Peerage of the United Kingdom

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The Peerage of the United Kingdom is one of the five Peerages in the United Kingdom. It comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Acts of Union in 1801, when it replaced the Peerage of Great Britain. New peers continued to be created in the Peerage of Ireland until 1898 (the last creation was the Barony of Curzon of Kedleston)

Contents

The House of Lords Act 1999 reformed the House of Lords. Until then, all peers of the United Kingdom were automatically members of the House of Lords. However, from that date, most of the hereditary peers ceased to be members, whereas the life peers retained their seats. All hereditary peers of the first creation (i.e. those for whom a peerage was originally created, as opposed to those who inherited a peerage), and all surviving hereditary peers who had served as Leader of the House of Lords, were offered a life peerage to allow them to continue to sit in the House, should they wish.

Peers in the Peerage of Scotland and Peerage of Ireland did not have an automatic seat in the House of Lords following the Acts of Union of 1707 and 1800, though the law permitted a limited number to be elected by their fellows to serve in the House of Lords as representative peers. Some peerages of the United Kingdom were created to get around this obstacle and allow certain Scottish and Irish peers to enjoy the automatic right to sit in the House of Lords [1] [2] [lower-alpha 1] [4] [5] [lower-alpha 2]

Key

Non-partisan  Royal Family/Household
  Civil Service
  Clergy
  HM judiciary
  Commonwealth judiciary
  Privy Counsellor of the United Kingdom/Ireland/Northern Ireland
Partisan  Conservative Party
  Independent politician
  Irish Unionist Alliance
  Labour Party
  Liberal Party
  Liberal Unionist Party
  National Liberal Party
  Scottish Unionist Party
  Speaker of the House of Commons
  Tory Party
  Ulster Unionist Party
  Whig Party
 Commonwealth politician
 Other politician

Ranks

The ranks of the peerage are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, and Baron. [7]

The last non-royal dukedom was created in 1874, and the last marquessate was created in 1936. Creation of the remaining ranks, except baronies for life, mostly ceased once Harold Wilson's Labour government took office in 1964, and only fourteen (nine non-royal and five royal) people have been created hereditary peers since then. These were:

GranteeDate of CreationTitle(s)Noted for
Reginald Manningham-Buller, The 1st Baron Dilhorne 7 December 1964 Viscount Dilhorne Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
Robert Grimston, Bt. 11 December 1964 Baron Grimston of Westbury Former Member of Parliament
Frederick Erroll 19 December 1964 (extinct 2000)Baron Erroll of HaleFormer Cabinet Minister
Robert Renwick, Bt. 23 December 1964 Baron Renwick
Michael Hughes-Young 31 December 1964 Baron St Helens Former Member of Parliament
John Morrison 1 January 1965 Baron Margadale Former Chairman of the 1922 Committee
William Whitelaw 16 June 1983 (extinct 1999)Viscount WhitelawFormer Home Secretary
George Thomas 11 July 1983 (extinct 1997)Viscount TonypandyFormer Speaker of the House of Commons
Harold Macmillan 24 February 1984 Earl of Stockton
Viscount Macmillan of Ovenden
Former Prime Minister
Prince Andrew 23 July 1986 Duke of York
Earl of Inverness
Baron Killyleagh
Second son of Queen Elizabeth II on his wedding day
Prince Edward 19 June 1999 Earl of Wessex
Viscount Severn
Third son of Queen Elizabeth II on his wedding day
Prince William 29 April 2011 Duke of Cambridge
Earl of Strathearn
Baron Carrickfergus
First son of King Charles III on his wedding day
Prince Harry 18 May 2018 Duke of Sussex
Earl of Dumbarton
Baron Kilkeel
Second son of King Charles III on his wedding day
Prince Edward 10 March 2019 Earl of Forfar Third son of Queen Elizabeth II on 55th birthday (used by the Earl and his wife as their primary title when they are in Scotland) [8]
10 March 2023 Duke of Edinburgh Third son of Queen Elizabeth II on 59th birthday

