Peerage of England

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The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. In that year, the Peerages of England and Scotland were replaced by one Peerage of Great Britain.

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English Peeresses obtained their first seats in the House of Lords under the Peerage Act 1963 from which date until the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999 all Peers of England could sit in the House of Lords.

The ranks of the English peerage are, in descending order, Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, and Baron. While most newer English peerages descend only in the male line, many of the older ones (particularly older baronies) can descend through females. Such peerages follow the old English inheritance law of moieties so all daughters (or granddaughters through the same root) stand as co-heirs, so some such titles are in such a state of abeyance between these.

Baronets, while holders of hereditary titles, as such are not peers and not entitled to stand for internal delegation, that is election, in the House of Lords. Knights, Dames and holders of other non-hereditary orders, decorations and medals are also not peers.

In the following table, each peer is listed only by his or her highest English title (with the exception of the Duke of Norfolk/Earl of Arundel) showing higher or equal titles in the other peerages. Those peers who are known by a higher title in one of the other peerages are listed in italics.

Dukes in the Peerage of England

TitleCreationOther Dukedom or higher titles
The Duke of Cornwall 1337Usually Prince of Wales as the heir to the throne
Duke of Rothesay in the Peerage of Scotland.
The Duke of Norfolk 1483 [1]
The Duke of Somerset 1547
The Duke of Richmond 1675 Duke of Lennox in the Peerage of Scotland;
Duke of Gordon in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Duke of Grafton 1675
The Duke of Beaufort 1682
The Duke of St Albans 1684
The Duke of Bedford 1694
The Duke of Devonshire 1694
The Duke of Marlborough 1702
The Duke of Rutland 1703

Marquesses in the Peerage of England

TitleCreationOther Marquisette or higher titles
The Marquess of Winchester 1551 [2]

Earls in the Peerage of England

TitleCreationOther Earldom or higher titles
The Earl of Arundel 1138 [3]
Oldest Extant Earldom;
Oldest Extant Peerage
Duke of Norfolk in the Peerage of England;
Earl Marshal .
The Earl of Shrewsbury 1442
[4] [5]
Earl Talbot in the Peerage of Great Britain;
Earl of Waterford in the Peerage of Ireland.
The Earl of Derby 1485
The Earl of Huntingdon 1529
The Earl of Pembroke 1551 Earl of Montgomery in Peerage of England.
The Earl of Devon 1553
The Earl of Lincoln 1572
The Earl of Suffolk 1603 Earl of Berkshire in Peerage of England.
The Earl of Exeter 1605 Marquess of Exeter in the Peerage of the United Kingdom .
The Earl of Salisbury 1605 Marquess of Salisbury in the Peerage of Great Britain .
The Earl of Montgomery 1605Held with the Earl of Pembroke in Peerage of England.
The Earl of Northampton 1618 Marquess of Northampton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom .
The Earl of Denbigh 1622? Earl of Desmond in the Peerage of Ireland.
The Earl of Westmorland 1624
The Earl of Manchester 1626 Duke of Manchester in the Peerage of Great Britain .
The Earl of Berkshire 1626Held with the Earl of Suffolk in Peerage of England.
The Earl of Lindsey 1626 Earl of Abingdon in Peerage of England.
The Earl of Winchilsea 1628 Earl of Nottingham in Peerage of England.
The Earl of Sandwich 1660
The Earl of Essex 1661
The Earl of Carlisle 1661
The Earl of Doncaster 1663 Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry in the Peerage of Scotland .
The Earl of Shaftesbury 1672
The Earl of Nottingham 1681Held with the Earl of Winchilsea in Peerage of England.
The Earl of Abingdon 1682Held with the Earl of Lindsey in Peerage of England.
The Earl of Portland 1689
The Earl of Scarbrough 1690
The Earl of Albemarle 1697
The Earl of Coventry 1697
The Earl of Jersey 1697?
The Earl of Cholmondeley 1706 Marquess of Cholmondeley in the Peerage of the United Kingdom .

