Duke of Lennox

Last updated
Dukedom of Lennox
held with
Dukedom of Richmond, Dukedom of Gordon
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Duke of Richmond CoA.svg
Arms of the Duke of Richmond, Lennox and Gordon
Creation date1581 (first creation)
1675 (second creation)
Monarch James VI (first creation)
Charles II (second creation)
Peerage Peerage of Scotland
First holder Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox
Present holder Charles Gordon-Lennox, 11th Duke of Richmond
Heir apparentCharles Gordon-Lennox, Earl of March and Kinrara
Remainder tothe 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Extinction date1672 (first creation)
Seat(s) Goodwood House

The title Duke of Lennox has been created several times in the Peerage of Scotland, for Clan Stewart of Darnley. The Dukedom, named for the district of Lennox in Stirling, was first created in 1581, and had formerly been the Earldom of Lennox. The second Duke was made Duke of Richmond; at his death, the dukedom of Richmond became extinct. The fourth Duke of Lennox was also created Duke of Richmond; at the death of the sixth Duke, both the dukedoms became extinct. The Dukedom of Richmond and one month later that of Lennox were created in 1675 for Charles Lennox, an illegitimate son of Charles II. The Duke of Richmond and Lennox was created Duke of Gordon in 1876. Thus, the Duke holds four dukedoms (including Aubigny-sur-Nère), more than any other person in the realm.

The Peerage of Scotland is the section of the Peerage of the British Isles for those peers created by the King of Scots before 1707. Following that year's Treaty of Union, the Kingdom of Scots and the Kingdom of England were combined under the name of Great Britain, and a new Peerage of Great Britain was introduced in which subsequent titles were created.

Stewart of Darnley was a notable Scots family, a branch of the Clan Stewart, who provided the English Stuart monarchs with their male-line Stuart descent, after the reunion of their branch with the royal Scottish branch, which led to the ultimate union of the two main kingdoms of Great Britain: England and Scotland.

Earl of Lennox

The Earl or Mormaer of Lennox was the ruler of the district of the Lennox in western Scotland.

Contents

Dukes of Lennox (1581)

Arms of Esme Stuart, 1st Duke of Lennox Blason Esme Stuart (1542-1583) 1er Duc de Lennox.svg
Arms of Esmé Stuart, 1st Duke of Lennox
Created by James VI of Scotland
#NamePeriodDuchessNotesOther titles
1 Esmé Stewart
1542-1583
1581-1583Catherine de BalsacRelative and favourite of King James VI Earl of Lennox
2 Ludovic Stewart
1574-1624
1583-1624 Lady Frances Howard Son of the preceding Duke of Richmond
Earl of Lennox
Earl of Richmond
3 Esmé Stewart
1579-1624
1624 Katherine Clifton, 2nd Baroness Clifton Brother of the preceding Earl of Lennox
Earl of March
4 James Stewart
1612-1655
1624-1655 Lady Mary Villiers Son of the preceding Duke of Richmond
Earl of Lennox
Earl of March
Baron Stuart of Leighton Bromswold
5 Esmé Stewart
1649-1660
1655-1660unmarriedSon of the preceding
6 Charles Stewart
1639-1672
1660-1672Lady Elizabeth Rogers
Lady Margaret Banaster
Frances Stewart
Cousin of the preceding Duke of Richmond
Earl of Lennox
Earl of March
Earl of Lichfield
Baron Stuart of Leighton Bromswold
Baron Clifton

Dukes of Lennox (1675)

Created by Charles II of Scotland
#NamePeriodDuchessNotesOther titles
1 Charles Lennox
1672-1723
1675-1723Lady Anne BrudenellExtramarital son of Charles II Duke of Richmond
Earl of March
Earl of Darnley
Baron of Settrington
Lord of Torboulton
2 Charles Lennox
1701-1750
1723-1750 Lady Sarah Cadogan Son of the preceding
3 Charles Lennox
1735-1806
1750-1806Lady Mary BruceSon of the preceding
4 Charles Lennox
1764-1819
1806-1819 Lady Charlotte Gordon Nephew of the preceding
5 Charles Gordon-Lennox
1791-1860
1819-1860Lady Caroline PagetSon of the preceding
6 Charles Gordon-Lennox
1818-1903
1860-1903Lady Frances GrevilleSon of the preceding Duke of Richmond
Duke of Gordon
Earl of March
Earl of Darnley
Earl of Kinrar
Baron of Settrington
Lord of Torboulton
7 Charles Gordon-Lennox
1845-1928
1903-1928widowedSon of the preceding
8 Charles Gordon-Lennox
1870-1935
1928-1935 Hilda Brassey Son of the preceding
9 Frederick Gordon-Lennox
1904-1989
1935-1989Elizabeth HudsonSon of the preceding
10 Charles Gordon-Lennox
1929-2017
1989-2017Susan Grenville-GreySon of the preceding
11 Charles Gordon-Lennox
b. 1955
since 2017Janet Elizabeth AstorSon of the preceding

The heir apparent is Charles Gordon-Lennox (b. 1994), eldest son of the 11th Duke.

