| County constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||69,925 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Sevenoaks, Swanley|
|Member of Parliament||Laura Trott (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||West Kent|
Sevenoaks is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Laura Trott, a Conservative.
This constituency has existed since the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
With the exception of the one-year Parliament in 1923, the constituency has to date been a Conservative stronghold.
Sir Thomas Jewell Bennett before entering Parliament was a leader writer at The Standard and lived in India for many years, working at the Bombay Gazette before becoming both editor and principal proprietor of the Times of India. Bennett returned to England in 1901 and in 1910 unsuccessfully contested his first Parliamentary election, losing to Alfred Gelder at the time of David Lloyd George and H. H. Asquith's celebrated "People's Budget". He represented the seat for five years from 1918.
Higher in government in this period was Hilton Young, the Health Secretary between 1931 and 1935. The health portfolio at the time included responsibility for housing, including slum clearance and rehousing. Key items of legislation to which he contributed in this period were: the Town and Country Planning Act (1932) (which applied to all 'developable' land), the Housing Act (1935) (which laid down standards of accommodation)and the Restriction of Ribbon Development Act (1935) (which sought to consolidate urban development and restrict ribbon sprawl along major highways).
Since 1950 the highest government position has been that of Michael Fallon, who was the Secretary of State for Defence from 2014 until resigning on 1 November 2017, in the light of allegations of inappropriate behaviour of a sexual nature.
1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Sevenoaks and Wrotham, and the Rural Districts of Malling and Sevenoaks.
1950–1974: The Urban District of Sevenoaks, and the Rural Districts of Malling and Sevenoaks.
1974–1983: The Urban District of Sevenoaks, the Rural District of Sevenoaks as altered by the Greater London Kent and Surrey Order 1968, and in the Rural District of Dartford the civil parishes of Ash-cum-Ridley, Eynsford, Farningham, Fawkham, Hartley, Horton Kirby, Longfield, Swanley, and West Kingsdown.
1983–1997: The District of Sevenoaks wards of Brasted, Chevening, Crockenhill and Lullingstone, Dunton Green, Eynsford, Farningham, Halstead Knockholt and Badgers Mount, Hextable and Swanley Village, Kemsing, Leigh, Otford, Penshurst and Fordcombe, Riverhead, Seal, Sevenoaks Kippington, Sevenoaks Northern, Sevenoaks Town and St John's, Sevenoaks Weald and Underriver, Sevenoaks Wildernesse, Shoreham, Somerdon, Sundridge and Ide Hill, Swanley Christchurch, Swanley St Mary's, Swanley White Oak, Westerham and Crockham, and West Kingsdown.
1997–2010: The District of Sevenoaks wards of Ash-cum-Ridley, Brasted, Chevening, Crockenhill and Lullingstone, Dunton Green, Eynsford, Farningham, Halstead Knockholt and Badgers Mount, Hextable and Swanley Village, Kemsing, Otford, Riverhead, Seal, Sevenoaks Kippington, Sevenoaks Northern, Sevenoaks Town and St John's, Sevenoaks Weald and Underriver, Sevenoaks Wildernesse, Shoreham, Sundridge and Ide Hill, Swanley Christchurch, Swanley St Mary's, Swanley White Oak, Westerham and Crockham, and West Kingsdown.
2010–present: The District of Sevenoaks wards of Ash, Brasted, Chevening and Sundridge, Crockenhill and Well Hill, Dunton Green and Riverhead, Eynsford, Farningham, Horton Kirby and South Darenth, Fawkham and West Kingsdown, Halstead, Knockholt and Badgers Mount, Hextable, Kemsing, Otford and Shoreham, Seal and Weald, Sevenoaks Eastern, Sevenoaks Kippington, Sevenoaks Northern, Sevenoaks Town and St John's, Swanley Christchurch and Swanley Village, Swanley St Mary's, Swanley White Oak, and Westerham and Crockham Hill.
The seat is in mainstay City commuter belt territory, which supports a relatively high-income local economy with retail and self-employed trades principally benefiting. Sevenoaks constituency covers the towns of Sevenoaks and Swanley in Kent and some of the surrounding area. Most wards are most often Conservative councillor represented with the exceptions being one Labour councillor representing Swanley St. Mary's ward and both Sevenoaks Eastern councillors are Liberal Democrats, as is one of the two Sevenoaks Northern councillors. There are also four independent councillors.
