
Liberal Democrats Sharon Bowles 17,00729.5+1.8
Labour Robert Langridge12,75922.2+8.8
Referendum Marc John2,1963.8N/A
Natural Law Lawrence R. Sheaff1660.3+0.1
Majority8,41914.6−15.1
Turnout 57,55472.8−6.6
Conservative hold Swing 7.5
General election 1992: Aylesbury [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative David Lidington 36,500 57.4 −0.1
Liberal Democrats Sharon Bowles 17,64027.7−0.9
Labour Roger Priest8,51713.4−0.5
Green Nigel A. Foster7021.1+1.1
Natural Law Bruno H.M. D'Arcy2390.4+0.4
Majority18,86029.7+0.8
Turnout 63,59880.4+5.9
Conservative hold Swing +0.4

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Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Timothy Raison 32,970 57.5 0.54
Social Democratic Michael Soole16,41228.60.77
Labour Julie Larner7,93613.9+1.62
Majority16,55828.9
Turnout 57,31874.52
Conservative hold Swing +0.12
General election 1983: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Timothy Raison 30,230 58.06
Social Democratic Michael Soole15,31029.40
Labour M.P. Moran6,36412.22
Independent T. Chapman1660.3
Majority14,92028.65
Turnout 52,07071.53
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Timothy Raison 33,953 58.25
Labour JG Power14,09124.17
Liberal MJ Cook10,24817.58
Majority19,86234.07
Turnout 77.99
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Timothy Raison 23,565 46.8
Labour Reginald Groves14,59229.0
Liberal M.J. Cook12,21924.36
Majority8,97317.8
Turnout 74.4
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Timothy Raison 25,764 47.0 −5.2
Liberal M.J. Cook14,58126.6+14.6
Labour Reginald Groves14,46326.4−8.9
Majority11,18320.4
Turnout 91.2
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1970: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Timothy Raison 31,084 53.3 +8.4
Labour James E. Mitchell20,44135.0−2.5
Liberal Philip S. Kinsey6,84911.7−5.9
Majority10,64318.2
Turnout 58,37475.5
Conservative hold Swing +5.5

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Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Spencer Summers 23,673 44.9
Labour Peter Allison19,76637.5
Liberal Timothy Joyce9,27217.6
Majority3,9077.41
Turnout 52,71179.90
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1964: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Spencer Summers 23,856 47.1
Labour Gordon Western16,46732.53
Liberal Timothy Joyce10,30120.35
Majority7,38914.60
Turnout 50,62480.02
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Spencer Summers 22,504 51.20
Labour Hugh Gray 14,54930.83
Liberal Howard Levett Fry7,89717.97
Majority8,95520.38
Turnout 43,95081.25
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Spencer Summers 20,330 49.87
Labour Tony Harman 14,56935.74
Liberal Howard Levett Fry5,86914.40
Majority5,76114.13
Turnout 40,76881.80
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Spencer Summers 22,455 56.05
Labour Tony Harman 17,60543.95
Majority4,85012.11
Turnout 83.14
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Spencer Summers 17,623 44.69
Labour Tony Harman 14,26236.17
Liberal Guthrie Moir 7,54719.14
Majority3,3618.52
Turnout 83.43
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Stanley Reed 24,537 47.85
Labour Reginald Groves16,44532.07
Liberal Guy Naylor10,30220.09
Majority8,09215.78
Turnout 69.55
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; *Conservative: Stanley Reed

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Elections in the 1930s

1938 Aylesbury by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Stanley Reed 21,695 54.1
Liberal T. Atholl Robertson 10,75126.8
Labour Reginald Groves7,66619.1
Majority10,99427.3
Turnout 63.1
Conservative hold Swing
Wintringham 1921 Margaret Wintringham.jpg
Wintringham
General election 1935: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Michael Beaumont 24,728 57.42
Liberal Margaret Wintringham 13,62231.63
Labour Eric W. Shearer4,71610.95
Majority11,10625.79
Turnout 70.24
Conservative hold Swing
C.B. Dallow Cyril Berkeley Dallow.jpg
C.B. Dallow
General election 1931: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Michael Beaumont 29,368 68.34
Liberal Cyril Berkeley Dallow8,92720.77
Labour Dorothy Woodman 4,67710.88
Majority20,44147.57
Turnout 75.61
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Michael Beaumont 20,478 48.1 7.9
Liberal Thomas Keens 17,59441.3+5.5
Labour F G Temple4,50910.6+2.4
Majority2,8846.813.4
Turnout 78.73.3
Unionist hold Swing 6.7
General election 1924: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Alan Hughes Burgoyne 18,132 56.0 +8.4
Liberal Thomas Keens 11,57435.812.1
Labour Fred Watkins 2,6558.2+3.7
Majority6,55820.2n/a
Turnout 82.0+7.3
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +10.2
General election 1923: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Thomas Keens 13,575 47.9 +1.0
Unionist Alan Hughes Burgoyne 13,50447.63.5
Labour Fred Watkins 1,2754.5n/a
Majority710.3n/a
Turnout 74.7+3.3
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +1.3
General election 1922: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Lionel de Rothschild 13,406 51.1 n/a
Liberal Thomas Keens 12,83548.9n/a
Majority5712.2n/a
Turnout 71.4n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

