Banbury (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Banbury
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Banbury2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Banbury in Oxfordshire
EnglandOxfordshire.svg
Location of Oxfordshire within England
County Oxfordshire
Population117,928 (2011 census) [1]
Electorate 90,113 (December 2019) [2]
Major settlements Banbury and Bicester
Current constituency
Created1553
Member of Parliament Victoria Prentis (Conservative)
Number of membersOne

Banbury, also informally known as Banbury and North Oxfordshire or simply North Oxfordshire, is a constituency in Oxfordshire [n 1] created in 1553 and represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Victoria Prentis of the Conservative Party. [n 2]

Contents

In terms of electorate Banbury was the 16th largest constituency in the United Kingdom at the time of the 2015 general election. [3]

Constituency profile

The constituency has relatively high economic dependence on agriculture, as well as modern industry (particularly motor sport), research and development, public services and, to a lesser extent, defence. It contains two large market towns, Banbury and Bicester, where the majority of the electorate live. It is a partly rural seat, with the north west of the constituency on the edge of the Cotswolds. The area has experienced significant urban growth and is popular with commuters who favour its fast transport links to Birmingham, Oxford and London by rail, or the M40. More than one in 10 of the population is employed in higher managerial, administrative and professional work, according to ONS 2011 Census figures for England and Wales. In 2015 the seat was home to 4.3% of EU residents and unemployment was 2.9%. [4] There are some Labour voting wards in Banbury itself, but the remainder of the constituency including Bicester and the smaller rural towns and villages are safely Conservative. However the 2017 election saw a particularly strong swing for Labour like many towns in southern England.

History

Content and regional context

The constituency was created as a parliamentary borough, consisting of the town of Banbury, on 26 January 1554 through the efforts of Henry Stafford and Thomas Denton. [5] It was one of the few in England in the unreformed House of Commons to elect only one Member of Parliament (MP). It as such used the first past the post system. It was the seat represented by Lord North, the Prime Minister during the American War of Independence.

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the Parliamentary Borough was abolished and was reconstituted as the Northern or Banbury Division of Oxfordshire when the three-member Parliamentary County of Oxfordshire was divided into the three single-member seats: Banbury, Woodstock and Henley. It comprised the north-western part of Oxfordshire, including Chipping Norton as well as the abolished borough. Banbury has remained as such since then with varying boundaries (see below).

Political history

Majority views

Banbury has post-World War I unbroken Conservative representation and significant local support for the party. Its MPs since 1922 have all served long terms in office and each since 1922 has been knighted. The seat saw a very close election in 1923. The largest vote since 1922 has at each election been for a Conservative. In 2010 Tony Baldry (Conservative) almost doubled his majority. The 2015 result made the seat the 125th safest of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority. [6]

In June 2016, an estimated 50.35% of local adults voting in the EU membership referendum chose to leave the European Union instead of to remain. This was matched in two January 2018 votes in Parliament by its MP. [7]

Other parties

Four of the six parties' candidates achieved more than the deposit-retaining threshold of 5% of the vote in 2015. In 2001, the Labour Party candidate Lesley Silbey won the largest opposing-party share of the vote since 1974 — 35% of the vote. Prior to 1974, the highest percentage of votes for the second-placed candidate was in 1945 — 48% of the vote.

Boundaries and boundary changes

1885–1918: The Borough of Banbury, and the Sessional Divisions of Banbury and Bloxham, Chadlington, and Wootton North. [8]

1918–1950: The Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Witney, and the Rural Districts of Banbury, Chipping Norton, Witney, and Woodstock. [9]

The constituency was expanded to include the western half of the abolished Woodstock Division, including Witney and Woodstock.

1950–1974: The Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Witney, the Rural Districts of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Witney, and in the Rural District of Ploughley the parishes of Begbroke, Gosford and Water Eaton, Hampton Gay and Poyle, Kidlington, Shipton on Cherwell, Thrupp, and Yarnton. [10]

Change to contents due to reorganisation of rural districts. Marginal loss to the Oxford constituency as a result of the expansion of County Borough of Oxford.

