Wigan (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Wigan
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Wigan2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Wigan in Greater Manchester
EnglandGreaterManchester.svg
Location of Greater Manchester within England
County Greater Manchester
Electorate 74,241 (December 2017) [1]
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Lisa Nandy (Labour)
Created fromWigan, South West Lancashire
1545–1885
Number of membersTwo
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced byWigan

Wigan is a constituency [n 1] in Greater Manchester, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Lisa Nandy of the Labour Party, who also serves as the Shadow Housing and Levelling Up Secretary. [n 2]

Contents

History

Wigan in Lancashire, boundaries used 1974-1983 Wigan1974Constituency.svg
Wigan in Lancashire, boundaries used 1974–1983

Wigan was incorporated as a borough on 26 August 1246, after the issue of a charter by Henry III. [2] In 1295 and January 1307 Wigan was one of the significant places called upon to send a representative, then known as a 'burgess', to the Model Parliament. However, for the remainder of the medieval period the seat was not summoned to send an official despite being one of only four boroughs in Lancashire possessing Royal Charters; the others were Lancaster, Liverpool and Preston. This changed in the Tudor period with Henry VIII's grant of two Members of Parliament to the town.

Following the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, single-member constituencies were imposed nationwide, [n 3] meaning the seat saw a reduction of the number of its members.

The death of Roger Stott in office in 1999 made him the fourth Wigan MP in the twentieth century to die in office (uniquely for a constituency in the United Kingdom); the others were John Parkinson, Ronald Williams and William Foster.

Political history

Wigan is considered a safe seat given that it has been held by the Labour Party since 1918, with solid majorities ranging from 1,018 votes (2.2%) in 1931 to 22,643 votes (51.7%) in 1997.

Prominent frontbenchers

Member of ParliamentNotability
William Ewart
  • Carried the Hanging in Chains Act of 1834, abolishing hanging in chains
  • Carried a bill in 1837 to abolish capital punishment for cattle-stealing and similar offences
  • Carried the Public Libraries Act 1850, establishing free libraries supported out of public rates
  • Instrumental in the passage of the Metric Weights and Measures Act 1864
Algernon Egerton Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty (1874–80)
Alan Fitch Vice-Chamberlain of the Household (1968–70)
Roger Stott
Lisa Nandy

Boundaries

Wigan (UK Parliament constituency)
Map of current boundaries

1832–1918: The Township of Wigan. [3]

1918–1983: The County Borough of Wigan [10] [13] [14] [15]

1983–1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Wigan wards of Aspull-Standish, Beech Hill, Ince, Langtree, Newtown, Norley, Swinley, Whelley. [17]

1997–2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Wigan wards of Aspull-Standish, Beech Hill, Langtree, Newtown, Norley, Swinley, Whelley. [18]

2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Wigan wards of Aspull, New Springs and Whelley; Douglas; Ince; Pemberton; Shevington with Lower Ground; Standish with Langtree; Wigan Central; Wigan West. [19]

Constituency profile

The seat is productive and has excellent links to Manchester, as well as close links to the M6, which lies just within its western border. However, over the past century, Wigan has witnessed a fall in manufacturing, particularly in the production of textiles, which have been unable to compete with the Indian subcontinent and the Far East. Another industry which has suffered is coal mining, which had been a large employer in this part of Lancashire up until the mid-20th century. There are some industrial areas remaining in and around the town centre. The Leeds and Liverpool Canal flows through the town, including the famous Wigan Pier area.

As of May 2018, the rate of JSA and Universal Credit claimants was 3.9%, higher than the national average of 2.8% and regional average of 3.7%, based on a statistical compilation by the House of Commons Library. [20] The constituency also includes more desirable semi-rural residential villages to the north of Wigan town centre such as Standish and Appley Bridge which are relatively more affluent.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1295–1640

