Scottish Fire and Rescue Service

Last updated

Scottish Fire and Rescue Service
Seirbheis Smàlaidh agus Teasairginn na h-Alba
Scottish Fire and Rescue Service logo.svg
Operational area
Country Scotland
Agency overview
Established1 April 2013 (1 April 2013)
Employees8,281 (2016)
MottoWorking together for a safer Scotland [1]
Facilities and equipment
Stations 357
Engines 427 (2021)
Ladders 25 (2021)
Fireboats 20–35
Rescue boats 20
Website
www.firescotland.gov.uk OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service (SFRS; Scottish Gaelic : Seirbheis Smàlaidh agus Teasairginn na h-Alba) is the national fire and rescue service of Scotland. It was formed by the merger of eight regional fire services in the country on 1 April 2013. It thus became the largest fire brigade in the United Kingdom, surpassing the London Fire Brigade. [2]

Contents

The force was established as a result of the passing of Scottish Government legislation. The Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012 was passed by the Scottish Parliament, and, in 2013, the new Scottish Fire and Rescue Service replaced Scotland's eight regional fire and rescue services. [3]

Consolidation and structure

Scottish Fire and Rescue Service Headquarters, Cambuslang Cambuslang4.jpg
Scottish Fire and Rescue Service Headquarters, Cambuslang
Firefighters of the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service with Minister for Community Safety and Legal Affairs, Annabelle Ewing, on its fifth anniversary in operation, 2018 Fire reform anniversary (27199101888).jpg
Firefighters of the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service with Minister for Community Safety and Legal Affairs, Annabelle Ewing, on its fifth anniversary in operation, 2018

After a consultation, [4] the Scottish Government confirmed on 8 September 2011 [5] that a single fire and rescue service would be created in Scotland to replace the eight existing local authority fire and rescue services.

Following further consultation [6] on the detailed operation of the service, the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Bill was published on 17 January 2012. [7] After scrutiny and debate by the Scottish Parliament, the legislation was approved on 27 June 2012. [8] The Bill duly received royal assent as the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012. This Act also created Police Scotland in place of the previous eight regional police forces. The mergers were effective from 1 April 2013. Eight months after the consolidation, an internal report said the reorganisation had not negatively affected operational response. [9]

The eight services that were merged are:

The number of control rooms handling 999 calls was also reduced from eight to three. The consolidation of regional call centres has reportedly resulted in a number of dispatching errors. For example, a crew from Beauly was sent to a blaze 10 miles away in Dingwall as the dispatcher was allegedly unaware Dingwall had its own fire station. [10] The service is headquartered in Cambuslang, South Lanarkshire, on the south-eastern outskirts of Glasgow, incorporating a national training centre, opened in January 2013. There are a further three service delivery centres in the east, west and north of the country. [11]

On 16 August 2012, the Scottish Government confirmed the first chief fire officer of the new service would be Alasdair Hay, then acting chief fire officer of Tayside Fire and Rescue Service, following an open recruitment exercise. [12] Pat Watters, former president of the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities, was also announced as chair of the service, an appointment to run for three years from September 2012. [13] Members of the SFRS Board appointed in October 2012 were Watters, Bob Benson, James Campbell, Kirsty Darwent, Marieke Dwarshuis, Michael Foxley, Robin Iffla, Bill McQueen, Sid Patten, Neil Pirie, Martin Togneri and Grant Thoms. [14]

Chief officers

Operations

SFRS firefighter douses flames at the Glasgow School of Art fire in May 2014 JMH 5247 2.jpg
SFRS firefighter douses flames at the Glasgow School of Art fire in May 2014
A Scottish Fire and Rescue Service engine from the Girvan fire station in 2017 Scottish Fire and Rescue Service - geograph.org.uk - 5624246.jpg
A Scottish Fire and Rescue Service engine from the Girvan fire station in 2017

The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service attended 25,002 fires in 2014/15. The service also delivers a preventative programme, with 65,343 free home fire safety visits conducted in 2015/16. [15]