1974–1983: The Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Bicester, the Rural Districts of Banbury and Chipping Norton, and in the Rural District of Ploughley the parishes of Ardley, Bucknell, Caversfield, Chesterton, Cottisford, Finmere, Fringford, Fritwell, Godington, Hardwick with Tusmore, Hethe, Kirtlington, Launton, Lower Heyford, Middleton Stoney, Mixbury, Newton Purcell with Shelswell, Somerton, Souldern, Stoke Lyne, Stratton Audley, and Upper Heyford. [11]

The Urban and Rural Districts of Witney and the parts of the Rural District of Ploughley, including Kidlington, formed the basis of the new County Constituency of Mid-Oxon.  Bicester and northern parts of the Rural District of Ploughley transferred from Henley.

1983–1997: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden, Ardley, Bicester East, Bicester South, Bicester West, Bloxham, Bodicote, Calthorpe, Chesterton, Cropredy, Deddington, Easington, Fringford, Grimsbury, Hardwick, Heyford, Hook Norton, Hornton, Kirtlington, Launton, Neithrop, Otmoor, Ruscote, Sibford, Steeple Aston, and Wroxton, and the District of West Oxfordshire wards of Bartons and Tackley, and Wootton. [12]

Gained a small part of the abolished County Constituency of Mid-Oxon, to the south of Bicester. The bulk of the area comprising the former Urban and Rural Districts of Chipping Norton transferred to the new County Constituency of Witney.

1997–2010: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden, Ardley, Bicester East, Bicester South, Bicester West, Bloxham, Bodicote, Calthorpe, Chesterton, Cropredy, Deddington, Easington, Fringford, Grimsbury, Hardwick, Heyford, Hook Norton, Hornton, Kirtlington, Launton, Neithrop, Otmoor, Ruscote, Sibford, Steeple Aston, and Wroxton. [13]

Minor loss to Witney, comprising the two wards in the District of West Oxfordshire.

2010–present: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden and Chesterton, Banbury Calthorpe, Banbury Easington, Banbury Grimsbury and Castle, Banbury Hardwick, Banbury Neithrop, Banbury Ruscote, Bicester East, Bicester North, Bicester South, Bicester Town, Bicester West, Bloxham and Bodicote, Caversfield, Cropredy, Deddington, Fringford, Hook Norton, Launton, Sibford, The Astons and Heyfords, and Wroxton. [14]

Two wards in the District of Cherwell to the south of Bicester (Kirtlington and Otmoor) transferred to Henley.

The constituency currently covers the north-east of Oxfordshire, around Banbury and Bicester and largely corresponds to the Cherwell local government district, with the principal exception of the large village of Kidlington on the outskirts of Oxford which lies in the Oxford West and Abingdon constituency, and some smaller villages to the north-east of Oxford that lie in the Henley constituency.

Members of Parliament

Banbury borough (until 1885)

MPs 1554–1640

Constituency created 1554. (Even before the Reform Act of 1832, Banbury only returned one member to Parliament) [15]

ParliamentMember
Parliament of 1554 (April) Thomas Denton
Parliament of 1554 (November) Edward Stafford, 3rd Baron Stafford
Parliament of 1555Not known
Parliament of 1558 John Denton
Parliament of 1559 Thomas Lee
Parliament of 1563 Francis Walsingham (sat for Lyme Regis, replaced by Owen Brereton)
Parliament of 1571 Anthony Cope
Parliament of 1572
Parliament of 1584 Richard Fiennes
Parliament of 1586 Anthony Cope
Parliament of 1588
Parliament of 1593
Parliament of 1597
Parliament of 1601
Parliament of 1604–1611 Sir William Cope [16]
Addled Parliament (1614)
Parliament of 1621–1622
Happy Parliament (1624–1625) Sir Erasmus Dryden
Useless Parliament (1625) Sir William Cope (Election declared void, replaced by James Fiennes)
Parliament of 1626 Calcot Chambre
Parliament of 1628–1629 John Crew
No Parliament summoned 1629–1640