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1295 William le Teinterer Henry le Bocher
1306–7 (Jan) Simon Payer John de Mersee
1307–1545No Members returned to Parliament
1545 Thomas Chaloner John Eston [21]
1547 (Nov) Alexander Barlowe Thomas Carus [21]
1552–3 (Mar) Alexander Barlowe Gilbert Gerard [22]
1553 (Oct) Alexander Barlowe Gilbert Gerard [22]
1554 (Apr) Alexander Barlowe William Barnes [21]
1554 (Nov) Alexander Barlowe John Barnes [21]
1555 Alexander Barlowe Gilbert Gerard [22]
1558 Ralph Barton Thomas Smith [21]
1559 (Jan) William Gerard II Thomas Bromley [23]
1562–3 (Mar) William Gerard II John Ratcliffe [23]
1571 William Gerard II Owen Ratcliffe [23]
1572 Edward Fitton (the younger) on Queen's Service
and repl. 1581 by
Richard Molyneux
Edward Elrington [23]
1584 (Nov) Thomas Grimsditch William Gerard III [23]
1586 William Gerard III Peter Legh [23]
1588 (Dec) Peter Legh William Leycester [23]
1593 William Gerard III Michael Heneage [23]
1597 (Oct) Edward Legh Nicholas Smyth [23]
1601 (Oct) Roger Downes John Pulteney [23]
1604 Sir William Cooke Sir John Pulteney
1614Sir Gilbert Gerard [24] Sir Richard Molyneux
1621 Sir Thomas Gerard, 1st Baronet (died and
replaced 1621 by
George Garrard)
Roger Downes
1624 Sir Anthony St John Francis Downes
1625 Francis Downes Edward Bridgeman
1626 Sir Anthony St John Sir William Pooley
1628 Edward Bridgeman Sir Anthony St John
1629–1640No Parliaments convened

MPs 1640–1885

YearFirst member [25] First partySecond member [25] Second party
April 1640 Orlando Bridgeman Royalist Alexander Rigby Parliamentarian
November 1640
May 1642Bridgeman expelled – seat vacant
1646 John Holcroft
December 1648Holcroft excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant
August 1650Rigby died – seat vacant
1653Wigan was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Robert Markland Hugh Forth
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 William Gardiner Hugh Forth
October 1660 John Molyneux Roger Stoughton
1661 The Earl of Ancram Geoffrey Shakerley
February 1679 Roger Bradshaigh
September 1679 William Banks
1681 Viscount Colchester
1685 Lord Charles Murray
1689 Sir Edward Chisenhall William Banks
1690 Sir Richard Standish Peter Shakerley
1694 John Byrom
1695 Sir Roger Bradshaigh Tory
1698 Orlando Bridgeman
1701 Sir Alexander Rigby
1702 Orlando Bridgeman
1705 Brigadier Emanuel Scrope Howe Whig
1708 Major Henry Bradshaigh
1713 George Kenyon
1715 The Earl of Barrymore
1727 Peter Bold Tory
1734 The Earl of Barrymore
March 1747 Richard Clayton
June 1747 Hon. Richard Barry
1754 Sir William Meredith Tory
1761 Fletcher Norton Simon Luttrell
1768 George Byng Beaumont Hotham
1775 John Morton Tory
August 1780 Henry Simpson Bridgeman
September 1780 Hon. Horatio Walpole Tory [26]
1782 John Cotes Tory [26]
1784 Orlando Bridgeman [mpnotes 1] Tory [26]
1800 George Gunning
1802 John Hodson Tory [26] Sir Robert Holt Leigh Tory [26]
1820 James Alexander Hodson Tory [26] Lord Lindsay Tory [26]
1825 Lieutenant-Colonel James Lindsay Tory [26]
March 1831 John Hodson Kearsley Tory [26]
May 1831 Ralph Thicknesse Whig [26]
1832 Richard Potter Radical [27] [28] [29]
1835 John Hodson Kearsley Conservative [26]
1837 Charles Strickland Standish Whig [26] [27]
1839 William Ewart Radical [26] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34]
1841 Peter Greenall Conservative [26] Thomas Bright Crosse [mpnotes 2] Conservative [26]
1842 Charles Strickland Standish Whig [26] [27]
1845 Hon. James Lindsay Conservative
1847 Ralph Anthony Thicknesse Whig [35] [36]
1854 Joseph Acton Whig [37]
1857 Francis Powell Conservative Henry Woods Whig
1859 Hon. James Lindsay Conservative Liberal
1866 Nathaniel Eckersley Conservative
1868 John Lancaster Liberal
1874 Lord Lindsay Conservative Thomas Knowles Conservative
1881 Francis Powell [mpnotes 3] Conservative
1881Writ suspended following corrupt election – seat vacant
December 1882 Hon. Algernon Egerton Conservative
1883 Nathaniel Eckersley Conservative
1885 Representation reduced to one member