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Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Aylesbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
C Unionist Lionel de Rothschild Unopposed
Unionist hold
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
General election Dec 1910: Aylesbury [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Unionist Lionel de Rothschild Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold
General election Jan 1910: Aylesbury [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Unionist Lionel de Rothschild 6,037 56.9 +0.9
Liberal A.R.W. Atkins4,57443.10.9
Majority1,46313.8+1.8
Turnout 10,61186.80.1
Registered electors 12,218
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +0.9

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Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: Aylesbury [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Unionist Walter Rothschild 5,675 56.0 N/A
Liberal Silas Hocking 4,46344.0N/A
Majority1,21212.0N/A
Turnout 10,13886.9N/A
Registered electors 11,661
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1900: Aylesbury [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Unionist Walter Rothschild Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold

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Elections in the 1890s

By-election, 1899: Aylesbury [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Unionist Walter Rothschild Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold
General election 1895: Aylesbury [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Unionist Ferdinand de Rothschild Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold
General election 1892: Aylesbury [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Unionist Ferdinand de Rothschild 5,515 64.8 9.0
Liberal T.H. Dolbey2,99235.2+9.0
Majority2,52329.618.0
Turnout 8,50777.8+17.0
Registered electors 10,928
Liberal Unionist hold Swing 9.0

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Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: Aylesbury [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Unionist Ferdinand de Rothschild 4,72373.8+42.5
Liberal Charles Durant Hodgson [47] 1,68026.239.0
Majority3,04347.6N/A
Turnout 6,40360.818.9
Registered electors 10,535
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +40.8
Rothschild Photo of young Ferdinand de Rothschild- antimatrix(dot)org.jpg
Rothschild
General election 1885: Aylesbury [46] [48] [49]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Ferdinand de Rothschild 5,47665.27.5
Conservative Frederick Charsley2,62431.3+4.0
Independent Liberal Charles James Clarke2963.5N/A
Majority2,85233.9+26.5
Turnout 8,39679.7+14.1 (est)
Registered electors 10,535
Liberal hold Swing 5.8
By-election, 18 Jul 1885: Aylesbury [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Ferdinand de Rothschild 2,35362.410.3
Conservative William Graham [51] 1,41637.6+10.3
Majority93724.9+17.5
Turnout 3,76984.3+18.7 (est)
Registered electors 4,473
Liberal hold Swing 10.3
General election 1880: Aylesbury (Two seats) [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Nathan Rothschild 2,11138.10.8
Liberal George W. E. Russell 1,91934.6+9.3
Conservative Samuel George Smith 1,51127.38.6
Majority4087.4+4.4
Turnout 2,771 (est)65.6 (est)+9.9
Registered electors 4,228
Liberal hold Swing +3.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.8

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Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Aylesbury (Two seats) [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Nathan Rothschild 1,76138.93.5
Conservative Samuel George Smith 1,62435.9+0.8
Lib-Lab George Howell 1,14425.3+2.8
Turnout 2,265 (est)55.7 (est)2.4
Registered electors 4,064
Majority1373.04.3
Liberal hold Swing 2.5
Majority48010.62.0
Conservative hold Swing 0.3

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Elections in the 1860s

General election 1868: Aylesbury (Two seats) [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Nathan Rothschild 1,77242.4N/A
Conservative Samuel George Smith 1,46835.1N/A
Lib-Lab George Howell 94222.5N/A
Turnout 2,091 (est)58.1 (est)N/A
Registered electors 3,602
Majority3047.3N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Majority52612.6N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1865: Aylesbury (Two seats) [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Nathan Rothschild Unopposed
Conservative Samuel George Smith Unopposed
Registered electors 1,225
Liberal gain from Conservative
Conservative hold

