Duke of Lennox

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Dukedom of Lennox
held with
Dukedom of Richmond, Dukedom of Gordon
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Duke of Richmond CoA.svg
Arms of the Duke of Richmond, Lennox and Gordon
Creation date1581 (first creation)
1675 (second creation)
Created by James VI (first creation)
Charles II (second creation)
Peerage Peerage of Scotland
First holder Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox
Present holder Charles Gordon-Lennox, 11th Duke of Richmond
Heir apparentCharles Gordon-Lennox, Earl of March and Kinrara
Remainder tothe 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Extinction date1672 (first creation)
Seat(s) Goodwood House

The title Duke of Lennox has been created several times in the peerage of Scotland, for Clan Stewart of Darnley. The dukedom, named for the district of Lennox in Dumbarton, was first created in 1581, and had formerly been the Earldom of Lennox. The second duke was made Duke of Richmond; at his death, the dukedom of Richmond became extinct. The fourth duke was also created Duke of Richmond; at the death of the sixth duke, both dukedoms became extinct. The Dukedom of Richmond and one month later that of Lennox were created in 1675 for Charles Lennox, an illegitimate son of Charles II. The Duke of Richmond and Lennox was created Duke of Gordon in 1876. Thus, the duke holds four dukedoms (if including Aubigny-sur-Nère), more than any other person in the realm; or (not counting the putative French title) three, equal since 2022 to Prince William, Duke of Cornwall, of Rothesay and of Cambridge.


Dukes of Lennox (1581)

Arms of Esme Stuart, 1st Duke of Lennox Blason Esme Stuart (1542-1583) 1er Duc de Lennox.svg
Arms of Esmé Stuart, 1st Duke of Lennox
Created by James VI of Scotland
#NamePeriodDuchessNotesOther titles
1 Esmé Stewart
1581-1583Catherine de BalsacRelative and favourite of King James VI Earl of Lennox
2 Ludovic Stewart
1583-1624 Lady Frances Howard Son of the preceding Duke of Richmond
Earl of Lennox
Earl of Richmond
3 Esmé Stewart
1624 Katherine Clifton, 2nd Baroness Clifton Brother of the preceding Earl of Lennox
Earl of March
4 James Stewart
1624-1655 Lady Mary Villiers Son of the preceding Duke of Richmond
Earl of Lennox
Earl of March
Baron Clifton
5 Esmé Stewart
1655-1660unmarriedSon of the preceding
6 Charles Stewart
1660-1672Lady Elizabeth Rogers
Lady Margaret Banaster
Frances Stewart
Cousin of the preceding Duke of Richmond
Earl of Lennox
Earl of March
Earl of Lichfield
Baron Clifton

Dukes of Lennox (1675)

Created by Charles II of Scotland
#NamePeriodDuchessNotesOther titles
1 Charles Lennox
1675-1723Lady Anne BrudenellExtramarital son of Charles II Duke of Richmond
Earl of March
Earl of Darnley
Baron of Settrington
Lord of Torboulton
2 Charles Lennox
1723-1750 Lady Sarah Cadogan Son of the preceding
3 Charles Lennox
1750-1806Lady Mary BruceSon of the preceding
4 Charles Lennox
1806-1819 Lady Charlotte Gordon Nephew of the preceding
5 Charles Gordon-Lennox
1819-1860Lady Caroline PagetSon of the preceding
6 Charles Gordon-Lennox
1860-1903Lady Frances GrevilleSon of the preceding Duke of Richmond
Duke of Gordon
Earl of March
Earl of Darnley
Earl of Kinrar
Baron of Settrington
Lord of Torboulton
7 Charles Gordon-Lennox
1903-1928widowedSon of the preceding
8 Charles Gordon-Lennox
1928-1935 Hilda Brassey Son of the preceding
9 Frederick Gordon-Lennox
1935-1989Elizabeth HudsonSon of the preceding
10 Charles Gordon-Lennox
1989-2017Susan Grenville-GreySon of the preceding
11 Charles Gordon-Lennox
b. 1955
since 2017Janet Elizabeth AstorSon of the preceding

The heir apparent is Charles Gordon-Lennox (b. 1994), eldest son of the 11th Duke.

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See also

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