Sevenoaks (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Sevenoaks
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Sevenoaks2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Sevenoaks in Kentfor the 2010 general election
Kent.svg
Location of Kent within England
County Kent
Electorate 69,925 (December 2010) [1]
Major settlements Sevenoaks, Swanley
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Laura Trott (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created from West Kent

Sevenoaks is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Laura Trott, a Conservative.

Contents

History

This constituency has existed since the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

With the exception of the one-year Parliament in 1923, the constituency has to date been a Conservative stronghold.

1885–1950

Sir Thomas Jewell Bennett before entering Parliament was a leader writer at The Standard and lived in India for many years, working at the Bombay Gazette before becoming both editor and principal proprietor of the Times of India. Bennett returned to England in 1901 and in 1910 unsuccessfully contested his first Parliamentary election, losing to Alfred Gelder at the time of David Lloyd George and H. H. Asquith's celebrated "People's Budget". He represented the seat for five years from 1918.

Higher in government in this period was Hilton Young, the Health Secretary between 1931 and 1935. The health portfolio at the time included responsibility for housing, including slum clearance and rehousing. Key items of legislation to which he contributed in this period were: the Town and Country Planning Act (1932) (which applied to all 'developable' land), the Housing Act (1935) (which laid down standards of accommodation) [2] and the Restriction of Ribbon Development Act (1935) (which sought to consolidate urban development and restrict ribbon sprawl along major highways). [3]

1950–date

Since 1950 the highest government position has been that of Michael Fallon, who was the Secretary of State for Defence from 2014 until resigning on 1 November 2017, in the light of allegations of inappropriate behaviour of a sexual nature.

Boundaries

1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Sevenoaks and Wrotham, and the Rural Districts of Malling and Sevenoaks.

1950–1974: The Urban District of Sevenoaks, and the Rural Districts of Malling and Sevenoaks.

1974–1983: The Urban District of Sevenoaks, the Rural District of Sevenoaks as altered by the Greater London Kent and Surrey Order 1968, and in the Rural District of Dartford the civil parishes of Ash-cum-Ridley, Eynsford, Farningham, Fawkham, Hartley, Horton Kirby, Longfield, Swanley, and West Kingsdown.

1983–1997: The District of Sevenoaks wards of Brasted, Chevening, Crockenhill and Lullingstone, Dunton Green, Eynsford, Farningham, Halstead Knockholt and Badgers Mount, Hextable and Swanley Village, Kemsing, Leigh, Otford, Penshurst and Fordcombe, Riverhead, Seal, Sevenoaks Kippington, Sevenoaks Northern, Sevenoaks Town and St John's, Sevenoaks Weald and Underriver, Sevenoaks Wildernesse, Shoreham, Somerdon, Sundridge and Ide Hill, Swanley Christchurch, Swanley St Mary's, Swanley White Oak, Westerham and Crockham, and West Kingsdown.

1997–2010: The District of Sevenoaks wards of Ash-cum-Ridley, Brasted, Chevening, Crockenhill and Lullingstone, Dunton Green, Eynsford, Farningham, Halstead Knockholt and Badgers Mount, Hextable and Swanley Village, Kemsing, Otford, Riverhead, Seal, Sevenoaks Kippington, Sevenoaks Northern, Sevenoaks Town and St John's, Sevenoaks Weald and Underriver, Sevenoaks Wildernesse, Shoreham, Sundridge and Ide Hill, Swanley Christchurch, Swanley St Mary's, Swanley White Oak, Westerham and Crockham, and West Kingsdown.

2010–present: The District of Sevenoaks wards of Ash, Brasted, Chevening and Sundridge, Crockenhill and Well Hill, Dunton Green and Riverhead, Eynsford, Farningham, Horton Kirby and South Darenth, Fawkham and West Kingsdown, Halstead, Knockholt and Badgers Mount, Hextable, Kemsing, Otford and Shoreham, Seal and Weald, Sevenoaks Eastern, Sevenoaks Kippington, Sevenoaks Northern, Sevenoaks Town and St John's, Swanley Christchurch and Swanley Village, Swanley St Mary's, Swanley White Oak, and Westerham and Crockham Hill.