As well as fighting fires, the service attends a wide range of specialist incidents, such as road traffic collisions (RTC), water rescue, rope (line) rescue, urban search and rescue (USAR), chemical biological radiological and nuclear (CBRN) and terrorist attacks. [16] In 2014/15, the service attended 10,740 non-fire incidents, 102 of the fire stations in the Scottish Fire & Rescue Service have specialist capabilities for non-fire/major incidents. [15] [17]

New Dimensions Programme

In partnership with Scottish Executive (now Scottish Government) and the Scottish Fire Services Inspectorate and in response to the September 11 attacks the development of the New Dimensions (ND) programme began in 2001. Similar to that of the English and Welsh New Dimensions programme the overall aim of the project was to prepare sufficient responses to protect the public and respond to potential terrorist incidents as well of the likes of Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) and Mass Decontamination (MD) incidents in Scotland, the programme also focussed on other aspects of fire and rescue not yet fully fleshed out to the extent it could be (e.g. Wildfires, Water Rescue) in order to enhance the capability of Scotland's fire services. Prior to the 2013 merger this set out a model response across all services when dealing with major disruptive incidents where mutual assistance would be needed. To support this the Scottish Government funded a range of specialist vehicles and equipment to deal with these new hazards, as of 2020 there were 39 resilience appliances in SFRS' fleet. [18] [19] [20]

Hazardous Materials

The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service and its antecedents all had and continue to follow the requirement to respond to hazardous materials (HAZMAT) incidents, referring to incidents involving biological and chemical agents which has the capacity to cause harm to people, animals and the environment, providing scientific advisory, environmental protection, mass decontamination and detection, identification and monitoring (DIM) services in co-operation with partner agencies with the aim of neutralising and managing HAZMAT incidents. [21] [22] [19]

Detection, Identification, Monitoring (DIM)

The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service has a fleet of 4 Detection, Identification, Monitoring (DIM) vehicles strategically provided by the Scottish Government to four out of the eight legacy fire services under Scottish Resilience stationed at Aberdeen, Dundee, Glasgow and Edinburgh. These vehicles are generally crewed by flexi-duty officers to support its operations at incidents. The DIM vehicles are used as a form of mobile laboratory at serious chemical, biological radiological and nuclear (CBRN) instances, supporting a wide range of incidents including flooding, HAZMAT, Urban Search And Rescue (USAR) and Mass Decontamination. The vehicles are capable of identifying substances at incidents where the material of concern has not yet been identified. [19]

Environmental Protection

The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service has numerous equipment and vehicles used to protect the environment and animals from potentially harmful incidents across Scotland. There are 11 HAZMAT/Environmental Protection vehicles in SFRS' fleet, eight of which are deployed via a demountable pod system. [19]

Mass Decontamination (MD)

Mass Decontamination (MD) is the removal of harmful contaminants from large amounts of people in the case of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear (CBRN) incidents and industrial accidents. There are multiple specialist resources strategically placed across Scotland, all funded by the Scottish Government in order to sufficiently respond to such incidents. Every fire appliance and crew in Scotland has the capabilities to provide simple decontamination procedures for incidents in which there is a small number of people affected or in the early stages of a mass decontamination incidents, utilising basic firefighting equipment such as hosereels and ladders. [19]

Urban Search and Rescue (USAR)

Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) operations aim to respond to the likes of major transportation incidents and collapsed buildings. There are several strategically placed USAR assets across Scotland with most of which being based on demountable pod systems, these assets are interchangeable with heavy rescue resources, there is also a USAR dog based at Portlethen, Aberdeenshire used to track the scents of survivors at the scene of building collapses or other similar incidents. From 2010 to 2013 there were 15 partial building collapses across Scotland. [23] [18] [19]

High Volume Pumps (HVP)

Under the New Dimensions programme 4 high volume pumping units (HVPU) were provided by the Scottish government and strategically placed across Scotland at Elgin, Dundee, Falkirk and Clydesmill (Glasgow). HVP's are demountable modules transported by prime mover, carrying a kilometre of hose and a submersible pump used to pump water from lakes and rivers. The primary use of HVP's is to support flooding incidents but can be used in firefighting instances such as the 2018 Glasgow School of Art fire because of its capabilities to transport large quantities of water. [20] [24] [19]

