|Former Borough constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||1295–1885: Two|
|Replaced by||Oxford East and Oxford West and Abingdon|
Oxford was a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom. It comprised the city of Oxford in the county of Oxfordshire, and elected two members of parliament from its creation in 1295 until 1885 when its representation was reduced to one member by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
During the 1960s and 1970s, Oxford was a marginal seat.
1918–1950: The County Borough of Oxford.The boundaries were expanded to coincide with the County Borough.
1950–1983: As above, with redrawn boundaries.Areas which had been absorbed by the County Borough of Oxford, including Cowley and Headington, transferred from the Henley constituency. Small area in the north also transferred from Banbury.
In the 1983 redistribution, this constituency was abolished and was split into two new, separate constituencies: Oxford East, and Oxford West and Abingdon. The City of Oxford local government district had replaced the County Borough of Oxford on 1 April 1974, under the terms of the Local Government Act 1972, and the redistribution reflected this. Despite Oxford West and Abingdon including Oxford city centre, Oxford East included the majority of the new district. The city centre has been in the redrawn Oxford East since 2010.
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1379||Edmund Kenyan||Thomas Somerset|
|1380 (Nov)||Edmund Kenyan|
|1382 (May)||Edmund Kenyan|
|1386||Edmund Kenyan||Thomas Houkyn|
|1388 (Feb)||John Hickes||Thomas Somerset|
|1388 (Sep)||John Shawe||Thomas Baret|
|1390 (Jan)||Richard Garston||Alan Lekensfeld|
|1390 (Nov)||Edmund Kenyan||Adam de la River|
|1391||Edmund Kenyan||John Ottworth|
|1393||Richard Garston||John Merston|
|1394||Edmund Kenyan||John Forster|
|1395||John Ludlow||Adam de la River|
|1397 (Jan)||Walter Benham||Adam de la River|
|1397 (Sep)||John Ottworth||Adam de la River|
|1399||John Spicer||John Burbridge|
|1401||Thomas Forsthull||Adam de la River|
|1402||Walter Benham||John Spicer|
|1404 (Jan)||Thomas Coventre||John Spicer|
|1404 (Oct)||John Merston||Michael Salisbury|
|1406||John Ottworth||Thomas Cowley|
|1407||Thomas Coventre||Hugh Benet|
|1410||Thomas Coventre||Hugh Benet|
|1413 (May)||Thomas Coventre||Hugh Benet|
|1414 (Apr)||John Shawe II||Walter Colet|
|1414 (Nov)||Thomas Coventre||John Merston|
|1416 (Mar)||Thomas Coventre||William Brampton|
|1417||Thomas Coventre||Hugh Benet|
|1419||Thomas Coventre||William Brampton|
|1420||Thomas Coventre||William Offord|
|1421 (May)||Thomas Coventre||William Brampton|
|1421 (Dec)||John Quarane||William Offord|
|1510–1523||No names known|
|1529||John Latton||William Fleming|
|1536||?John Latton||?William Fleming|
|1539||Thomas Denton||Richard Gunter|
|1547||Ralph Flaxney||Edward Frere|
|1553 (Mar)||Christopher Edmonds||Edward Glynton|
|1553 (Oct)||John Wayte||Thomas Williams|
|1554 (Apr)||Thomas Mallinson||Edward Glynton|
|1554 (Nov)||John Wayte||William Tylcock|
|1555||John Wayte||William Pantre|
|1558||John Barton||Richard Williams|
|1559 (Jan)||Thomas Wood||Roger Taylor|
|1562 (Dec)||William Page||Thomas Wood|
|1571||Edward Knollys||William Frere|
|1572 (Apr)|| Edward Knollys, died |
and replaced 1576 by Francis Knollys
| William Owen, died |
and replaced Jan 1581 by Edward Norris
|1584 (Oct)||Francis Knollys||William Noble|
|1586 (Sep)||Francis Knollys||George Calfield|
|1588 (Oct)||Francis Knollys||George Calfield|