MPs since 1885

ElectionMember [25] Party
1885 Sir Francis Powell Conservative
1910 (January) Henry Twist Labour
1910 (December) Reginald Neville Conservative
1918 John Parkinson Labour
1942 by-election William Foster Labour
1948 by-election Ronald Williams Labour
1958 by-election Alan Fitch Labour
1983 Roger Stott Labour
1999 by-election Neil Turner Labour
2010 Lisa Nandy Labour

Notes

  1. The Honourable Orlando Bridgeman from 1796
  2. On petition, the election of Crosse was declared void and after scrutiny of the votes his opponent, Standish, was declared duly elected.
  3. On petition, Powell's election was declared void and the writ was suspended. The following year a new writ was issued and a by-election was held

Elections

Results over time

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Wigan [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Lisa Nandy 21,042 46.7 Decrease2.svg 15.5
Conservative Ashley Williams14,31431.8Increase2.svg 3.3
Brexit Party William Molloy5,95913.2New
Liberal Democrats Stuart Thomas2,4285.4Increase2.svg 3.6
Green Peter Jacobs1,2992.9Increase2.svg 1.3
Majority6,72814.9Decrease2.svg 18.8
Turnout 45,04259.5Decrease2.svg 3.1
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 9.4
General election 2017: Wigan [39] [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Lisa Nandy 29,575 62.2 Increase2.svg 10.0
Conservative Alex Williams13,54828.5Increase2.svg 7.8
UKIP Nathan Ryding2,7505.8Decrease2.svg 13.7
Liberal Democrats Mark Clayton9161.8Decrease2.svg 1.0
Green Will Patterson7531.6Decrease2.svg 1.2
Majority16,02733.7Increase2.svg 2.2
Turnout 47,54262.6Increase2.svg 3.1
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 1.1
General election 2015: Wigan [39] [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Lisa Nandy 23,625 52.2 Increase2.svg 3.7
Conservative Caroline Kerswell9,38920.7Decrease2.svg 4.0
UKIP Mark Bradley8,81819.5Increase2.svg 13.8
Green Will Patterson1,2732.8New
Liberal Democrats Mark Clayton1,2552.8Decrease2.svg 12.6
Wigan IndependentsGareth Fairhurst7681.7New
Independent Brian Parr1650.4New
Majority14,23631.5Increase2.svg 7.7
Turnout 45,29359.5Increase2.svg 1.1
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 3.9
General election 2010: Wigan [42] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Lisa Nandy 21,404 48.5 Decrease2.svg 9.6
Conservative Michael Winstanley10,91724.7Increase2.svg 5.8
Liberal Democrats Mark Clayton6,79715.4Decrease2.svg 1.5
UKIP Alan Freeman2,5165.7Increase2.svg 2.3
BNP Charles Mather [44] 2,5065.7New
Majority10,48723.8Decrease2.svg 10.5
Turnout 44,14058.4Increase2.svg 6.3
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 7.7

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Wigan [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Neil Turner 18,901 55.1 Decrease2.svg 6.6
Conservative John Coombes7,13420.8Steady2.svg
Liberal Democrats Denise Capstick6,05117.7Increase2.svg 2.9
UKIP John Whittaker 1,1663.4New
Community Action Kevin Williams1,0263.0New
Majority11,76734.3Decrease2.svg 6.6
Turnout 34,27853.3Decrease2.svg 0.8
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 3.3
General election 2001: Wigan [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Neil Turner 20,739 61.7 Decrease2.svg 6.9
Conservative Mark Page6,99620.8Increase2.svg 3.9
Liberal Democrats Trevor Beswick4,97014.8Increase2.svg 4.8
Socialist Alliance Dave Lowe8862.6New
Majority13,74340.9Decrease2.svg 10.8
Turnout 33,59152.5Decrease2.svg 15.2
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 5.4