MPs 1640–1885

YearMember [17] Party
April 1640 Nathaniel Fiennes Parliamentarian
1648Fiennes excluded in Pride's Purge – seat left vacant
1653Banbury was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and
the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Nathaniel Fiennes, the younger
May 1659 Banbury was not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Sir Anthony Cope
1661 Sir John Holman [18]
1685 Sir Dudley North
1689 Sir Robert Dashwood
1698 James Isaacson [19]
1699 Sir John Cope
1700Patrick Friel[ citation needed ]
1701 Charles North
1713 Sir Jonathan Cope
1722 Monoux Cope
1727 Hon. Francis North
1730 Toby Chauncy
1733 William Knollys [20]
1740 William Moore
1746 John Willes
1754 Frederick North, Lord North Tory
1790 George North, Lord North
1792 Hon. Frederick North
1794 William Holbech
1796 Dudley Long North
1806 William Praed
1808 Dudley Long North
1812 Frederick Sylvester North Douglas
1819 Hon. Heneage Legge
1826 Hon. Arthur Legge
1830 Henry Villiers-Stuart Tory [21]
1831 John Easthope Radical [22] [23] [24] [25]
1832 Henry William Tancred Whig [21] [26] [27]
February 1859 Bernhard Samuelson Whig [28]
April 1859 Sir Charles Eurwicke Douglas Ind. Liberal [29]
1865 Sir Bernhard Samuelson, Bt Liberal
1885 Borough abolished – name transferred to county division

Banbury division of Oxfordshire/Banbury County Constituency (since 1885)

ElectionMember [17] Party
1885 Sir Bernhard Samuelson Liberal
1895 Albert Brassey Conservative
1906 Eustace Fiennes Liberal
January 1910 Robert Brassey Conservative
December 1910 Eustace Fiennes [30] Liberal
1918 by-election Sir Rhys Rhys-Williams, 1st Baronet Liberal
1918 Coalition Liberal
1922 James Edmondson, 1st Baron Sandford Conservative
1945 Douglas Dodds-Parker Conservative
1959 Neil Marten Conservative
1983 Tony Baldry Conservative
2015 Victoria Prentis Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Banbury [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Victoria Prentis 34,148 54.3 Increase2.svg 0.1
Labour Suzette Watson17,33527.6Decrease2.svg 6.5
Liberal Democrats Tim Bearder8,83114.0Increase2.svg 8.4
Green Ian Middleton2,6074.1Increase2.svg 2.2
Majority16,81326.7Increase2.svg 6.6
Turnout 62,92169.8Decrease2.svg 3.6
Conservative hold Swing Increase2.svg 3.3
General election 2017: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Victoria Prentis 33,388 54.2 Increase2.svg 1.2
Labour Sean Woodcock20,98934.1Increase2.svg 12.8
Liberal Democrats John Howson3,4525.6Decrease2.svg 0.3
UKIP Dickie Bird1,5812.6Decrease2.svg 11.3
Green Ian Middleton1,2252.0Decrease2.svg 2.6
Independent Roseanne Edwards9271.5N/A
Majority12,39920.1Decrease2.svg 11.6
Turnout 61,65273.5Increase2.svg 7.9
Conservative hold Swing Decrease2.svg 5.8
General election 2015: Banbury [32] [33] [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Victoria Prentis [35] 30,749 53.0 +0.2
Labour Sean Woodcock12,35421.3+2.1
UKIP Dickie Bird [36] 8,05013.9+8.9
Liberal Democrats John Howson3,4405.914.5
Green Ian Middleton [37] 2,6864.6+2.9
National Health Action Roseanne Edwards7291.3N/A
Majority18,39531.70.7
Turnout 58,00865.6 [38] +0.9
Conservative hold Swing 0.97
General election 2010: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Tony Baldry 29,703 52.8 +5.9
Liberal Democrats David Rundle11,47620.4+2.9
Labour Leslie Sibley10,77319.28.9
UKIP David Fairweather2,8065.0+2.8
Green Alastair White9591.71.1
Independent Roseanne Edwards5240.9N/A
Majority18,22732.421.8
Turnout 56,24164.7+0.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.5