Dukes in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

ShieldTitleCreationGranteeReasonMonarch
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Arms of the Duke of Wellington.svg
11 May 1814 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Arthur Wellesley, Marquess of Wellington Military Peerage–Army The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Egerton family COA (Dukes of Bridgewater, Dukes of Sutherland).svg
28 January 1833 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg George Leveson-Gower, Marquess of Stafford King William IV
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Grosvenor Duke of Westminster Coat of Arms.svg
27 February 1874 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Hugh Grosvenor, Marquess of Westminster Queen Victoria
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Duke of Richmond CoA.svg
13 January 1876 Flag of England.svg Charles Gordon-Lennox, Duke of Richmond Incumbent cabinet minister
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Arms of Leopold, Duke of Albany.svg
24 May 1881 Prince Leopold Currently suspended
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Duke of Argyll.svg
7 April 1892 Flag of Scotland.svg George Campbell, Duke of Argyll Former cabinet minister and father-in-law of Princess Louise daughter of Queen Victoria
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Arms of David Carnegie, 4th Duke of Fife, since 2017.svg
24 April 1900 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Alexander Duff, Earl of Fife Son-in-law of the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) [lower-alpha 3]
Coronet of a Grandchild of the Sovereign.svg
Arms of Richard, Duke of Gloucester.svg
31 March 1928Royal Standard of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester.svg Prince Henry On his 28th birthday King George V
Coronet of a Grandchild of the Sovereign.svg
Arms of Edward, Duke of Kent.svg
12 October 1934Royal Standard of Prince George, Duke of Kent.svg Prince George In anticipation of his forthcoming marriage to Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
Coronet of a Child of the Sovereign.svg
Arms of Andrew, Duke of York.svg
23 July 1986Royal Standard of Prince Andrew, Duke of York.svg Prince Andrew On his wedding day to Sarah Ferguson Queen Elizabeth II
Coronet of the British Heir Apparent.svg
Arms of the Prince of Wales.svg
29 April 2011Royal Standard of the Prince of Wales.svg Prince William of Wales On his wedding day to Catherine Middleton
Coronet of a Child of the Sovereign.svg
Arms of Harry, Duke of Sussex.svg
18 May 2018Royal Standard of Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex.svg Prince Henry of Wales On his wedding day to Meghan Markle
Coronet of a Child of the Sovereign.svg
Arms of Edward, Earl of Wessex.svg
10 March 2023Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex.svg Prince Edward On his 59th birthday, (Title not hereditary, it will become extinct on his death) King Charles III

Marquesses in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

ShieldTitleCreationGranteeReasonMonarch
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Arms of the House of Cecil.svg
4 February 1801 Flag of England.svg Henry Cecil, Earl of Exeter King George III
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Coat of arms of the Marquess of Northampton.svg
7 September 1812 Flag of England.svg Charles Compton, Earl of Northampton The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Marquess of Camden COA.svg
7 September 1812 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg John Pratt, Earl Camden Former Viceroy of Ireland
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Arms of the Duke of Wellington.svg
3 October 1812 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Arthur Wellesley, Earl of Wellington Military Peerage–Army
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Arms of Paget.svg
4 July 1815 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Henry Paget, Earl of Uxbridge Military Peerage–Army
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Arms of Cholmondeley, Marquess of Cholmondeley.svg
22 November 1815 Flag of England.svg George Cholmondeley, Earl of Cholmondeley Incumbent Lord Steward of the Household
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Arms of Brudenell Bruce, Marquess of Ailesbury.svg
17 July 1821 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Charles Brudenell-Bruce, Earl of Ailesbury King George IV
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Marquess of Bristol COA.svg
30 June 1826 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Frederick Hervey, Earl of Bristol
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Marquess of Ailsa COA.svg
10 September 1831 Flag of Scotland.svg Archibald Kennedy, Earl of Cassilis [note 2] King William IV
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Grosvenor Duke of Westminster Coat of Arms.svg
13 September 1831 Duke of Westminster in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Robert Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Marquess of Normanby COA.svg
25 June 1838 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Constantine Phipps, Earl of Mulgrave Incumbent Viceroy of Ireland Queen Victoria
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Arms of Neville, Marquess of Abergavenny.svg
14 January 1876 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg William Nevill, Earl of Abergavenny
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Marquess of Zetland COA.svg
22 August 1892 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Lawrence Dundas, Earl of Zetland Former Viceroy of Ireland
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Marquess of Linlithgow Arms.svg
27 October 1902 Flag of Scotland.svg John Hope, Earl of Hopetoun Incumbent Governor-General of Australia King Edward VII
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Arms of the Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair.svg
4 January 1916 Flag of Scotland.svg John Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen Former Governor General of Canada and former Viceroy of Ireland King George V
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Arms of Battenberg-Mountbatten.svg
7 November 1917 Flagge Grossherzogtum Hessen ohne Wappen.svg Prince Louis of Battenberg He relinquished his German titles
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Arms of Isaacs.svg
7 May 1926 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Rufus Isaacs, Earl of Reading Former Viceroy of India and former Lord Chief Justice of England

