Clan Gordon

Last updated

Clan Gordon
Gòrdanach (Singular), Na Gòrdanaich (Collective)
Clan member crest badge - Clan Gordon.svg
Crest: Issuant from a crest coronet Or a stag's head (affrontée) Proper attired with ten tines Or
MottoBydand (abiding, steadfast, an adjectival use of the Middle Scots present participle of bide [1] or a contraction of the Scots phrase 'Bide and Fecht,' meaning "Stay and Fight".) [2] [3]
Animo non Astutia
(By Courage not by craft) [4]
Slogan An Gòrdonach
Profile
Region Highland
District Aberdeenshire
Plant badge Rock ivy
Pipe music "The Gordon's March", "Cock o' the North"
Chief
Marquess of Huntly arms.svg
The Most Hon. Granville Charles Gordon
The 13th Marquess of Huntly (An Gòrdonach [5] )
Seat Aboyne Castle [6]
Historic seat Huntly Castle [7]
Septs of Clan Gordon
Ackane, Adam(son), Ad(d)i.e., Addison, Adkins, Aiken, Aitchison, Aitken, Akane, Akins, Atkin, Atkins(on), Badenoch, Barrie, Connor, Connon, Craig, Cromb(i.e.), Cullen, Culane, Darg(e), Dorward, Durward, Eadie, Ed(d)i.e., Edison, Esslemont, Fettes, Garden, Gard(i)ner, Garioch, Garr(o)ick, Geddes, Gerr(y)ie, Haddo(w), Huntl(e)y, Jessiman, Jopp, Jupp, Laurie, Lawrie, MacAdam, Mallett, Manteach, Marr, Maver, Mill, Mills, Milles, Miln(e), Milner, Moir, More, Morrice, Muir, Milnes, Mylne, Steel(e), Teal, Tod(d), Troup
Clan branches
Gordon of Huntly (chiefs)
Gordon of Aboyne
Gordon of Aberdeen and Temair
Gordon of Kenmure [7]
Gordon of Auchindoun [7]
Gordon of Abergeldie [7]
Gordon of Haddo [7]
Gordon of Glenbuchat [7]
Gordon of Gight [7]
Gordon of Rothiemay [7]
See also:
Gordon baronets
Duke of Gordon
Allied clans
Rival clans

Clan Gordon is a Highland Scottish clan, historically one of the most powerful Scottish clans. The Gordon lands once spanned a large territory across the Highlands. Presently, Gordon is seated at Aboyne Castle, Aberdeenshire. The Chief of the clan is the Earl of Huntly, later the Marquess of Huntly.

Contents

During the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 13th century, the Gordons supported William Wallace in the cause of independence. In the 15th century, the chiefship of the clan passed to an heiress, who married into the Seton family and her male descendants assumed the surname Gordon and continued as chiefs of the clan. The Gordons assisted in defeating the rebellion of the Earl of Douglas also in the 15th century. In the 16th century, the Gordons as Catholics feuded with their Protestant neighbors the Clan Forbes and also defeated at the Battle of Glenlivet, the Protestant Earl of Argyll. During the Wars of the Three Kingdoms of the 17th century, the Gordons supported the Royalist cause. During the Jacobite rising of 1715 the Clan Gordon was Jacobite. During the Jacobite rising of 1745, their chief, then the Duke of Gordon, pledged his support to the British-Hanoverian Government, but his clan remained Jacobite.

History

Origins

The first Gordon on record is Richard of Gordon, previously of Swinton, said to have been the grandson of a famous knight who slew some monstrous animal in the Merse during the time of King Malcolm III of Scotland. This Richard was Lord of the Barony of Gordon in the Merse. Richard de (of) Gordon probably died around 1200. [8] Between 1150 and 1160 he granted from his estate a piece of land to the Monks of St. Mary at Kelso, a grant which was confirmed by his son Thomas Gordon. Other notable Gordons from this time include Bertram de Gordon who wounded King Richard of England with an arrow at Châlons. [9]

Alicia Gordon, IV of the Gordon family was the heiress who married her cousin, Adam Gordon. Adam Gordon was a soldier who King Alexander III of Scotland sent with King Louis of France to Palestine. One tradition is that from Adam's grandson, Sir Adam, all of the Gordons in Scotland are descended. This Adam Gordon supported Sir William Wallace in 1297 to recapture the Castle of Wigtown from the English and Adam was made the Governor. [9]