Water rescue

Scottish Fire & Rescue Service RIB Scottish Fire ^ Rescue Service exercise - Falls of Lora (2) - geograph.org.uk - 4319463.jpg
Scottish Fire & Rescue Service RIB

In 2005 under government legislation it became the eight antecedent fire and rescue service's of Scotland's responsibility to prepare and respond to flooding and other water related incidents in which there is a risk of a person to die, become seriously ill or injured and protect them from harm. [25] [26] After the 2013 merger of SFRS and the abundance of rivers and lochs, it was decided a generalised and revised water rescue capability should be established. The result of this is a Mercedes Sprinter van containing water rescue equipment, welfare facilities, and trailering a rigid permanently inflated boat for immediate deployment. Twenty of SFRS' stations have one of these dedicated water rescue units. [27] The Water Rescue Units regularly respond to flooding, difficulty in water, and water-related rescue incidents. [28] Additionally 78 stations have specialist flood response capabilities .

The service is the primary emergency service for the rescue of persons from the River Clyde in Glasgow and works alongside other emergency services during flooding events to ensure the safety of communities and rescue people in difficulty, with specialist swift water rescue teams positioned on major waterways and areas of activity. Firefighters are routinely called out to water, flood and boat rescues. For example, during Storm Frank in December 2015, SFRS received 350 flood-related calls in the space of six days. [29]

Wildfires

In 2015, SFRS were called out to 78 wildfire incidents in total, with over half of those taking place in the north of Scotland. [15]

Medical emergencies

In 2015, a national trial was launched, in partnership with the Scottish Ambulance Service, which has seen firefighters at certain stations receive enhanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training aimed at increasing survival rates for people who suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. [30]

In 2007, Grampian Fire & Rescue Service in partnership with the Scottish Ambulance Service launched two Community first responder vehicles at Braemar and Maud [31] fire stations, firefighters at these specific stations trained at First Responder levels can be pagered by the North SDA on request of the Scottish Ambulance Service.

Line rescue

Line or rope rescue is a type of technical rescue involving the use of ropes, harness, anchoring and hauling devices to assist rescues at height or below ground level at urban and structural locations. While many crews are trained to a safe working at height (SWAH) standard, line rescue crews are trained to a more advanced capacity to deal with more complex technical rescues at the likes of open structures, utilising horizontal and vertical stretcher lowering and raising.

Four stations contain these line rescue units (LRU), strategically placed across the country in Altens (Aberdeen), Lochgelly, Tollcross (Edinburgh), and East Kilbride. [27]

Fire stations

Scottish Fire and Rescue Service station located in Kilmarnock Fire Station, Kilmarnock - geograph.org.uk - 5596632.jpg
Scottish Fire and Rescue Service station located in Kilmarnock

Currently the Scottish Fire & Rescue Service operate 356 fire stations throughout Scotland. Scotland's fire stations are crewed in six different ways: [32]

Northern Service Delivery Area

The Northern Service Delivery Area incorporates all of the fire stations of the former fire & rescue services of Grampian (GFRS), Highlands & Islands (H&IFRS) and Tayside (TFRS). It has 1.2 million residents and operates 164 fire stations. [38] The Northern Service Delivery Area headquarters is located at Dyce fire station on the outskirts of the city of Aberdeen. For ease of operations and multi-agency interaction, the Service Delivery Area is further sub-divided into smaller Local Service Areas structured in line with local councils; they are:

  • Perth & Kinross, Angus and Dundee
  • Aberdeen City, Aberdeenshire and Moray
  • Highland (East)
  • Highland (West)
  • Western Isles, Orkney Isles and Shetland Isles

East Service Delivery Area

The East Service Delivery Area incorporates fire stations of the former Central Scotland Fire & Rescue Service (CSFRS), Fife Fire & Rescue Service (FFRS) and Lothian & Borders Fire & Rescue Service (L&BFRS). It has 1.6 million residents and operates 65 fire stations. [39] The East Delivery Service Area Headquarters are located at Newbridge, to the west of Edinburgh. The facilities at Newbridge also house the workshops and Asset Resource Centre. In 2020, a new state of the art training facility was opened at Newbridge, which replaced the former one at Thornton, in Fife. For ease of operations and multi-agency interaction, the Service Delivery Area is further sub-divided into smaller Local Service Areas structured in line with local councils; they are:

  • Midlothian, East Lothian and Scottish Borders
  • Edinburgh City
  • Falkirk and West Lothian
  • Stirling & Clackmannanshire
  • Fife

Western Service Delivery Area

The Western Service Delivery Area incorporates all the fire stations of both the former Dumfries & Galloway Fire and Rescue Service (D&GFRS) and Strathclyde Fire & Rescue (SFR). It has 2.4 million residents and operates 127 fire stations. [40] The Western Service Delivery Area headquarters is located at Hamilton Fire Station to the east of Glasgow. For ease of operations and multi-agency interaction, the Service Delivery Area is further sub-divided into smaller Local Service Areas structured in line with local councils; they are:

  • City of Glasgow
  • South Lanarkshire
  • North Lanarkshire
  • East Dumbartonshire, West Dumbartonshire and Argyll & Bute
  • East Renfrewshire, Renfrewshire and Inverclyde
  • East Ayrshire, North Ayrshire and South Ayrshire
  • Dumfries & Galloway

National Training Centre

The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service National Training Centre opened in January 2013. The facility in Cambuslang features a mock town with realistic motorways, railway tracks and buildings, including a multi-storey tenement structure. [41]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Singapore Civil Defence Force</span> Emergency services organisation in Singapore

The Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) is a uniformed organisation in Singapore under the Ministry of Home Affairs that provides emergency services such as firefighting, technical rescue, and emergency medical services, and coordinates national civil defence programme.

The New Zealand Fire Service was New Zealand's main firefighting body from 1 April 1976 until 1 July 2017 – at which point it was dissolved and incorporated into the new Fire and Emergency New Zealand.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fire and Rescue New South Wales</span> Emergency service in New South Wales, Australia

Fire and Rescue NSW (FRNSW) previously known as NSW Fire Brigades (NSWFB), is an agency of the Government of New South Wales, Australia. FRNSW is responsible for firefighting, rescue and HazMat services in the major cities, metropolitan areas and towns across New South Wales. Fire and Rescue NSW is the fourth largest urban fire service in the world, with over 6,800 firefighters serving at 335 fire stations throughout the state, supported by 465 administrative and trades staff and 5,700 community fire unit volunteers. FRNSW are the busiest fire service in Australia, attending over 124,000 incidents a year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Devon and Somerset Fire and Rescue Service</span> Fire and rescue service in south west England

Devon and Somerset Fire and Rescue Service (DSFRS) is the statutory fire and rescue service covering the counties Devon and Somerset in South West England – an area of 3,924 square miles (10,160 km2). It serves a population of 1.75 million, and is the fifth largest fire and rescue service in the United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue Service</span> County-wide, statutory emergency service

The West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue Service (WYFRS) is the county-wide, statutory emergency fire and rescue service for the metropolitan county of West Yorkshire, England. It is administered by a joint authority of 22 people who are appointed annually from the five metropolitan boroughs of West Yorkshire, known as the Fire & Rescue Authority.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Essex County Fire and Rescue Service</span> Regional fire and rescue service in England

Essex County Fire and Rescue Service (ECFRS) is the statutory fire and rescue service for the county of Essex in the east of England, and is one of the largest fire services in the country, covering an area of 1,338 square miles (3,470 km2) and a population of over 1.7 million people.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hampshire and Isle of Wight Fire and Rescue Service</span> Fire and rescue service in southern England

The Hampshire and Isle of Wight Fire and Rescue Service (HIWFRS) is the statutory fire and rescue service for the county of Hampshire, including the cities of Southampton and Portsmouth, and the county of the Isle of Wight off the south coast of England. The service was formed on 1 April 2021 from the merger of Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service and the Isle of Wight Fire and Rescue Service. The service's chief fire officer is Neil Odin.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tayside Fire and Rescue Service</span>

Tayside Fire and Rescue Service was, between 1975 and 2013, the statutory fire and rescue service for the area of Tayside in Scotland. It was amalgamated into the single Scottish Fire and Rescue Service in 2013.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Wales Fire and Rescue Service</span> Fire and rescue service in Wales