Earls in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

ShieldTitleCreationGranteeReasonMonarch
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of St Clair-Erskine, Earl of Rosslyn.svg
21 April 1801 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Alexander Wedderburn, Baron Loughborough Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain [note 1] King George III
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Craven arms.svg
18 June 1801 Flag of England.svg William Craven, Baron Craven
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Onslow arms.svg
19 June 1801 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg George Onslow, Baron Onslow
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Romney COA.svg
22 June 1801 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Charles Marsham, Baron Romney
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Pelham, Earls of Chichester.svg
23 June 1801 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Thomas Pelham, Baron Pelham of Stanmer
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Wilton COA.svg
26 June 1801 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Thomas Egerton, Baron Grey de Radcliffe [note 1]
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Herbert arms.svg
14 May 1804 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Edward Clive, Baron Clive Incumbent Viceroy of Ireland
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson.svg
20 November 1805 William Nelson Brother of Horatio Nelson [note 1]
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Grey, Earl Grey.svg
11 April 1806 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Charles Grey, Baron Grey Military Peerage–Army
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Lowther arms.svg
7 April 1807 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg William Lowther, Viscount Lowther
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Harrowby COA.svg
19 July 1809 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Dudley Ryder, Baron Harrowby Former Foreign Secretary
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Arms of the Duke of Wellington.svg
28 February 1812 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Arthur Wellesley, Viscount Wellington Military Peerage–Army
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Marquess of Normanby COA.svg
7 September 1812 Marquess of Normanby in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg Henry Phipps, Baron Mulgrave Former Foreign Secretary
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Lascelles arms.svg
7 September 1812 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Edward Lascelles, Baron Harewood
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Minto COA.svg
24 February 1813 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, Baron Minto Incumbent Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Cathcart arms.svg
16 July 1814 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg William Cathcart, Viscount Cathcart Military Peerage–Army
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Verulam COA.svg
24 November 1815 Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg James Grimston, Viscount Grimston
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Eliot arms.svg
28 November 1815 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg John Eliot, Baron Eliot [note 1]
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
COA of Parker, Earls of Morley.svg
29 November 1815 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg John Parker, Baron Boringdon
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Bradford COA.svg
30 November 1815 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Orlando Bridgeman, Baron Bradford
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Eldon COA.svg
7 July 1821 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg John Scott, Baron Eldon Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain King George IV
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl Howe COA.svg
16 July 1821 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Richard Curzon-Howe, Viscount Curzon
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Stradbroke COA.svg
18 July 1821 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg John Rous, Baron Rous
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl Temple of Stowe COA.svg
4 February 1822 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Marquess of Buckingham [note 1]
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Arms of Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Marquess of Londonderry.svg
Earl Vane
Viscount Seaham
8 July 1823 Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg Charles Vane, Marquess of Londonderry Former Ambassador to Austria [note 1]
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Cawdor COA.svg
6 October 1827 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg John Campbell, Baron Cawdor
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Cavendish arms.svg
