Perthshire

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Perthshire
Perthshire County.svg
Perthshire within Scotland
Area
  19752528 sq. miles (6547 sq. km) (5th)
History
  Succeeded by Tayside Region
Status Local government county (until 1975)
Land registration county (1996 - )
Chapman code PER
GovernmentCounty: Perthshire County Council (1890-1929)
Perth and Kinross County Council (1929-1975)
Modern: Perth and Kinross Council (1996 - )
Lieutenancy: Lord Lieutenant of Perth and Kinross
   HQ Perth (county town and administrative centre)
   Motto Pro Lege et Libertate
('For Law and Liberty')
Perthshire arms.png
Coat of arms of the county council

Perthshire ( /ˈpɜːrθʃər/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Scottish Gaelic : Siorrachd Pheairt), officially the County of Perth, is a historic county and registration county in central Scotland. Geographically it extends from Strathmore in the east, to the Pass of Drumochter in the north, Rannoch Moor and Ben Lui in the west, and Aberfoyle in the south; it borders the counties of Inverness-shire and Aberdeenshire to the north, Angus to the east, Fife, Kinross-shire, Clackmannanshire, Stirlingshire and Dunbartonshire to the south and Argyllshire to the west. It was a local government county from 1890 to 1930.

Contents

Perthshire is known as the “big county”, owed to its roundness and status as the 4th largest historic county in Scotland. It has a wide variety of landscapes, from the rich agricultural straths in the east, to the high mountains of the southern Highlands.

Administrative history

Perthshire was an administrative county between 1890 and 1975, governed by a county council. From 1930 onwards, a joint local government council was formed with the small neighbouring county of Kinross-shire, linking the two.

In 1975, the administrative county was superseded by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 and split between the Central and Tayside Regions:

The two-tier system introduced in 1975 was superseded by a system of unitary authorities in 1996. The districts of Tayside and Central Scotland all became unitary authorities, with Longforgan being transferred from Dundee to Perth and Kinross. The majority of historic Perthshire lies in Perth and Kinross. The exceptions are the southwestern part that is now in the Stirling council area and a few parishes that are now in Clackmannanshire. Perth and Kinross also contains some areas that were not historically in Perthshire, such as Kinross-shire. The lieutenancy areas in the same area are mostly coterminous with the council areas. Perthshire still exists as a registration county.

Boundaries

Prior to the 1890s Perthshire’s boundaries were irregular: the parishes of Culross and Tulliallan formed an exclave some miles away from the rest of the county, on the boundaries of Clackmannanshire and Fife; while the northern part of the parish of Logie formed an enclave of Stirlingshire within the county.

Following the recommendations of the council boundary commission appointed under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, Culross and Tulliallan were transferred to Fife, and the entire parish of Logie was included in Stirlingshire.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the County of Perth appears to have been granted for use on the colours and standards of the volunteer and militia units of the county raised at the end of the eighteenth century. The Earl of Kinnoull, a native of Perthshire, and commanding officer of the Perthshire Gentlemen and Yeomanry Cavalry, was also Lord Lyon King of Arms at the time, and he presented the arms to the county in 1800. The grant document was discovered in the Lyon Office in 1890, and forwarded to the newly formed Perth County Council.

The shield is very similar to the Scottish royal arms, reflecting that Perthshire was the home county of the House of Dunkeld and contains the former royal capital, Scone. Further royal references are made on the canton, which shows Scone Palace surmounted by the Crown of Scotland. The crest is a Highland soldier, reflecting that the famous Black Watch were formed in the county. [1] The supporters are an eagle and a warhorse, the former from the arms of the city of Perth.

Burghs

By the 1890s the county contained the following burghs, which were largely outside the county council’s jurisdiction:

  • Royal Burgh of Perth (which was styled a city)
  • Burgh of Auchterarder (formed 1894: reinstated as a royal burgh in 1951)
  • Burgh of Aberfeldy (police burgh from 1887)
  • Burgh of Abernethy (burgh of barony from 1458/9, police burgh from 1877)
  • Burgh of Alyth (police burgh 1834)
  • Burgh of Blairgowrie (burgh of barony 1634, police burgh 1833)
  • Burgh of Rattray (police burgh 1873)
  • Burgh of Callander (police burgh 1866)
  • Burgh of Coupar Angus (burgh of barony 1607, police burgh 1852)
  • Burgh of Crieff (burgh of barony 1674, burgh of regality 1687, police burgh 1864)
  • Burgh of Doune (burgh of barony 1611, police burgh 1890)
  • Burgh of Dunblane (burgh of regality of the Bishop of Dunblane 1442, police burgh 1870)

The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929 divided burghs into two classes from 1930: large burghs, which were to gain extra powers from the county council, and small burghs which lost many of their responsibilities.

