Rochdale (UK Parliament constituency)

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Rochdale
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Rochdale2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Rochdale in Greater Manchester
EnglandGreaterManchester.svg
Location of Greater Manchester within England
County Greater Manchester
Electorate 77,699 (December 2010) [1]
Major settlements Rochdale, Littleborough, Wardle
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Tony Lloyd (Labour)
Number of membersOne
18321950
Number of membersOne
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Created from Lancashire

Rochdale is a seat represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It has elected one Member of Parliament (MP) since its 1832 creation. [n 1] [n 2]

Contents

The constituency is represented by Tony Lloyd of the Labour Party. He was first elected MP for this seat in 2017; previously, he had been the MP for Stretford and then Manchester Central from 1983 until his resignation from Parliament in 2012.

History

Rochdale was one of the constituencies created by the Reform Act of 1832, and has been a Labour/Liberal Democrat marginal for many years, although it was held by the Conservatives for part of the 1950s, until a 1958 by-election.

It was held for two decades by Cyril Smith, first of the Liberal Party and then of the Liberal Democrats. He won a by-election in 1972, taking the seat from Labour, and held it until his retirement in 1992. Since Smith's death it emerged Smith was a serial child abuser. [2]

After Smith's retirement, contests have been tighter. The Liberal Democrats held the seat, with Liz Lynne at the 1992 general election, only to lose to Labour's Lorna Fitzsimons at the 1997 election. However, the Liberal Democrats regained the seat at the 2005 election, with Paul Rowen.

In 2010, the town was brought to national attention when then-Prime Minister Gordon Brown was caught on a tape recording describing a local woman, Gillian Duffy, as a "bigot" after having a conversation with her while campaigning (later described as Bigotgate by the UK media). Despite this unfavourable publicity, Labour still managed to narrowly win the seat from the Liberal Democrats; and in 2015 achieved their highest majority in the seat's history, with the Liberal Democrats falling to fourth place.

Constituency profile

The constituency is one of two covering the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale. It contains most of the town of Rochdale itself as well as Littleborough, Wardle and some of the surrounding rural area.

For the 2010 general election, the seat gained the villages of Milnrow and Newhey from Oldham East and Saddleworth and lost the areas of Sudden, Marland, and part of Norden to Heywood and Middleton, a 19.16% boundary change. Those changes made the seat a notional Labour victory in the Rallings and Thrasher figures [3] which were used by the Press Association for determining gains, losses and swings. However, other predictions by political commentator Martin Baxter [4] [ failed verification ] showed the seat maintaining a narrow Lib Dem majority.

Boundaries

Rochdale in Lancashire, boundaries used 1974-83 Rochdale1974Constituency.svg
Rochdale in Lancashire, boundaries used 1974-83

As there were no township boundaries in 1832, the original constituency was defined as a circular area in a radius of three-quarters of a mile from the old market place. In 1868 the boundary was extended to include Wardleworth, Spotland, Wuerdle, Belfield, Newbold, Buersill, and Marland. [5]

1918–1950: The County Borough of Rochdale

1950–1983: As prior but with redrawn boundaries

1983–1997: The Borough of Rochdale wards of Balderstone, Brimrod and Deeplish, Castleton, Central and Falinge, Healey, Newbold, Norden and Bamford, Smallbridge and Wardleworth, and Spotland

1997–2010: The Borough of Rochdale wards of Balderstone, Brimrod and Deeplish, Central and Falinge, Healey, Littleborough, Newbold, Smallbridge and Wardleworth, Spotland, and Wardle

2010–present: The Borough of Rochdale wards of Balderstone and Kirkholt, Central Rochdale, Healey, Kingsway, Littleborough Lakeside, Milkstone and Deeplish, Milnrow and Newhey, Smallbridge and Firgrove, Spotland and Falinge, and Wardle and West Littleborough

