Perth and Kinross

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Perth and Kinross
Pairth an Kinross
Peairt agus Ceann Rois
Perth and Kinross in Scotland.svg
Coat of Arms of the Area Council of Perth and Kinross.svg
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country Scotland
Lieutenancy area Perth and Kinross
Admin HQ Perth
Government
  Body Perth & Kinross Council
  Control SNP minority (council NOC)
   MPs
   MSPs
Area
  Total2,041 sq mi (5,286 km2)
  Rank Ranked 5th
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total151,290
  Rank Ranked 12th
  Density74/sq mi (29/km2)
ONS code S12000024
ISO 3166 code GB-PKN
Website www.pkc.gov.uk

Perth and Kinross (Scots : Pairth an Kinross; Scottish Gaelic : Peairt agus Ceann Rois) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland and a Lieutenancy Area. It borders onto the Aberdeenshire, Angus, Argyll and Bute, Clackmannanshire, Dundee, Fife, Highland and Stirling council areas. Perth is the administrative centre. With the exception of a large area of south-western Perthshire, the council area mostly corresponds to the historic counties of Perthshire and Kinross-shire.

Contents

Perthshire and Kinross-shire shared a joint county council from 1929 until 1975. The area formed a single local government district in 1975 within the Tayside region under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 , and was then reconstituted as a unitary authority (with a minor boundary adjustment) in 1996 by the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 .

Geographically the area is split by the Highland Boundary Fault into a more mountainous northern part and a flatter southern part. The northern area is a popular tourist spot, while agriculture makes an important contribution to the southern part of the area.

The area is run by Perth and Kinross Council, and is represented by members of the Scottish National Party within both the Scottish Parliament and the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

History

Perth & Clackmannan Shires. 1854. Civil Parish map PERTH & CLACKMANNAN SHIRES Civil Parish map.jpg
Perth & Clackmannan Shires. 1854. Civil Parish map

The historical counties of Perthshire and Kinross-shire were separate entities prior to 1975. Under the terms of the 1973 Local Government (Scotland) Act Kinross-shire became part of the Tayside region, while Perthshire was split between the Tayside and Central regions. Under the terms of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 these regions were dissolved in 1996 and the unitary authority of Perth and Kinross was created from the areas of Perthshire and Kinross-shire which were previously part of the Tayside region. [1] [2]

Geography

Topographic map of Perth and Kinross Perth adn Kinross topo.png
Topographic map of Perth and Kinross

The Highland Boundary Fault runs across the region from the northeast to the southwest. This roughly divides the area between highland Perthshire, including part of the Grampian Mountains, to the north, and lowland Perthshire and Kinross to the south. The highland area is intersected with glacial valleys, often containing ribbon lakes, including Loch Tay and Loch Earn. The lowland area is a fertile region lying within the Central Lowlands. [3]

Economy

In the southern part of Perth and Kinross agriculture plays an important part of the local economy. [4] This includes the cultivation of fruits, fodder, wheat and seed potatoes. [3]

The scenic nature of the northern part of Perth and Kinross makes tourism an important part of the economy. [4] The Forestry Commission controls large parts of the area, which is also home to a number of hydroelectric dams. [3]

City

Towns and villages

Towns

Villages

Places of interest

Politics and governance

Local Council

Following the 2022 Perth and Kinross Council election, part of the Scotland wide local elections, the composition of the local council was as follows: [5]

PartyCouncillors
Scottish National Party 16
Conservative 14
Liberal Democrat 4
Independent 4
Labour 2

Scottish Parliament

Perth and Kinross is covered by two Scottish Parliament constituencies and one electoral region. [6] Following the 2021 Scottish Parliament election these two constituencies - Perthshire South and Kinross-shire and Perthshire North - are held respectively by Jim Fairlie and John Swinney, both members of the Scottish National Party. [7] [8] Following the same election the electoral region - Mid Scotland and Fife - is represented by four members of the Scottish Conservatives, two members of Scottish Labour, and one member of the Scottish Greens. [9]

UK Parliament

Perth and Kinross is covered by two United Kingdom Parliament constituencies; Perth and North Perthshire and Ochil and South Perthshire. [6] Following the 2019 UK Parliamentary General Election these seats are respectively held by Pete Wishart and John Nicolson, both for the Scottish National Party. [10] [11]

Referendums

On 18 September 2014, Perth and Kinross voted strongly "No" in the Scottish Independence Referendum, with a majority of 60.2% on a record turnout of 86.9% . [12]

On 23 June 2016, Perth and Kinross voted in favour of remain in the Brexit referendum, with a majority of 61.1% on a turnout of 73.7%. [13]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perthshire</span> Historic administrative division in Scotland

Perthshire, officially the County of Perth, is a historic county and registration county in central Scotland. Geographically it extends from Strathmore in the east, to the Pass of Drumochter in the north, Rannoch Moor and Ben Lui in the west, and Aberfoyle in the south; it borders the counties of Inverness-shire and Aberdeenshire to the north, Angus to the east, Fife, Kinross-shire, Clackmannanshire, Stirlingshire and Dunbartonshire to the south and Argyllshire to the west. It was a local government county from 1890 to 1930.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pitlochry</span> Town in Perthshire, Scotland

Pitlochry is a town in the Perth and Kinross council area of Scotland, lying on the River Tummel. It is historically in the county of Perthshire, and has a population of 2,776, according to the 2011 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kinross-shire</span> Historic county in Scotland

The County of Kinross or Kinross-shire is a historic county and registration county in eastern Scotland, administered as part of Perth and Kinross since 1930. Surrounding its largest settlement and county town of Kinross, the county borders Perthshire to the north and Fife to the east, south and west.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Blairgowrie and Rattray</span> Human settlement in Scotland