15 September 1831Held by the Duke of Devonshire in the Peerage of England since 1858 . King William IV
Lord George Cavendish [note 3]
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Lichfield COA.svg
15 September 1831 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Thomas Anson, Viscount Anson Incumbent Master of the Buckhounds
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Durham COA.svg
23 March 1833 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg John Lambton, Baron Durham Incumbent Ambassador to Russia
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
LevesonGowerEarlGranvilleArms.png
10 May 1833 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Granville Leveson-Gower, Viscount Granville Incumbent Ambassador to France and former Ambassador to Russia
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Howard arms (augmented).svg
27 January 1837 Flag of England.svg Kenneth Howard, Baron Howard of Effingham Military Peerage–Army
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Ducie COA.svg
28 January 1837 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Thomas Reynolds-Moreton, Baron Ducie
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Pelham, Earls of Chichester.svg
30 January 1837 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Charles Anderson-Pelham, Baron Yarborough
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Coat of arms of the Duke of Roxburghe.svg
11 August 1837 Flag of Scotland.svg James Innes-Ker, Duke of Roxburghe Queen Victoria
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Coke, Earls of Leicester.svg
12 August 1837 Thomas Coke
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Marquess of Zetland COA.svg
2 July 1838 Marquess of Zetland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Lawrence Dundas, Baron Dundas
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Noel, Earl of Gainsborough.svg
16 August 1841 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Charles Noel, Baron Barham
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Egerton family COA (Dukes of Bridgewater, Dukes of Sutherland).svg
6 July 1846Held by the Duke of Sutherland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1963 .
Lord Francis Egerton [note 4] Former cabinet minister
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Byng, Earl of Strafford.svg
18 September 1847 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg John Byng, Baron Strafford Military Peerage–Army
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Cottenham COA.svg
11 June 1850 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Charles Pepys, Baron Cottenham Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Cowley COA.svg
11 April 1857 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Henry Wellesley, Baron Cowley Incumbent Ambassador to France
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Eglinton and Winton arms.svg
23 June 1859 Flag of Scotland.svg Archibald Montgomerie, Earl of Eglinton Incumbent Viceroy of Ireland
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
COA - Ward, Earl of Dudley.svg
17 February 1860 Flag of England.svg William Ward, Baron Ward
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Russell arms (Earl Russell).svg
30 July 1861 Lord John Russell [note 5] Former Prime Minister
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of the Earl of Cromartie.svg
21 October 1861 Anne Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, Duchess of Sutherland [note 1]
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Wodehouse arms, Earl of Kimberley.svg
1 June 1866 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg John Wodehouse, Baron Wodehouse Incumbent Viceroy of Ireland
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Wharncliffe COA.svg
15 January 1876 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Edward Montagu-Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie, Baron Wharncliffe [note 1]
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Cairns arms.svg
27 September 1878 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Hugh Cairns, Baron Cairns Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
COA of Bulwer-Lytton.svg
28 April 1880 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Robert Bulwer-Lytton, Baron Lytton Incumbent Viceroy of India
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Palmer, Earl of Selborne.svg
30 December 1882 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Roundell Palmer, Baron Selborne Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Northcote arms.svg
3 July 1885 Ulster.svg Stafford Northcote, Bt. Incumbent First Lord of the Treasury
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Cranbrook COA.svg
22 August 1892 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, Viscount Cranbrook Former Home Secretary
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Cromer COA.svg
6 August 1901 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Evelyn Baring, Viscount Cromer Incumbent Consul-General of Egypt King Edward VII