Elections in the 1990s

1999 Wigan by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Neil Turner 9,641 59.6 Decrease2.svg 9.0
Conservative Tom Peet2,91218.0Increase2.svg 1.1
Liberal Democrats Jonathan Rule2,14813.3Increase2.svg 3.3
UKIP John Whittaker 8345.2New
Socialist Labour William Kelly2401.5New
Green Chris Maile1901.2Increase2.svg 0.2
National Democrats Stephen Ebbs1000.6New
Natural Law Paul Davis640.4Increase2.svg 0.2
Independent David Braid580.4New
Majority6,72941.6Decrease2.svg 10.1
Turnout 16,18725.0Decrease2.svg42.7
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 5.0
General election 1997: Wigan [47]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Roger Stott 30,043 68.6 Increase2.svg 5.6
Conservative Mark A. Loveday7,40016.9Decrease2.svg 6.7
Liberal Democrats Trevor R. Beswick4,39010.0Decrease2.svg 1.0
Referendum Anthony Bradborne1,4503.3New
Green Christopher Maile4421.0New
Natural Law William J. Ayliffe940.2Decrease2.svg 0.2
Majority22,64351.7Increase2.svg 12.3
Turnout 43,81967.7Decrease2.svg 8.5
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 6.2
General election 1992: Wigan [48] [49]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Roger Stott 34,910 63.0 Increase2.svg 1.5
Conservative Edward J.W. Hess13,06823.6Decrease2.svg 0.9
Liberal Democrats George Davies6,11111.0Decrease2.svg 3.0
Liberal Kevin White1,1162.0Decrease2.svg 12.0
Natural Law Annie B. Tayler1970.4New
Majority21,84239.4Increase2.svg 2.3
Turnout 55,40276.2Decrease2.svg 0.4
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 1.2

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Wigan [50] [51]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Roger Stott 33,955 61.5 Increase2.svg 6.9
Conservative Kenneth Wade13,49324.5Increase2.svg 2.0
Liberal Kevin White7,73214.0Decrease2.svg 8.9
Majority20,46237.0Increase2.svg 5.3
Turnout 55,17976.6Increase2.svg 1.0
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 7.9
General election 1983: Wigan [52] [53]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Roger Stott 29,859 54.6 Decrease2.svg 5.2
Liberal John Piggott12,55422.9Increase2.svg 13.5
Conservative Henry Cadman12,32022.5Decrease2.svg 7.5
Majority17,30531.7Increase2.svg 1.9
Turnout 54,73475.6Increase2.svg 1.5
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 1.2

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Wigan
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alan Fitch 26,144 59.8 Decrease2.svg 6.0
Conservative T Peet13,14930.0Increase2.svg 8.9
Liberal K Bruce4,1029.4Decrease2.svg 3.8
Workers Revolutionary A Smith3480.8New
Majority12,99529.8Decrease2.svg 14.9
Turnout 43,74274.1Increase2.svg 0.1
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 7.5
General election October 1974: Wigan
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alan Fitch 27,692 65.8 Decrease2.svg 5.5
Conservative PM Beard8,86521.1Decrease2.svg 7.6
Liberal J Campbell5,54813.2New
Majority18,82744.7Increase2.svg 2.1
Turnout 42,10574.0Decrease2.svg 1.8
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 1.1
General election February 1974: Wigan [54] [55]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alan Fitch 30,485 71.3 Increase2.svg 3.8
Conservative P Beard12,28328.7Decrease2.svg 2.2
Majority18,20242.6Increase2.svg 6.0
Turnout 42,76675.8Increase2.svg 3.5
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 3.0
General election 1970: Wigan [56]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alan Fitch 28,102 67.5 Decrease2.svg 5.4
Conservative Anthony Daniels12,88230.9Increase2.svg 5.9
Communist Jack Kay6721.6Decrease2.svg 0.6
Majority15,22036.6Decrease2.svg 11.3
Turnout 41,65572.3Decrease2.svg 3.5
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 5.7