Blairgowrie and Rattray is a twin burgh in Perth and Kinross, Scotland. Locals refer to the town as "Blair". Blairgowrie is the larger of the two former burghs which were united by an Act of Parliament in 1928 and lies on the southwest side of the River Ericht while Rattray is on the northeast side. Rattray claims to be the older and certainly Old Rattray, the area round Rattray Kirk, dates back to the 12th century. New Rattray, the area along the Boat Brae and Balmoral Road dates from 1777 when the River was spanned by the Brig o' Blair. The town lies on the north side of Strathmore at the foot of the Grampian Mountains. The west boundary is formed by the Knockie, a round grassy hill, and Craighall Gorge on the Ericht. Blairgowrie and Rattray developed over the centuries at the crossroads of several historic routes with links from the town to Perth, Coupar Angus, Alyth and Braemar. The roads to Coupar Angus and Braemar form part of General Wade's military road from Perth to Ayrshire then over the tiny bridge to the hill Fort George. The town's centrepiece is the Wellmeadow, a grassy triangle in the middle of town which hosts regular markets and outdoor entertainment.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Loch Rannoch</span> Freshwater loch in Perth and Kinross, Scotland

Loch Rannoch is a freshwater loch in Perth and Kinross, Scotland. It is over 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) long in a west–east direction with an average width of about 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi), and is deepest at its eastern end, reaching a depth of 130 metres (440 ft). The River Tummel begins at its eastern end, where the small village of Kinloch Rannoch can be found, whilst the wild expanse of Rannoch Moor extends to the west of the loch. The area surrounding Loch Rannoch, along with Rannoch Moor itself, was formerly part of the native Caledonian Forest that stretched across much of Northern Scotland. Native forest is now largely absent from much of the area, due partly to logging, and partly to the climate becoming wetter, and Loch Rannoch is now largely surrounded by commercial forestry and open hillsides, although a small area remains at the Black Wood of Rannoch on the southern shore of the loch.

Rannoch is an area of the Scottish Highlands between the A9 road, to the east, and the A82, to the west. The area is crossed from south to north by the West Highland railway line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ochil and South Perthshire (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2005 onwards

Ochil and South Perthshire is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election.

Kinross and Western Perthshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 until 1983, representing, at any one time, a seat for one Member of Parliament (MP), elected by the first past the post system of election.

Perth and East Perthshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1950 to 1983. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perth (Scottish Parliament constituency)</span> Scottish Parliament constituency

Perth was a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elected one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. Also, however, it was one of nine constituencies in the Mid Scotland and Fife electoral region, which still elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rannoch School</span> Private boarding secondary school in Near Kinloch Rannoch and Pitlochry, Scotland

Rannoch School was an independent boarding school, located on the south shore of Loch Rannoch in Perth and Kinross, Scotland on the Dall Estate, 6 miles (9.7 km) from Kinloch Rannoch. Dall House served as the main school building and a boarding house.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Tayside (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983–2005

North Tayside was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1983 until 2005. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post voting system.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kinloch Rannoch</span> Human settlement in Scotland

Kinloch Rannoch is a village in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, at the eastern end of Loch Rannoch, 18 miles (29 km) west of Pitlochry, on the banks of the River Tummel. The village is a tourist and outdoor pursuits centre. It has a small population and is fairly remote.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Glen Lyon</span>

Glen Lyon is a glen in the Perth and Kinross region of Scotland. It is the longest enclosed glen in Scotland and runs for 34 miles from Loch Lyon in the west to the village of Fortingall in the east.

WestPerthshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 to 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post voting system.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Breadalbane, Scotland</span>

Breadalbane, from Scottish Gaelic Bràghaid Albann, is a region of the southern/central Scottish Highlands. It is a mountainous region comprising the watershed of Loch Tay; its boundaries are roughly the West Highland Way in the west, Rannoch Moor in the northwest, Loch Rannoch in the north, the River Tummel in the east, the Highland boundary in the southeast, and Loch Earn and Loch Voil-Loch Doine in the south. The former Breadalbane district was surrounded by the districts of Atholl, Strathearn, Menteith, The Lennox, Argyll and Lochaber. The Breadalbane Hydro-Electric Scheme lies within the region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perthshire North (Scottish Parliament constituency)</span> Region or constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Perthshire North is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood) covering part of the council area of Perth and Kinross. It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. It is one of nine constituencies in the Mid Scotland and Fife electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to the nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perthshire South and Kinross-shire (Scottish Parliament constituency)</span> Constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Perthshire South and Kinross-shire is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood) covering part of the council area of Perth and Kinross. It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. It is one of nine constituencies in the Mid Scotland and Fife electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to the nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Danus George Moncrieff Skene was a Scottish teacher, educationalist and politician.

References

  1. Lagasse, Paul; Columbia University (2018). "Kinross-shire". The Columbia Encyclopedia - Credo Reference (8th ed.). Columbia University Press. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  2. Lagasse, Paul; Columbia University (2018). "Perthshire". The Columbia Encyclopedia - Credo Reference (8th ed.). Columbia University Press. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  3. 1 2 3 "Perth and Kinross". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  4. 1 2 "Perth and Kinross". The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide - Credo Reference. Helicon. 2018. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  5. "Perth & Kinross result - Scottish Council Elections 2022". BBC News. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  6. 1 2 "MPs and MSPs". www.pkc.gov.uk. Perth & Kinross Council. 7 January 2020. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  7. "Perthshire South and Kinross-shire". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  8. "Perthshire North". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  9. "Mid Scotland and Fife". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  10. "Perth & North Perthshire parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  11. "Ochil & South Perthshire parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  12. "Scotland Decides". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  13. "EU Referendum local results - P". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 August 2020.