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Plymouth COA.svg
18 December 1905 Flag of England.svg Robert Windsor-Clive, Baron Windsor Former cabinet minister
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Foljambe E of Liverpool.svg
22 December 1905 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Cecil Foljambe, Baron Hawkesbury Incumbent Lord Steward of the Household
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Rosebery COA.svg
3 July 1911 Flag of Scotland.svg Archibald Primrose, Earl of Rosebery Former Prime Minister King George V
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Saint Aldwyn COA.svg
22 February 1915 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Michael Hicks Beach, Viscount St Aldwyn Former Chancellor of the Exchequer
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Arms of Isaacs.svg
20 December 1917 Marquess of Reading in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Rufus Isaacs, Viscount Reading Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of England
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Beatty COA.svg
27 September 1919 David Beatty Military Peerage–Navy
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Haig.svg
29 September 1919 Douglas Haig Military Peerage–Army
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Guinness, Earl of Iveagh.svg
30 September 1919 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Edward Guinness, Viscount Iveagh
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Balfour (Earl of Balfour).svg
5 May 1922 Arthur Balfour Former Prime Minister [note 1]
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Asquith arms.svg
9 February 1925 H. H. Asquith Former Prime Minister
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
John Jellicoe Arms.svg
29 June 1925 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg John Jellicoe, Viscount Jellicoe Former Governor-General of New Zealand
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Inchcape COA.svg
20 June 1929 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg James Mackay, Viscount Inchcape Chairman of Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl Peel COA.svg
10 July 1929 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg William Peel, Viscount Peel Former cabinet minister
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of the Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne.svg
1 June 1937 Flag of Scotland.svg Claude Bowes-Lyon, Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne Father-in-law of King George VI King George VI
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Baldwin of Bewdley.svg
8 June 1937 Stanley Baldwin Former Prime Minister
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Halifax COA.svg
11 July 1944 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Edward Wood, Viscount Halifax Former Viceroy of India
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Ruthven (ancient).svg
8 January 1945 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Alexander Hore-Ruthven, Baron Gowrie Incumbent Governor-General of Australia
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Lloyd George, Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor.svg
12 February 1945 David Lloyd George Former Prime Minister
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Lord Mountbatten of Burma-CoA-Knatchbull-Shield.svg
18 October 1947 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Louis Mountbatten, Viscount Mountbatten of Burma Incumbent Governor-General of India [note 1]
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Alexander of Caledon.svg
11 March 1952 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Harold Alexander, Viscount Alexander of Tunis Former Governor General of Canada Queen Elizabeth II
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Swinton COA.svg
5 May 1955 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Philip Cunliffe-Lister, Viscount Swinton Former cabinet minister
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Clement Attlee.svg
16 December 1955 Clement Attlee Former Prime Minister
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Woolton COA.svg
9 December 1956 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Frederick Marquis, Viscount Woolton Former Chairman of the Conservative Party
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms Armstrong-Jones.svg
6 October 1961 Antony Armstrong-Jones Husband of Princess Margaret
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of the Earl of Stockton.svg
24 February 1984 Harold Macmillan Former Prime Minister
Coronet of a Child of the Sovereign.svg
Arms of Edward, Earl of Wessex.svg
19 June 1999Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex.svg Prince Edward On his wedding day to Sophie Rhys-Jones
Coronet of a Child of the Sovereign.svg
Arms of Edward, Earl of Wessex.svg
10 March 2019Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Duke of Edinburgh (in Scotland).svg Prince Edward On his 55th Birthday, (Title used in Scotland only)