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [6] Party
1832 John Fenton Whig [7] [8] [9]
1835 John Entwistle Conservative [7]
1837 John Fenton Whig [7] [8] [9]
1841 William Sharman Crawford Radical [10] [11] [12] [13] [14]
1852 Edward Miall
1857 Alexander Ramsay Conservative [15] [16] [17]
1859 Richard Cobden Liberal
1865 Thomas Potter
1895 Clement Royds Conservative
1906 Gordon Harvey Liberal
1918 Alfred Law Unionist
1922 Stanley Burgess Labour
1923 Ramsay Muir Liberal
1924 William Kelly Labour
1931 Thomas Jesson Conservative
1935 William Kelly Labour
1940 Hyacinth Morgan
1950 Joseph Hale
1951 Wentworth Schofield Conservative
1958 Jack McCann Labour
1972 Cyril Smith Liberal
1988 Liberal Democrats
1992 Liz Lynne
1997 Lorna Fitzsimons Labour
2005 Paul Rowen Liberal Democrats
2010 Simon Danczuk Labour
2015 Independent [18]
2017 Tony Lloyd Labour

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Rochdale [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Lloyd 24,475 51.6 -6.4
Conservative Atifa Shah14,80731.2+2.8
Brexit Party Chris Green3,8678.2New
Liberal Democrats Andy Kelly3,3127.0-1.0
Green Sarah Croke9862.1New
Majority9,66820.4-9.2
Turnout 47,44760.1-4.0
Labour hold Swing -4.6
General election 2017: Rochdale [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Lloyd 29,035 58.0 +11.9
Conservative Jane Howard14,21628.4+11.4
Liberal Democrats Andy Kelly4,0278.0-2.3
UKIP Christopher Baksa1,6413.3-15.5
Independent Simon Danczuk 8831.8New
Greater Manchester Homeless VoiceAndy Littlewood2420.5New
Majority14,81929.6+2.3
Turnout 50,04464.1+6.7
Labour hold Swing
General election 2015: Rochdale [21] [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Simon Danczuk 20,961 46.1 +9.7
UKIP Mohammed Masud8,51918.8+14.4
Conservative Azi Ahmed7,74217.0-1.1
Liberal Democrats Andy Kelly4,66710.3-24.2
Rochdale FirstFarooq Ahmed1,5353.4New
Green Mark Hollinrake1,3823.0New
National Front Kevin Bryan 4331.0-3.9
Islam Zinda Baad PlatformMohammed Salim1910.4-0.8
Majority12,44227.3+25.3
Turnout 45,43057.4-0.7
Labour hold Swing -2.3
General election 2010: Rochdale [23] [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Labour Simon Danczuk 16,699 36.4
Liberal Democrats Paul Rowen 15,81034.4
Conservative Mudasir Dean8,30518.1
National Front Chris Jackson2,2364.9
UKIP Colin Denby1,9994.4
Islam Zinda Baad PlatformMohammed Salim5451.2
Independent John Whitehead3130.7
Majority8892.0
Turnout 45,90758.1
Labour win (new boundaries)

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Rochdale [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Democrats Paul Rowen 16,787 41.1 +6.2
Labour Lorna Fitzsimons 16,34540.0−9.2
Conservative Khalid Hussain4,27010.5−2.9
BNP Derek Adams1,7734.3New
UKIP John Whittaker 4991.2New
Green Samir Chatterjee4481.1−0.7
Islam Zinda Baad PlatformMohammed Salim3610.9New
Veritas Carl Faulkner3530.9New
Majority4441.1N/A
Turnout 40,83458.4+1.7
Liberal Democrats gain from Labour Swing +7.7
General election 2001: Rochdale [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Lorna Fitzsimons 19,406 49.2 −0.2
Liberal Democrats Paul Rowen 13,75134.9−5.1
Conservative Elaina Cohen5,27413.4+4.6
Green Nick Harvey7281.8New
Independent Mohammed Salim2530.6+0.2
Majority5,65514.3+4.9
Turnout 39,41256.7−13.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Rochdale [27] [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Lorna Fitzsimons 23,758 49.4
Liberal Democrats Liz Lynne 19,21340.0
Conservative Mervyn Turnberg4,2378.8
BNP Gary Bergin6531.4
Islam Zinda Baad PlatformMohammed Salim2210.5
Majority4,5459.4
Turnout 48,08270.0
Labour win (new boundaries)
General election 1992: Rochdale [29] [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Democrats Liz Lynne 22,776 42.8 −0.6
Labour David Williams20,93739.4+1.4
Conservative Duncan Goldie-Scott8,62616.2−2.4
BNP Ken Henderson6201.2New
Natural Law Vincent J. Lucker2210.4New
Majority1,8393.4−2.0
Turnout 53,17076.5+1.9
Liberal Democrats hold Swing −1.0

