George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly

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George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly
Bornbefore 1441
Died8 June 1501
Stirling Castle
Noble family Clan Gordon
Clan Seton
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Dunbar
Annabella of Scotland
Elizabeth Hay
Issue10, including Alexander and Catherine
Father Alexander Gordon, 1st Earl of Huntly
MotherElizabeth Crichton

George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly (died 8 June 1501) was a Scottish nobleman and Chancellor of Scotland from 1498 to 1501.

Contents

Life

George was the son of Alexander (Seton) Gordon, 1st Earl of Huntly and his second wife Elizabeth Crichton, daughter of William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton. [1] George is first mentioned by name in 1441 when the lands which later became part of the Earldom were settled on him and his heirs. [2] George was almost certainly born shortly before this time, c.1441 as his parents married before 18 March 1439–40. [3]

In his contract with Elizabeth Dunbar, Countess of Moray, dated 20 May 1455 he is styled the Master of Huntley. [4] He is addressed as "Sir George Seton, knight", in a royal precept dated 7 March 1456–7, and in a crown charter dated a year later he uses the name of Gordon for the first time, indicating he had assumed that surname. [4] As George, Lord Gordon, he was keeper of the castles of Kildrummy, Kindrochat and Inverness. [4] He succeeded his father as Earl of Huntly c.15 July 1470. [4]

Shortly after becoming Earl of Huntly he was involved with the Earl of Ross in a private war in which the king, James III of Scotland, interceded. Ross was charged with treason, but after refusing a summons from the king, was outlawed. [5] One of the expeditions sent against the errant Earl of Ross was led by Alexander. After he captured Dingwall Castle and pressed his army into Lochaber, Ross relented and sought pardon for his actions from the king. [6] In 1479 he was justiciary north of the River Forth, one of his primary duties was the suppression of feuds between Highland clans. [6] In 1497 George Gordon was appointed High Chancellor of Scotland, the honour probably bestowed at the same time as his daughter Catherine married Perkin Warbeck, an adventurer in favour with King James IV of Scotland. [7] George was Chancellor until 1500. [8] George, the second earl, died at Stirling Castle on 8 June 1501. [3]

Family

On 20 May 1455, George Gordon was married by contract to Lady Elizabeth Dunbar, daughter of James Dunbar, 7th Earl of Moray. The marriage was annulled due to affinity, before March 1459–60; the couple had no children. [9]

George secondly married, before March 1459–60, Princess Annabella of Scotland, youngest daughter of King James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort (the granddaughter of John of Gaunt). [10] After several years of marriage, the Earl of Gordon instituted proceedings to have this marriage annulled as well, on the grounds that Princess Annabella was related in the third and fourth degrees of consanguinity to his first wife, Elizabeth Dunbar, and the marriage was dissolved on 24 July 1471. [11]

George Gordon had a number of children, but with few exceptions, there remains no clear consensus as to which child was of the second marriage and which was of the third:

George obtained an annulment from his second marriage on 24 July 1471. He then married, thirdly, his mistress, Lady Elizabeth Hay, daughter of William Hay, 1st Earl of Erroll, and swore a solemn oath to have no 'actual delen' with the lady until after they were married. [15] He married Elizabeth Hay on 12 May 1476, [16] and they had the following children:

Notes

  1. There has been some uncertainty regarding Alexander's mother, whether she was Annabella Stewart or Elizabeth Hay. But the fact that his father married Elizabeth Hay after 18 August 1471 [CP, vi, 677 & n. b.] and that Alexander himself was a member of parliament, as well as being one of the Lords of the Articles in 1485, makes it chronologically implausible he could have been Elizabeth Hay's son; meaning most probably his mother was Annabella Stewart. See: SP, IV, 529, 532; CP, VI, 677 n. f.

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References

  1. George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage; or, a History of the House of Lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VI, eds. H. A. Doubleday: Howard de Walden (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1926), pp. 676–7
  2. The records of Aboyne MCCXXX-MDCLXXXI, ed. Charles Gordon Huntly (Aberdeen: The New Spalding Club, 1894), p. 396
  3. 1 2 George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage; or, a History of the House of Lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VI, eds. H. A. Doubleday: Howard de Walden (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1926), p. 676
  4. 1 2 3 4 The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), p. 526
  5. The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), pp. 526–7
  6. 1 2 The records of Aboyne MCCXXX-MDCLXXXI, ed. Charles Gordon Huntly (Aberdeen: The New Spalding Club, 1894), p. 401
  7. The records of Aboyne MCCXXX-MDCLXXXI, ed. Charles Gordon Huntly (Aberdeen: The New Spalding Club, 1894), p. 409
  8. The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), p. 527
  9. The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), p. 528
  10. George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage; or, a History of the House of Lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VI, eds. H. A. Doubleday: Howard de Walden (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1926), p. 677
  11. 1 2 3 The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), p. 529
  12. 1 2 The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), p. 530
  13. The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. III (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1905), p. 24
  14. The records of Aboyne MCCXXX-MDCLXXXI, ed. Charles Gordon Huntly (Aberdeen: The New Spalding Club, 1894), p. 402
  15. The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), pp. 528–9
  16. George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage; or, a History of the House of Lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VI, eds. H. A. Doubleday: Howard de Walden (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1926), pp. 677 & 677 note (b)
  17. 1 2 3 The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), pp. 530–1
  18. 1 2 The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), p. 531

See also


Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by Earl of Huntly
14701501
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Lord Chancellor of Scotland
14981501
Succeeded by