|Former County constituency |
for the House of Commons
Lancaster in Lancashire, showing boundaries used from 1974–1983
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Lancaster and Wyre, Morecambe and Lunesdale, Fylde|
|Created from||North Lancashire|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||North Lancashire|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
Lancaster was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1867, centred on the historic city of Lancaster in north-west England. It was represented by two Members of Parliament until the constituency was disenfranchised for corruption in 1867.
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Lancaster was re-established for the 1885 general election as a county constituency. It then returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, with elections held under the first-past-the-post system. This constituency in turn was abolished when it was largely replaced by the new Lancaster and Wyre constituency for the 1997 general election.
Lancaster returned Members to Parliament between 1295 and 1331 but is not known to have done so again, on the grounds of the poverty of the town's burgesses, until the election of William Banester in 1523.
Representation was reduced during the protectorate: Lancaster was not represented in the Barebones Parliament and sent only one Member to the first and second Protectorate Parliaments.
The two Member constituency was disenfranchised in 1867 for corruption and representation not restored until 1885 as a one Member constituency. The constituency was finally abolished in 1997 and replaced by the constituency of Lancaster and Wyre.
1885–1918: The Borough of Lancaster, the Sessional Divisions of Garstang and Hornby, and part of the Sessional Division of South Lonsdale.
1918–1950: The Boroughs of Lancaster and Morecambe, the Urban Districts of Heysham and Preesall, the Rural District of Garstang, and part of the Rural District of Lancaster.
1950–1983: The Borough of Lancaster, the Urban District of Carnforth, the Rural District of Lunesdale, and in the Rural District of Lancaster the parishes of Ashton with Stodday, Cockerham, Elllel, Heaton with Oxcliffe, Middleton, Overton, Over Wyresdale, Scotforth, and Thurnham.
1983–1997: The City of Lancaster wards of Bulk, Castle, Caton, Ellel, Hornby, John O'Gaunt, Scotforth East, Scotforth West, Skerton Central, Skerton East, and Skerton West, and the Borough of Wyre wards of Brock, Calder, Catterall, Duchy, Garstang, Great Eccleston, Pilling, and Wyresdale.
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1523||William Banester||?Lawrence Starkey|
|1529||Lawrence Starkey||Richard Southworth|
|1545||Sir John Baker||Sir Nicholas Hare|
|1547||Sir Thomas Chaloner|| Stephen Vaughan died |
and repl. by Jan 1552 by William Ward
|1553 (Mar)||John Caryll||Thomas Carus|
|1553 (Oct)||Sir Thomas Tresham||Thomas Carus|
|1554 (Apr)||John Heywood||George Felton|
|1554 (Nov)||Richard Baker||Richard Weston|
|1555||Thomas Carus||Thomas Hungate|
|1558||Sir Clement Heigham||William Rice|
|1559 (Jan)||Sir Thomas Benger||William Fleetwood|
|1562/1563||John Hales||William Fleetwood|
|1571||Henry Sadler||Miles Sandys|
|1572||Thomas Sadler||Henry Sadler|
|1584 (Nov)||Henry Sadler||Thomas Gerard|
|1586||Thomas Gerard||Henry Sadler|
|1588||Roger Dalton||John Atherton|
|1593||John Preston||John Awdeley|
|1597 (Oct)||Sir Thomas Hesketh||Edward Hubberd|
|1601 (Oct)||Sir Jerome Bowes||Sir Carew Reynell|
|1604||Sir Thomas Hesketh, died |
and repl. 1605 by Sir Thomas Howard
|1614||Thomas Fanshawe||William Fanshawe|
|1621||Sir Humphrey May||Thomas Fanshawe|
|1624|| Sir Humphrey May, sat for Leicester |
and repl. by John Selden
|1625||Sir Humphrey May||Sir Thomas Fanshawe|
|1626||Sir Thomas Fanshawe||Thomas Jermyn|
|1628||Sir Thomas Fanshawe||Francis Bindlosse|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
|Year||First member||First party||Second member||Second party|
|April 1640||Roger Kirkby||John Harrison|
|November 1640||Thomas Fanshawe||Royalist||John Harrison||Royalist|
|September 1642||Fanshawe disabled from sitting – seat vacant|
|September 1643||Harrison disabled from sitting – seat vacant|
|1645||Thomas Fell||Sir Robert Bindlosse|
|December 1648||Bindlosse excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant|
|1653||Lancaster was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament|
|1654||Major Henry Porter||Lancaster had only one seat in the First and |
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
|January 1659||Henry Porter, junior||Colonel William West|
|May 1659||Thomas Fell||One seat vacant|
|April 1660||Sir Gilbert Gerard||William West|
|1661||Richard Kirkby||Sir John Harrison|
|1685||Roger Kirkby||Henry Crispe|
|January 1689||Curwen Rawlinson||Thomas Preston|
|November 1689||Roger Kirkby|
|1702||Sir William Lowther|
|1716||William Heysham, junior|
|1722||Sir Thomas Lowther|
|1758||(Sir) George Warren|
|1773||Lord Richard Cavendish|
|1780||Wilson Braddyll||Abraham Rawlinson|
|1784||Captain Francis Reynolds|
|1786||Sir George Warren|
|1802||Alexander Hamilton, 10th Duke of Hamilton||Whig|
|1812||John Fenton-Cawthorne||Tory||Gabriel Doveton||Whig|
|1831||Patrick Maxwell Stewart||Whig|
|1848||Robert Baynes Armstrong||Radical|
|1864||Edward Matthew Fenwick||Liberal|
|1867||Constituency disfranchised for corruption|
|1918||Archibald Hunter||Coalition Conservative|
|1928 by-election||Robert Tomlinson||Liberal|
|1941 by-election||Fitzroy Maclean||Conservative|
|1970||Dame Elaine Kellett-Bowman||Conservative|
|1997||constituency abolished: see Lancaster and Wyre|
|Turnout||933 (est)||72.0 (est)|
|Conservative||Edward Dodson Salisbury||621||30.1||−1.7|
|Turnout||1,033 (est)||75.0 (est)||+3.0|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.6|
Gregson's election was declared void on petition due to bribery, causing a by-election.