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Rochdale [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Cyril Smith 22,245 43.4 −2.7
Labour David Williams19,46638.0+7.9
Conservative Clive Condie9,56118.6−3.8
Majority2,7795.4−10.6
Turnout 51,27274.6+3.8
Liberal hold Swing −5.3
General election 1983: Rochdale [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Liberal Cyril Smith 21,858 46.1
Labour Valerie Broon14,27130.1
Conservative Alan Fearn10,61622.4
National Front Peter Barker4631.0
Unemployed PartyPeter Courtney2040.4
Majority7,58716.0
Turnout 47,41270.8
Liberal win (new boundaries)

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Cyril Smith 22,172 45.0 +2.3
Labour John Connell16,87834.3-2.5
Conservative Iain Picton 9,49419.3+2.9
National Front James Merrick6901.4-2.7
Majority5,29410.7+4.9
Turnout 49,23473.7+3.4
Liberal hold Swing
General election October 1974: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Cyril Smith 20,09242.66
Labour John Connell17,33936.81
Conservative Rochfort Young7,74016.43
National Front Michael W. Sellors1,9274.09
Majority2,7535.85
Turnout 47,09870.27
Liberal hold Swing
General election February 1974: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Cyril Smith 25,26649.11
Labour Lawrence Cunliffe 16,36731.81
Conservative Lillian Green7,93315.42
National Front Michael W. Sellors1,8853.66New
Majority8,89917.30
Turnout 51,45177.38
Liberal hold Swing
1972 Rochdale by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Cyril Smith 19,29642.29+11.89
Labour Lawrence Cunliffe 14,20331.12-10.45
Conservative David Trippier 8,06017.66-10.37
Independent James Merrick4,0748.93New
Majority5,09311.17N/A
Turnout 45,63369.1-3.7
Registered electors 66,081
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
General election 1970: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jack McCann 19,24741.57-10.82
Liberal Cyril Smith 14,07630.40+11.13
Conservative Mark Andrew12,97828.03-0.30
Majority5,17111.17-12.89
Turnout 46,30172.86-6.10
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jack McCann 24,48152.39
Conservative Edward G.L. Collins13,23928.33
Liberal Beatrice Seear 9,00419.27
Majority11,24224.06
Turnout 46,72478.96
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jack McCann 22,92746.69
Liberal Thomas Lyrian Hobday14,21228.94
Conservative Tom Normanton 11,96824.37
Majority8,71517.75
Turnout 49,10782.26
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jack McCann 21,68941.47-6.98
Liberal Ludovic Kennedy 18,94936.23N/A
Conservative Tom Normanton 11,66522.30-29.25
Majority2,7405.24
Turnout 52,30385.47
Labour hold Swing
1958 Rochdale by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jack McCann 22,13344.663.79
Liberal Ludovic Kennedy 17,60335.52New
Conservative John E. Parkinson9,82719.8331.72
Majority4,5309.14
Turnout 49,563
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +14.0
General election 1955: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Wentworth Schofield 26,51851.55+1.14
Labour Jack McCann 24,92848.451.14
Majority1,5903.10+2.28
Turnout 51,44682.82.9
Conservative hold Swing +1.1
General election 1951: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Wentworth Schofield 27,79750.41
Labour Joseph Hale 27,34349.59
Majority4540.82N/A
Turnout 55,14085.66
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General election 1950: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%
Labour Joseph Hale 25,484 44.9
Conservative Wentworth Schofield 21,20837.4
Liberal Roger Fulford 10,04217.7
Majority4,2767.5
Turnout 56,73487.90
Labour win (new boundaries)