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Wigan
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alan Fitch 28,754 72.9 Increase2.svg 3.5
Conservative Malcolm Kingston9,87625.0Decrease2.svg 3.2
Communist Michael Weaver8582.2Decrease2.svg 0.2
Majority18,87847.9Increase2.svg 6.7
Turnout 42,76675.8Decrease2.svg 3.6
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 3.4
General election 1964: Wigan
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alan Fitch 28,640 69.4 Increase2.svg 3.1
Conservative Ian K Paley11,64828.2Decrease2.svg 3.4
Communist Michael Weaver9882.4Increase2.svg 0.4
Majority16,99241.2Increase2.svg 6.5
Turnout 41,27679.4Decrease2.svg 4.4
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 3.3

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Wigan
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alan Fitch 30,664 66.3 Increase2.svg 1.9
Conservative John Hodgson14,61531.6Decrease2.svg 0.6
Communist Michael Weaver9452.0Decrease2.svg 1.4
Majority16,04934.7Increase2.svg 2.5
Turnout 46,22483.8Increase2.svg 3.5
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 1.3
1958 Wigan by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alan Fitch 27,415 71.0 Increase2.svg 6.6
Conservative John Hodgson10,24826.5Decrease2.svg 5.7
Communist Michael Weaver9722.5Decrease2.svg 0.9
Majority17,16744.5Increase2.svg 12.3
Turnout 38,635
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 6.2
General election 1955: Wigan
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ronald Williams 29,755 64.4 Decrease2.svg 2.5
Conservative Harold D Lowe14,88332.2Decrease2.svg 0.9
Communist Thomas Rowlandson1,5673.4New
Majority14,87232.2Decrease2.svg 1.6
Turnout 46,20580.3Decrease2.svg 6.7
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 0.8
General election 1951: Wigan
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ronald Williams 34,530 66.9 Increase2.svg 4.4
Conservative Dennis C Walls17,07833.1Increase2.svg 3.1
Majority17,45233.8Increase2.svg 1.3
Turnout 51,60887.0Decrease2.svg 2.3
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 0.7
General election 1950: Wigan
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ronald Williams 32,746 62.5 Decrease2.svg 5.7
Conservative Harold Dowling15,73330.0Decrease2.svg 1.8
Liberal Ian Webster 2,6515.0New
Communist Thomas Rowlandson1,2432.4New
Majority17,01332.5Decrease2.svg 3.9
Turnout 52,37389.3Increase2.svg 8.9
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 2.0

Elections in the 1940s

1948 Wigan by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ronald Williams 28,941 59.1 Decrease2.svg 9.1
Conservative Harold Dowling17,46635.6Increase2.svg 3.8
Communist Thomas Rowlandson1,6473.7New
King's Cavalier Owen L Roberts9321.6New
Majority11,47523.5Decrease2.svg 12.9
Turnout 48,986
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 6.5

}

General election 1945: Wigan
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour William Foster 31,392 68.2 Increase2.svg 6.9
Conservative Evelyn Charles Lacy Hulbert-Powell14,66631.8Decrease2.svg 6.9
Majority16,72636.4Increase2.svg 13.8
Turnout 46,05880.4Decrease2.svg 1.3
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 6.9
1942 Wigan by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour William Foster Unopposed
Labour hold

Elections in the 1930s

}

General election 1935: Wigan
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Parkinson 27,950 61.3 Increase2.svg 10.2
Conservative Robert Grant-Ferris 17,64638.7Decrease2.svg 10.2
Majority10,30422.6Increase2.svg 20.4
Turnout 45,59681.7Decrease2.svg 2.5
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 10.2

}

General election 1931: Wigan
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Parkinson 23,544 51.1 Decrease2.svg 7.4
Conservative Geoffrey Dorling Roberts22,52648.9Increase2.svg 10.2
Majority1,0182.2Decrease2.svg 17.6
Turnout 46,07084.2Decrease2.svg 2.7
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 8.8

