|Former County constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||two|
|Replaced by||Ashton-under-Lyne, Blackburn, Bolton, Bury, Manchester, North Lancashire, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, South Lancashire and Warrington|
Lancashire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England from 1290, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament, traditionally known as Knights of the Shire until 1832.
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it united with the Parliament of Scotland to become the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Parliament of Great Britain was formed in 1707 following the ratification of the Acts of Union by both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland. The Acts created a new unified Kingdom of Great Britain and dissolved the separate English and Scottish parliaments in favour of a single parliament, located in the former home of the English parliament in the Palace of Westminster, near the City of London. This lasted nearly a century, until the Acts of Union 1800 merged the separate British and Irish Parliaments into a single Parliament of the United Kingdom with effect from 1 January 1801.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known internationally as the UK Parliament, British Parliament or Westminster Parliament, as well as domestically simply as Parliament or Westminster, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and the British Overseas Territories. It alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in the UK and the overseas territories. Parliament is bicameral but has three parts, consisting of the Sovereign (Queen-in-Parliament), the House of Lords, and the House of Commons. The two houses meet in the Palace of Westminster in the City of Westminster, one of the inner boroughs of the capital city, London.
The ancient county of Lancashire covered a much larger area than the modern county of Lancashire. The county town of Lancaster was in the north of the county. The county boundary was further north beyond Carnforth and followed approximately the same boundary as the modern county. The old county of Lancashire also included land on the opposite side of Morecambe Bay. Barrow and Furness and the area between Lake Windermere and the River Duddon, and the area west of the River Winster were considered parts of Lancashire. Most of the modern district of Ribble Valley was at this time part of Yorkshire. In the south the county extended to the River Mersey and Liverpool and followed the Mersey and the River Tame to Ashton-under-Lyne. Most of the southern area of the ancient county now forms the modern metropolitan counties of Merseyside and Greater Manchester.
The people of the ancient county of Lancashire had been represented in Parliament since at least the 13th Century. It was this period that saw the practice of returning two knights from the shire counties to Parliaments summoned by writ to meet. These were generally regarded as the first assemblies of representatives. At that time Westminster, within the county of Middlesex, had yet to become the permanent home of Parliament. It was the King who decided when and where a Parliament should assemble, and although Westminster was the usual venue, sometimes special circumstances in this period meant Parliaments were summoned to other cities. Early returns have not survived, but the first named representatives of Lancashire, Mattheus de Redman and Johannes de Ewyas are shown in the returns to the Parliament of England summoned to meet at Westminster on 27 November 1295 in the reign of Edward I.
In this early period of Parliamentary history not all Parliaments summoned just shire Knights. Some also required the presence of two representatives of each city and borough. In the 1295 Parliament the two county Members for Lancashire were joined by two Members from each of the four boroughs of Lancaster, Liverpool, Preston and Wigan.
Preston occasionally sent Members to subsequent Parliaments but it was not until the sixteenth century that all four boroughs regularly returned Members to Parliament. At this time Clitheroe and Newton-le-Willows also gained the status of Parliamentary boroughs with each returning two Members. Manchester was granted a town charter in 1301 but had no municipal authority and did not achieve the status of a Parliamentary borough. This was despite the parish of Manchester having a population larger than Liverpool parish by over 100,000 by 1831. Manchester appears in the returns once in the Parliament 1656. This was the second Protectorate Parliament that followed Oliver Cromwell's Instrument of Government that declared Cromwell Lord Protector. The Instrument was an attempt to redistribute seats on a more equitable basis and towns such as Leeds and Manchester gained representation as a result, but this ended following the Restoration.
Lancashire had a total of fourteen Members in the unreformed House of Commons, and this remained the pattern
The constituency was split into two two-member divisions, for Parliamentary purposes, in 1832. The county was then represented by the North Lancashire and South Lancashire constituencies : the latter representing the hundreds of Salford and West Derby, and the former the hundreds of Amounderness, Blackburn, Leyland and Lonsdale.
North Lancashire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was represented by two Members of Parliament. The constituency was created by the Great Reform Act of 1832 by the splitting of Lancashire constituency into Northern and Southern divisions.
South Lancashire, formally called the Southern Division of Lancashire or Lancashire Southern, is a former county constituency of the South Lancashire area in England. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the British House of Commons from 1832 to 1861, and then three until the constituency was divided in 1868.
The constituency comprised the whole historic county of Lancashire, except for the Parliamentary boroughs of Clitheroe, Lancaster, Liverpool, Newton, Preston and Wigan.
