British Newspaper Archive

Last updated
British Newspaper Archive
Owner Brightsolid
Website www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk
LaunchedNovember 2011;7 years ago (2011-11)
Current statusActive

The British Newspaper Archive web site provides access to searchable digitized archives of British and Irish newspapers. It was launched in November 2011.

Newspaper scheduled publication containing news of events, articles, features, editorials, and advertising

A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background.

Contents

History

British Library Newspapers, Colindale British Library Newspapers.JPG
British Library Newspapers, Colindale

The British Library Newspapers section was based in Colindale in North London, until 2013, [1] and is now divided between the St Pancras and Boston Spa sites. [2] The Library has an almost complete collection of British and Irish newspapers since 1840. This is partly because of the legal deposit legislation of 1869, which required newspapers to supply a copy of each edition of a newspaper to the library. London editions of national daily and Sunday newspapers are complete back to 1801. In total the collection consists of 660,000 bound volumes and 370,000 reels of microfilm containing tens of millions of newspapers with 52,000 titles on 45 km of shelves.

Colindale district

Colindale is an area which lies mainly within the London Borough of Barnet, although the western side of Colindale's main shopping street is within the London Borough of Brent It is also the NW9 area of Hendon. Colindale is an area of suburban character. It is situated about eight miles (12.9 km) north west of Charing Cross.

St Pancras, London area of central London, England

St Pancras is an area of Central and North West London. For many centuries the name was used for various officially designated areas, but it is now used mainly for the railway station and for upmarket venues in the immediate locality, having been largely superseded by other place names including Kings Cross and Somers Town.

Boston Spa village in the United Kingdom

Boston Spa is a village and civil parish in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England. Situated 3 miles (5 km) south of Wetherby, Boston Spa is on the south bank of the River Wharfe which separates it from Thorp Arch. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 4,006 rising to 4,079 in the 2011 census.

After the closure of Colindale in November 2013, access to the 750 million original printed pages was maintained via an automated and climate-controlled storage facility in Boston Spa. [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] This opened in April 2014. [8]

Digitisation

In May 2010 a ten-year programme of digitization of the newspaper archives with commercial partner DC Thomson subsidiary Brightsolid began. [9] [10] In November 2011, BBC News announced the launch of the British Newspaper Archive, an initiative to facilitate online access to over one million pages of pre-20th century newspapers. [11] The same newspapers from this partnership have also been made available to view on Findmypast and Genes Reunited.

Findmypast is a UK-based online genealogy service owned, since 2007, by British company DC Thomson. The website hosts over 4 billion searchable records of census, directory and historical record information. It originated in 1965 when a group of genealogists formed a group named "Title Research". The first internet website went live in 2003.

Genes Reunited

Genes Reunited, originally known as Genes Connected, is a genealogy website that was launched in the UK in 2003 as a sister-site to Friends Reunited. It has over 13 million members and over 780 million names listed.

The digitisation project established an online search facility which people could consult without having to visit the British Library newspaper depository in person. [12]

Among the collections are the Thomason Tracts, containing 7,200 17th-century newspapers, [13] and the Burney Collection, featuring nearly 1 million pages of newspapers from the late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century. [14] The Thomason Tracts and Burney collections are held at St Pancras, and are available in digital facsimile.

The section also has extensive records of non-British newspapers in languages that use the Latin and Cyrillic alphabets. The Library's substantial holdings of newspapers in the languages of Asia and the Middle East may be accessed at the Library's reading rooms at St. Pancras.