Viscounts in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

ShieldTitleCreationGranteeReasonMonarch
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Arms of the Viscount St Vincent.svg
27 April 1801 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg John Jervis, Earl of St Vincent Military Peerage–Navy [note 1] King George III
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl Howe COA.svg
27 February 1802 Earl Howe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Assheton Curzon, Baron Curzon
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Melville Escutcheon.png
24 December 1802 Henry Dundas Former Home Secretary
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Addington arms (Viscount Sidmouth).svg
12 January 1805 Henry Addington Former Prime Minister
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Lichfield COA.svg
17 February 1806 Earl of Lichfield in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Thomas Anson Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Cathcart arms.svg
9 November 1807 Earl Cathcart in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Flag of Scotland.svg William Cathcart, Lord Cathcart [note 2] Military Peerage Army
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Arms of the Duke of Wellington.svg
4 September 1809 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Arthur Wellesley [note 6] Military Peerage–Army
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Arms of the Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair.svg
16 July 1814 Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair in the Peerage of the United Kingdom The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III
Flag of Scotland.svg George Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen [note 2] Former Ambassador to Austria
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
LevesonGowerEarlGranvilleArms.png
12 August 1815 Earl Granville in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Lord Granville Leveson-Gower [note 7] Former cabinet minister
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Arms of the Viscount Exmouth.svg
10 December 1816 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Edward Pellew, Baron Exmouth Military Peerage–Navy
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Donoughmore COA.svg
14 July 1821 Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg Richard Hely-Hutchinson, Earl of Donoughmore [note 1] King George IV
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Clancarty COA.svg
8 December 1823 Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg Richard Trench, Earl of Clancarty Incumbent Ambassador to the Netherlands
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Coats of arms of None.svg
8 February 1827 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Stapleton Cotton, Baron Combermere Military Peerage–Army
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Arms of Clegg-Hill, Viscount Hill.svg
27 September 1842 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Rowland Hill, Baron Hill Military Peerage–Army [note 1] Queen Victoria
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Blazon of Viscounts Hardinge (1846).svg
2 May 1846 Henry Hardinge Incumbent Viceroy of India
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Halifax COA.svg
21 February 1866 Earl of Halifax in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Ulster.svg Charles Wood, Bt. Former Chancellor of the Exchequer
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Arms of the Viscount of Bridport.svg
6 July 1868 Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg Alexander Hood, Baron Bridport Military Peerage–Army
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Arms of the Viscount Portman.svg
28 March 1873 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Edward Portman, Baron Portman
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Cranbrook COA.svg
4 May 1878 Earl of Cranbrook in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Gathorne Hardy Former Home Secretary
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Hampden Escutcheon.png
4 March 1884 Henry Brand [note 8] Former Speaker of the House of Commons
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Blazon of Smith (Viscount Hambleden, 1891).svg
11 November 1891 Emily Smith Widow of the First Lord of the Treasury William Henry Smith [note 1]
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl Peel COA.svg
9 May 1895 Earl Peel in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Arthur Peel Former Speaker of the House of Commons
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Holland (of Sandlebridge) Escutcheon.png
3 August 1895 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Henry Holland, Baron Knutsford Former cabinet minister
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Arms of the Viscount Esher.svg
11 November 1897 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg William Brett, Baron Esher Former Master of the Rolls
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Cromer COA.svg
25 July 1899 Earl of Cromer in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Evelyn Baring, Baron Cromer Incumbent Consul-General of Egypt
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
COA of Goschen, Viscounts Goschen.svg
18 December 1900 George Goschen Former Chancellor of the Exchequer
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
COA of Ridley.svg
19 December 1900 Ulster.svg Matthew White Ridley, Bt. Former Home Secretary
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12 July 1902 Flag of Scotland.svg Charles Colville, Lord Colville of Culross [note 2] Former Master of the Buckhounds King Edward VII
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6 July 1905 William Gully Former Speaker of the House of Commons
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18 December 1905 Earl of Iveagh in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Edward Guinness, Baron Iveagh
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19 December 1905 Earl Spencer in the Peerage of Great Britain .
Charles Spencer [note 9] Incumbent Lord Chamberlain of the Household
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Earl of Saint Aldwyn COA.svg
6 January 1906 Earl St Aldwyn in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Michael Hicks Beach Former Chancellor of the Exchequer
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4 July 1911 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Francis Knollys, Baron Knollys Incumbent Private Secretary to the Sovereign King George V