The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others. They are alternatively known as ancient counties, traditional counties, former counties or simply as counties. In the centuries that followed their establishment, as well as their administrative function, the counties also helped define local culture and identity. This role continued even after the counties ceased to be used for administration after the creation of administrative counties in 1889, which were themselves amended by further local government reforms in the years following.
Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.
Clitheroe was a parliamentary constituency in Lancashire.
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1294||Mathew de Redman|
|1295||Mathew de ?Sechnan||John de ?Evyas|
|1297||Henry de Keighley||Henry de Boteler|
|1298||Henry de Keighley||John Denyas|
|1300||Gilbert de Singleton||Egbert de Haydock|
|1301||Henry de Keighley||Thomas Travers|
|1302||William de Clifton||Gilbert de Singleton|
|1305||William de Clifton||William Banastre|
|1307 (Jan)||Gilbert de Singleton||John Travers|
|1307 (Oct)||Mathew de Redman||William le Gentil|
|1311||William le Gentil||Thomas de Betham|
|1312||Henry de Trafford||Sir Richard le Molyneux|
|1313 (Mar)||William de Bradshaigh||Edmund de Daere|
|1313 (Jul)||Ralph de Bickerstaff||William de Slene|
|1313 (Sep)||Henry de ?Vegherby||Thomas de Thornton|
|1314||Thomas Banastre||William de Slene|
|1316 (Jan)||William de Bradshaigh||Adam de Hoghton|
|1316 (Jun)||John de Lancaster||William de Walton|
|1316 (Jul)||Sir Roger de Pilkington||Sir John de Pilkington|
|1318 (Oct)||Edmund de Neville||John de Hornby|
|1319||William de Walton||William de Slene|
|1320||Gilbert de Haydock||Thomas de Thornton|
|1321||John de Hornby||Gilbert de Haydock|
|1322||Richard de Hoghton||John de Lancaster|
|1324 (Jan)||Edmund de Nevill|| Gilbert de Haydock |
repl. by Thomas de Lathom
|1324 (Oct)||William de Slene||Nicholas de Norreys|
|1325||William de Bradshaigh||John de Hornby|
|1326||Edmund de Neville||Richard de Hoghton|
|1327 (Sep)||Michael de Haverington||William Lawrence|
|1328 (Feb)||William de Bradshaigh||Edmund de Neville|
|1328 (Apr)||Thomas de Thornton||John de Hornby|
|1328 (Jul)||William Lawrence||Thomas de Thornton|
|1328 (Oct)||Nicholas de Norreys||Henry de Haydock|
|1329 (Feb)||Nicholas de Norreys||Henry de Haydock|
|1329/30 (Mar)||William de Saperton||Henry de Haydock|
|1330||William de Bradshaigh||John de Lancaster|
|1331||William de Bradshaigh||Oliver de Stansmeld|
|1332||Robert de Dalton||Adam de Banastre|
|1332 (Sep)||John de Hornby, jnr||Robert de Dalton|
|1332/3 (Jan)||Edmund de Neville||John de Hornby, jnr|
|1333/4 (Feb)||Edmund de Nevill||Robert de Dalton|
|1334||Robert de Radcliffe||Henry de Haydock|
|1335 (May)||Robert de Sherburne||Edmund de Neville|
|1336 (Mar)||John de Sherburne||Henry de Haydock|
|1336 (Sep)||John de Hornby, jnr||Henry de Haydock|
|1336/7 (Mar)||Robert de Ireland||Sir Henry de Haydock|
|1337 (Sep)||Richard de Hoghton||Edmund de Neville|
|1337/8 (Feb)||Robert de Billisthorpe||Robert de Radcliffe|
|1338 (Jul)||John de Hornby||John de Clyderhow|
|1339||Robert de Clyderhowe||Henry de Bickerstaff|
|1339 (Oct)||Nicholas de Hulme||Robert de Prescot|
|1339/40 (Jan)||John de Radcliffe||Robert de Radcliffe|
|1340 (Mar)||John de Dalton||Robert de Dalton|
|1343 (Apr)||John de Haverington||John Ungoun|
|1344||Nicholas le Boteler||William de Radcliffe|
|1346||John de Clyderhow||Adam de Bradkirk|
|1347/8 (Jan)||Adam de Hoghton||John Cockayne|
|1348 (Apr)||Robert de Plesington||Robert de Prescot|
|1351||Otho de Halsall||William de Radcliffe|