Constituency profile

The seat is in mainstay City commuter belt territory, which supports a relatively high-income local economy with retail and self-employed trades principally benefiting. Sevenoaks constituency covers the towns of Sevenoaks and Swanley in Kent and some of the surrounding area. Most wards are most often Conservative councillor represented with the exceptions being one Labour councillor representing Swanley St. Mary's ward and both Sevenoaks Eastern councillors are Liberal Democrats, as is one of the two Sevenoaks Northern councillors. There are also four independent councillors. [4]

In statistics

The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of one local government districts with a working population whose income is higher than the national average and lower than average reliance upon social housing. [5] At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 1.7% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 2.4%. [6] The borough contributing to the bulk of the seat has a low 13.1% of its population without a car, 19.2% of the population without qualifications and a high 32.0% with level 4 qualifications or above. In terms of tenure 72.7% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage by occupants as at the 2011 census across the district. [7]

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [8] Party
1885 Charles Mills Conservative
1892 Henry Forster Conservative
1918 Sir Thomas Bennett Coalition Conservative
1923 Ronald Williams Liberal
1924 Walter Styles Conservative
1929 Sir Hilton Young Conservative
1935 Sir Charles Ponsonby Conservative
1950 Sir John Rodgers Conservative
1979 Mark Wolfson Conservative
1997 Sir Michael Fallon Conservative
2019 Laura Trott Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Sevenoaks [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Laura Trott 30,932 60.7 Decrease2.svg 3.0
Liberal Democrats Gareth Willis10,11419.8Increase2.svg 11.4
Labour Seamus McCauley6,94613.6Decrease2.svg 7.3
Green Paul Wharton1,9743.9Increase2.svg 0.6
Independent Paulette Furse6951.4New
Libertarian Sean Finch2950.6New
Majority20,81840.9Decrease2.svg 1.9
Turnout 50,95671.0Decrease2.svg 1.1
Conservative hold Swing
General election 2017: Sevenoaks [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Fallon 32,644 63.7 Increase2.svg 6.8
Labour Chris Clark10,72720.9Increase2.svg 8.0
Liberal Democrats Alan Bullion4,2808.4Increase2.svg 0.5
UKIP Graham Cushway1,8943.7Decrease2.svg 14.2
Green Philip Dodd1,6733.3Decrease2.svg 1.2
Majority21,91742.8Increase2.svg 3.8
Turnout 51,21872.1Increase2.svg 1.2
Conservative hold Swing Decrease2.svg 0.7
General election 2015: Sevenoaks [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Fallon 28,531 56.9 Increase2.svg 0.1
UKIP Steve Lindsay [12] 8,97017.9Increase2.svg 14.3
Labour Chris Clark6,44812.9Decrease2.svg 0.3
Liberal Democrats Alan Bullion3,9377.9Decrease2.svg 13.5
Green Amelie Boleyn2,2384.5New
Majority19,56139.0Increase2.svg 3.6
Turnout 50,12470.9Decrease2.svg 0.2
Conservative hold Swing Decrease2.svg 7.1
General election 2010: Sevenoaks [13] [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Fallon 28,076 56.8 Increase2.svg 5.0
Liberal Democrats Alan Bullion10,56121.4Decrease2.svg 0.5
Labour Gareth Siddorn6,54113.2Decrease2.svg 7.8
UKIP Christopher Heath1,7823.6Increase2.svg 0.6
BNP Paul Golding 1,3842.8New
English Democrat Louise Uncles8061.6Decrease2.svg 0.1
Independent Mark Ellis2580.5New
Majority17,51535.4Increase2.svg 5.4
Turnout 49,40871.1Increase2.svg 12.4
Conservative hold Swing Increase2.svg 2.8