Wars of Scottish Independence

During the Wars of Scottish Independence Sir Adam Gordon, who had supported William Wallace, renounced his subsequent acceptance of the claims of Edward I of England and became a staunch supporter of Robert the Bruce. [8] Adam was killed leading the Clan Gordon at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333 but his son Sir Alexander Gordon escaped and was the first Gordon to be designated "of Huntly". [9]

Chief Sir John Gordon was killed leading the clan at the Battle of Otterburn where the English were defeated in 1388. His son, Chief Sir Adam Gordon, was killed leading the clan at the Battle of Homildon Hill, also known as the Battle of Humbleton Hill on 14 September 1402. The chief left his only child, a daughter named Elizabeth Gordon who married Alexander Seton, who was the son of Sir William Seton, chief of Clan Seton. [9]

15th century and clan conflicts

The Battle of Arbroath was fought in 1445 where Patrick Gordon of Methlic, a cousin of the Earl of Huntly, was killed fighting the Clan Lindsay. From this Patrick Gordon the Earls of Aberdeen descend. [9] [10]

In 1449 Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Huntly, the eldest son of Elizabeth Gordon and Alexander Seton, Lord Gordon, changed the family name from Seton to Gordon.c.1457. [11] His male heirs through his third wife Elizabeth Crichton continued to bear the name of Gordon and were chiefs of Clan Gordon.

The chief of Clan Lindsay, Alexander Lindsay, the 4th Earl of Crawford, was badly defeated by the Clan Gordon and Clan Ogilvy under Alexander Gordon, 1st Earl of Huntly (previously Alexander Seton) at the Battle of Brechin in 1452. [12]

The Gordons became involved in the deadly feud between the king and the Clan Douglas for power. [8] The Gordons supported the king but when Gordon moved his forces south, the Earl of Moray who was an ally of the Douglases devastated the Gordon lands and burned Huntly Castle. [8] However, the Gordons returned and soon defeated their enemies. [8] Huntly Castle was rebuilt and when the Douglases were finally defeated the power of the Gordons grew unchallenged. [8] In 1454 the Douglasses broke out in rebellion again and when confronted with the king in the south and Huntly in the north were soundly defeated, effectively ending the confederacy of the Douglasses, Rosses and Crawfords. [13] For his notable contributions Alexander Gordon, 1st Earl of Huntly was styled Cock o' the North, a designation which has ever since been accorded to the heads of clan Gordon. [8] [13]

16th century and clan conflicts

In 1513, during the Anglo-Scottish Wars, the Clan Gordon led by Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntly fought at the Battle of Flodden. [9]

In 1515, the title of Earl of Sutherland and chiefship of the Clan Sutherland passed by right of marriage to Adam Gordon who was a younger son of George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly. [14]

Later during the Anglo-Scottish Wars, George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly defeated an English army at the Battle of Haddon Rig in 1542 but the Gordons were later part of the Scottish army which was defeated at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh in 1547. [9]

Chief George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly was General of the forces on the Borders who opposed the forces of Henry VIII of England and Gordon had many victorious encounters. He was however later killed at the Battle of Corrichie in 1562 fighting against the forces of James Stuart, Earl of Moray (half-brother to Mary Queen of Scots). Gordon was killed and his son, Sir John, and other members of his family were later executed at Aberdeen. [9]

Throughout the 16th century the Clan Gordon were involved in a long and bitter struggle against the Clan Forbes. [15] In the 1520s there were murders by both sides, and one of the most prominent killed by the Forbeses was Seton of Meldrum who was a close connection of the Earl of Huntly, chief of Clan Gordon. [15] The Earl of Huntly then became involved in a plot against the Master of Forbes, who was the son of the sixth Lord Forbes. [15] The sixth Lord Forbes had been heavily implicated of the murder of Seton of Meldrum. [15] The Master of Forbes was accused by the Earl of Huntly of conspiring to assassinate James V of Scotland in 1536 by shooting at him with a cannon. [15] The Master of Forbes was tried and executed however just days later his conviction was reversed and the Forbes family was restored to favor. [15] The Protestant Reformation added to the feud between the Clan Forbes and Clan Gordon in that the Gordons remained Catholic and the Forbeses became Protestant. [15] The traditional enemies of the Forbses such as the Clan Leslie, Clan Irvine and Clan Seton sided with the Gordons while Protestant families such as the Clan Keith, Clan Fraser and Clan Crichton sided with the Clan Forbes. [15] Twenty Gordons were killed at a banquet held at the Forbes's Druminnor Castle in 1571. [16] Later in 1571 the feud climaxed with the Battle of Tillieangus, [16] and the Battle of Craibstone, and Druminnor, then the seat of the chief of Clan Forbes was plundered. [15] The Gordons followed this up with the massacre of twenty seven Forbeses of Towie at Corgarff Castle. [15] It took two Acts of Parliament for the clans to put down their arms. [15]