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Hyacinth Morgan 22,04744.89
Conservative Edward May Nicol16,85234.31
Liberal Charles Gordon Cummins Harvey10,21120.79
Majority5,19510.58
Turnout 49,11080.68
Labour hold Swing
1940 Rochdale by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Hyacinth Morgan Unopposed N/AN/A
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour William Kelly 22,28141.20
Conservative W. Gordon Murray20,48637.88
Liberal Elliott Dodds 11,31120.92
Majority1,7953.32N/A
Turnout 54,07884.69
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1931: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Thomas Jesson 25,34645.06
Labour William Kelly 18,32932.59
Liberal Elliott Dodds 12,57222.35
Majority7,01712.48N/A
Turnout 56,24788.79
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour William Kelly 22,060 40.2 +6.4
Liberal Ramsay Muir 16,95730.8-2.7
Unionist John Haslam 15,96229.0-3.7
Majority5,1039.4+9.1
Turnout 54,97987.6-2.7
Labour hold Swing +4.5
General election 1924: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour William Kelly 14,609 33.8 +1.2
Liberal Ramsay Muir 14,49233.5-2.9
Unionist Thomas Jesson 14,11232.7+1.7
Majority1170.3N/A
Turnout 43,21390.3+2.5
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General election 1923: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Ramsay Muir 15,087 36.4 +7.2
Labour Stanley Burgess 13,52532.6-6.2
Unionist Nicholas Cockshutt12,84531.0-1.0
Majority1,5623.810.6
Turnout 41,45787.8+0.7
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
General election 1922: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Stanley Burgess 15,774 38.8 +22.3
Unionist Alfred Law 13,00632.0-15.6
Liberal Ramsay Muir 11,89429.2+7.7
Majority2,7686.8N/A
Turnout 40,67487.1+22.6
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1910s

Phillipps Vivian Phillipps.jpg
Phillipps
General election 1918: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Unionist Alfred Law 14,29947.6+6.7
Liberal Vivian Phillipps 6,45221.5-23.1
Labour R. H. Tawney 4,95616.5New
National Democratic John Joseph Terrett2,3587.8New
National John Fitzgerald Jones1,9926.6New
Majority7,84726.1N/A
Turnout 30,05764.5-28.5
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

A General Election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the summer of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election. Due to the outbreak of war, the election never took place.

General election December 1910: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Gordon Harvey 5,373 44.6 -4.2
Conservative Nicholas Cockshutt4,85040.9+2.3
Social Democratic Federation Dan Irving 1,90114.5+1.9
Majority4773.7-6.5
Turnout 11,12488.0-5.5
Liberal hold Swing
General election January 1910: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Gordon Harvey 6,809 48.8 +2.9
Conservative William Boyd Boyd-Carpenter5,58138.6+2.0
Social Democratic Federation Dan Irving 1,75512.6New
Majority1,42810.2-1.1
Turnout 13,94593.5+0.5
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: Rochdale [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Gordon Harvey 5,912 45.9 0.0
Conservative Clement Royds 4,44934.611.5
Independent Labour S. G. Hobson 2,50619.5New
Majority1,46311.3N/A
Turnout 12,86793.0+5.9
Registered electors 13,831
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.8
General election 1900: Rochdale [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Clement Royds 5,204 46.1 0.0
Liberal Gordon Harvey 5,18545.9+4.0
Labour Repr. Cmte. C. Allen Clarke 9018.0New
Majority190.2-4.0
Turnout 11,29087.1-1.1
Registered electors 12,968
Conservative hold Swing 2.0

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1895: Rochdale [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Clement Royds 4,781 46.1 +1.0
Liberal William Leatham Bright4,35941.9-13.0
Ind. Labour Party George Barnes 1,25112.0New
Majority4224.2N/A
Turnout 10,39188.2+2.4
Registered electors 11,782
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +7.0
General election 1892: Rochdale [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Potter 5,460 54.9 -2.7
Conservative Clement Royds 4,48045.1+2.7
Majority9809.8-5.4
Turnout 9,94085.8+9.8
Registered electors 11,584
Liberal hold Swing 2.7