|1593||Sir Edmund Carey||George Calfield|
|1597 (Aug)||Anthony Bacon||George Calfield|
|1601 (Sep)||Sir Francis Leigh||George Calfield|
|1604||Francis Leigh||Thomas Wentworth|
|1614||Sir John Astley||Thomas Wentworth|
|1621–1622||Sir John Brooke||Thomas Wentworth|
|1624||John Whistler||Thomas Wentworth|
|1625||John Whistler||Thomas Wentworth|
|1626||John Whistler||Thomas Wentworth|
|1628–1629||John Whistler||Thomas Wentworth|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments convened|
|Year||First member||First party||Second member||Second party|
|April 1640||Viscount Andover||Royalist||John Whistler||Royalist|
|1640 (Nov)||John Smith||Royalist|
|1644||Smith and Whistler disabled from sitting – both seats vacant|
|1645||John Nixon||John Doyley|
|December 1648||Nixon and Doyley excluded in Pride's Purge – both seats vacant|
|1653||Oxford was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament|
|1654||Bulstrode Whitelocke||Oxford had only one seat in the First and |
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
|January 1659||Major Unton Croke||Parliamentarian|
|May 1659||Not represented in the restored Rump|
|April 1660||The Viscount Falkland||James Huxley|
|1661||Richard Croke||Brome Whorwood|
|1685||Hon. Henry Bertie||Sir George Pudsey|
|1689||Sir Edward Norreys|
|1706||Sir John Walter||Tory|
|March 1722||Thomas Rowney, junior||Tory|
|October 1722||Francis Knollys||Tory|
|1754||Hon. Robert Lee|
|1759||Sir Thomas Stapleton|
|1768||George Nares||Lieutenant-Colonel the Hon. William Harcourt|
|1771||Lord Robert Spencer|
|1774||Captain the Hon. Peregrine Bertie|
|June 1790||Francis Burton|
|December 1790||Arthur Annesley|
|1807||John Ingram Lockhart|
|1818||Frederick St John|
|1820||Charles Wetherell||Tory||John Ingram Lockhart|
|1830||William Hughes Hughes||Whig|
|1833||William Hughes Hughes||Whig|
|1847||(Sir) William Wood||Radical|
|March 1857||Charles Neate||Whig|
|July 1857||Edward Cardwell||Peelite|
|1868||(Sir) William Vernon Harcourt||Liberal|
|1874||Alexander William Hall||Conservative|
|April 1880||Joseph William Chitty||Liberal|
|May 1880||Alexander William Hall||Conservative|
|1881||Writ suspended – seat vacant|
|September 1881||Writ suspended – seat vacant|
|1885||Representation reduced to one member|
|1885||Alexander William Hall||Conservative|
|1892||Sir George Tomkyns Chesney||Conservative|
|1917 by-election||John Marriott||Coalition Conservative|
|1924 by-election||Robert Bourne||Unionist|
|1938 by-election||Quintin Hogg||Conservative|
|1950 by-election||Lawrence Turner||Conservative|
|Oct 1974||Evan Luard||Labour|
|1983||constituency abolished: see Oxford East & Oxford West and Abingdon|
|Whig||William Hughes Hughes||1,054||36.2|
|Non Partisan||John Ingram Lockhart||750||25.8|
|Registered electors||c. 2,200|
|Whig gain from Non Partisan||Swing|
|Whig||William Hughes Hughes||Unopposed|
|Registered electors||c. 2,200|
|Whig||William Hughes Hughes||919||25.1|
Stonor's election was declared void on petition, causing a by-election.
|Whig||William Hughes Hughes||803||40.8||+15.7|
|Conservative||William Hughes Hughes||1,394||38.4||+13.3|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+14.8|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+17.7|
|Conservative||William Hughes Hughes||897||25.9||−12.5|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.1|
|Radical gain from Conservative|
Wood was appointed Solicitor General for England and Wales, requiring a by-election.