|1352 (Aug)||John de Haverington||One knight only summoned|
|1353||William Cables||One knight only summoned|
|1354 (Apr)||William Cables||Richard Nowell|
|1355||Robert de Hornby||Roger de Farington|
|1357 (Apr)||John de Haverington||Robert de Singleton|
|1357/8 (Feb)||Robert de Farington||Robert de Hornby|
|1360||William de Hesketh||Roger de Farington|
|1360/1 (Jan)||William de Radcliffe||Richard de Towneley|
|1362 (Oct)||Edmund Lawrence||Matthew de Rixton of Rixton Hall|
|Result set aside as unlawful|
|1363 (Oct)||Adam de Hoghton||Roger de Pilkington|
|1364/5 (Jan)||Sir Adam de Houghton||Sir Roger de Pilkington|
|1366 (May)||Sir John le Boteler||William de Radcliffe|
|1368||Sir Roger de Pilkington||Roger de Ratcliffe|
|1369 (Jun)||Sir John de Dalton||John de Ipres|
|1371||John de Ipres||Richard de Towneley|
|1372 (Nov)||Sir Nicholas Haryngton||Sir John le Boteler|
|1373 (Nov)||William de Atherton||John de Holcroft|
|1376 (Apr)||Sir John le Boteler||Roger de Brockholes|
|1376/7 (Jan)||Sir John le Boteler||Roger de Pilkington|
|1377 (Oct)||Sir John le Boteler||Sir Nicholas Haryngton|
|1378||Ralph de Ypres||Sir John le Boteler|
|1379||Sir Nicholas Haryngton||Robert Urswyk|
|1380 (Jan)||Sir John le Boteler||Thomas Southworth|
|1380 (Nov)||Sir John le Boteler||Thomas Southworth|
|1381 (Sep)||Sir William de Atherton||Robert Urswyk|
|1382 (May)||Sir Roger de Pilkington||Robert de Clifton|
|1382 (Oct)||Sir John de Assheton||Robert Urswyck|
|1382/3 (Feb)||Sir Richard de Hoghton||Robert Clifton|
|1383 (Oct)||John de Holcroft||Sir Walter de Urswyk|
|1384 (Apr)||Sir Roger Pilkington||Thomas Gerard|
|1384 (Nov)||Robert Urswyk||William de Tunstall|
|1385||Robert Urswyk||Thomas de Radcliffe|
|1386 (Oct)||Sir Nicholas Haryngton||Robert Worsley|
|1388 (Feb)||Sir John le Boteler||Sir Thomas Gerard|
|1388 (Sep)||Sir John Assheton||Sir John Croft|
|1390 (Jan)||Sir John Assheton||Sir Ralph de Ypres|
|1390 (Nov)||Sir Robert Urswyk||Sir John Croft|
|1391||Sir Robert Urswyk||Robert Worsley|
|1393||Sir Robert Urswyk||Sir Ralph de Ypres|
|1394||Sir Robert Urswyk||Sir Thomas Gerard|
|1395||Sir Robert Urswyk||Thomas Radcliffe|
|1397 (Jan)||Sir Robert Urswyk||Richard Molyneux|
|1397 (Sep)||Sir John le Boteler||Sir Ralph Radcliffe|
|1399||Sir Robert Urswyk||Sir Henry Hoghton|
|1401||Sir Robert Urswyk||Sir Nicholas Atherton|
|1402||Sir Richard Houghton||Sir Nicholas Haryngton|
|1404 (Jan)||Robert Laurence||Sir Ralph Radcliffe|
|1404 (Oct)||Sir James Haryngton||Sir Ralph Stavely|
|1406||Robert Laurence||Sir William Boteler|
|1407||Sir Henry Hoghton||Sir Ralph Stavely|
|1411||John de Ashton||John Booth|
|1413 (May)||John de Ashton||John Stanley|
|1414 (Apr)||Ralph Radcliffe||Nicholas Blundell|
|1414 (Nov)||Robert Laurence||John Stanley|
|1416 (Mar)||John de Ashton||John Morley|
|1419||Nicholas le Boteler||John Laurence|
|1420||Richard Shirburne||John Booth|
|1421 (May)||Sir Thomas Radcliffe||Thomas Urswick|
|1421 (Dec)||Richard Shirburne||Sir John Byron|
|1422 (Nov)||Thomas Urswick||John Gerard|
|1423 (Oct)||Sir Thomas de Radcliffe||Ralph de Radcliffe|
|1425 (Apr)||Ralph Fitz Nicholas||Richard de Radcliffe|
|1425/6 (Feb)||Sir John Boteler||Nicholas Boteler|
|1427 (Oct)||Ralph de Radcliffe||Thomas Stanley|
|1429 (Sep)||Sir John Byron||Sir Robert Lawrence|
|1430/1 (Jan)||John de Morley||William Gernet|
|1432 (May)||Sir William de Assheton||Thomas de Harrington|
|1433 (Jul)||Sir Thomas Stanley||Sir Thomas Radcliffe|
|1435 (Oct)||Henry de Halsall||Thomas Lawrence|
|1436/7 (Jan)||Thomas de Harrington||Henry de Halsall|
|1439 (Nov)||Thomas Stanley||Thomas de Harrington|
|1442 (Jan)||Thomas Stanley||Thomas de Harrington|
|1447||Thomas Stanley||Thomas de Harrington|