Subscription costs

While access within the British Library is free, online access is via a subscription system based on daily or item charges, £12.95 monthly or yearly fees of up to £79.95 as of February 2016. New visitors may access three free page views. [15]

As part of The Wikipedia Library, Brightsolid provided free one-year subscriptions to a limited number of experienced Wikipedia editors from July 2014. [16] The agreement was terminated in 2016 because "structural changes at their parent organisation(s) mean that there is no longer interest in continuing the partnership with The Wikipedia Library". [17]

Reception

Reviews of the service have been mixed, with some early responses complimentary about the ability to access and search the large data sets. [18] [19] However, there have been complaints of the excessive cost and the general policy of the British Library allowing a private company the rights to the newspapers. [20] [21] One writer noted that: "The BNA demonstrates what happens to our cultural heritage when there is no political will for public investment. The nineteenth-century newspaper press was one of the period’s greatest achievements but, rather than celebrate it, opening it up and giving it back to the nation, the British Library have been forced to sell it off." [22] The search Interface has also been criticised for problems in identifying where the searched terms are on the retrieved pages, and in the unreliability of the web interface, with bugs preventing images loading and regular crashes. [23]

Related Research Articles

Internet Archive US non-profit organization founded in 1996 in San Francisco by Brewster Kahle

The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and millions of public-domain books. In addition to its archiving function, the Archive is an activist organization, advocating for a free and open Internet.

JSTOR subscription digital library

JSTOR is a digital library founded in 1995. Originally containing digitized back issues of academic journals, it now also includes books and other primary sources, and current issues of journals. It provides full-text searches of almost 2,000 journals. As of 2013, more than 8,000 institutions in more than 160 countries had access to JSTOR; most access is by subscription, but some of the site's public domain and open access content is available at no cost to anyone. JSTOR's revenue was $86 million in 2015.

ProQuest

ProQuest LLC is an Ann Arbor, Michigan-based global information-content and technology company, founded in 1938 as University Microfilms by Eugene B. Power. ProQuest provides applications and products for libraries. Its resources and tools support research and learning, publishing and dissemination, and the acquisition, management and discovery of library collections.

St Pancras railway station railway station terminus in London

St Pancras railway station, also known as London St Pancras and officially since 2007 as St Pancras International, is a central London railway terminus on Euston Road in the London Borough of Camden. It is the terminus for Eurostar continental services from London via High Speed 1 and the Channel Tunnel to Belgium, France and the Netherlands. It provides East Midlands Trains and Thameslink services to Corby, Sheffield and Nottingham on the Midland Main Line and Southeastern high-speed trains to Kent via Ebbsfleet International and Ashford International, and local Thameslink cross-London services. It stands between the British Library, the Regent's Canal and King's Cross railway station, with which it shares a London Underground station, King's Cross St. Pancras.

DC Thomson

DC Thomson is a Scottish publishing and television production company best known for producing The Dundee Courier, The Evening Telegraph, The Sunday Post, Oor Wullie, The Broons, The Beano, The Dandy, and Commando comics. It also owns the Aberdeen Journals Group which publishes the Press and Journal. It was a significant shareholder in the former ITV company Southern Television. Through its subsidiary DC Thomson Family History the company owns several websites including Friends Reunited and Findmypast. Based in Dundee, Scotland.

The Thomason Collection of Civil War Tracts consists of more than 22,000 pamphlets, broadsides, manuscripts, books, and news sheets, most of which were printed and distributed in London from 1640 to 1661. The collection represents a major primary source for the political, religious, military, and social history of England during the final years of the reign of King Charles I, the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the English Restoration of King Charles II. It is now held in the British Library.

Google Books service from Google

Google Books is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database. Books are provided either by publishers and authors, through the Google Books Partner Program, or by Google's library partners, through the Library Project. Additionally, Google has partnered with a number of magazine publishers to digitize their archives.

The Derby Telegraph, formerly the Derby Evening Telegraph, is a daily tabloid newspaper distributed in the Derby area of England. Stories produced by the Derby Telegraph team are published online under the Derbyshire Live brand.

<i>Bath Chronicle</i> weekly newspaper in England

The Bath Chronicle is a weekly newspaper, first published under various titles before 1760 in Bath, England. Prior to September 2007, it was published daily. The Bath Chronicle serves Bath, northern Somerset and West Wiltshire.

The BBC Programme Catalogue is an online archive of the entire BBC back catalogue of TV and radio programmes. The catalogue is for internal use by the BBC although for a time a beta online version was available to the public. "The catalogue is not a complete record of every BBC programme" since certain categories of programme were not catalogued or no longer exist.

