Aberdeenshire

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Aberdeenshire
Aiberdeenshire
Siorrachd Obar Dheathain
Coat of arms of Aberdeenshire District Council.svg
Coat of arms
Aberdeenshire Council.svg
Aberdeenshire in Scotland.svg
Aberdeenshire within Scotland
Coordinates: 57°9′3.6″N2°7′22.8″W / 57.151000°N 2.123000°W / 57.151000; -2.123000 Coordinates: 57°9′3.6″N2°7′22.8″W / 57.151000°N 2.123000°W / 57.151000; -2.123000
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Scotland
Lieutenancy areas Aberdeenshire, Banffshire (Part), Kincardineshire
Admin HQ Aberdeen
Government
  BodyAberdeenshire Council
  Control Con + LD + Ind (council NOC)
   MPs
   MSPs
Area
  Total2,437 sq mi (6,313 km2)
Area rank Ranked 4th
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total261,470
  Rank Ranked 6th
  Density110/sq mi (41/km2)
ONS code S12000034
ISO 3166 code GB-ABD
Website www.aberdeenshire.gov.uk
Blaeu - Atlas of Scotland 1654 -
ABERDONIA & BANFIA Blaeu - Atlas of Scotland 1654 - ABERDONIA & BANFIA - Aberdeenshire and Banffshire.jpg
Blaeu – Atlas of Scotland 1654 –
ABERDONIA & BANFIA
Topographic map of Aberdeenshire and Moray Aberdeen Aberdeenshire Moray topo.png
Topographic map of Aberdeenshire and Moray

Aberdeenshire (Scots : Aiberdeenshire; Scottish Gaelic : Siorrachd Obar Dheathain) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland.

Contents

It takes its name from the County of Aberdeen which has substantially different boundaries. The Aberdeenshire council area includes all of the area of the historic counties of Aberdeenshire and Kincardineshire (except the area making up the City of Aberdeen), as well as part of Banffshire. The county boundaries are officially used for a few purposes, namely land registration and lieutenancy. [1]

Aberdeenshire Council is headquartered at Woodhill House, in Aberdeen, making it the only Scottish council whose headquarters are located outside its jurisdiction. Aberdeen itself forms a different council area (Aberdeen City). Aberdeenshire borders onto Angus and Perth and Kinross to the south, Highland and Moray to the west and Aberdeen City to the east.

Traditionally, it has been economically dependent upon the primary sector (agriculture, fishing, and forestry) and related processing industries. Over the last 40 years, the development of the oil and gas industry and associated service sector has broadened Aberdeenshire's economic base, and contributed to a rapid population growth of some 50% since 1975. [2] Its land represents 8% of Scotland's overall territory. It covers an area of 6,313 square kilometres (2,437 sq mi). [3] [4]

History

Aberdeenshire has a rich prehistoric and historic heritage. It is the locus of a large number of Neolithic and Bronze Age archaeological sites, including Longman Hill, Kempstone Hill, Catto Long Barrow and Cairn Lee. The area was settled in the Bronze Age by the Beaker culture, who arrived from the south around 2000–1800 BC. [5] Stone circles and cairns were constructed predominantly in this era. In the Iron Age, hill forts were built. [5] Around the 1st century AD, the Taexali people, who have left little history, were believed to have resided along the coast. [5] The Picts were the next documented inhabitants of the area, and were no later than 800–900 AD. The Romans also were in the area during this period, as they left signs at Kintore. [5] Christianity influenced the inhabitants early on, and there were Celtic monasteries at Old Deer and Monymusk. [5]

Since medieval times there have been a number of traditional paths that crossed the Mounth (a spur of mountainous land that extends from the higher inland range to the North Sea slightly north of Stonehaven) through present-day Aberdeenshire from the Scottish Lowlands to the Highlands. Some of the most well known and historically important trackways are the Causey Mounth and Elsick Mounth. [6] [7]

Aberdeenshire played an important role in the fighting between the Scottish clans. Clan MacBeth and the Clan Canmore were two of the larger clans. Macbeth fell at Lumphanan in 1057. [5] During the Anglo-Norman penetration, other families arrives such as House of Balliol, Clan Bruce, and Clan Cumming (Comyn). [5] When the fighting amongst these newcomers resulted in the Scottish Wars of Independence, the English king Edward I traveled across the area twice, in 1296 and 1303. In 1307, Robert the Bruce was victorious near Inverurie. Along with his victory came new families, namely the Forbeses and the Gordons.

