Kinross

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Kinross
Kinross High Street. - geograph.org.uk - 92123.jpg
High Street, Kinross
Perth and Kinross UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kinross
Location within Perth and Kinross
Area2.00 km2 (0.77 sq mi)  [1]
Population5,120 (2016) [1]
  Density 2,560/km2 (6,600/sq mi)
OS grid reference NO1102
  Edinburgh 20 mi (32 km)
  London 351 mi (565 km)
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KINROSS
Postcode district KY13
Dialling code 01577
Police Scotland
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°12′N3°25′W / 56.20°N 3.42°W / 56.20; -3.42 Coordinates: 56°12′N3°25′W / 56.20°N 3.42°W / 56.20; -3.42

Kinross ( /kɪnˈrɒs/ , Scottish Gaelic : Ceann Rois) is a burgh in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, located around 13 miles (21 km) south of Perth and around 20 miles (32 km) north-west of Edinburgh. It is the traditional county town of the historic county of Kinross-shire.

Contents

Location and transport

The site of the original parish church and churchyard are located down a small wynd overlooking Loch Leven, a little away from the town.

A map of Kinross from 1945 Kinrossmap1945.png
A map of Kinross from 1945

Kinross was originally linked by railway to Perthshire, Fife and Clackmannanshire until the rail links gradually disappeared. At one time three independent railway companies had their termini at the town. The Fife and Kinross Railway came from the east, the Kinross-shire Railway came from the south and The Devon Valley Railway came from the west. Recently, Kinross has expanded, especially since the construction of the M90 motorway, which is the main north-south artery bypassing the town. Many people working within a commuting radius of Kinross have settled in the town owing to its central location and local amenities. Locals & MSP's Have also asked the Scottish Government to publish a Feasibility Study into re-establishing the Perth - Edinburgh Direct Rail Link. To This day no such Document has been Published.

Tourism

The burgh is located on the shores of Loch Leven. There are boat trips around the loch and to Loch Leven Castle where Mary, Queen of Scots was held prisoner in 1567.

Up to 2014 the annual T in the Park music festival. which was officially replaced by TRNSMT festival in Glasgow Green, was held nearby, at the former Balado airfield. Balado is also the locale of a now inactive NATO ICBM early warning radar and during the Second World War there was an airstrip and barracks.

Climate

As with most of the British Isles, Kinross has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Climate data for Kinross (120 m or 394 ft asl, averages 1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)5.9
(42.6)
6.5
(43.7)
8.6
(47.5)
11.3
(52.3)
14.6
(58.3)
17.2
(63.0)
19.3
(66.7)
19.0
(66.2)
16.1
(61.0)
12.2
(54.0)
8.6
(47.5)
6.0
(42.8)
12.1
(53.8)
Average low °C (°F)−0.3
(31.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.0
(33.8)
2.5
(36.5)
5.0
(41.0)
7.9
(46.2)
9.7
(49.5)
9.3
(48.7)
7.2
(45.0)
4.5
(40.1)
1.8
(35.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
4.0
(39.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches)123.9
(4.88)
84.3
(3.32)
89.1
(3.51)
58.0
(2.28)
61.3
(2.41)
72.8
(2.87)
69.5
(2.74)
81.4
(3.20)
90.5
(3.56)
116.2
(4.57)
107.4
(4.23)
102.2
(4.02)
1,056.6
(41.59)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm)16.812.814.510.911.212.311.612.812.916.115.015.1162
Mean monthly sunshine hours 33.570.7110.3149.8184.7156.1168.1165.3127.485.448.623.21,323.1
Source: Met Office [2]

Sport and recreation

The Loch Leven Trails offers 21 km (13 miles) of walking and cycling heritage trail around the shoreline of Loch Leven. It begins at RSPB Vane Farm Nature Reserve via Findatie to Kinross Pier/Kirkgate Park.

There is a leisure centre located in Kinross, called Loch Leven Leisure.

Kinross has three amateur football teams – Kinross AFC who currently play in the Fife Kingdom Caledonian Football League, Kinross Colts 'A' Team (Previously Fossoway AFC) who play in the Fife 1st division and Portmoak AFC who play in the Perthshire 3rd division.

Notable people

Twinned Cities

Education

Related Research Articles

Perthshire registration county in central Scotland

Perthshire, officially the County of Perth, is a historic county and registration county in central Scotland. Geographically it extends from Strathmore in the east, to the Pass of Drumochter in the north, Rannoch Moor and Ben Lui in the west, and Aberfoyle in the south; it borders the counties of Inverness-shire and Aberdeenshire to the north, Angus to the east, Fife, Kinross-shire, Clackmannanshire, Stirlingshire and Dunbartonshire to the south and Argyllshire to the west. It was a local government county from 1890 to 1930.