The North Wales Fire and Rescue Service is the fire and rescue service covering the principal areas of Anglesey, Conwy, Denbighshire, Flintshire, Gwynedd and Wrexham in the north of Wales. With service coverage in north-west Wales being predominantly rural. The NWFRS is headquartered in St Asaph, Denbighshire, Wales.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Buckinghamshire Fire and Rescue Service</span> Fire and rescue service in east of England

Buckinghamshire Fire and Rescue Service, is the Local Authority Fire Service serving the English unitary authorities of Buckinghamshire and the City of Milton Keynes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hertfordshire Fire and Rescue Service</span> Fire and rescue service in southern England

Hertfordshire Fire and Rescue Service (HFRS) is the statutory fire and rescue service for the county of Hertfordshire, England. HFRS covers an area of 1,514 square miles (3,920 km2) and a population of 1.19 million.

In the United Kingdom and Ireland, a retained firefighter, also known as an RDS firefighter or on-call firefighter, is a firefighter who does not work on a fire station full-time but is paid to spend long periods of time on call to respond to emergencies through the Retained Duty System. Many have full-time jobs outside of the fire service. Retained firefighters are employed and trained by the local fire and rescue service.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cornwall Fire and Rescue Service</span> Fire and rescue service in south west England

Cornwall Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service covering Cornwall, England. As of April 2019, the service employs over 400 retained firefighters, 203 full-time firefighters, plus 170 support and administrative staff. Created under the Fire Services Act 1947 as "Cornwall County Fire Brigade", the name changed to "Cornwall Fire and Rescue Service" on 1 October 2009.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Dimension programme</span> Programme providing specialist equipment to fire and rescue services in England and Wales

The New Dimension programme, sometimes referred to as the New Dimension or New Dimensions, was started by the Department for Communities and Local Government in the UK, for fire and rescue services in England and Wales, following the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States. It has provided equipment, training and standardised procedures to deal with terrorist attacks and major environmental disasters.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Norfolk Fire and Rescue Service</span> Statutory fire and rescue service

Norfolk Fire and Rescue Service (NFRS) is the statutory fire and rescue service for the county of Norfolk in the east of England. The county consists of around 870,100 people, covering the 4th largest area in England with 2,074 square miles including 200 miles of inland waterways, 90 miles of coastline and 6,125 miles of roads. The county city is Norwich with other major towns including Great Yarmouth, King's Lynn and Thetford. Norfolk has one of the 20 Urban Search and Rescue teams across England and Wales which were set up in response to the 9/11 attacks. The teams, including Norfolk, have the capacity to deal with two simultaneous incidents across the UK.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lincolnshire Fire and Rescue Service</span> Fire and rescue service of England

Lincolnshire Fire and Rescue (LFR) is the statutory fire and rescue service serving the non-metropolitan county of Lincolnshire in the East Midlands Region of England. This does not include North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire, which are covered by Humberside Fire and Rescue Service.

Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service responsible for fire protection, prevention, intervention and emergency rescue in the county of Staffordshire and unitary authority of Stoke-on-Trent. The county has a population of 1,126,200 and covers a total area of 2,260 km2. Staffordshire shares the majority of its border with Derbyshire, Cheshire, West Midlands (County) and Shropshire; although, in much shorter stretches, the county also butts up against Worcestershire, Warwickshire and Leicestershire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Suffolk Fire and Rescue Service</span>

Suffolk Fire and Rescue Service (SFRS) is the statutory fire and rescue service covering the county of Suffolk in East Anglia, England. It was formed in 1948 as the Suffolk & Ipswich Fire Service, before changing after the 1974 Local Government Review to 'Suffolk Fire Service'. Following the 2004 Fire & Rescue Services Act, the service name was changed to Suffolk Fire & Rescue Service to better reflect its role. Suffolk has a population of 760,556 and covers 1,466 square miles (3,800 km2). The county town is Ipswich with other major towns including Lowestoft, Bury St-Edmunds, Felixstowe and Newmarket.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fire appliances in the United Kingdom</span>

Fire services in the United Kingdom use a variety of fire appliances, which perform a wide range of general and specialised roles and fit into several distinct categories. Contemporary fire appliances carry a multitude of equipment and firefighting media to deal with different types of emergencies ranging from fires, rescues, vehicle extrication, floods, salvage, casualty and trauma care.