Of the twelve burghs in Perthshire, only Perth was made a large burgh. There were ten small burghs: Blairgowrie and Rattray being united into a single burgh. In 1947 Pitlochry was created a small burgh.

Civil parishes

Perthshire and Clackmannanshire c. 1851. Parishes outlined in red PERTH & CLACKMANNAN SHIRES Civil Parish map.jpg
Perthshire and Clackmannanshire c. 1851. Parishes outlined in red

In 1894 parish councils were established for the civil parishes, replacing the previous parochial boards. The parish councils were in turn replaced by district councils in 1930.

Following the boundary changes caused by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, the county contained the following civil parishes:

Districts

In 1930 the landward area of the Local Government councils (the part outside of burgh boundaries) was divided into five districts, replacing the parish councils established in 1894:

Geography

The uncharacteristically flat lands of the Carse of Gowrie Newlands, near Cairnie Pier - geograph.org.uk - 84373.jpg
The uncharacteristically flat lands of the Carse of Gowrie

The county forms part of the Highland geographic area; it consists of predominantly mountainous and hilly land within the Grampian Mountains, interspersed with numerous lochs and glens. The highest point is Ben Lawers at 1,214 m (3,983 ft), making it the 4th highest peak in Scotland. [3] Most towns are fairly small, with the larger ones being clustered in the flatter south-east of the county. In the far south along the borders with Clackmannanshhire and Kinross-shire lie the Ochil Hills, and in the south-east part of the Sidlaw Hills lie within the county, continuing on into Angus. Perthshire borders the Firth of Tay in the south-east, which provides access to the North Sea; along the north shore lies the Carse of Gowrie, an extremely flat area of land given over to agriculture. Within the Forth can be found the small island of Mugdrum.

Rivers

Lochs and Reservoirs

Typical Perthshire scenery around Loch Garry Loch Garry by Kenny Barker.jpg
Typical Perthshire scenery around Loch Garry
Ben Vorlich rising above Loch Lubnaig Lubnaig and vorlich.jpg
Ben Vorlich rising above Loch Lubnaig
Loch Loch from summit of Ben Vuirich Loch Loch from summit of Ben Vuirich - geograph.org.uk - 1075199.jpg
Loch Loch from summit of Ben Vuirich
The Loch of Butterstone as seen from Benachally Monument View from Benachally Monument - geograph.org.uk - 613391.jpg
The Loch of Butterstone as seen from Benachally Monument

Mountains

Ben Vrackie: View west to the Lawers range, Schiehallion, lochs Tummel and Rannoch, and very distant Glen Coe peaks Ben Vrackie (worldofjan).jpg
Ben Vrackie: View west to the Lawers range, Schiehallion, lochs Tummel and Rannoch, and very distant Glen Coe peaks

Glens and straths

Settlements

Bridge of Earn from Moncreiffe Hill Bridge of Earn from Moncreiffe Hill - geograph.org.uk - 112167.jpg
Bridge of Earn from Moncreiffe Hill
Crieff Heading east on Crieff's High Street - geograph.org.uk - 3152513.jpg
Crieff
Dunblane Road junction from bridge, Dunblane. - geograph.org.uk - 1505186.jpg
Dunblane
Dull welcome sign Dull and Boring.JPG
Dull welcome sign
Killin Main Street, Killin - geograph.org.uk - 1347515.jpg
Killin
Perth in the winter Ice forming on the Tay - geograph.org.uk - 1638366.jpg
Perth in the winter
Pool of Muckhart Pool of Muckhart from the top of Seamab.jpg
Pool of Muckhart

Transport

Dunkeld & Birnam railway station Dunkeld & Birnam station geograph-3870417-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Dunkeld & Birnam railway station

The Highland Main Line railway line connects Perth to Inverness, and in the far west the West Highland Line criss-crosses the Perthshire-Argyllshire boundary. Other lines in the south-east link Perth to the towns of Fife and Stirlingshire.

Parliamentary constituencies

Following the Act of Union, Perthshire returned members to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1708.

1707–1885

1885–1918

In 1885 seats in the House of Commons were redistributed: Perthshire received three seats.