|1448||Thomas Stanley||Thomas de Harrington|
|1450||Thomas Stanley||Thomas de Harrington|
|1455||Thomas Stanley||Alexander Radcliffe|
|1459||Sir Richard Harrington||Henry Halsall|
|1460||Sir Richard Harrington||Henry Halsall|
|1467 (Jun)||Sir James Harrington||Sir William Harrington|
|1472 (Oct)||Robert Harrington||John Assheton (grandson of MP of 1413)|
|1477/8 (Jan)||Sir George Stanley||Sir James Harrington|
|1503||Sir Thomas Butler||Sir John Booth|
|1529||Henry Farington||Andrew Barton|
|1545||Sir Thomas Holcroft||John Kitchen|
|1547||Thurstan Tyldesley||John Kitchen|
|1553 (Mar)||Sir Richard Houghton sick 1553 |
and replaced by Sir Robert Worsley
|1553 (Oct)||Sir Richard Sherborn||John Rigmayden|
|1554 (Apr)||Sir Thomas Stanley||Sir Thomas Langton|
|1554 (Nov)||Sir Thomas Stanley||Sir John Holcroft|
|1555||Sir Thomas Stanley||Sir William Stanley|
|1558||Sir Thomas Talbot||Sir John Holcroft|
|1559 (Jan)||Sir John Atherton||Sir Robert Worsley|
|1562–1563||Sir Thomas Gerard of Bryn||Sir John Southworth|
|1571||John Ratcliffe||Thomas Butler|
|1572||John Ratcliffe||Edmund Trafford|
|1584 (Nov)|| Gilbert Gerard made Master of the Rolls |
and replaced Jan 1585 by Richard Bold
|1586||John Atherton||Richard Holland|
|1588 (Oct)|| Thomas Gerard, sat for Staffs |
and repl. by ?)
|1593||Sir Richard Molyneux||Sir Thomas Gerard|
|1597 (Nov)||Sir Thomas Gerard||Robert Hesketh|
|1601||Sir Richard Hoghton||Thomas Hesketh|
|1604||Sir Richard Molyneux||Sir Richard Hoghton|
|1614||Sir Thomas Gerard, 1st Baronet||Sir Cuthbert Halsall|
|1621-1622||Sir John Ratcliffe||Sir Gilbert Hoghton|
|1624||Sir John Ratcliffe||Sir Thomas Walmsley|
|1625||Sir Richard Molyneux, Bt||Sir John Ratcliffe|
|1626||Robert Stanley||Sir Gilbert Hoghton|
|1628-1629||Sir Richard Molyneux||Sir Alexander Radcliff|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
|1640 (Apr)||Sir Gilbert Hoghton, 2nd Baronet||William Farrington|
|1640 (Nov)||Ralph Assheton||Roger Kirkby, disabled August 1642|
|1645||Ralph Assheton||Sir Richard Hoghton, 3rd Baronet|
|1648||Ralph Assheton||Sir Richard Hoghton, 3rd Baronet|
|Parliament||First member||Second member||Third member (1653–1659)||Fourth member (1654–1659)|
|1653||William West||John Sawry||Robert Cunliffe||N/A|
|1654||Richard Holland||Gilbert Ireland||Richard Standish||William Ashurst|
|1656||Sir Richard Hoghton, 3rd Baronet|
|1659||Sir George Booth, Bt||Alexander Rigby||N/A||N/A|
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1660||Sir Robert Bindlosse, 1st Baronet||Roger Bradshaigh|
|1661||Hon. Edward Stanley|
|1679 (Feb)||Viscount Brandon||Peter Bold|
|1679 (Sep)||Sir Charles Hoghton, 4th Baronet|
|1681||Viscount Brandon||Sir Charles Hoghton, 4th Baronet|
|1685||James Holt||Roger Bradshaigh|
|1689||Viscount Brandon||Sir Charles Hoghton, 4th Baronet|
|1690||Hon. James Stanley|
|1698||Hon. Fitton Gerard|
|1701 (Feb)||Richard Bold||Tory|
|1705||Hon. Charles Zedenno Stanley||Whig||Richard Shuttleworth||Tory|
|1713||Sir John Bland|
|1727||Sir Edward Stanley|
|1768||Lord Archibald Hamilton|
|1771||The Earl of Sefton|
|1772||Sir Thomas Egerton|
The county franchise, from 1430, was held by the adult male owners of freehold land valued at 40 shillings or more. Each elector had as many votes as there were seats to be filled. Votes had to be cast by a spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings, which took place in the county town of Lancaster. The expense and difficulty of voting at only one location in the county, together with the lack of a secret ballot contributed to the corruption and intimidation of electors, which was widespread in the unreformed British political system.