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Wigan [57]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Parkinson 27,462 58.5 Increase2.svg 0.9
Unionist Ernest Barlow18,14438.7Decrease2.svg 3.7
Communist Frank Bright1,3072.8New
Majority9,31819.8Increase2.svg 4.6
Turnout 46,91386.9Decrease2.svg 1.0
Registered electors 54,008
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 2.3
General election 1924: Wigan [57]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Parkinson 20,350 57.6 Steady2.svg
Unionist David Maxwell Fyfe 15,00642.4Steady2.svg
Majority5,34415.2Steady2.svg
Turnout 35,35687.9Increase2.svg 2.9
Registered electors 40,217
Labour hold Swing Steady2.svg
General election 1923: Wigan [57]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Parkinson 19,637 57.6 Increase2.svg 1.1
Unionist David Lindsay 14,45142.4Decrease2.svg 1.1
Majority5,18615.2Increase2.svg 2.2
Turnout 34,08885.0Decrease2.svg 3.9
Registered electors 40,105
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 1.1
General election 1922: Wigan [57]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Parkinson 20,079 56.5 Increase2.svg 8.5
Unionist Albert Edward Baucher15,43643.5Increase2.svg 0.5
Majority4,64313.0Increase2.svg 8.0
Turnout 35,51588.9Increase2.svg 19.5
Registered electors 39,929
Labour hold Swing Increase2.svg 4.0

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Wigan [57]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Parkinson 12,914 48.0 +1.2
C Unionist Reginald Neville 11,58443.010.2
Liberal Robert Alstead 2,4349.0New
Majority1,3305.0N/A
Turnout 26,93269.422.3
Registered electors 38,811
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +5.7
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

General Election 1914–15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election December 1910: Wigan [58] [59]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Reginald Neville 4,673 53.2 +6.0
Labour Henry Twist 4,11046.8-6.0
Majority5636.4+12.0
Turnout 8,78391.7-3.3
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +6.0
General election January 1910: Wigan [58] [59]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Henry Twist 4,803 52.8 New
Conservative Reginald Neville 4,29347.2+0.6
Majority5105.6N/A
Turnout 9,09695.0+7.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: Wigan [58] [60]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Francis Powell 3,573 46.6 8.1
Independent Labour Thorley Smith [n 4] 2,20528.7New
Liberal William Woods1,90024.720.6
Majority1,36817.9+8.5
Turnout 7,67887.2+1.6
Registered electors 8,804
Conservative hold Swing +6.3
General election 1900: Wigan [58] [60] [61]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Francis Powell 3,772 54.7 1.5
Liberal William Woods3,13045.3+1.5
Majority6429.43.0
Turnout 6,90285.63.7
Registered electors 8,059
Conservative hold Swing 1.5

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1895: Wigan [58] [60] [61]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Francis Powell 3,949 56.2 +5.4
Lib-Lab Thomas Aspinwall 3,07543.8-5.4
Majority87412.4+10.8
Turnout 7,02489.3-1.8
Registered electors 7,864
Conservative hold Swing +5.4
General election 1892: Wigan [58] [60]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Francis Powell 3,422 50.8 4.0
Lib-Lab Thomas Aspinwall 3,31249.2+4.0
Majority1101.68.0
Turnout 6,73491.1+3.1
Registered electors 7,390
Conservative hold Swing 4.0