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Tony Baldry 26,38246.9+1.7
Labour Leslie Sibley15,58527.7−7.3
Liberal Democrats Zoe Patrick10,07617.9+2.0
Green Alyson Duckmanton1,5902.8+0.3
UKIP Diana Heimann1,2412.2+0.9
National Front James Starkey9181.6N/A
Your PartyChris Rowe4170.7N/A
Majority10,79719.2+2.1
Turnout 56,20964.5+3.4
Conservative hold Swing +4.5
General election 2001: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Tony Baldry 23,27145.2+2.3
Labour Leslie Sibley18,05235.0+0.2
Liberal Democrats Anthony Worgan8,21615.9−0.8
Green Bevis Cotton1,2812.5+1.6
UKIP Stephen Harris6951.3+0.7
Majority5,21910.2
Turnout 51,51561.1−14.1
Conservative hold Swing +1.0

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Tony Baldry 25,07642.9−12.1
Labour Hazel Y. Peperell20,33934.8+8.3
Liberal Democrats Catherine Bearder 9,76116.7−1.4
Referendum James W. Ager2,2453.8N/A
Green Bevis Cotton5300.9N/A
UKIP L. King3640.62N/A
Natural Law Ian Pearson1310.22−0.2
Majority4,7378.120.5
Turnout 58,44675.16.0
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1992: Banbury [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Tony Baldry 32,21555.0−1.2
Labour Angela Billingham 15,49526.5+6.1
Liberal Democrats Geoffrey J. Fisher10,60218.1−5.3
Natural Law Robin Ticciati2500.4N/A
Majority16,72028.6−4.2
Turnout 58,56281.5+5.4
Conservative hold Swing −3.6

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Tony Baldry 29,71656.2+2.8
Social Democratic David Rowland12,38623.4−3.5
Labour James Honeybone10,78920.4+1.4
Majority17,33032.8+6.3
Turnout 76.2+1.0
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Tony Baldry 26,22553.4-1.3
Social Democratic Keith Fitchett13,20026.9+11.7
Labour Brian Hodgson9,34319.0
Monster Raving Loony David N. Brough [40] 3830.8N/A
Majority13,02526.50
Turnout 75.24
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neil Marten 31,13754.7+7.3
Labour Brian Hodgson16,62329.2−5.9
Liberal M. White8,65815.2−1.1
National Front I. Cherry5040.9N/A
Majority14,51425.5
Turnout 78.3
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neil Marten 24,21047.4+2.0
Labour Anthony C. Booth18,01935.2+2.2
Liberal D. Charlton8,35216.3−5.3
Independent English NationalistJ. Barbour5471.1N/A
Majority6,19112.1
Turnout 75.71
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neil Marten 25,16745.4−7.6
Labour Anthony C. Booth18,28933.0−3.4
Liberal Geoffrey J. Fisher11,94721.6+11.0
Majority6,87812.4
Turnout 82.8
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1970: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neil Marten 36,71253.4+5.9
Labour Anthony C. Booth25,16636.6−3.7
Liberal Geoffrey J. Fisher6,85910.0−2.2
Majority11,54616.8
Turnout 77.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neil Marten 28,93247.5+0.3
Labour David Young 24,52940.3+2.0
Liberal Penelope Jessel 7,40712.2−1.4
Majority4,4037.2
Turnout 82.0
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1964: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neil Marten 27,28147.2
Labour Gerald Fowler 22,15938.3
Liberal Francis John Ware7,85113.6
Farmers' CandidateJames Hayward5340.9
Majority5,1228.9
Turnout 82.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neil Marten 26,41350.61
Labour David J Buckle19,69937.75
Liberal Kenneth Colman6,07411.64
Majority6,71412.87
Turnout 81.02
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Douglas Dodds-Parker 25,59854.38
Labour Norman Francis Stogdon21,47345.62
Majority4,1258.76
Turnout 77.14
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Douglas Dodds-Parker 23,24646.84
Labour William J. Bird19,67239.64
Liberal Lawrence Robson 6,70613.51
Majority3,5747.20
Turnout 82.85
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Banbury [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Douglas Dodds-Parker 21,36543.46
Labour Co-op Cyril Rawlett Fenton19,40839.48
Liberal Lawrence Robson 8,39217.07
Majority1,9573.98
Turnout 83.60
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s