The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of one local government districts with a working population whose income is higher than the national average and lower than average reliance upon social housing.At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 1.7% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 2.4%. The borough contributing to the bulk of the seat has a low 13.1% of its population without a car, 19.2% of the population without qualifications and a high 32.0% with level 4 qualifications or above. In terms of tenure 72.7% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage by occupants as at the 2011 census across the district.
|1918||Sir Thomas Bennett||Coalition Conservative|
|1929||Sir Hilton Young||Conservative|
|1935||Sir Charles Ponsonby||Conservative|
|1950||Sir John Rodgers||Conservative|
|1997||Sir Michael Fallon||Conservative|
|Liberal Democrats||Gareth Willis||10,114||19.8||11.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Alan Bullion||4,280||8.4||0.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Alan Bullion||3,937||7.9||13.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Alan Bullion||10,561||21.4||0.5|
|English Democrat||Louise Uncles||806||1.6||0.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Ben Abbotts||9,467||21.9||+0.3|
|English Democrat||John Marshall||751||1.7||New|
|United Kingdom Pathfinders||Mark Ellis||233||0.5||−0.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Clive Gray||9,214||21.6||-2.5|
|United Kingdom Pathfinders||Mark Ellis||295||0.7||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Roger Walshe||12,086||24.1|
|Natural Law||Alex Hankey||147||0.29|
|Liberal Democrats||Roger Walshe||14,091||24.4||−3.5|
|Natural Law||P. Wakeling||210||0.4||New|
|National Front||G. L. Burnett||416||0.79|
|Labour||R. H. Redden||14,583||22.81|
|National Front||Michael Easter||821||1.28||New|
|Independent||D. J. Woolard||754||1.22||New|
|Labour||John N. Powrie||17,858||38.16|
|Labour||John N. Powrie||18,823||39.63|
|Liberal||Edgar Stratton Liddiard||7,844||25.1||-13.0|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+13.5|
|Unionist||Thomas Jewell Bennett||9,987||48.4||−15.4|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|Unionist||Thomas Jewell Bennett||12,045||63.8||−12.4|
|Labour||L. A. Goldie||6,849||36.2||New|
|C||Unionist||Thomas Jewell Bennett||10,650||76.2||N/A|
|Independent Labour||John Ephraim Skinner||3,323||23.8||New|
|Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
|Liberal||Murray Spencer Richardson||1,792||21.3||New|
|Independent Liberal||Murray Spencer Richardson||44||0.3||New|
|Liberal||Frederick Styles Philpin Lely||6,351||37.9||-10.7|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
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Crockenhill is a village in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. It is located 1 mile south of Swanley and 4.5 miles north east of Orpington, adjacent to the Kent border with Greater London.
Swanley is a town and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. It is located approximately 16 miles (26 km) southeast of central London, adjacent to the Greater London boundary and within the M25 motorway periphery. The population at the 2011 census was 16,226. The local council is Swanley Town Council.
West Kingsdown is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks district of Kent, England, on the A20 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Swanley, 5.5 miles (9 km) northeast of Sevenoaks and 22.5 miles (36.2 km) from London.
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Farningham is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. It is located 3 miles (5 km) south-east of Swanley. It has a population of 1,314.
The London Traffic Area was established by the London Traffic Act 1924 to regulate the increasing amount of motor traffic in the London area. The LTA was abolished in 1965 on the establishment of the Greater London Council.
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Dartford Rural District was a rural district with an area of 34,037 acres (138 km2) in the county of Kent, England. In 1971 it had a population of 64,561 and an electorate of 43,911. At dissolution it was the most populous rural district council in Kent, but had once been larger, having lost territory when Crayford Urban District was created in 1920, and Swanscombe Urban District in 1926.
Sevenoaks Rural District was a rural district in the county of Kent, England, from 1894 to 1974. It did not include Sevenoaks Urban District, which covered the town of Sevenoaks. It was created in 1894 from the majority of the area of Somerden Hundred, and parts of the Hundreds of Codsheath, Brasted, and Westerham and Edinbridge.
Codsheath was a hundred, a historical land division, in the county of Kent, England. It occupied the eastern part of the Lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, within in the west division of Kent. Codsheath was also recorded as "Codsede" in ancient records. Today the area that was the Codsheath Hundred is part of the Sevenoaks District of Kent that includes the town of Sevenoaks and surrounding area. The Hundred of Codsheath was included in the Domesday Book of 1086, that records it as having 203 houses, 44 in Sundridge and 159 in Otford. The River Darent flowed through the Codsheath Hundred, generally in a northeast direction. Several watermills were constructed on the river within the hundred, in the villages of Sundridge, Otford, Shoreham and Chevening.
Go-Coachhire Ltd is a bus operator running a total of 46 bus services across Kent and Sussex. The majority of these services are operated on behalf of Kent County Council from depots in Otford and Swanley.
Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.