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: Wigan [58] [60]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Francis Powell 3,371 54.8 -2.4
Liberal Cornelius McLeod Percy2,78045.2+2.4
Majority5919.6-4.8
Turnout 6,15188.0-3.0
Registered electors 6,988
Conservative hold Swing -2.4
General election 1885: Wigan [58] [60] [62]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Francis Powell 3,637 57.2 +5.7
Liberal George Harris Lea (judge)2,72142.85.8
Majority91614.4+14.1
Turnout 6,35891.02.1 (est)
Registered electors 6,988
Conservative hold Swing +5.8
By-election, 21 Dec 1883: Wigan (1 seat) [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Nathaniel Eckersley Unopposed
Conservative hold
  • Caused by Knowles' death.
By-election, 4 Dec 1882: Wigan (1 seat) [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Algernon Egerton 2,867 56.1 +4.6
Liberal Walter Wren [64] 2,24343.94.7
Majority62412.2+11.9
Turnout 5,11083.89.3 (est)
Registered electors 6,097
Conservative hold Swing +4.7
  • Caused by the previous election being declared void on petition.
By-election, 20 Jan 1881: Wigan (1 seat) [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Francis Powell 3,005 54.2 +2.7
Liberal John Lancaster 2,53645.82.8
Majority4698.4+8.1
Turnout 5,54193.3+0.2 (est)
Registered electors 5,937
Conservative hold Swing 2.8
  • Caused by Lindsay's elevation to the peerage, becoming Earl of Crawford and Balcarres. This by-election was later voided on petition.
General election 1880: Wigan (2 seats) [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Lord Lindsay 2,946 25.9 2.0
Conservative Thomas Knowles 2,913 25.6 1.3
Liberal John Lancaster 2,88025.3+4.2
Liberal George McCorquodale2,65323.3+11.8
Majority330.35.5
Turnout 5,696 (est)93.1 (est)+4.8
Registered electors 6,120
Conservative hold Swing 3.1
Conservative hold Swing 6.6

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Wigan (2 seats) [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative James Lindsay 2,493 27.9 +4.4
Conservative Thomas Knowles 2,401 26.9 +4.0
Liberal John Lancaster 1,88321.15.4
Lib-Lab William Pickard 1,13412.7N/A
Liberal Henry Woods 1,02911.515.6
Majority5185.8N/A
Turnout 4,470 (est)88.3 (est)+5.5
Registered electors 5,062
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +7.5
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +7.3

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1868: Wigan (2 seats) [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Henry Woods 2,219 27.1 N/A
Liberal John Lancaster 2,166 26.5 N/A
Conservative Nathaniel Eckersley 1,92023.5N/A
Conservative John Pearson [65] 1,87522.9N/A
Majority2463.0N/A
Turnout 4,090 (est)82.8 (est)N/A
Registered electors 4,939
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
By-election, 27 March 1866: Wigan [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Nathaniel Eckersley 411 54.1 N/A
Liberal John Lancaster 34945.9N/A
Majority628.2N/A
Turnout 76088.1N/A
Registered electors 863
Conservative hold Swing N/A
  • Caused by Lindsay's resignation due to prolonged service in Canada in the British Army. [66]
General election 1865: Wigan [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative James Lindsay Unopposed
Liberal Henry Woods Unopposed
Registered electors 863
Conservative hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1859: Wigan (2 seats) [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative James Lindsay 500 40.0 +15.2
Liberal Henry Woods 476 38.1 +2.3
Conservative Francis Powell 27321.917.5
Turnout 625 (est)74.8 (est)4.5
Registered electors 835
Majority241.91.7
Conservative hold Swing +7.0
Majority20316.2+5.1
Liberal hold Swing +2.3
General election 1857: Wigan (2 seats) [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Francis Powell 492 39.4 +8.4
Whig Henry Woods 447 35.8 +0.8
Conservative James Lindsay 30924.89.2
Turnout 624 (est)78.3 (est)+5.5
Registered electors 797
Majority453.6N/A
Conservative hold Swing +4.0
Majority13811.0+10.0
Whig hold Swing +0.8
By-election, 3 October 1854: Wigan [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Joseph Acton 339 50.4 +15.4
Conservative Francis Powell 33449.615.4
Majority50.80.2
Turnout 67385.4+12.6
Registered electors 788
Whig hold Swing +15.4
  • Caused by Thicknesse's death.
General election 1852: Wigan (2 seats) [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Ralph Anthony Thicknesse 366 35.0 N/A
Conservative James Lindsay 356 34.0 N/A
Conservative Francis Powell 32431.0N/A
Majority101.0N/A
Turnout 523 (est)72.8 (est)N/A
Registered electors 797
Whig hold Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1847: Wigan (2 seats) [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative James Lindsay Unopposed
Whig Ralph Anthony Thicknesse Unopposed
Registered electors 637
Conservative hold
Whig gain from Conservative
By-election, 16 October 1845: Wigan [63]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative James Lindsay 274 56.5 +5.8
Whig Ralph Anthony Thicknesse 21143.55.8
Majority6313.0+12.6
Turnout 48593.8+2.3
Registered electors 517
Conservative hold Swing +5.8
  • Caused by Greenall's death.