These new families set the stage for the upcoming rivalries during the 14th and 15th centuries. [5] This rivalry grew worse during and after the Protestant Reformation, when religion was another reason for conflict between the clans. The Gordon family adhered to Catholicism and the Forbeses to Protestantism. Aberdeenshire was the historic seat of the clan Dempster. [8] [9] Three universities were founded in the area prior to the 17th century, King's College in Old Aberdeen (1494), Marischal College in Aberdeen (1593), and the University of Fraserburgh (1597). [5]

After the end of the Revolution of 1688, an extended peaceful period was interrupted only by such fleeting events such as the Rising of 1715 and the Rising of 1745. The latter resulted in the end of the ascendancy of Episcopalianism and the feudal power of landowners. An era began of increased agricultural and industrial progress. [5] During the 17th century, Aberdeenshire was the location of more fighting, centered on the Marquess of Montrose and the English Civil Wars. [5] This period also saw increased wealth due to the increase in trade with Germany, Poland, and the Low Countries. [5]

The present council area is named after the historic county of Aberdeenshire, which has different boundaries and was abandoned as an administrative area in 1975 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973. It was replaced by Grampian Regional Council and five district councils: Banff and Buchan, Gordon, Kincardine and Deeside, Moray and the City of Aberdeen. Local government functions were shared between the two levels. In 1996, under the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994, the Banff and Buchan district, Gordon district and Kincardine and Deeside district were merged to form the present Aberdeenshire council area. Moray and the City of Aberdeen were made their own council areas. The present Aberdeenshire council area consists of all of the historic counties of Aberdeenshire and Kincardineshire (except the area of those two counties making up the City of Aberdeen), as well as northeast portions of Banffshire. [5]

Demographics

The population of the council area has risen over 50% since 1971 to approximately 261,470, [10] representing 4.7% of Scotland's total. Aberdeenshire's population has increased by 9.1% since 2001, while Scotland's total population grew by 3.8%. The census lists a relatively high proportion of under 16s and slightly fewer people of working-age compared with the Scottish average. [2]

Aberdeenshire is one of the most homogeneous/indigenous regions of the UK. In 2011 82.2% of residents identified as 'White Scottish', followed by 12.3% who are 'White British', whilst ethnic minorities constitute only 0.9% of the population. The largest ethnic minority group are Asian Scottish/British at 0.8%. [11] In addition to the English language, 48.8% of residents reported being able to speak and understand the Scots language. [12]

The fourteen biggest settlements in Aberdeenshire (with 2011 population estimates) are:

Economy

Aberdeenshire's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is estimated at £3,496m (2011), representing 5.2% of the Scottish total. Aberdeenshire's economy is closely linked to Aberdeen City's (GDP £7,906m) and in 2011 the region as a whole was calculated to contribute 16.8% of Scotland's GDP. Between 2012 and 2014 the combined Aberdeenshire and Aberdeen City economic forecast GDP growth rate is 8.6%, the highest growth rate of any local council area in the UK and above the Scottish rate of 4.8%. [2]

A significant proportion of Aberdeenshire's working residents commute to Aberdeen City for work, varying from 11.5% from Fraserburgh to 65% from Westhill.

Average Gross Weekly Earnings (for full-time employees employed in work places in Aberdeenshire in 2011) are £572.60. This is lower than the Scottish average by £2.10 and a fall of 2.6% on the 2010 figure. The average gross weekly pay of people resident in Aberdeenshire is much higher, at £741.90, as many people commute out of Aberdeenshire, principally into Aberdeen City. [2]

Total employment (excluding farm data) in Aberdeenshire is estimated at 93,700 employees (Business Register and Employment Survey 2009). The majority of employees work within the service sector, predominantly in public administration, education and health. Almost 19% of employment is within the public sector. Aberdeenshire's economy remains closely linked to Aberdeen City's and the North Sea oil industry, with many employees in oil related jobs.