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Sevenoaks [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Fallon 22,437 51.8 +2.4
Liberal Democrats Ben Abbotts9,46721.9+0.3
Labour Tim Stanley 9,10121.0−4.6
UKIP Robert Dobson1,3093.0+0.3
English Democrat John Marshall7511.7New
United Kingdom PathfindersMark Ellis2330.5−0.2
Majority12,97029.9+6.1
Turnout 43,29858.7−5.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.1
General election 2001: Sevenoaks [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Fallon 21,052 49.4 +4.0
Labour Caroline Humphreys10,89825.6+1.0
Liberal Democrats Clive Gray9,21421.6-2.5
UKIP Lisa Hawkins1,1552.7New
United Kingdom PathfindersMark Ellis2950.7New
Majority10,15423.8+2.9
Turnout 42,61463.9-11.5
Conservative hold Swing +1.5

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Sevenoaks [17] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Michael Fallon 22,77645.42-11.9
Labour John Hayes12,31524.56
Liberal Democrats Roger Walshe12,08624.1
Referendum Nigel Large2,1384.26
Green Margot Lawrence4430.88
PathfindersMark Ellis2440.49
Natural Law Alex Hankey1470.29
Majority10,46120.86
Turnout 50,15175.38
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1992: Sevenoaks [19] [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Mark Wolfson 33,245 57.5 −1.4
Liberal Democrats Roger Walshe14,09124.4−3.5
Labour J. Evans9,47016.4+3.2
Green Margot Lawrence7861.4New
Natural Law P. Wakeling2100.4New
Majority19,15433.1+2.1
Turnout 57,80281.3+4.9
Conservative hold Swing +1.1

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Sevenoaks [21] [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Mark Wolfson 32,94558.91
Liberal Stephen Jakobi15,60027.89
Labour Graham Green7,37913.19
Majority17,34531.02
Turnout 55,92376.42
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Sevenoaks [23] [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Mark Wolfson 30,72258.41
Liberal Stephen Jakobi15,06128.55
Labour R. Gooding6,43912.24
National Front G. L. Burnett4160.79
Majority15,70629.86
Turnout 52,59673.74
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Sevenoaks [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Mark Wolfson 36,69757.39
Labour R. H. Redden14,58322.81
Liberal G. Phillips11,83918.52
National Front Michael Easter8211.28New
Majority22,11434.58
Turnout 63,94278.98
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Sevenoaks
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Rodgers 26,67046.99
Labour James Scanlan15,06526.54
Liberal Robert Webster15,02426.47
Majority11,60520.45
Turnout 56,75975.71
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Sevenoaks [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Rodgers 29,96348.36
Liberal Ian Bradley 16,22326.21
Labour J. Scanlan14,98724.21
Independent D. J. Woolard7541.22New
Majority13,71322.15
Turnout 61,89883.4
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1970: Sevenoaks: [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Rodgers 32,65454.13+3.6
Labour John Ovenden 15,37625.49-6.8
Liberal Robert Webster12,29020.37+3.2
Majority17,27828.64
Turnout 60,32073.00
Conservative hold Swing +5.2