After the 1841 election, Crosse was unseated on petition and Standish was declared elected in his place on 11 April 1842.

General election 1841: Wigan (2 seats) [63] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Peter Greenall 273 25.6 +1.1
Conservative Thomas Bright Crosse 268 25.1 +2.5
Whig Charles Strickland Standish 26424.7+11.4
Whig Charles Grenfell 26324.6+11.3
Majority40.4N/A
Turnout 53691.5+4.5
Registered electors 586
Conservative gain from Whig Swing 5.1
Conservative gain from Radical Swing 4.4

Elections in the 1830s

By-election, 9 March 1839: Wigan [63] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical William Ewart 261 50.2 +24.0
Conservative John Hodson Kearsley25949.8+2.7
Majority20.41.3
Turnout 52094.4+7.4
Registered electors 551
Radical hold Swing +10.7
  • Caused by Potter's resignation
General election 1837: Wigan (2 seats) [63] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Charles Strickland Standish 249 26.7 +1.3
Radical Richard Potter 245 26.2 3.0
Conservative John Hodson Kearsley22924.5+1.9
Conservative Peter Greenall 21122.60.1
Turnout 46987.05.3
Registered electors 539
Majority40.5N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +0.2
Majority161.72.1
Radical hold Swing 2.0
General election 1835: Wigan (2 seats) [63] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Hodson Kearsley 296 45.3 +27.6
Radical Richard Potter 191 29.2 22.4
Whig Charles Strickland Standish 16625.45.3
Turnout 45792.3+2.2
Registered electors 495
Majority10516.1N/A
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +16.5
Majority253.84.7
Radical hold Swing 18.1
General election 1832: Wigan (2 seats) [63] [26] [67]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Ralph Thicknesse 302 30.7 17.0
Radical Richard Potter 296 30.1 +26.6
Radical James Whittle21221.5+18.0
Tory John Hodson Kearsley17417.727.6
Turnout 43590.1c.+58.4
Registered electors 483
Majority60.619.2
Whig hold Swing 19.7
Majority848.5N/A
Radical gain from Tory Swing +20.2
General election 1831: Wigan (2 seats) [26] [67]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Ralph Thicknesse 41 47.7 +41.9
Tory John Hodson Kearsley 24 27.9 18.0
Tory Richard Bootle-Wilbraham 1517.428.5
Radical Richard Potter 67.0+4.5
Turnout 38c.31.7c.20.0
Registered electors c.120
Majority1719.8N/A
Whig gain from Tory Swing +32.6
Majority910.516.8
Tory hold Swing 19.5
By-election, 1 March 1831: Wigan [26] [67]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Tory John Hodson Kearsley 48 92.3 +0.6
Whig James Hardcastle47.7+1.9
Majority4484.6+57.3
Turnout 52c.43.3c.8.4
Registered electors c.120
Tory hold Swing 0.7
  • Caused by Hodson's resignation
General election 1830: Wigan (2 seats) [26] [67]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Tory James Alexander Hodson 54 44.6
Tory James Lindsay (1793-1855) 45 37.2
Tory John Hodson Kearsley129.9
Whig James Hardcastle75.8
Radical Richard Potter 32.5
Majority3327.3
Turnout 62c.51.7
Registered electors c.120
Tory hold
Tory hold

See also

Notes

  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. Exceptions were the twenty-three borough constituencies, the City of London and the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin
  4. Nominee of the Lancashire and Cheshire Women's Textile and Other Workers Representation Committee

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Coordinates: 53°32′N2°38′W / 53.54°N 2.64°W / 53.54; -2.64