Secretary of State for Justice

Last updated

Secretary of State
for Justice
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Official portrait of Rt Hon Robert Buckland MP.jpg
Incumbent
Robert Buckland QC MP

since 24 July 2019
Ministry of Justice
Style Justice Secretary
(informal)
The Right Honourable
(UK and the Commonwealth)
Status Secretary of state
Minister of the Crown
Member of Cabinet
Privy Council
Reports to The Prime Minister
Seat Westminster
Appointer The Crown
on advice of the Prime Minister
Inaugural holder Charlie Falconer
Formation9 May 2007
Deputy Minister of State for Justice
Website www.justice.gov.uk

The Secretary of State for Justice, also referred to as the Justice Secretary, is a secretary of state in the Government of the United Kingdom. The incumbent is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom, sixth in the ministerial ranking. [1] Since the office's inception, the incumbent has concurrently been appointed Lord Chancellor.

Contents

The current Secretary of State for Justice is Robert Buckland since his appointment by Prime Minister Boris Johnson, in July 2019. [2]

Responsibilities

Corresponding to what is generally known as a justice minister in many other countries, the Justice Secretary's remit includes:

Creation

The then Lord Chancellor, Lord Falconer of Thoroton, was appointed to the post of Secretary of State for Justice when it was created in 2007. The office of the secretary of state for constitutional affairs was abolished, along with the Department for Constitutional Affairs. The Home Secretary, John Reid, told Parliament that future secretaries of state for justice would be MPs rather than peers. Jack Straw took over this department on 28 June 2007, following the selection of Gordon Brown as leader of the Labour Party and prime minister and left office on the resignation of Gordon Brown after the May 2010 general election. He was replaced by Conservative MP Ken Clarke.

In the Cabinet reshuffle of August 2012 Chris Grayling was promoted to Lord Chancellor, and, by convention, Secretary of State for Justice. Grayling was the first Lord Chancellor to have no legal background. After the 2015 general election, the position was given to former Government Chief Whip Michael Gove. Michael Gove was replaced after Theresa May became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on 14 July 2016 and succeeded by Liz Truss. Following the 2017 general election, which resulted in a minority Conservative government, David Lidington was appointed Secretary of State for Justice, who in turn was succeeded by David Gauke on 8 January 2018 and by Robert Buckland on 24 July 2019.

List of Secretaries of State

Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor
   Labour         Conservative
PortraitName
Honorifics & Constituency
Term of officeLength of termPolitical PartyGovernment
Portrait of Lord Falconer.jpg The Right Honourable
Charlie Falconer
The Lord Falconer of Thoroton
PC QC

(born 1951)
9 May 200727 June 20071 month and 18 days Labour Blair III
Jack Straw 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Jack Straw
[4]
MP for Blackburn
(born 1946)
28 June 200711 May 20102 years, 10 months and 13 days Labour Brown
Kenneth-clarke-hi-res.jpg The Right Honourable
Kenneth Clarke
QC

MP for Rushcliffe
(born 1940)
12 May 2010 4 September 2012 2 years, 3 months and 23 days Conservative Cameron–Clegg

(Con.-L.D.)

Official portrait of Rt Hon Chris Grayling MP crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Chris Grayling

MP for Epsom and Ewell
(born 1962)
4 September 2012 9 May 20152 years, 8 months and 5 days Conservative
Official portrait of Rt Hon Michael Gove MP crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Michael Gove

MP for Surrey Heath
(born 1967)
9 May 201514 July 20161 year, 2 months and 5 days Conservative Cameron II
Official portrait of Elizabeth Truss crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Liz Truss

MP for South West Norfolk
(born 1975)
14 July 201611 June 201710 months and 28 days Conservative May I
Official portrait of Mr David Lidington crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
David Lidington
CBE
[5]
MP for Aylesbury
(born 1956)
11 June 2017 8 January 2018 6 months and 28 days Conservative May II
Official portrait of Mr David Gauke crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
David Gauke

MP for South West Hertfordshire
(born 1971)
8 January 2018 24 July 20191 year, 6 months and 16 days Conservative
Official portrait of Rt Hon Robert Buckland MP crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Buckland
QC

MP for South Swindon
(born 1968)
24 July 2019 Incumbent 2 years and 8 days* Conservative Johnson I
Johnson II

* Incumbent's length of term last updated: 1 August 2021.

See also

Notes

  1. "Her Majesty's Government: The Cabinet". parliament.uk . Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  2. "The Rt Hon Robert Buckland QC MP". GOV.UK.
  3. "Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice". www.gov.uk.
  4. First non-peer to serve as Lord Chancellor since Sir Robert Henley as Lord Keeper of the Seal in 1760.
  5. "The Rt Hon David Lidington CBE". GOV.UK.

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