The average monthly unemployment (claimant count) rate for Aberdeenshire in 2011 was 1.5%. This is lower than the average rates for Aberdeen City (2.3%), Scotland (4.2%) and the UK (3.8%). [2]

Major industries

Blueberries grown in Aberdeenshire Aberdeenshire blueberries.jpg
Blueberries grown in Aberdeenshire

Governance and politics

Map of the area's wards (2017 configuration) Aberdeenshire UK ward map 2017 (blank).svg
Map of the area's wards (2017 configuration)

The council has 70 councillors, elected in 19 multi-member wards by single transferable vote. The 2017 elections resulted in the following representation: [23]

WardMembersRepresentation
1. Banff and District 31 Con, 1 Ind, 1 SNP
2. Troup 31 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Ind
3. Fraserburgh and District 41 Ind, 1 Alba, 1 SNP, 1 Con
4. Central Buchan 41 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Ind, 1 Lib Dem
5. Peterhead North and Rattray 41 Con, 1 SNP, 2 Ind
6. Peterhead South and Cruden 31 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Ind
7. Turriff and District 41 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem, 1 Ind
8. Mid Formartine 41 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Ind, 1 Lib Dem
9. Ellon and District 41 Con, 2 SNP, 1 Lib Dem
10. West Garioch 31 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem
11. Inverurie and District 41 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Ind, 1 Lib Dem
12. East Garioch 41 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Grn, 1 Lib Dem
13. Westhill and District 42 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem
14. Huntly, Strathbogie and Howe of Alford 42 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem
15. Aboyne, Upper Deeside and Donside 31 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem
16. Banchory and Mid Deeside 31 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem
17. North Kincardine 41 Con, 1 Alba, 1 Lib Dem, 1 Lab
18. Stonehaven and Lower Deeside 42 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem
19. Mearns 42 Con, 1 Alba, 1 Lib Dem
Ythan Estuary nature reserve, with tern colonies and dunes in background. Aaythanestuarywterns.jpg
Ythan Estuary nature reserve, with tern colonies and dunes in background.

The overall political composition of the council, following subsequent defections [24] and by-elections, is as follows: [25] The council is the first in Scotland to have councillors form an Alba party political group: these councillors are Leigh Wilson, Alastair Bews and Brian Topping.

PartyCouncillors
Scottish Conservatives 22
Scottish National Party 18
Scottish Liberal Democrats 14
Independent 10
Alba Party 3
Scottish Labour 1
Scottish Libertarian Party 1
Scottish Greens 1
Aberdeenshire Council.jpg

The council's Revenue Budget for 2012/13 totals approx £548 million. The Education, Learning and Leisure Service takes the largest share of budget (52.3%), followed by Housing and Social Work (24.3%), Infrastructure Services (15.9%), Joint Boards (such as Fire and Police) and Misc services (7.9%) and Trading Activities (0.4%). 21.5% of the revenue is raised locally through the Council Tax. Average Band D Council Tax is £1,141 (2012/13), no change on the previous year. The current chief executive of the council is Jim Savege and the elected Council Leader is Jim Gifford. Aberdeenshire also has a Provost, who is Councillor Bill Howatson.

The council has devolved power to six area committees: Banff and Buchan; Buchan; Formartine; Garioch; Marr; and Kincardine and Mearns. Each area committee takes decisions on local issues such as planning applications, and the split is meant to reflect the diverse circumstances of each area. (Boundary map)

In the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, 60.36% of voters in Aberdeenshire voted for the Union, while 39.64% opted for independence. [26]

Notable features

The B976 road near Gairnshiel View NE from summit of B976 - geograph.org.uk - 443153.jpg
The B976 road near Gairnshiel
An old lime kiln at Badenyon Old lime kiln at Badenyon.jpg
An old lime kiln at Badenyon

The following significant structures or places are within Aberdeenshire:

Hydrology and climate

There are numerous rivers and burns in Aberdeenshire, including Cowie Water, Carron Water, Burn of Muchalls, River Dee, River Don, River Ury, River Ythan, Water of Feugh, Burn of Myrehouse, Laeca Burn and Luther Water. Numerous bays and estuaries are found along the seacoast of Aberdeenshire, including Banff Bay, Ythan Estuary, Stonehaven Bay and Thornyhive Bay. Aberdeenshire is in the rain shadow of the Grampians, therefore it is a generally dry climate, with portions of the coast, receiving 25 inches (64 cm) of moisture annually. [5] Summers are mild and winters are typically cold in Aberdeenshire; Coastal temperatures are moderated by the North Sea such that coastal areas are typically cooler in the summer and warmer in winter than inland locations. Coastal areas are also subject to haar, or coastal fog.

Notable residents

Related Research Articles

Fraserburgh Town in Aberdeenshire, Scotland

Fraserburgh is a town in Aberdeenshire, Scotland with a population recorded in the 2011 Census at 13,100. It lies at the far northeast corner of Aberdeenshire, about 40 miles (64 km) north of Aberdeen, and 17 miles (27 km) north of Peterhead. It is the biggest shellfish port in Scotland and one of the largest in Europe, landing over 5,450 tonnes in 2016. Fraserburgh is also a major port for white and pelagic fish.