For two centuries from the mid-15th century the Clan Gordon and Clan Campbell controlled the north-east and west of Scotland respectively, as the magnates who straddled the divide between the Scottish Highlands and Scottish Lowlands. [17] In 1594, Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll was granted a Royal Commission against George Gordon, 6th Earl of Huntly but was defeated at the Battle of Glenlivet. [18] [9] [19]

17th century and Civil War

The register of the Privy Seal records that in 1615 a complaint was made from Alexander Leask of the Clan Leask that Adam Gordon, brother of the Laird of Gight, put violent hands upon him at the Yet of Leask, wounding him grievously. [20] Later that year the Gordons again attacked the Leasks, setting upon a son of the chief for which George Gordon was outlawed. [20] In 1616, William Leask of that Ilk was accosted by John Gordon of Ardlogy and a party of men with pistolets and hagbuts. [9] [20]

In the early 17th century Clan Gordon had a number of alliances by marriage or friendship. Among these was a strong bond to the Clan Burnett of Leys. The Gordon crest is emblazoned in plasterwork on the ceiling of the early 17th century great hall of Muchalls Castle built by Alexander Burnett. [9]

In 1644 Alexander Bannerman of Pitmedden fought a duel with his cousin, Sir George Gordon of Haddo, and wounded him. Also in 1644 during the Civil War at the Battle of Aberdeen there were Gordons on both sides. Lord Lewis Gordon led his forces on the side of the Covenanters while Sir Nathaniel Gordon led his forces in support of the Royalists. [9]

During the Civil War the second Marquess of Huntly was a fierce royalist and his followers have passed into history as the Gordon Horse and they figured very prominently in the campaigns of the great James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose. [8] Cavalry from the Clan Gordon fought in support of the royalists at the Battle of Auldearn in 1645 where they helped to defeat the Covenanters of Lord Seaforth. The Clan Gordon fought at the Battle of Alford in 1645 where they were victorious, led by George Gordon, 2nd Marquess of Huntly. The Marquess of Huntly's eldest son George Gordon fell at this battle. [9] Also in 1645, Lewis Gordon, clan chief and 3rd Marquess of Huntly burned Brodie Castle of the Clan Brodie. [21]

In 1682 William Gordon of Cardoness Castle, was killed in a fight with Sir Godfrey McCulloch. McCulloch fled Scotland for a time, but returned, only to be apprehended and executed in 1697. [22]

18th century and Jacobite risings

Jacobite rising of 1715

The Gordons fought on both sides during both the Jacobite rising of 1715 and the Jacobite rising of 1745. [8] The second Duke of Gordon followed the Jacobites in 1715 and fought at the Battle of Sheriffmuir. [8] General Wade's report on the Highlands in 1724, estimated the clan strength at 1,000 men. [23]

Jacobite rising of 1745

Cosmo Gordon, 3rd Duke of Gordon supported the British Government during the rising of 1745. [8] However, his brother, Lord Lewis Gordon, raised two Jacobite regiments against the Hanoverians. [8] The Gordon Jacobites fought at the Battle of Inverurie (1745), the Battle of Falkirk (1746) and the Battle of Culloden (1746). [9]

British Army regiments

Two regiments named the "Gordon Highlanders" have been raised from the Clan Gordon. The first was the 81st Regiment of Foot (Aberdeenshire Highland Regiment) formed in 1777 by the Hon. Colonel William Gordon, son of the Earl of Aberdeen and was disbanded in 1783. The second was the 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment of Foot raised by Alexander the 4th Duke of Gordon in 1794. [9]

Chief and arms

Tartans

Gordon tartan (modern, military). The tartan is based upon the Black Watch tartan. Clan Gordon.jpg
Gordon tartan (modern, military). The tartan is based upon the Black Watch tartan.
Gordon tartan, as published in the Vestiarium Scoticum of 1842. Gordon tartan (Vestiarium Scoticum).png
Gordon tartan, as published in the Vestiarium Scoticum of 1842.