General election 1945: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Douglas Dodds-Parker 23,77752.00-13.66
Labour Richard Brian Roach21,95148.00+13.66
Majority1,8264.00-27.32
Turnout 45,72870.55
Conservative hold Swing -13.66

Elections in the 1930s

General election 14 November 1935  : Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Edmondson 21,90465.66n/a
Labour W E Wade11,45634.34n/a
Majority10,44831.32n/a
Turnout 65.82n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General election 27 October 1931: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Edmondson unopposedn/an/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Election in the 1920s

General election 1929: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Edmondson 16,44445.57.2
Liberal Ronald Wilberforce Allen 13,80038.2+7.4
Labour Lawrence A Wingfield 5,89416.30.2
Majority2,6447.314.6
Turnout 78.70.6
Conservative hold Swing 7.3
Verney 1920 Sir Harry Verney.jpg
Verney
General election 1924: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Edmondson 15,05352.7
Liberal Harry Verney 8,82530.8
Labour Arthur Ernest Monks4,73316.5
Majority6,22821.9
Turnout 79.3
Conservative hold Swing
Fry Charles B Fry.jpg
Fry
General election 1923: Banbury [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Edmondson 12,49045.80.7
Liberal C. B. Fry 12,27145.0+15.6
Labour Ernest Bennett 2,5009.214.9
Majority2190.816.3
Turnout 76.00.4
Conservative hold Swing 8.2
General election 1922: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Edmondson 12,49146.5
Liberal James Harold Early7,88529.4
Labour Ernest Bennett 6,46324.1
Majority4,60617.1
Turnout 26,839
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
By-election 1922: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
C Liberal Rhys Rhys-Williams Unopposed
Liberal hold
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Election in the 1910s

General election 14 December 1918: Banbury
PartyCandidateVotes%±
C Liberal Rhys Rhys-Williams Unopposed
Liberal hold
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
1918 Banbury by-election [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Rhys Rhys-Williams Unopposed
Liberal hold

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election December 1910: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Eustace Fiennes 3,62950.6+2.7
Conservative Robert Bingham Brassey 3,53849.42.7
Majority911.2N/A
Turnout 7,16789.42.2
Registered electors 8,021
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.7
1910 Banbury.jpg
General election January 1910: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Robert Bingham Brassey 3,83152.1+10.9
Liberal Eustace Fiennes 3,51647.910.9
Majority3154.2N/A
Turnout 7,34791.6+4.0
Registered electors 8,021
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +10.9

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Eustace Fiennes 3,99258.8+15.1
Conservative George Villiers 2,79641.215.1
Majority1,19617.6N/A
Turnout 6,78887.6+5.4
Registered electors 7,748
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +15.1
General election 1900: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Albert Brassey 3,63256.30.6
Liberal Eustace Fiennes 2,82143.7+0.6
Majority81112.61.2
Turnout 6,45382.25.4
Registered electors 7,853
Conservative hold Swing 0.6

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1895: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Albert Brassey 4,05756.9+8.2
Liberal Charles W Thornton3,07443.18.2
Majority98313.8n/a
Turnout 7,13187.6+1.3
Registered electors 8,145
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.2
General election 1892: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 3,64051.32.3
Conservative Llewellyn Malcolm Wynne [44] 3,45348.7+2.3
Majority1872.64.6
Turnout 7,09386.3+5.4
Registered electors 8,223
Liberal hold Swing 2.3