Wood resigned after being appointed Vice-Chancellor, causing a by-election.
|Peelite gain from Radical|
|Turnout||1,995 (est)||75.1 (est)||N/A|
|Whig gain from Radical||Swing||N/A|
Neate's election was declared void on petition due to bribery, causing a by-election.
|Independent Liberal||William Makepeace Thackeray||1,108||52.7||N/A|
|Peelite gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
Cardwell was appointed Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, requiring a by-election.
Cardwell was appointed Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, requiring a by-election.
Langston's death caused a by-election.
Cardwell was appointed Secretary of State for the Colonies, requiring a by-election.
|Liberal||William Vernon Harcourt||2,636||39.8||N/A|
|Conservative||James Parker Deane||1,225||18.5||N/A|
|Turnout||3,926 (est)||73.7 (est)||N/A|
Cardwell was appointed Secretary of State for War, requiring a by-election.
Harcourt was appointed Solicitor General for England and Wales, causing a by-election.
|Liberal||William Vernon Harcourt||Unopposed|
|Liberal||William Vernon Harcourt||2,332||34.2||−5.6|
|Conservative||Alexander William Hall||2,198||32.3||+13.8|
|Turnout||4,505 (est)||79.3 (est)||+5.6|
Cardwell succeeded to the peerage, becoming Viscount Cardwell and causing a by-election.
|Conservative||Alexander William Hall||2,554||55.0||+22.7|
|Liberal||John Delaware Lewis||2,092||45.0||-22.7|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+22.7|
|Liberal||William Vernon Harcourt||2,771||34.2||+0.0|
|Liberal||Joseph William Chitty||2,669||33.0||−0.5|
|Conservative||Alexander William Hall||2,659||32.8||+0.5|
|Turnout||5,430 (est)||88.1 (est)||+8.8|
Harcourt was appointed Home Secretary, requiring a by-election.
|Conservative||Alexander William Hall||2,735||50.5||+17.7|
|Liberal||William Vernon Harcourt||2,681||49.5||−17.7|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+17.7|
Hall's election was declared void, on account of bribery, and the writ was suspended.
In 1881, Chitty was appointed a judge and resigned the seat. However, as the writ was suspended, no by-election was held and the seat was left without an MP until 1885, when representation was also reduced to one member.
|Conservative||Alexander William Hall||3,212||52.6||+19.8|
|Liberal||Charles Alan Fyffe||2,894||47.4||−19.8|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+19.8|
|Conservative||Alexander William Hall||Unopposed|
|Conservative||George Tomkyns Chesney||3,276||50.9||N/A|
Chesney's death caused a by-election.
|Liberal||John Fletcher Little||3,143||45.6||−3.5|
|Liberal||Thomas Henry Kingerlee||2,975||45.1||−4.0|
Annesley's appointment as Comptroller of the Household, requiring a by-election.
|Liberal||George Herbert Higgins||4,057||29.3||−12.3|
|Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+29.7|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+10.5|
|Labour||John Lyttelton Etty||4,694||16.8||+6.2|
|Independent Progressive||Sandie Lindsay||12,363||43.9||N/A|
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by Autumn 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
|Liberal||Donald William Tweddle||6,807||11.59||-6.91%|
|Labour||Sydney Kersland Lewis||20,385||42.50||+1.79|
|Labour||Leslie N Anderton||18,310||34.81%||-2.81%|
|Liberal||Alexander Duncan Campbell Peterson||6,152||11.71%||-5.28%|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.67%|
|Liberal||Peter H Reeves||5,103||9.63%||-2.08%|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+4.08%|
|National Front||Ian Anderson||572||1.05%||N/A|
|Independent||Bernice Olive Smith||64||0.12%||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.64%|
|Oxford Ecological Movement||Anthony Cheke||887||1.46%||N/A|
|Independent||Bernice Olive Smith||72||0.12%||+0.00%|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+2.18%|
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|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.