Perth, Scotland City in Scotland

Perth is a city in central Scotland, on the banks of the River Tay. It is the administrative centre of Perth and Kinross council area and the historic county town of Perthshire. It had a population of about 47,180 in 2012. Perth has been known as The Fair City since the publication of the story Fair Maid of Perth by Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott in 1828. During the later medieval period the city was also called St John's Toun or Saint Johnstoun by its inhabitants in reference to the main church dedicated to St John the Baptist. This name is preserved by the city's football club, St Johnstone F.C.

Perth and Kinross Council area of Scotland

Perth and Kinross is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland and a Lieutenancy Area. It borders onto the Aberdeenshire, Angus, Argyll and Bute, Clackmannanshire, Dundee, Fife, Highland and Stirling council areas. Perth is the administrative centre. With the exception of a large area of south-western Perthshire, the council area mostly corresponds to the historic counties of Perthshire and Kinross-shire.

Pitlochry Human settlement in Scotland

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Kinross-shire Historic county in Scotland

The County of Kinross or Kinross-shire is a historic county and registration county in eastern Scotland, administered as part of Perth and Kinross since 1930. Surrounding its largest settlement and county town of Kinross, the county borders Perthshire to the north and Fife to the east, south and west.

Stirlingshire Historic county in Scotland

Stirlingshire or the County of Stirling is a historic county and registration county of Scotland. Its county town is Stirling.

Loch Leven (Kinross) lake in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom

Loch Leven is a fresh water loch located immediately to the east of the burgh of Kinross in Perth and Kinross council area, central Scotland. Roughly triangular, the loch is about 6 km (3.7 mi) at its longest. Prior to the canalisation of the River Leven, and the partial draining of the loch in 1826-36, Loch Leven was considerably larger. The drop in water level by 1.4 m reduced to the loch to 75% of its former size, and exposed several small islands, as well as greatly increasing the size of the existing ones.

Milnathort Human settlement in Scotland

Milnathort is a small town in the parish of Orwell in the historic county of Kinross-shire, Scotland and the local government (Council) area of Perth and Kinross. The smaller neighbour of nearby Kinross, Milnathort has a population of around 2,000 people. It is situated amidst picturesque countryside at the foot of the Ochil Hills, and near the north shore of Loch Leven. From 1977 it became more easily accessible due to the development of the M90 motorway. The name comes from the Gaelic maol coirthe meaning "bare hill of the standing stones".

Leven, Fife Human settlement in Scotland

Leven is a seaside town in Fife, set in the east Central Lowlands of Scotland. It lies on the coast of the Firth of Forth at the mouth of the River Leven, 8.1 miles (13.0 km) north-east of the town of Kirkcaldy and 6.4 miles (10.3 km) east of Glenrothes.

Kinross and WesternPerthshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 until 1983, representing, at any one time, a seat for one Member of Parliament (MP), elected by the first past the post system of election.

Ladybank Human settlement in Scotland

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Cowdenbeath railway station railway station in Fife, Scotland, UK

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Levenmouth is a conurbation comprising a network of small settlements on the north side of the Firth of Forth, in Fife on the east coast of Scotland. It consists of three principle coastal towns; Buckhaven, Leven and Methil, and a number of smaller towns, villages and hamlets inland. The industrial towns of Buckhaven and Methil lie on the west bank of the River Leven, and the resort town of Leven is on the east bank. The "Bawbee Brig" links the two sides of the river. Historically, Buckhaven and Methil were joined together as one burgh, while Leven was separate. The area had an estimated population of 37,238 in 2006.

<i>Portmoak</i> Scottish parish

Portmoak is a parish in Kinross-shire, Scotland. It consists of a group of settlements running north to south they are Glenlomond, Wester Balgedie, Easter Balgedie, Kinnesswood, Kilmagadwood and Scotlandwell.

Perthshire North (Scottish Parliament constituency) constituency

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Perthshire South and Kinross-shire (Scottish Parliament constituency) constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Perthshire South and Kinross-shire is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. Also, however, it is one of nine constituencies in the Mid Scotland and Fife electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Mid Fife and Glenrothes (Scottish Parliament constituency) constituency

Mid Fife and Glenrothes is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. Also, it is one of nine constituencies in the Mid Scotland and Fife electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Kinnesswood Human settlement in Scotland

Kinnesswood, possibly from the Scottish Gaelic: Ceann eas ciad is a village in Perth and Kinross, Scotland. It lies to the east of Loch Leven, on the A911 road, below Bishop Hill in the Lomond Hills. It is approximately 4 miles west of Glenrothes and 4 miles east of Kinross.

Devon Valley Railway

The Devon Valley Railway linked Alloa and Kinross in central Scotland, along a route following the valley of the River Devon. Its construction took 20 years from the first section opening in 1851, to the final section in 1871. Three railway companies were involved, and it encountered a great many problems both with finance and engineering.

The Railways of Kinross were a local network of three rural railways which made the town of Kinross in Scotland their objective in the 1859s.

References

  1. 1 2 "Kinross (Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map, Location, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  2. "Kinross climate information". Met Office. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  3. 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1876,' Biographical Sketch of Andrew Barlass, pg. 475