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 3,67753.66.5
Conservative Llewellyn Malcolm Wynne3,18446.4+6.5
Majority4937.213.0
Turnout 6,86180.96.1
Registered electors 8,478
Liberal hold Swing 6.5
General election 1885: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 4,43660.13.5
Conservative Llewellyn Malcolm Wynne2,94439.9+3.5
Majority1,49220.27.0
Turnout 7,38087.0+3.4
Registered electors 8,478
Liberal hold Swing 3.5
General election 1880: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 1,01863.6+10.7
Conservative Thomas Gibson Bowles [45] 58336.410.7
Majority43527.2+21.4
Turnout 1,60186.6+11.3
Registered electors 1,848
Liberal hold Swing +10.7

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 76052.913.1
Conservative Josiah Wilkinson [46] 67647.1+13.1
Majority845.826.3
Turnout 1,43675.31.4
Registered electors 1,906
Liberal hold Swing 13.1

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1868: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 77266.0+27.2
Conservative George Stratton [47] 39734.0+2.9
Majority37532.1+24.4
Turnout 1,16976.79.8
Registered electors 1,524
Liberal hold Swing +12.2
General election 1865: Banbury [29] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 20638.87.1
Conservative Charles Bell [48] 16531.1N/A
Independent Liberal Charles Eurwicke Douglas 16030.124.0
Majority417.7N/A
Turnout 53186.5+21.9
Registered electors 614
Liberal gain from Independent Liberal Swing +8.5

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1859: Banbury [29] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent Liberal Charles Eurwicke Douglas 23554.1N/A
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 19945.932.9
Majority368.3N/A
Turnout 43464.6+13.7
Registered electors 672
Independent Liberal gain from Liberal Swing N/A
By-election, 9 February 1859: Banbury [28] [29] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Bernhard Samuelson 17737.641.2
Conservative John Hardy 17637.4N/A
Independent Liberal Edward Miall 11825.1N/A
Majority10.257.5
Turnout 47170.1+19.2
Registered electors 672
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1857: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Henry William Tancred 21678.8N/A
Radical Edward Yates [49] 5821.2N/A
Majority15857.7N/A
Turnout 27450.9N/A
Registered electors 538
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1852: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Henry William Tancred Unopposed
Registered electors 491
Whig hold

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1847: Banbury [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Henry William Tancred 22657.9+12.8
Conservative James Macgregor [50] 16442.1+5.7
Majority6215.9+7.2
Turnout 39083.9+12.5
Registered electors 465
Whig hold Swing +3.6
General election 1841: Banbury [21] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Henry William Tancred 12445.125.6
Conservative Hugh Holbech [51] 10036.4+7.1
Chartist Henry Vincent [52] 5118.5N/A
Majority248.732.7
Turnout 27571.43.2
Registered electors 385
Whig hold Swing 16.4

Elections in the 1830s

General election 1837: Banbury [21] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Henry William Tancred 18170.711.3
Conservative Henry Tawney7529.3N/A
Majority10641.422.6
Turnout 25674.6+6.7
Registered electors 343
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1835: Banbury [21] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Henry William Tancred 20582.0N/A
Radical Edward Lloyd Williams [53] 4518.0N/A
Majority16064.0N/A
Turnout 25067.9N/A
Registered electors 368
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1832: Banbury [21] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Henry William Tancred Unopposed
Registered electors 329
Whig gain from Radical
General election 1831: Banbury [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Radical John Easthope 666.7N/A
Tory Henry Hely-Hutchinson333.3N/A
Majority333.4N/A
Turnout 9N/A
Radical gain from Tory Swing N/A
General election 1830: Banbury [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Tory Henry Villiers-Stuart Unopposed
Tory gain from Non-partisan

Neighbouring constituencies

Banbury is bordered to the north-east by Northamptonshire South, to the east by Buckingham, to the south by Witney and Henley constituencies, to the east by Stratford-upon-Avon and to the north-east by Kenilworth and Southam.