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Elections in the 1850s

General election 1859: Aylesbury (Two seats) [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Thomas Bernard 55234.0+15.6
Conservative Samuel George Smith 53533.0+14.6
Liberal Thomas Wentworth [52] 53433.030.2
Majority10.03.0
Turnout 1,079 (est)82.7 (est)+24.0
Registered electors 1,304
Conservative hold Swing +15.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +14.9
General election 1857: Aylesbury (Two seats) [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Thomas Bernard 54636.78.1
Whig Richard Bethell 50133.7+7.0
Radical Austen Henry Layard 43929.5+1.1
Turnout 743 (est)58.7 (est)10.6
Registered electors 1,266
Majority453.0N/A
Conservative gain from Radical Swing 2.6
Majority624.2+0.2
Whig hold Swing +5.5
By-election, 9 February 1857: Aylesbury [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Richard Bethell Unopposed
Whig hold
By-election, 6 January 1853: Aylesbury [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Richard Bethell Unopposed
Whig hold
General election 1852: Aylesbury (Two seats) [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Radical Austen Henry Layard 55828.4N/A
Whig Richard Bethell 52526.76.8
Conservative Augustus Frederick Bayford44722.714.4
Conservative John Temple West [54] 43522.17.4
Turnout 983 (est)69.3 (est)+8.1
Registered electors 1,417
Majority331.7N/A
Radical gain from Conservative Swing +2.1
Majority784.0
Whig hold Swing
By-election, 11 April 1851: Aylesbury [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Richard Bethell 54451.2+17.7
Conservative William Ferrand [55] 51848.817.8
Majority262.41.6
Turnout 1,06270.2+9.0
Registered electors 1,512
Whig hold Swing +17.8
By-election, 27 December 1850: Aylesbury [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Frederick Calvert 49977.2N/A
Whig John Houghton [57] 14722.8N/A
Majority35254.5+51.5
Turnout 64642.718.5
Registered electors 1,512
Whig hold Swing N/A

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Elections in the 1840s

By-election, 29 March 1848: Aylesbury [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Quintin Dick 61464.02.6
Whig John Houghton34536.0+2.5
Majority26928.1+24.5
Turnout 95963.4+2.2
Registered electors 1,513
Conservative hold Swing 2.6
General election 1847: Aylesbury (Two seats) [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Peter Deering 68737.1N/A
Whig George Nugent-Grenville 62033.5N/A
Conservative Rice Richard Clayton 54629.5N/A
Turnout 927 (est)61.2 (est)N/A
Registered electors 1,513
Majority673.6N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Majority744.0N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General election 1841: Aylesbury (Two seats) [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Charles Baillie-Hamilton Unopposed
Conservative Rice Richard Clayton Unopposed
Registered electors 1,624
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

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Elections in the 1830s

By-election, 31 July 1839: Aylesbury [50] [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Charles Baillie-Hamilton 62089.2+15.4
Radical John Ingram Lockhart 7210.4N/A
Whig George Nugent-Grenville 30.425.8
Majority54878.8+73.1
Turnout 69549.134.9
Registered electors 1,416
Conservative hold Swing +20.6
General election 1837: Aylesbury [50] [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative William Rickford 86541.9+3.4
Conservative Winthrop Mackworth Praed 65731.9+5.5
Whig George Nugent-Grenville 54026.2+14.1
Majority1175.7+2.2
Turnout 1,18884.0+5.6
Registered electors 1,414
Conservative hold Swing 1.8
Conservative hold Swing 0.8
General election 1835: Aylesbury [50] [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative William Rickford 85538.57.6
Conservative Henry Hanmer 58626.41.7
Radical Thomas Hobhouse [60] 50822.92.9
Whig John Lee26912.1N/A
Majority783.5+1.1
Turnout 1,21078.4+1.7
Registered electors 1,544
Conservative hold Swing 3.1
Conservative hold Swing 0.1
General election 1832: Aylesbury [50] [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Tory William Rickford 1,07646.10.7
Tory Henry Hanmer 65728.1+3.9
Radical Thomas Hobhouse [60] 60225.8N/A
Majority552.415.6
Turnout 1,26876.7
Registered electors 1,654
Tory hold Swing N/A
Tory gain from Whig Swing N/A
General election 1831: Aylesbury [28] [61]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Tory William Rickford 98646.8N/A
Whig George Nugent-Grenville 60628.8N/A
Tory Thomas FitzMaurice 50924.2N/A
Turnout 1,150N/A
Majority38018.0N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A
Majority974.6N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
By-election, 3 December 1830: Aylesbury [61]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig George Nugent-Grenville Unopposed
Whig hold
General election 1830: Aylesbury [28] [61]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Tory William Rickford Unopposed
Whig George Nugent-Grenville Unopposed
Tory hold
Whig hold