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: Rochdale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Potter 4,738 57.6 +1.9
Conservative John Marriott 3,48142.4-1.9
Majority1,25715.2+3.8
Turnout 9,96976.0-16.2
Registered electors 10,808
Liberal hold Swing +1.9
General election 1885: Rochdale [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Potter 5,552 55.7 4.5
Conservative Elliot Lees4,41744.3+4.5
Majority1,13511.48.9
Turnout 9,96992.2+8.7
Registered electors 10,808
Liberal hold Swing 4.5
General election 1880: Rochdale [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Potter 5,614 60.2 +7.3
Conservative Richard Wilson Gamble [36] 3,71639.87.3
Majority1,89820.4+14.6
Turnout 9,33083.5+1.4
Registered electors 11,172
Liberal hold Swing +7.3

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Rochdale [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Potter 4,498 52.9 4.8
Conservative Richard Wilson Gamble [36] 3,99847.1+4.8
Majority5005.89.4
Turnout 8,49682.11.2
Registered electors 10,352
Liberal hold Swing 4.8

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1868: Rochdale [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Potter 4,455 57.7 N/A
Conservative William Whitworth Schofield [37] 3,27042.3New
Majority1,18515.4N/A
Turnout 7,72583.2N/A
Registered electors 9,280
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1865: Rochdale [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Potter Unopposed
Registered electors 1,358
Liberal hold
By-election, 15 April 1865: Rochdale [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Potter 646 56.6 N/A
Conservative William Brett 49643.4New
Majority15013.2N/A
Turnout 1,14284.1N/A
Registered electors 1,358
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1859: Rochdale [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Richard Cobden Unopposed
Registered electors 1,340
Liberal gain from Conservative
General election 1857: Rochdale [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Alexander Ramsay 532 52.2 +10.7
Radical Edward Miall 48847.810.7
Majority444.4N/A
Turnout 1,02081.3+3.4
Registered electors 1,255
Conservative gain from Radical Swing +10.7
General election 1852: Rochdale [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical Edward Miall 529 58.5 N/A
Conservative Alexander Ramsay 37541.5New
Majority15417.0N/A
Turnout 90477.9N/A
Registered electors 1,160
Radical hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1847: Rochdale [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical William Sharman Crawford Unopposed
Registered electors 1,026
Radical hold
General election 1841: Rochdale [7] [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical William Sharman Crawford 399 54.4 N/A
Conservative James Fenton [38] 33545.62.7
Majority648.8N/A
Turnout 73472.212.2
Registered electors 1,016
Radical gain from Whig Swing N/A

Elections in the 1830s

General election 1837: Rochdale [7] [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig John Fenton (MP for Rochdale) 374 51.7 +4.8
Conservative Alexander Ramsay 34948.34.8
Majority253.4N/A
Turnout 72384.48.8
Registered electors 857
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +4.8
By-election, 19 April 1837: Rochdale [7] [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig John Fenton (MP for Rochdale) 383 53.0 +6.1
Conservative Clement Royds33947.06.1
Majority446.0N/A
Turnout 72284.29.0
Registered electors 857
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +6.1
General election 1835: Rochdale [7] [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Entwistle (politician) 369 53.1 +14.2
Whig John Fenton (MP for Rochdale)32646.9+3.1
Majority436.2N/A
Turnout 69593.2+1.2
Registered electors 746
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +5.6
General election 1832: Rochdale [7] [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Whig John Fenton (MP for Rochdale) 277 43.8
Tory John Entwistle (politician)24638.9
Radical James Taylor10917.2
Majority314.9
Turnout 63292.0
Registered electors 687
Whig win (new seat)

See also

Notes

  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years

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Winchester is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Steve Brine, a Conservative.

Reigate (UK Parliament constituency)

Reigate is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Crispin Blunt of the Conservative Party.

Littleborough and Saddleworth was a parliamentary constituency in Greater Manchester, England. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The 2021 Rochdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 6 May 2021 to elect members of Rochdale Borough Council in England. This was be on the same day as other local elections. One-third of the seats were up for election.

References

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Sources

Coordinates: 53°37′N2°10′W / 53.61°N 2.16°W / 53.61; -2.16