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years
References
  1. "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  2. "Banbury - Election 2019". BBC News. 13 December 2019. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  3. Electoral Data – UK Parliament General Election 2015 Electoral Commission
  4. Banbury constituency profile 2015 (BBC News). Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  5. Bindoff, p. 30
  6. List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info; Retrieved 29 January 2017
  7. https://www.theyworkforyou.com/divisions/pw-2018-01-17-104-commons/mp/10241
  8. The public general acts. Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
  9. Craig, Fred WS (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN   0900178094. OCLC   539011.
  10. "Representation of the People Act, 1948". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  11. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  12. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  13. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  14. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  15. Banbury in 1835 Old Towns Books & Maps
  16. Succeeded as baronet, July 1615
  17. 1 2 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
  18. Created a baronet, June 1663
  19. Expelled from the House of Commons
  20. Knollys claimed and used the title Viscount Wallingford, but his claim was disallowed by the House of Lords
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I, to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 18 August 2018 via Google Books.
  22. "Election News" . Northern Star and Leeds General Advertiser. 10 July 1841. p. 23. Retrieved 15 November 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  23. Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. pp. 74, 79. Retrieved 15 November 2018 via Google Books.
  24. "Nottingham Review and General Advertiser for the Midland Counties" . 25 August 1837. p. 4. Retrieved 15 November 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  25. "General Election, 1841" . Morning Post. 29 June 1841. pp. 2–4. Retrieved 15 November 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  26. Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 220. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via Google Books.
  27. "Election Movements in England". Northern Standard. 19 June 1841. p. 1. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.(subscription required)
  28. 1 2 Tancred, Henry William (1969). Trinder, Barrie Stuart (ed.). A Victorian M.P. and his constituents: the correspondence of H. W. Tancred, 1841-1859 (Illustrated ed.). Banbury Historical Society. p. 105.
  29. 1 2 3 4 Potts, A (1969). "The educational work of Sir Bernhard Samuelson (1820-1905) with special reference to technical education" (PDF). Durham E-Theses Online. Durham University. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  30. Created a baronet, June 1916
  31. "Banbury Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  32. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  33. "Cherwell District Council". Cherwell District Council. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  34. "Banbury Parliamentary Constituency". Election 2017. BBC News.
  35. "Victoria Prentis selected as Parliamentary Candidate". Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2017. North Oxfordshire Conservatives
  36. "Oxfordshire PPC Candidates: first in south east". UKIP South East. 12 September 2014. Archived from the original on 13 April 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  37. "Ian Middleton - Green Party Parliamentary Candidate for Banbury". Oxfordshire Green Party.
  38. Total electorate 88420 from Cherwell District Council elections office, 28 May 2015 and accepted by House of Commons Library, 18 June 2015
  39. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  40. "Sir Tony’s first victory", Banbury Guardian, 30 March 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015
  41. The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1950.
  42. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–49, FWS Craig
  43. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 British parliamentary election results, 1885–1918 (Craig)
  44. "Complimentary Banquet to L. M. Wynne, Esq". Oxford Journal. 24 September 1892. p. 8. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  45. "Representation of Banbury". Derby Telegraph. 19 February 1880. p. 3. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  46. "Banbury". Northampton Mercury. 28 March 1874. p. 8. Retrieved 27 December 2017 via British Newspaper Archive.(subscription required)
  47. "Banbury". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 16 November 1868. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 28 January 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.(subscription required)
  48. "Banbury". Oxford Times. 22 July 1865. p. 7. Retrieved 28 January 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.(subscription required)
  49. "The General Election". North Devon Gazette. 24 March 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 7 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.(subscription required)
  50. "Election Intelligence". Liverpool Mail. 24 July 1847. p. 5. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.(subscription required)
  51. "Banbury Election". Northampton Mercury. 3 July 1841. p. 3. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.(subscription required)
  52. "Banbury, June 17". Oxford Journal. 19 June 1841. p. 2. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.(subscription required)
  53. "Tory Misrule!" . Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser. 2 January 1835. p. 1. Retrieved 7 September 2019 via British Newspaper Archive.

Sources

Coordinates: 51°58′N1°18′W / 51.96°N 1.30°W / 51.96; -1.30

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Vacant
since 1766
Title last held by
Bath
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1770–1782
Vacant
until 1783
Title next held by
Appleby

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