Viscounts in the Peerage of England

TitleCreationOther Viscountcy or higher titles
The Viscount Hereford 1550 [6]
The Viscount Townshend 1682 Marquess Townshend in the Peerage of Great Britain .
The Viscount Weymouth 1682 Marquess of Bath in the Peerage of Great Britain .

Barons and Baronesses in the Peerage of England

TitleCreationOther Barony or higher titles
The Baron de Ros 1264 [7]
The Baron le Despencer 1264 Viscount Falmouth in the Peerage of Great Britain .
The Baron Mowbray 1283 Baron Segrave and Baron Stourton in Peerage of England.
The Baron Hastings 1295
The Baron FitzWalter 1295
The Baron Segrave 1295 Baron Mowbray and Baron Stourton in Peerage of England.
The Baron Clinton 1299
The Baron De La Warr 1299 Earl De La Warr in the Peerage of Great Britain .
The Baron de Clifford 1299
The Baron Strange 1299 Viscount St Davids in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Held with Baron Hungerford and Baron de Moleyns in Peerage of England.
The Baron Zouche 1308
The Baroness Willoughby de Eresby 1313
The Baron Strabolgi 1318
The Baroness Dacre 1321
The Baron Darcy de Knayth 1332
The Baron Cromwell 1375
The Baron Camoys 1383
The Baron Grey of Codnor 1397
The Baron Berkeley 1421 Lord Gueterbock for Life in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Baron Hungerford 1426 Viscount St Davids in the Peerage of the United Kingdom .
Held with Baron Stange and Baron de Moleyns in Peerage of England.
The Baron Latymer 1432
The Baron Dudley 1440
The Baron de Moleyns 1445 Viscount St Davids in the Peerage of the United Kingdom .
Held with Baron Stange and Baron Hungerford in Peerage of England.
The Baron Saye and Sele 1447
The Baron Stourton 1448 Baron Mowbray and Baron Segrave in Peerage of England.
The Baroness Berners 1455
The Baron Herbert 1461
The Baron Willoughby de Broke 1491
The Baron Vaux of Harrowden 1523
The Baroness Braye 1529
The Baron Windsor 1529 Earl of Plymouth in the Peerage of the United Kingdom .
The Baron Burgh 1529
The Baron Wharton 1544
The Baron Howard of Effingham 1554 Earl of Effingham in the Peerage of the United Kingdom .
The Baron St John of Bletso 1559
The Baroness Howard de Walden 1597
The Baron Petre 1603
The Baron Clifton 1608 Earl of Darnley in the Peerage of Ireland .
The Baron Dormer 1615
The Baron Teynham 1616
The Baron Brooke 1621 Earl Brooke and of Warwick in the Peerage of Great Britain .
The Baron Craven 1626 Earl of Craven in the Peerage of Great Britain .
The Baron Strange 1628
The Baron Stafford 1640
The Baron Byron 1643
The Baron Ward 1644 Earl of Dudley in the Peerage of the United Kingdom .
The Baron Lucas 1663 Lord Dingwall in the Peerage of Scotland.
The Baroness Arlington 1665
The Baron Clifford of Chudleigh 1672
The Baron Guilford 1683 Earl of Guilford in the Peerage of Great Britain .
The Baron Waldegrave 1683 Earl Waldegrave in the Peerage of Great Britain .
The Baron Barnard 1698
The Baron Guernsey 1703 Earl of Aylesford in the Peerage of Great Britain .
The Baron Gower 1703 Duke of Sutherland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom .
The Baron Conway 1703 Marquess of Hertford in the Peerage of Great Britain .
The Baron Hervey 1703 Marquess of Bristol in the Peerage of the United Kingdom .

See also

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References

  1. Premier Duke of England
  2. Premier Marquess of England
  3. G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910–1959; reprinted in six volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 233. Cited at The Peerage.com, Page 10225 (retrieved 19 August 2018).
  4. Premier Earl of England
  5. Debretts Peerage
  6. Premier Viscount of England
  7. Premier Baron of England