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Sevenoaks [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Rodgers 28,65150.50
Labour Peter Pearce18,33832.32
Liberal Noel Blackburn9,74617.18
Majority10,31318.18
Turnout 56,73579.19
Conservative hold Swing +3.3
General election 1964: Sevenoaks [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Rodgers 28,67852.03
Labour Peter Pearce14,95827.14
Liberal Nelia Penman 11,48020.83
Majority13,72024.89
Turnout 55,11680.09
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Sevenoaks [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Rodgers 28,18656.07
Labour Roderick Ogley14,26528.38
Liberal Nelia Penman 7,81915.55New
Majority13,92127.69
Turnout 50,27080.17
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Sevenoaks [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Rodgers 28,93661.84
Labour John N. Powrie17,85838.16
Majority11,07823.68
Turnout 46,79478.07
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Sevenoaks [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Rodgers 28,66860.37
Labour John N. Powrie18,82339.63
Majority9,84520.74
Turnout 47,49181.46
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Sevenoaks [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Rodgers 25,29251.75
Labour J. Spencer17,61036.03
Liberal Edward Moulton-Barrett5,96912.21
Majority7,68215.72
Turnout 48,87184.90
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Sevenoaks [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles Ponsonby 18,89345.61
Labour John Pudney 14,94736.08New
Liberal Nelia Muspratt 6,90616.67
Communist K. Thompson6761.63New
Majority3,9469.53
Turnout 41,42273.6+8.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Sevenoaks [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles Ponsonby 21,405 67.5 N/A
Liberal John Horridge 10,29732.5New
Majority11,10835.0N/A
Turnout 31,70265.3N/A
Conservative hold
1935 Sevenoaks by-election [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles Ponsonby Unopposed N/AN/A
Conservative hold
General election 1931: Sevenoaks
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Hilton Young Unopposed N/AN/A
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Sevenoaks
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Hilton Young 16,767 53.7 -8.2
Liberal Edgar Stratton Liddiard7,84425.1-13.0
Labour Hamilton Fyfe 6,63421.2New
Majority8,92328.6+4.8
Turnout 31,24571.6−3.2
Registered electors 43,627
Unionist hold Swing +2.4
General election 1924: Sevenoaks
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Walter Styles 15,125 61.9 +13.5
Liberal Ronald Williams 9,31138.1−13.5
Majority5,81423.8N/A
Turnout 24,43674.8+10.4
Registered electors 32,660
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +13.5
General election 1923: Sevenoaks
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Ronald Williams 10,656 51.6 New
Unionist Thomas Jewell Bennett 9,98748.4−15.4
Majority6693.2N/A
Turnout 20,64364.4+3.5
Registered electors 32,078
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing N/A
General election 1922: Sevenoaks
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Thomas Jewell Bennett 12,045 63.8 −12.4
Labour L. A. Goldie6,84936.2New
Majority5,19627.6−24.8
Turnout 18,89460.9+14.6
Registered electors 31,000
Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Sevenoaks [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Unionist Thomas Jewell Bennett 10,65076.2N/A
Independent Labour John Ephraim Skinner3,32323.8New
Majority7,32752.4N/A
Turnout 13,97346.3N/A
Registered electors 30,189
Unionist hold Swing N/A
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Election results 1885–1918

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1885: Sevenoaks [30] [31] [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles Mills 4,651 54.0
Liberal Patteson Nickalls 3,95646.0
Majority6958.0
Turnout 8,60777.6
Registered electors 11,089
Conservative win (new seat)
General election 1886: Sevenoaks [30] [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles Mills Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1892: Sevenoaks [30] [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Forster 6,036 60.7 N/A
Liberal Thomas Johnston3,90839.3New
Majority2,12821.4N/A
Turnout 9,94471.5N/A
Registered electors 13,916
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1895: Sevenoaks [30] [31] [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Forster Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1900: Sevenoaks [30] [31] [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Forster 6,604 78.7 N/A
Liberal Murray Spencer Richardson1,79221.3New
Majority4,81257.4N/A
Turnout 8,39656.5N/A
Registered electors 14,861
Conservative hold Swing N/A
1902 Sevenoaks by-election [30] [31] [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Forster 5,333 54.6 -24.1
Liberal Beaumont Morice4,44245.4+24.1
Majority8919.2-48.2
Turnout 9,77563.4+6.9
Registered electors 15,420
Conservative hold Swing -24.1
General election 1906: Sevenoaks [30] [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Forster 7,219 51.1 −27.6
Liberal Beaumont Morice6,85548.6+27.3
Independent Liberal Murray Spencer Richardson440.3New
Majority3642.5−54.9
Turnout 14,11881.8+25.3
Registered electors 17,256
Conservative hold Swing −27.5

Elections in the 1910s

Forster Henry Forster, 1st Baron Forster circa 1925.jpg
Forster
General election January 1910: Sevenoaks [30] [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Forster 10,421 62.1 +11.0
Liberal Frederick Styles Philpin Lely6,35137.9-10.7
Majority4,07024.2+21.7
Turnout 16,77288.1+6.3
Registered electors 19,035
Conservative hold Swing +11.0
General election December 1910: Sevenoaks [30] [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Forster Unopposed
Conservative hold

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also

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References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN   0-900178-06-X.

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Coordinates: 51°20′N0°11′E / 51.333°N 0.183°E / 51.333; 0.183