British Library national library of the United Kingdom

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued. It is estimated to contain 150–200 million+ items from many countries. As a legal deposit library, the British Library receives copies of all books produced in the United Kingdom and Ireland, including a significant proportion of overseas titles distributed in the UK. The Library is a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Europeana Digital collection of European cultural heritage

Europeana.eu is the EU digital platform for cultural heritage. More than 3,000 institutions across Europe have contributed to Europeana. These range from major international names like the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, the British Library and the Louvre to regional archives and local museums from every member of the European Union. Together, their assembled collections let users explore Europe's cultural and scientific heritage from prehistory to the modern day. Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci, Girl with a Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer, the works of Charles Darwin and Isaac Newton and the music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart are some of the highlights on Europeana.

Trove online library database aggregator; hosted by the National Library of Australia

Trove is an Australian online library database aggregator; a free faceted-search engine hosted by the National Library of Australia, in partnership with content providers including members of the National & State Libraries Australasia. It is one of the most well-respected and accessed GLAM services in Australia, with over 70,000 daily users.

Burney Collection of Newspapers

The Burney Collection consists of over 1,270 17th-18th century newspapers and other news materials, gathered by Charles Burney, most notable for the 18th-century London newspapers. The original collection, totalling almost 1 million pages, is held by the British Library.

Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO) is a digital collection of books published in Great Britain during the 18th century.

<i>Lloyds Evening Post</i>

Lloyd's Evening Post, also known as Lloyd's Evening Post and British Chronicle, was a British evening newspaper published tri-weekly in London from 1757 to 1808. Founded shortly after the London Chronicle and similar in format, it came out on Monday, Wednesday and Friday, alternating in "friendly rivalry" with the London Chronicle which came out on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.

Charles Parr Burney (1786-1864) was an Anglican Archdeacon in the middle of the Nineteenth Century.

References

  1. Cleaver, Alan (19 January 2011). "Farewell to history?". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 25 January 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
  2. "Newspaper Collection -Frequently Asked Questions for Readers" (PDF). British Library. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  3. "Moving 750 million pages of print archive to a new home". BBC News . 22 November 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  4. Kynaston, David (15 November 2013). "Closure of Colindale library forces me to continue my affair by other means". The Guardian . London. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  5. "British Library newspaper archive move will bring treasure trove to Leeds". Yorkshire Evening Post . 14 December 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  6. Greenslade, Roy (6 November 2013). "Farewell to Colindale, once my home from home, after 81 years". The Guardian . London. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  7. Allen, Katie (11 January 2010). "British Library in Colindale: the final chapter". The Guardian . London. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  8. "British Library's newspaper archive receives £33m makeover". York Press . 29 April 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  9. "British Library digitises 40m newspaper pages to enable paid-for web access". Document Management News. 19 May 2010. Archived from the original on 21 January 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
  10. "British Library and Brightsolid partnership to digitise up to 40 million pages of historic newspapers". Brightsolid. Archived from the original on 11 January 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
  11. "British Newspaper Archive launched online". BBC News. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
  12. Barnett, Emma (29 November 2011). "British Library newspaper archive puts 300 years of history online". The Daily Telegraph . London. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  13. "Secret gold chest in treasure ship". Daily Mail. London. 26 May 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
  14. "The Burney Collection of 17th and 18th Century Newspapers". Web.resourceshelf.com. Archived from the original on 2010-09-03. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
  15. British Newspaper Archive, subscribe page Accessed 10 February 2016
  16. "Working with Wikipedia to bring history facts to light". The British Newspaper Archive Blog. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  17. Samwalton9 (WMF) (9 August 2016). "Wikipedia talk:BNA". en.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  18. reviewcentre.com
  19. 'British Library newspaper archive puts 300 years of history online' by Emma Barnett, The Telegraph 29 Nov 2011
  20. The Digital Victorianist
  21. professionaldescendant blog
  22. JimMussell.com 'The British Newspaper Archive (BNA)' 9 January 2012
  23. Patrick Spedding, Research Notes, 13 APRIL 2012