A county town in the United Kingdom or Ireland is usually, but not always, the location of administrative or judicial functions within the county. The concept of a county town is ill-defined and unofficial. Following the establishment of county councils in 1889, the administrative headquarters of the new authorities were usually located in the county town of each county. However, this was not always the case and the idea of a "county town" pre-dates the establishment of these councils. For example, Lancaster is the county town of Lancashire but the county council is located at Preston.
Lancaster is the county town of Lancashire, England. It is on the River Lune and has a population of 52,234; the wider City of Lancaster local government district has a population of 138,375.
The expense, to candidates, of contested elections encouraged the leading families of the county to agree on the candidates to be returned unopposed whenever possible. Contested county elections were therefore unusual. The Stanleys, led by the Earl of Derby dominated the county. One seat was nearly always held by a Stanley relative, the second, by one of the other leading families.
Earl of Derby is a title in the Peerage of England. The title was first adopted by Robert de Ferrers, 1st Earl of Derby, under a creation of 1139. It continued with the Ferrers family until the 6th Earl forfeited his property toward the end of the reign of Henry III and died in 1279. Most of the Ferrers property and the Derby title were then held by the family of Henry III. The title merged in the Crown upon Henry IV's accession to the throne in 1399.
"Unreformed House of Commons" is a name given to the House of Commons of Great Britain and the House of Commons of the United Kingdom before it was reformed by the Reform Act 1832.
Lancashire is a county of England, in the northwest of the country. The county did not exist in 1086, for the Domesday Book, and was apparently first created in 1182, making it one of the youngest of the traditional counties.
Wigan is a constituency in Greater Manchester, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Lisa Nandy of the Labour Party.
Lancaster was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1867, centred on the historic city of Lancaster in north-west England. It was represented by two Members of Parliament until the constituency was disenfranchised for corruption in 1867.
Worcestershire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented until 1832 by two Members of Parliament traditionally referred to as Knights of the Shire. It was split then into two two-member divisions, for Parliamentary purposes, Worcestershire Eastern and Worcestershire Western constituencies.
Sussex was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire, elected by the bloc vote system.
Bedfordshire was a United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency, which elected two Members of Parliament from 1295 until 1885, when it was divided into two constituencies under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
Newton was a parliamentary borough in the county of Lancashire, in England. It was represented by two Members of Parliament in the House of Commons of the Parliament of England from 1559 to 1706 then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until its abolition in 1832.
Liverpool was a borough constituency in the county of Lancashire of the House of Commons for the Parliament of England to 1706 then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs). In 1868, this was increased to three Members of Parliament.
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The High Sheriff of Lancashire is an ancient officer, now largely ceremonial, granted to Lancashire, a county in North West England. High Shrievalties are the oldest secular titles under the Crown, in England and Wales. The High Sheriff of Lancashire is the representative of the monarch in the county, and is the "Keeper of The Queen's Peace" in the county, executing judgements of the High Court through an Under Sheriff.
The county constituency of Northamptonshire, in the East Midlands of England was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832 and was represented in Parliament by two MPs, traditionally known as Knights of the Shire.
The Lancashire County Rugby Football Union is the society responsible for rugby union in the county of Lancashire, England and is one of the constituent bodies of the national Rugby Football Union having been formed in 1881. In addition it is the county that has won the county championship on most occasions.
Nathaniel Eckersley was an English mill-owner, banker and Conservative Party politician from Standish Hall, near Wigan in Lancashire. He sat in the House of Commons for three years in the 1860s, and two years in the 1880s.
Elections in the Kingdom of Great Britain were principally general elections and by-elections to the House of Commons of Great Britain. General elections did not have fixed dates, as parliament was summoned and dissolved within the royal prerogative, although on the advice of the ministers of the Crown. The first such general election was that of 1708, and the last that of 1796.