|Radical||Robert Baynes Armstrong||636||50.6||+15.6|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||+15.6|
|Radical||Robert Baynes Armstrong||690||29.6||N/A|
|Turnout||1,165 (est)||83.6 (est)||+8.6|
|Radical gain from Peelite||Swing||N/A|
Armstrong's election was declared void due to corruption and bribery, causing a by-election.
|Peelite gain from Radical||Swing||+9.2|
|Turnout||1,069 (est)||80.5 (est)||−3.1|
|Conservative gain from Radical||Swing||+15.6|
|Conservative||William Allen Francis Saunders||509||22.4||−2.7|
|Liberal||Edward Matthew Fenwick||459||20.2||+0.8|
|Turnout||1,135 (est)||88.1 (est)||+7.6|
Garnett resigned, causing a by-election.
|Liberal||Edward Matthew Fenwick||682||56.5||+8.0|
|Conservative||William Allen Francis Saunders||525||43.5||−8.0|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+8.0|
Gregson's death caused a by-election.
|Liberal||Edward Matthew Fenwick||713||34.5||+14.3|
|Turnout||1,365 (est)||93.2 (est)||+5.1|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.3|
Extensive bribery caused both members to be unseated on 23 April 1866, and the seat to lose its right to return a member of Parliament under the Reform Act 1867. It was incorporated into North Lancashire.
|Liberal||James Carlile McCoan||3,530||44.6||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.7|
|Liberal Unionist||Thomas Storey||4,075||46.1||−2.6|
|Conservative||William Henry Foster||5,028||53.4||+7.3|
|Liberal||Isaac Saunders Leadam||4,394||46.6||−7.3|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+7.3|
|Conservative||William Henry Foster||5,069||49.8||−3.6|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.6|
|Conservative||William Henry Foster||5,640||46.4||−3.4|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+10.1|
|Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|Labour||Harold Mostyn Watkins||5,572||17.5||N/A|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+15.8|
|Labour||David R Davies||6,101||18.1||+0.6|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+9.3|
|Labour||Reginald Penrith Burnett||9,903||22.4||+4.9|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||−6.1|
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
|Independent Liberal||William Ross||6,551||23.6|
|Ind. Labour Party||Fenner Brockway||5,418||19.5|
|Labour||Albert Edward Victor Ainsworth Farrer||19,367||35.33|
|Labour||Albert Edward Victor Ainsworth Farrer||15,341||40.17||+4.84|
|Labour||Christopher Sebastian Bravery Attlee||15,324||43.54||+3.37|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+4.9|
|Liberal||Anthony Walstan Drury||6,898||17.0||+10.5|
|Independent Liberal||Philip Edgar Wallace||631||1.6|
|National Front||David F. White||196||0.48|
|Independent||Stuart R. Leach||179||0.4|
|Liberal Democrats||John C. Humberstone||6,524||14.1||−5.8|
|Natural Law||Robert Barcis||83||0.2||+0.2|
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
Lewes is a constituency in East Sussex represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Maria Caulfield, a Conservative.
Macclesfield is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by David Rutley, a Conservative.
Wigan is a constituency in Greater Manchester, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Lisa Nandy of the Labour Party.
Lincoln is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Karl McCartney, a Conservative Party politician.
Harwich was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Until its abolition for the 2010 general election it elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
Ipswich is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since December 2019 by Tom Hunt of the Conservatives.
Stroud is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament.
Morpeth was a borough constituency centred on the town of Morpeth in Northumberland represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of England until 1707, the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and then the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Derby is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1950. It was represented by two members of parliament. It was divided into the single-member constituencies of Derby North and Derby South in 1950.
Clitheroe was a parliamentary constituency in Lancashire.
Leeds was a parliamentary borough covering the town of Leeds, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. It was represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1885.
Rye was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Rye in East Sussex. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until its representation was halved under the Reform Act 1832.
Cricklade was a parliamentary constituency named after the town of Cricklade in Wiltshire.
Northallerton was a parliamentary borough in the North Riding of Yorkshire, represented by two Members of Parliament in the House of Commons briefly in the 13th century and again from 1640 to 1832, and by one member from 1832 until 1885.
Knaresborough was a parliamentary constituency which returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1868, and then one MP until its abolition in 1885.
East Cornwall was a county constituency in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system of election.
Kingston upon Hull, often simply referred to as Hull, was a parliamentary constituency in Yorkshire, electing two members of parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, from 1305 until 1885. Its MPs included the anti-slavery campaigner, William Wilberforce, and the poet Andrew Marvell.
Boston was a parliamentary borough in Lincolnshire, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1547 until 1885, and then one member from 1885 until 1918, when the constituency was abolished.
Leicester was a parliamentary borough in Leicestershire, which elected two members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1295 until 1918, when it was split into three single-member divisions.
Thomas Greene was a British Peelite, Conservative and Tory politician.