A Special operations firefighter, also known as Fire Service Special Operations, is a specialist firefighter who has been specially trained to execute tasks other than standard firefighting operations. The National Fire Protection Association's Standard for the Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations, and Special Operations to the Public by Career Fire Departments defines special operations as "Those emergency incidents to which the fire department responds that require specific and advanced training and specialized tools and equipment". The NFPA 1710 further defined special operations as "Special operations include water rescue, extrication, hazardous materials, confined space entry, highangle rescue, aircraft rescue and fire fighting, and other operations requiring specialized training".

References

  1. "Home". www.firescotland.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  2. "Who we are". London Fire Brigade. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2014. LFB employs approximately 7,000 staff of which 5,800 are operational firefighters and officers
  3. "Fire and rescue". www.gov.scot. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  4. "Research report on consultation 15 September 2011". Scottish Government.
  5. "Single Fire and Rescue Service for Scotland". Scottish Government. 8 September 2011.
  6. "Research report on consultation". Scottish Government. 16 December 2011.
  7. "Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Bill". Scottish Government. 17 January 2012.
  8. "Police and Fire Reform". Scottish Government. 27 June 2012.
  9. "Praise after fire service merger". The Herald. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  10. "All at sea". Private Eye . London: Pressdram Ltd. 10 February 2017.
  11. "Your Area". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 6 January 2017. three service delivery HQs
  12. "Alasdair Hay named as new chief for merged Scottish fire service". BBC News. 16 August 2012.
  13. "First new Police Authority and Fire Service chairmen appointed". BBC News. 31 August 2012.
  14. "Scottish Fire and Rescue Service" (Press release). Scottish Government. 17 October 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  15. 1 2 3 "Fire & Rescue Statistics 2014-15" (PDF). 15 December 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  16. "Senior Personnel". Scottish Fire and Rescue Service Website. Retrieved 10 March 2023.
  17. https://www.firescotland.gov.uk/media/2383698/fso_statistics_2019_20.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  18. 1 2 "New Dimension". www.graemekirkwood.co.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 https://scottishborders.moderngov.co.uk/documents/s3842/bii%20-%20Appendix%202%20-%20Specialised%20Equipment.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  20. 1 2 https://www.firescotland.gov.uk/media/1143826/150129_item_13_specialist_resources_review_report_and_appendix.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  21. "Services - 638132-2020 - TED Tenders Electronic Daily". ted.europa.eu. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
  22. "CACI | Where Talent, Data and Technology Converge" (PDF).
  23. "Urban search and rescue dog Diesel has retired". Scottish Fire and Rescue Service Website. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
  24. "High Volume Pumping Unit". www.graemekirkwood.co.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
  25. https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2005/342/article/5/made [ bare URL ]
  26. "Specialist PPE - NFCC Commercial Transformation Programme". National NFCC Fire Commercial Transformation Programme. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
  27. 1 2 "Review of Specialist Equipment" (PDF). scottishborders.moderngov.co.uk. 8 October 2014.
  28. "Water Safety".
  29. Hannan, Martin (6 January 2016). "Fire crews worked 'flat out' after the flood devastation". The National . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  30. "Firefighters to respond to cardiac arrest cases". BBC News. 29 October 2015.
  31. "Enhanced Medical Role for Fire and Rescue Service | Scottish Government". www.wired-gov.net. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  32. "Find a fire station". www.firescotland.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  33. "Wholetime firefighter". www.firescotland.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  34. "Retained duty system for on call firefighters". www.firescotland.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  35. "On call firefighter". www.firescotland.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  36. "On call firefighter". www.firescotland.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  37. "On call firefighter". www.firescotland.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  38. "North". Scottish Fire and Rescue Service Website. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  39. "East". Scottish Fire and Rescue Service Website. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  40. "West". Scottish Fire and Rescue Service Website. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  41. "New fire training centre simulates burning buildings and train crashes". STV News . 25 January 2013. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2016.