Clan Gordon has several recognized tartans:

The Gordon Modern tartan was used by The Gordon Highlanders, (now The Highlanders (4th Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland)) and is sometimes referred to as "Military". The tartan itself is based on the Black Watch military tartan with an additional yellow stripe. The difference between the family sett (modern) and military sett is only in the pleating of the kilt. The military pleat to the stripe, showing a series of stripes across the back of the kilt. The family sett is pleated to the sett, showing the repeat of the pattern in its entirety across the back of the kilt. The Red Gordon tartan is sometimes referred to as "Huntly".

The Gordon Modern tartan has been used for many years as the troop tartan for the 10th Finchley (Scottish) Scout Group, London N3. [29] The Scout Group was and still is unique in being the only group south of the border to wear kilts and actively maintains its links with the Gordon clan. Every four years (with a few exceptions) they camp in the grounds of Aboyne Castle and the Marquess would often attend Burns Night dinners as the guest of honour at the scout hall. The group's pipe band always plays "The Cock of the North 6/8 March" when returning to their hall following parades and every member wears a badge bearing the stag's head that forms part of the clan crest. A picture of the band outside their current scout hall shows all members wearing Gordon Tartan kilts. [30] [31] The ties go further, with the address of the scout hall being Gordon Hall, Huntly Drive, West Finchley, London, N3.

Castles

Castles that have been owned by the Clan Gordon include, amongst many others:

The ruins of Huntly Castle, historic seat of the Gordons of Huntly, chiefs of Clan Gordon. Huntly castle.jpg
The ruins of Huntly Castle, historic seat of the Gordons of Huntly, chiefs of Clan Gordon.
The ruins of Glenbuchat Castle, former seat of the Gordons of Glenbuchat. Glenbuchat Castle - geograph.org.uk - 446023.jpg
The ruins of Glenbuchat Castle, former seat of the Gordons of Glenbuchat.
The ruins of Kenmure Castle, former seat of the Gordon Viscounts of Kenmure. Kenmure Castle plate 2.jpg
The ruins of Kenmure Castle, former seat of the Gordon Viscounts of Kenmure.
The ruins of Auchindoun Castle former seat of the Gordons of Auchindoun. Auchindoun Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1369075.jpg
The ruins of Auchindoun Castle former seat of the Gordons of Auchindoun.
The ruins of Gight Castle, former seat of the Gordons of Gight. Gight Castle - geograph.org.uk - 51156.jpg
The ruins of Gight Castle, former seat of the Gordons of Gight.

