Stanley, Perthshire

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Stanley
Stanley Mills1.jpg
Restored former cotton mill in Stanley, next to the River Tay
Perth and Kinross UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Stanley
Location within Perth and Kinross
Population1,500 (mid-2020 est.) [1]
OS grid reference NO114328
  Edinburgh 38 mi (61 km)
  London 369 mi (594 km)
Council area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Perth
Postcode district PH1
Police Scotland
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°28′46″N3°26′16″W / 56.47953°N 3.437853°W / 56.47953; -3.437853 Coordinates: 56°28′46″N3°26′16″W / 56.47953°N 3.437853°W / 56.47953; -3.437853

Stanley is a village on the north side of the River Tay in Perthshire, Scotland, around 6 miles (10 kilometres) north of Perth.

Contents

The section of the River Tay near the village is a popular location for canoeing and fishing.

Etymology

The village of Stanley gains its name from Lady Amelia Stanley, the daughter of James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby. In the 1600s the area around Stanley was part of the estate of Earls of Atholl and was also the location of Inchbervis Castle. In 1659 the castle was renamed Stanley House in honour of the wedding of John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl and Lady Stanley. When the village was built in the 1700s it took the name Stanley after the nearby house.

History

John Murray, the 4th Duke of Atholl, decided in the 18th century to harness of the nearby River Tay to power a cotton mill. Richard Arkwright, an inventor of cotton-spinning machinery was persuaded by George Dempster (the local MP), while Dempster was visiting Cromford in Derbyshire, to come to Scotland to set up a cotton mill in Stanley as well as one at New Lanark. Stanley Mills opened in 1787, and by its 10th year employed 350 people.

The village of Stanley was built to house the workers of the mill. Work on the village began in 1784. It was designed by the Duke of Atholl's factor James Stobie. By 1799 the village's population was around 400, and by 1831 it had reached around 2,000 residents, about 50% of whom worked in the mill.

Stanley Mill

Stanley Mills Stanley Mills 2015.jpg
Stanley Mills
Stanley Church, Perthshire Stanley Church, Perthshire.jpg
Stanley Church, Perthshire

Stanley was largely founded to house workers for a huge mill on the banks of the River Tay.

The mill was originally water-powered but was later converted to steam and finally to electric power. For most of its history it produced cotton thread, but in the 20th century changed to cigarette ribbon. The Dempster & Co company was established in 1787 by seven men including Richard Arkwright, George Dempster and William Sandeman to build the mill on land feued from the Duke of Atholl to provide employment to Highlanders affected by the clearances. [2] A fire in 1799 destroyed a large section of the mill and it reopened in 1802, partly with advice from David Dale of New Lanark (which it closely resembles).

The mill used coal gas for lighting until 1921, when this was replaced by a hydroelectric power plant, which was built to also supply electricity to the village. The power station was closed in 1965 but was reopened in 2003 by npower.

From the 1960s the mill was in decline, and it finally closed down in 1989. After that the mill fell derelict. Historic Scotland bought the mill in 1995 and over the next ten years, in liaison with the Phoenix Trust, the buildings renovated and turned into private flats plus a museum depicting life in the 19th century and the story of the mill. [3]

Public transport

Train

A railway station was built in Stanley in 1848. This later evolved into a junction station, as it lay at the point where the branch line to Forfar diverged from the Highland Main Line. The Highland Main Line still runs through the village, but the station was closed in 1956.

Bus

A bus service, started in the 1930s, of Stanley-based Allan & Scott, used to run the five miles between Stanley and Bankfoot twice a day on Sundays. The service was taken over in 1946 by A&C McLennan of Spittalfield. Permission to use double decker buses was granted in 1950. In 1952, the fare was 51/2 shillings single and 10 shillings return, with gradual increases to 8 shillings single and one farthing return by 1963. By 1966, the service operated only on the first Sunday of each month. Service was withdrawn in 1967, [4] although A&C McLennan was still in operation in 1969. [5]

Ballathie House

Ballathie House was built during the 1850s near Stanley. It was built by the Robertson family, the land having originally been owned by the Drummond family, the Earls of Perth. Since 1972 it has operated as a country house hotel.

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William Sandeman

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Murthly Human settlement in Scotland

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Bridge of Tilt Human settlement in Scotland

Bridge of Tilt is a village in Perthshire, Scotland, built around the River Tilt, near its confluence with the River Garry. It is 5+34 miles northwest of Pitlochry. The newer part of the village is continuous with Blair Atholl, only separated by the River Tilt. The village is located primarily on the B8079 between Pitlochry and Dunalastair Water, but the older part of the village is located further up the River Tilt. The A9 runs past the River Garry to the south of Bridge of Tilt, and connects the village with Newtonmore and Inverness in the north and Pitlochry, Perth and Stirling in the south.

References

  1. "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  2. Perth Entrepreneurs: the Sandemans of Springfield by Charles D Waterston, 2008, pages 32–33: these pages reference other information sources. ISBN   978-0-905452-52-4
  3. "Historic Environment Scotland". Historic-scotland.gov.uk. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  4. The Courier , 2 April 2020, p. 28
  5. "Scottish fare increases" - Commercial Motor , 17 October 1969