1918–1975

In 1918 there was a further redistribution. Perthshire was combined with Kinross-shire to form a parliamentary county, divided into two constituencies:

These boundaries continued in use until 1983, when new constituencies were formed based on the Local Government regions and districts created in 1975.

1975–2005

Perthshire was represented in House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1975 to 2005.

2005–present

Perthshire has two constituencies and two Members of Parliament.

Famous places

Notable people

Schools

See also

Related Research Articles

Perth and Kinross Council area of Scotland

Perth and Kinross is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland and a Lieutenancy Area. It borders onto the Aberdeenshire, Angus, Argyll and Bute, Clackmannanshire, Dundee, Fife, Highland and Stirling council areas. Perth is the administrative centre. With the exception of a large area of south-western Perthshire, the council area mostly corresponds to the historic counties of Perthshire and Kinross-shire.

Dunbartonshire Historic county in Scotland

Dunbartonshire or the County of Dumbarton is a historic county, lieutenancy area and registration county in the west central Lowlands of Scotland lying to the north of the River Clyde. Dunbartonshire borders Perthshire to the north, Stirlingshire to the east, Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire to the south, and Argyllshire to the west. The boundaries with Lanarkshire and Stirlingshire are split in two owing to the existence of an exclave around Cumbernauld.

Pitlochry Human settlement in Scotland

Pitlochry is a burgh in the county of Perthshire in Scotland, lying on the River Tummel. It is administered as part of the council area of Perth and Kinross, and has a population of 2,776, according to the 2011 census.

Kinross Human settlement in Scotland

Kinross is a burgh in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, located around 13 miles (21 km) south of Perth and around 20 miles (32 km) north-west of Edinburgh. It is the traditional county town of the historic county of Kinross-shire.

Kinross-shire Historic county in Scotland

The County of Kinross or Kinross-shire is a historic county and registration county in eastern Scotland, administered as part of Perth and Kinross since 1930. Surrounding its largest settlement and county town of Kinross, the county borders Perthshire to the north and Fife to the east, south and west.

Stirlingshire Historic county in Scotland

Stirlingshire or the County of Stirling is a historic county and registration county of Scotland. Its county town is Stirling.

Aberfeldy, Perth and Kinross Human settlement in Scotland

Aberfeldy is a burgh in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, on the River Tay. A small market town, Aberfeldy is located in Highland Perthshire. It is famous for being mentioned in the poem The Birks Of Aberfeldy by Robert Burns.

Ochil and South Perthshire (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2005 onwards

Ochil and South Perthshire is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election.

Kinross and WesternPerthshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 until 1983, representing, at any one time, a seat for one Member of Parliament (MP), elected by the first past the post system of election.

Perth (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997-2005

Perth was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1918, 1918 to 1950, and 1997 to 2005. From 1832 to 1918 it was a burgh constituency. From 1918 to 1950, and 1997 to 2005, it was a county constituency. During each of the three periods it elected one Member of Parliament (MP).

Perth and East Perthshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1950 to 1983. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Loch Tummel lake in the United Kingdom

Loch Tummel is a long, narrow loch, 7 km (4.3 mi) north west of Pitlochry in the council area of Perth and Kinross, Scotland. It is fed and drained by the River Tummel, which flows into the River Tay about 13 km (8.1 mi) south-east of the Clunie Dam at the loch's eastern end.

North Tayside (Scottish Parliament constituency)

North Tayside was a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elected one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. Also, however, it is one of nine constituencies in the Mid Scotland and Fife electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

North Tayside (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983-2005

North Tayside was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1983 until 2005. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post voting system.

WestPerthshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 to 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post voting system.

EastPerthshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 to 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.

Perthshire North (Scottish Parliament constituency) constituency

Perthshire North is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. Also, it is one of nine constituencies in the Mid Scotland and Fife electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

References

  1. Patton, David (1977). Arms of the County Councils of Scotland. Port Charlotte: Argyll Reproductions Ltd.
  2. Wilson, John Marius. "The Imperial gazetteer of Scotland; or, Dictionary of Scottish topography". Edinburgh A. Fullarton. Archived from the original on 5 August 2016 via Internet Archive.
  3. "walkhighlands Ben Lawers". walkhighlands.co.uk. 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  4. 1 2 The Parliamentary Constituencies (Scotland) Order 1970 (S.I. 1970 No. 1680)

Coordinates: 56°30′N4°00′W / 56.500°N 4.000°W / 56.500; -4.000