Family Tree

Stewart & Lennox Family Tree: Earls and Dukes of Lennox
EARL OF LENNOX, 1488
John Stewart,
1st Earl of Lennox

(c.1430–1495)
Matthew Stewart,
2nd Earl of Lennox

(1488–1513)
John Stewart,
3rd Earl of Lennox

(c.1490–1526)
EARL OF LENNOX, 1578
(DISCLAIMED 1580)
Matthew Stewart,
4th Earl of Lennox

(1516–1571)
Robert Stewart,
1st (6th) Earl of Lennox

(c.1517–1586)
John Stewart,
5th Seigneur d'Aubigny
(c.1519–1567)
EARL OF LENNOX, 1571EARL OF LENNOX, 1580
DUKE OF LENNOX, 1581
Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
(1545–1567)
m. Mary, Queen of Scots
Charles Stuart,
1st (5th) Earl of Lennox

(1555–1576)
Esmé Stewart,
1st Earl of Lennox,
1st Duke of Lennox

(1542–1583)
DUKE OF RICHMOND, 1623
King James VI & I
(1566–r.1567(Scot)/1603(Eng)–1625)
Ludovic Stewart,
2nd Duke of Lennox,
1st Duke of Richmond

(1574–1623)
Esmé Stewart,
3rd Duke of Lennox

(1579–1624)
DUKE OF RICHMOND, 1641
King Charles I
(1600–r.1625–1649)
James Stewart,
4th Duke of Lennox,
1st Duke of Richmond

(1612–1655)
George Stewart,
9th Seigneur d'Aubigny

(1619–1642)
King Charles II
(1630–r.1660–1685)
Esmé Stewart,
5th Duke of Lennox,
2nd Duke of Richmond

(1649–1660)
Charles Stewart,
6th Duke of Lennox,
3rd Duke of Richmond

(1639–1672)
DUKE OF RICHMOND, 1675
DUKE OF LENNOX, 1675
Charles Lennox,
1st Duke of Richmond & Lennox

illegitimate
(1672–1723)
Charles Lennox,
2nd Duke of Richmond & Lennox

(1701–1750)
Lennox sisters
Charles Lennox,
3rd Duke of Richmond & Lennox

(1735–1806)
Lord George Lennox
(1737–1805)
Charles Lennox,
4th Duke of Richmond & Lennox

(1764–1819)
Charles Gordon-Lennox,
5th Duke of Richmond & Lennox

(1791–1860)
DUKE OF GORDON, 1876
Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox,
6th Duke of Richmond & Lennox,
1st Duke of Gordon

(1818–1903)
Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox,
7th Duke of Richmond & Lennox,
2nd Duke of Gordon

(1845–1928)
Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox,
8th Duke of Richmond & Lennox,
3rd Duke of Gordon

(1870–1935)
Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox,
Lord Stettrington
(1899–1919)
Frederick Charles Gordon-Lennox,
9th Duke of Richmond & Lennox,
4th Duke of Gordon

(1904–1989)
Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox,
10th Duke of Richmond & Lennox,
5th Duke of Gordon

(b. 1929)
Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox,
Earl of March and Kinrara

(b. 1955)

See also

The Dukedoms of Richmond and of Lennox have usually been held by the same person since 1623. In 1675, King Charles II created his illegitimate son Charles Lennox Duke of Richmond and Duke of Lennox, and the two Dukedoms have since been held concurrently by Lennox's descendants. Since 1734 he has also held the Dukedom of Aubigny. Since 1876 he has also held the Dukedom of Gordon.

Duke of Gordon

The title Duke of Gordon has been created once in the Peerage of Scotland and again in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

Duke of Aubigny Wikimedia list article

Duke of Aubigny was a title in the Peerage of France, held by Scottish noblemen. The Scottish Dukes of Aubigny had their origins in Aubigny-sur-Nère, France, from the 15th century, which was an important honour throughout the Auld Alliance and Ancien Régime. Its importance was gradually displaced for the ducal title of Clan Gordon, during a long and turbulent period between the French Revolution and French Third Republic.

Related Research Articles

Lord Darnley is a noble title associated with a Scottish Lordship of Parliament, first created in 1356 for the family of Stewart of Darnley and tracing a descent to the Dukedom of Richmond in England. The title's name refers to Darnley in Scotland. Outside the Peerage of Scotland, another Earldom of Darnley was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1729.