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See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. This is currently still a county constituency, so-called for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer. Elections are held at least every five years.
References
  1. "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  2. "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  3. Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1509-1558). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  5. "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1558-1603). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  6. "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1604-1629). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  7. "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1640-1660). Retrieved 27 March 2019.(currently unavailable )
  8. "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1660-1690). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  9. "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  10. "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  11. "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  12. "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  13. "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  14. Britain, Great (1832). The Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland [1807-1868/69]. His Majesty's Statute and Law Printers. p.  154.
  15. "H.M.S.O. Boundary Commission Report 1868, Aylesbury". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  16. List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  17. https://www.theyworkforyou.com/divisions/pw-2018-01-17-104-commons/mp/10241
  18. Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
  19. Fraser, Hugh (1918). The Representation of the people act, 1918 : with explanatory notes. University of California Libraries. London : Sweet and Maxwell.
  20. Gay, Oonagh (28 July 2010). "The Rules for the Redistribution of Seats- history and reform".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  21. S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN   0900178094. OCLC   539011.
  22. "Representation of the People Act, 1948". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  23. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  24. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  25. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  26. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  27. 1 2 3 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)
  28. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp.  15–17. ISBN   0-900178-13-2.
  29. 1 2 "Political" . Norfolk News. 31 July 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  30. Fisher, David R. (1986). Thorne, R. (ed.). "CAVENDISH, Charles Compton (1793–1863), of Latimers, nr. Chesham, Bucks". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  31. Spencer, Howard; Salmon, Philip. Fisher, D. R. (ed.). "CAVENDISH, Charles Compton (1793–1863), of Latimers, nr. Chesham, Bucks". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  32. "Bucks Gazette" . 7 August 1847. p. 4. Retrieved 29 July 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  33. "1850 Election" . The Norfolk Chronicle. 21 December 1850. p. 2. Retrieved 7 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  34. "The Aylesbury Election" . Bucks Herald. 28 December 1850. p. 4. Retrieved 7 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  35. Hawkins, Angus (2008). "War and Peace: 1855-1858". The Forgotten Prime Minister: The 14th Earl of Derby. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 156. ISBN   9780199204403 . Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  36. Marx, Karl. "The Paper Tax.—The Emperor's Letter". p. Aug 7, 1860. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  37. Bonakdarian, Ansour (2006). Britain and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1906-1911: Foreign Policy, Imperialism, and Dissent (First ed.). Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. p. 8. ISBN   0815630425 . Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  38. Long, Renata Eley (2015). "Family and Foreign Office". In the Shadow of the Alabama: The British Foreign Office and the American Civil War. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. p. 5. ISBN   9781612518374 . Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  39. "Ashford Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  40. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  41. "News – AVDC".
  42. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  43. "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Aylesbury". BBC News.
  44. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  45. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  46. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN   9781349022984.
  47. "The General Election". Reading Mercury. 17 July 1886. p. 4. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  48. The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  49. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  50. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN   978-1-349-02349-3.
  51. "Forthcoming Aylesbury". The Globe . 27 June 1885. p. 5. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  52. "The Aylesbury Election" . Bucks Herald . 16 April 1859. p. 5. Retrieved 7 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  53. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)
  54. "Election Intelligence" . London Evening Standard . 19 April 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  55. "Mr. Ferrand at Aylesbury" . Bucks Herald . 5 April 1851. p. 4. Retrieved 7 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  56. "Latest News" . Leamington Spa Courier. 5 April 1851. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  57. "Aylesbury Election" . London Daily News . 28 December 1850. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  58. "Aylesbury Election" . Northampton Mercury . 14 December 1850. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  59. "England" . Dumfries and Galloway Standard. 29 March 1848. p. 3. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  60. 1 2 Perthshire Courier , 15 January 1835, p. 2, retrieved 6 September 2019 via British Newspaper Archive
  61. 1 2 3 Fisher, David R. (2009). "Aylesbury". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 6 September 2019.

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