See also

Notes and references

  1. "SND: Bydand". Archived from the original on 17 January 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  2. A Dictionary of Mottoes; p.27; By Leslie Gilbert Pine; Published by Routledge, 1983; ISBN   0-7100-9339-X, ISBN   978-0-7100-9339-4
  3. "What does Bydand mean?". The Gordon Highlanders - Bydand.net. Archived from the original on 8 November 2010. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
  4. A Dictionary of Mottoes; p.13; By Leslie Gilbert Pine; Published by Routledge, 1983; ISBN   0-7100-9339-X, ISBN   978-0-7100-9339-4
  5. Mac an Tàilleir, Iain. "Ainmean Pearsanta" (docx). Sabhal Mòr Ostaig . Retrieved 15 October 2009.
  6. 1 2 Aboyne Castle (spelling variation of "Marquis") canmore.rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 Coventry, Martin (2008). Castles of the Clans: The Strongholds and Seats of 750 Scottish Families and Clans. Musselburgh: Goblinshead. pp. 225–234. ISBN   978-1-899874-36-1.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Way, George of Plean; Squire, Romilly of Rubislaw (1994). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. Glasgow: HarperCollins (for the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). pp. 146–147. ISBN   0-00-470547-5.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 "The Clan of Gordon". The Scottish Clans and Their Tartans (Library ed.). Edinburgh and London: W. & A.K. Johnston & G.W. Bacon Ltd. 1886. p.  25 . Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  10. Battle of Arbroath geocities.com. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
  11. George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage; or, a History of the House of Lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VI, eds. H. A. Doubleday & Howard de Walden (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1926), pp. 675-6
  12. Huntly, Charles Gordon, 11th Marquess of (1894). The Records of Aboyne. Aberdeen: New Spalding Club. pp.  387-389. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  13. 1 2 Huntly, Charles Gordon, 11th Marquess of (1894). The Records of Aboyne. Aberdeen: New Spalding Club. pp.  390-391. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  14. Gordon, Robert (1813) [Printed from original manuscript 1580 - 1656]. A Genealogical History of the Earldom of Sutherland. Edinburgh: Printed by George Ramsay and Co. for Archibald Constable and Company Edinburgh; and White, Cochrance and Co. London. pp.  83–84. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Way, George of Plean; Squire, Romilly of Rubislaw (1994). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. Glasgow: HarperCollins (for the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). pp. 138–139. ISBN   0-00-470547-5.
  16. 1 2 Coventry, Martin (2008). Castles of the Clans: The Strongholds and Seats of 750 Scottish Families and Clans. Musselburgh: Goblinshead. pp. 200–204. ISBN   978-1-899874-36-1.
  17. Lynch, Michael, ed. (2011). Oxford Companion to Scottish History. Oxford University Press. p. 273. ISBN   978-0-19-923482-0.
  18. Campbell, Alistair of Airds (2002). A History of Clan Campbell: From Flodden to the Restoration. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 113–117.
  19. "The Battle of Glenlivet". clan-cameron.org. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
  20. 1 2 3 Way, George of Plean; Squire, Romilly of Rubislaw (1994). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. Glasgow: HarperCollins (for the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). pp. 190–191. ISBN   0-00-470547-5.
  21. "Site Record for Brodie Castle; Brodie Castle Policies; Brodie Estate". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland.{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  22. Way, George of Plean; Squire, Romilly of Rubislaw (1994). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. Glasgow: HarperCollins (for the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). pp. 430–431. ISBN   0-00-470547-5.
  23. Johnston, Thomas Brumby; Robertson, James Alexander; Dickson, William Kirk (1899). "General Wade's Report". Historical Geography of the Clans of Scotland. Edinburgh and London: W. & A.K. Johnston. p. 26. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  24. "Burke Resources and Information". www.burkes-peerage.net. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  25. The Ballad and the Folk; By David Buchan
  26. The History of Scotland; By Peter Somerset Fry, Fiona Somerset Fry, Rosalind Mitchison
  27. "houseofgordon.com ARMS". Archived from the original on 28 May 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2009.
  28. Scotland's Forged Tartans, p.68
  29. "10th Finchley". www.10th-Finchley.org.uk. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  30. "Haggis blowing sasanacks". www.10th.org. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  31. "10th Finchley (Scottish) Scout Group".


Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clan Ross</span> Scottish clan

Clan Ross is a Highland Scottish clan. The original chiefs of the clan were the original Earls of Ross.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clan Campbell</span> Highland Scottish clan

Clan Campbell is a Highland Scottish clan, historically one of the largest and most powerful of the Highland clans. The Clan Campbell lands are in Argyll and within their lands lies Ben Cruachan. The chief of the clan became the Earl and later Duke of Argyll.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Gordon, 2nd Marquess of Huntly</span>

George Gordon, 2nd Marquess of Huntly, styled Earl of Enzie from 1599 to 1636, eldest son of George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly by Lady Henrietta Stewart, daughter of Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox, born at Huntly Castle, Huntly, Aberdeenshire, in Scotland was brought up in England as a Protestant, and later created Viscount Aboyne by Charles I.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marquess of Huntly</span>

Marquess of Huntly is a title in the Peerage of Scotland that was created on 17 April 1599 for George Gordon, 6th Earl of Huntly. It is the oldest existing marquessate in Scotland, and the second-oldest in the British Isles; only the English marquessate of Winchester is older. The Marquess holds the following subsidiary titles: Lord Gordon of Strathaven and Glenlivet and Earl of Aboyne, and Baron Meldrum, of Morven in the County of Aberdeen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Huntly Castle</span> Ruined castle in Scotland