House of Stuart European royal house

The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a European royal house of Scotland with Breton origin. They had held the office of High Steward of Scotland since Walter FitzAlan in around 1150. The royal Stewart line was founded by Robert II whose descendants were kings and queens of Scotland from 1371 until the union with England in 1707. Mary, Queen of Scots was brought up in France where she adopted the French spelling of the name Stuart.

Marquess of Huntly A title in the Peerage of Scotland

Marquess of Huntly is a title in the Peerage of Scotland created on 17 April 1599 for George Gordon, 6th Earl of Huntly. It is the oldest existing marquessate in Scotland, and the second-oldest in the British Isles, only the English marquessate of Winchester being older. The Marquess holds the following subsidiary titles: Lord Gordon of Strathaven and Glenlivet and Earl of Aboyne, and Baron Meldrum, of Morven in the County of Aberdeen

Earl of March Titles in the peerages of Scotland and England

Earl of March is a title that has been created several times in the Peerage of Scotland and the Peerage of England. The title derived from the "marches" or borderlands between England and either Wales or Scotland, and it was held by several great feudal families which owned lands in those districts. Later, however, the title came to be granted as an honorary dignity, and ceased to carry any associated power in the marches.

Earl of Darnley

Earl of Darnley is a hereditary title that has been created three times, twice in the Peerage of Scotland and once in the Peerage of Ireland.

Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond illegitimate son of Charles II of England

Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lennox, 1st Duke of Aubigny was an English nobleman and politician. He was an illegitimate son of King Charles II by his mistress Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth.

Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond British politician

Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond and Lennox, 2nd Duke of Gordon,, 7th Duke of Aubigny, styled Lord Settrington until 1860 and Earl of March between 1860 and 1903, was a British politician and peer.

James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond Scottish noble and admiral

James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond, 4th Duke of Lennox KG was a British nobleman. He was the eldest son of Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox and his wife Katherine Clifton, 2nd Baroness Clifton.

Baron Clifton

Baron Clifton, of Leighton Bromswold in the County of Huntingdon, is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1608 for Sir Gervase Clifton. The peerage was created by writ, which means that it can descend through both male and female lines. Lord Clifton died without surviving male issue and was succeeded by his daughter Katherine, the second Baroness. She married Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox. They were both succeeded by their eldest son James, the fourth Duke and third Baron. When he died the titles passed to his son, the fifth Duke and fourth Baron. On his death in 1660 at the age of 11 the barony separated from the dukedom. The barony was inherited by the late Duke's sister Mary, the fifth Baroness. She married Richard Butler, 1st Earl of Arran, but died aged only 18. She was succeeded by her first cousin the sixth Duke of Lennox, who became the sixth Baron Clifton as well. He was the son of Lord George Stuart, fourth son of the third Duke and the second Baroness Clifton. On his death the barony and dukedom again separated.

Charles Stewart, 3rd Duke of Richmond Scottish-English nobleman

Charles Stewart, 3rd Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox KG was the only son of George Stewart, 9th Seigneur d'Aubigny and Katherine Howard, daughter of Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk. He was the grandson of Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox.

John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox was a prominent Scottish magnate. He was the son of Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox and Lady Elizabeth Hamilton, daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton and Mary Stewart, Princess of Scotland, daughter of King James II of Scotland.

This page lists extant dukedoms in the Peerages of the British Isles, listed by the monarch who created them—see also List of dukedoms in the peerages of Britain and Ireland.

John Stewart, 1st Earl of Lennox Scottish nobleman

John Stewart, 1st Earl of Lennox was known as Lord Darnley and later as the Earl of Lennox.

John Stewart of Darnley Scottish nobleman and soldier of the Hundred Years War

Sir John Stewart of Darnley, 1st Lord of Concressault and 1st Lord of Aubigny, Count of Évreux was a Scottish nobleman and prominent soldier during the Hundred Years War.

References

    Further reading

    <i>Encyclopædia Britannica</i> Eleventh Edition 11th edition of Encyclopædia Britannica

    The Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition (1910–11), is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. It was developed during the encyclopaedia's transition from a British to an American publication. Some of its articles were written by the best-known scholars of the time. This edition of the encyclopedia, containing 40,000 entries, is now in the public domain, and many of its articles have been used as a basis for articles in Wikipedia. However, the outdated nature of some of its content makes its use as a source for modern scholarship problematic. Some articles have special value and interest to modern scholars as cultural artifacts of the 19th and early 20th centuries.

    Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge. Granted letters patent by King Henry VIII in 1534, it is the world's oldest publishing house and the second-largest university press in the world. It also holds letters patent as the Queen's Printer.