|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||40 mi (64 km) S|
|• London||440 mi (710 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Pitkeathly Wells (spelling variants: Pitcaithly, Pitceathly, Pitkethley, etc.) is a hamlet in the Perth and Kinross area of Scotland, famed for its mineral water. The water was recommended for health during the 19th century, and was bottled for sale, sometimes carbonated. In 1910, Schweppes took over bottling the water, however, they shut down production after a fire.
Pitkeathly, historically known as Pitcaithly, is situated north of the Ochil Hills, 2 miles south-west of Bridge of Earn.Pitcaithly Bannock, a kind of bannock quite similar to a shortbread, is named for the town.
The hamlet has five main wells which produce Pitkeathly mineral water, which were known in the 19th century as the East, the West, the Spout, the Dunbarny, and the Southpark. The wells had been used for restorative properties by the local community, but in 1772 the scientific community started investigating them. A scholar from Glasgow discovered that the water contained quantities of calcium, salt, magnesium and limestone.There are records of people bathing in the springs going back to 1711. By 1876, the water was bottled and sent round the country, sometimes carbonated. In addition, the owner of the land, Mr Grant of Kilgraston, had opened a mineral spa at the springs, with accommodation for guests.
Schweppes took over the springs in 1910 and subsequently bottled the water in a plant employing thirty people. In 1927, a disastrous fire ended the bottling operation. The mineral spa was closed in 1949.
A soft drink is a drink that usually contains carbonated water, a sweetener, and a natural or artificial flavoring. The sweetener may be a sugar, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit juice, a sugar substitute, or some combination of these. Soft drinks may also contain caffeine, colorings, preservatives, and/or other ingredients.
Carbonated water is water containing dissolved carbon dioxide gas, either artificially injected under pressure or occurring due to natural geological processes. Carbonation causes small bubbles to form, giving the water an effervescent quality. Common forms include sparkling natural mineral water, club soda, and commercially produced sparkling water.
Mineral water is water from a mineral spring that contains various minerals, such as salts and sulfur compounds. Mineral water may usually be still or sparkling (carbonated/effervescent) according to the presence or absence of added gases.
Bottled water is drinking water packaged in plastic or glass water bottles. Bottled water may be carbonated or not. Sizes range from small single serving bottles to large carboys for water coolers.
Schweppes is a beverage brand that originated in the Republic of Geneva and that is sold around the world. It includes a variety of lemonade, carbonated waters and ginger ales.
A soda fountain is a device that dispenses carbonated soft drinks, called fountain drinks. They can be found in restaurants, concession stands and other locations such as convenience stores. The device combines flavored syrup or syrup concentrate and carbon dioxide with chilled and purified water to make soft drinks, either manually, or in a vending machine which is essentially an automated soda fountain that is operated using a soda gun. Today, the syrup often is pumped from a special container called a bag-in-box (BiB).
Perrier is a French brand of natural bottled mineral water captured at the source in Vergèze, located in the Gard département. Perrier is best known for its naturally occurring carbonation, distinctive green bottle, and higher levels of carbonation than its peers.
Băile Tușnad is a town in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.
Bannock is a variety of flat quick bread or any large, round article baked or cooked from grain. A bannock is usually cut into sections before serving.
Mattoni is a brand of mineral water, owned by Mattoni 1873 company, based in Karlovy Vary, the Czech Republic. It is the largest producer of mineral water in Central Europe.
Malvern water is a natural spring water from the Malvern Hills on the border of the counties of Herefordshire and Worcestershire in England. The Hills consist of very hard granite and limestone rock. Fissures in the rock retain rain water, which slowly permeates through, escaping at the springs. The springs release an average of about 60 litres a minute and the flow has never been known to cease.
Johann Jacob Schweppe was a German-Swiss watchmaker and amateur scientist who developed the first practical process to manufacture bottled carbonated mineral water, based on a process discovered by Joseph Priestley in 1767. His company, Schweppes, regards Priestley as “the father of our industry”.
Malvern Water is a brand of bottled drinking water obtained from a spring in the range of Malvern Hills that marks the border between the counties of Herefordshire and Worcestershire in England. The water is a natural spring water from the hills that consist of very hard granite rock. Fissures in the rock retain rain water, which slowly permeates through, escaping at the springs. The springs release an average of about 60 litres a minute. The flow rate depends on rainfall and can vary from as little as 36 litres per minute to over 350 litres per minute.
Agua Mineral Salus is a patented brand of mineral water produced by the company Salus SA. Its industrial base is in Lavalleja Department, Uruguay. The plant is located at the site of the mineral spring, 110 kilometres (68 mi) northeast of Montevideo and 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) west of Minas.
Bílinská kyselka is strongly mineralized alkaline bicarbonate mineral water from Bílina city. Particularly sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and iron are present as cations, as are anions of chloride, sulfate, and bicarbonate. The temperature of spring water ranges between 17 and 20 °C.. Due to the high content of free carbon dioxide is naturally carbonated and packaged without additional chemical modifications. Water is collected from a borehole from a depth of 191 m under the mountain Bořeň. Biliner is available in Europe in one liter and 500 ml bottles. Biliner bottles are cobalt blue polyethylene terephthalate.
Acqua Minerale San Benedetto S.p.A. is an Italian multinational based in Scorzè, and active in the field of non-alcoholic beverages. It produces and sells mineral water, and carbonated and non-carbonated beverages, in Italy and worldwide.
Buckhorn Springs is an unincorporated community in Jackson County, Oregon, United States. It lies along Emigrant Creek in the Siskiyou Mountains southeast of Ashland. Buckhorn Springs Road connects the community to Oregon Route 66 near Emigrant Lake.