A90 road

The A90 road is a major north to south highway in eastern Scotland, running from Edinburgh to Fraserburgh, through Dundee and Aberdeen. Along with the A9 and the A82 it is one of the three major north-south trunk roads connecting the Central Belt to the North.

Buchan Committee area of Aberdeenshire, Scotland

Buchan is one of the six committee areas and administrative areas of Aberdeenshire Council, Scotland. These areas were created by the council in 1996, when the Aberdeenshire council area was created under the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994. The council area was formed by merging three districts of the Grampian Region: Banff and Buchan, Gordon and Kincardine and Deeside. The committee area of Buchan was formed from part of the former district of Banff and Buchan.

Grampian Place

Grampian was one of nine former local government regions of Scotland created in 1975 by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 and abolished in 1996 by the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994. It is now divided into the unitary council areas of:

Banff and Buchan Modern committee area in Aberdeenshire

Banff and Buchan is a committee area of the Aberdeenshire Council, Scotland. It has a population of 35,742. Fishing and agriculture are important industries, together with associated processing and service activity.

Ellon, Aberdeenshire Human settlement in Scotland

Ellon is a town in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, approximately 16 miles north of Aberdeen, lying on the River Ythan, which has one of the few undeveloped river estuaries on the eastern coast of Scotland. It is in the ancient region of Formartine. Its name is believed to derive from the Gaelic term Eilean, an island, on account of the presence of an island in the River Ythan, which offered a convenient fording point.

Aberdeenshire (historic) Historic county in Scotland

Aberdeenshire or the County of Aberdeen is a historic county and registration county of Scotland. The area of the county, excluding the city of Aberdeen itself, is also a lieutenancy area. The county borders Kincardineshire, Angus and Perthshire to the south, Inverness-shire and Banffshire to the west, and the North Sea to the north and east. It has a coast-line of 65 miles (105 km).

West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997 onwards

West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Westminster), which elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It was first used in the 1997 general election, but has undergone boundary changes since that date.

Banff and Buchan (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Banff and Buchan is a constituency of the House of Commons, located in the north-east of Scotland within the Aberdeenshire council area. It elects one Member of Parliament at least once every five years using the first-past-the-post system of voting.

Gordon (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Gordon is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster), which elects one member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The constituency first returned a member in the 1983 general election, but has undergone boundary changes since that date.

Peterhead Human settlement in Scotland

Peterhead is a town in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. It is Aberdeenshire's biggest settlement, with a population of 18,537 at the 2011 Census. It is also the largest fishing port in the United Kingdom for total landings by UK vessels, according to a 2019 survey.

Methlick Human settlement in Scotland

Methlick is a village in the Formartine area of Aberdeenshire, Scotland, situated on the River Ythan 11.2 kilometres (7.0 mi) north-west of Ellon.

Aberdeen Crossrail is a proposed railway development in Scotland, first proposed within the 2003 Scottish Strategic Rail Study. It is supported by Nestrans, the north-east of Scotland's voluntary regional transport partnership.

AB postcode area Postcode area within the United Kingdom

The AB postcode area, also known as the Aberdeen postcode area, is a group of 33 postcode districts in north-east Scotland, within 24 post towns. These cover the Aberdeen council area, Aberdeenshire and east Moray.

New Leeds Human settlement in Scotland

New Leeds is a planned village in the Buchan area of Aberdeenshire, Scotland, situated 5.1 kilometres (3.2 mi) east of Strichen at the foot of Mormond Hill.

Cortes, Aberdeenshire Human settlement in Scotland

Cortes is a rural settlement in the Banff and Buchan area of Aberdeenshire, Scotland, situated in the parish of Rathen, 7.8 kilometres (4.8 mi) south of Fraserburgh.

Banffshire and Buchan Coast (Scottish Parliament constituency) Constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Banffshire and Buchan Coast is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the first past the post method of election. It is one also of ten constituencies in the North East Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to ten constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Aberdeenshire East (Scottish Parliament constituency) Constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Aberdeenshire East is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the first past the post method of election. Also, however, it is one of ten constituencies in the North East Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to ten constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Founded in April 1887, the Aberdeenshire and District Football Association is an affiliated local association of the Scottish Football Association. Member clubs are drawn from the historic counties of Aberdeenshire and Banffshire.

North East Scotland College

North East Scotland College was formed on 1 November 2013 from the merger of Aberdeen College and Banff & Buchan College. The regional college serves an extensive geographical area with its main centres in Aberdeen and Fraserburgh.

References

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