Huntly Castle is a ruined castle north of Huntly in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, where the rivers Deveron and Bogie meet. It was the ancestral home of the chief of Clan Gordon, Earl of Huntly. There have been four castles built on the site that have been referred to as Huntly Castle, Strathbogie Castle or Peel of Strathbogie.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Auchindoun Castle</span>

Auchindoun Castle is a 15th-century L-Plan tower castle located in Auchindoun near Dufftown in Banffshire, Scotland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clan Keith</span> Highland and Lowland Scottish clan

Clan Keith is a Highland and Lowland Scottish clan, whose Chief historically held the hereditary title of Marischal, then Great Marischal, then Earl Marischal of Scotland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clan Mackay</span> Highland Scottish clan

Clan Mackay is an ancient and once-powerful Highland Scottish clan from the far North of the Scottish Highlands, but with roots in the old Kingdom of Moray. They supported Robert the Bruce during the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century. In the centuries that followed they were anti-Jacobite. The territory of the Clan Mackay consisted of the parishes of Farr, Tongue, Durness and Eddrachillis, and was known as Strathnaver, in the north-west of the county of Sutherland. However, it was not until 1829 that Strathnaver was considered part of Sutherland when the chief sold his lands to the Earls of Sutherland and the Highland Clearances then had dire consequences for the clan. In the 17th century the Mackay chief's territory had extended to the east to include the parish of Reay in the west of the neighbouring county of Caithness. The chief of the clan is Lord Reay and the lands of Strathnaver later became known as the Reay Country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clan Farquharson</span> Highland Scottish clan

Clan Farquharson is a Highland Scottish clan based at Invercauld, Aberdeenshire and is a member of the Chattan Confederation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clan Cameron</span> West Highland Scottish clan

Clan Cameron is a West Highland Scottish clan, with one main branch Lochiel, and numerous cadet branches. The Clan Cameron lands are in Lochaber and within their lands lies Ben Nevis which is the highest mountain in the British Isles. The Chief of the clan was historically Lord Lochiel, but customarily referred to as simply the "Lochiel".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gight</span> Human settlement in Scotland

Gight is the name of an estate in the parish of Fyvie in the Formartine area of Aberdeenshire, Scotland, United Kingdom. It is best known as the location of the 16th-century Gight Castle, ancestral home of Lord Byron.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clan Buchan</span> Scottish clan

Clan crest: Sunflower turning to the sun

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Glenlivet</span> Scottish clan battle fought on 3 October 1594 near Glenlivet, Moray, Scotland

The Battle of Glenlivet was a Scottish clan battle fought on 3 October 1594 near Glenlivet, Moray, Scotland. It was fought between Protestant forces loyal to King James VI of Scotland who were commanded by Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll, against Catholic forces who were commanded by George Gordon, 6th Earl of Huntly, and Francis Hay, 9th Earl of Erroll. The Catholics won a decisive victory in the battle, but in the aftermath were subdued by King James.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clan Seton</span> Scottish clan

Clan Seton is a Scottish clan which does not currently have a chief; therefore, it is considered an armigerous clan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clan Leask</span> Scottish clan

Clan Leask is a Scottish clan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alexander Gordon, 1st Earl of Huntly</span> Scottish magnate

Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Huntly, who adopted the family name of Gordon from about 1457, was a powerful 15th-century Scottish magnate. He was knighted in 1439/1440 and was Lord of Badenoch, Gordon, Strathbogie and Cluny.

Granville Charles Gomer Gordon, 13th Marquess of Huntly, styled Earl of Aboyne until 1987, is a Scottish peer and the Premier Marquess of Scotland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clan Forbes</span> Highland Scottish clan

Clan Forbes is a Highland Scottish clan from Aberdeenshire, Scotland.

Elizabeth Gordon, Countess of Huntly, was a Scottish noblewoman and the wife of George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly, Scotland's leading Catholic magnate during the reign of Mary, Queen of Scots. In 1562, Elizabeth encouraged her husband to raise forces against Queen Mary which led to his being outlawed, and after his death, his titles forfeited to the Crown. Elizabeth's son Sir John Gordon was executed for having taken part in his father's rebellion.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Crichton of Frendraught</span> Scottish landowner

James Crichton of Frendraught or Frendraucht was a Scottish landowner involved in a fire on 18 October 1630. Eight guests were killed at Frendraught Castle and arson was suspected. The facts of the case were widely disputed.