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5 July 1911 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Wentworth Beaumont, Baron Allendale
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6 July 1911 Aretas Akers-Douglas Former Home Secretary
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2 November 1911 Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg George Curzon, Baron Curzon of Kedleston Former Viceroy of India [note 1]
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22 June 1916 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg John Bigham, Baron Mersey Judicial Peer
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26 June 1916 Marquess of Reading in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Rufus Isaacs, Baron Reading Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of England
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2 January 1917 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Weetman Pearson, Baron Cowdray Incumbent cabinet minister
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23 June 1917 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Hudson Kearley, Baron Devonport Former cabinet minister
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23 June 1917 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg William Waldorf Astor, Baron Astor The first man from the United States to be created a Hereditary Peer
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John Jellicoe Arms.svg
15 January 1918 Earl Jellicoe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
John Jellicoe Military Peerage–Navy [note 1]
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15 June 1918 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Ivor Guest, Baron Wimborne Incumbent Viceroy of Ireland
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17 June 1918 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg John Philipps, Baron St Davids
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17 May 1919 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Harold Harmsworth, Baron Rothermere Founder of the Daily Mail
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7 October 1919 Edmund Allenby Military Peerage–Army [note 1]
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3 June 1921 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Frederic Thesiger, Baron Chelmsford Incumbent Viceroy of India
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4 June 1921 Walter Long Former Leader of the Irish Unionist Alliance
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8 July 1921 James Lowther [note 10] Former Speaker of the House of Commons
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20 February 1923 Ulster.svg George Younger, Bt. Former Chairman of the Conservative Party
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Earl of Inchcape COA.svg
21 January 1924 Earl of Inchcape in the Peerage in the United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg James Mackay, Baron Inchcape Chairman of Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company
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16 June 1925 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Marcus Samuel, Baron Bearsted Founder of Royal Dutch Shell
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20 January 1927 Ulster.svg James Craig, Bt. Incumbent Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
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18 June 1929 William Bridgeman [note 11] Former Home Secretary
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4 July 1929 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Douglas Hogg, Baron Hailsham Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
Brentford Achievement.png 5 July 1929 Ulster.svg William Joynson-Hicks, Bt. Former Home Secretary
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24 February 1933 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Stanley Buckmaster, Baron Buckmaster Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
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24 June 1935 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Charles Bathurst, Baron Bledisloe Former Governor-General of New Zealand
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Earl of Swinton COA.svg
29 November 1935 Earl of Swinton in the Peerage in the United Kingdom
Philip Cunliffe-Lister Incumbent cabinet minister
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17 January 1936 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Ernest Pollock, Baron Hanworth Incumbent Master of the Rolls
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31 January 1936 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Hugh Trenchard, Baron Trenchard Former Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police King Edward VIII
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8 June 1937 Herbert Samuel Former Home Secretary King George VI
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10 June 1937 Walter Runciman [note 12] Former cabinet minister
Davidson Achievement.png 11 June 1937 J. C. C. Davidson Former Chairman of the Conservative Party
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25 June 1938 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg William Weir, Baron Weir Former cabinet minister
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Earl of Kintore COA.svg
27 June 1938Held by the Earl of Kintore in the Peerage of Scotland since 1974 .
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg John Baird, Baron Stonehaven Former Governor-General of Australia
Caldecote Achievement.png 6 September 1939 Thomas Inskip Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
Camrose Achievement.png 20 January 1941 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg William Berry, Baron Camrose Co-owner of The Daily Telegraph
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12 January 1942 William Wedgwood Benn Former cabinet minister
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27 April 1942 David Margesson Former cabinet minister
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3 May 1943 Muriel FitzRoy Widow of the Speaker of the House of Commons Edward FitzRoy [note 1]
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2 July 1945 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Christopher Addison, Baron Addison Former cabinet minister
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12 September 1945 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Gomer Berry, Baron Kemsley Co-owner of The Daily Telegraph
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