North Lanarkshire

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North Lanarkshire

North Lanrikshire
Siorrachd Lannraig a Tuath
North Lanarkshire in Scotland.svg
North lanarkshire arms.jpg
Coat of arms
North Lanarkshire Council.svg
Coordinates: 55°49′44″N3°55′19″W / 55.829°N 3.922°W / 55.829; -3.922 Coordinates: 55°49′44″N3°55′19″W / 55.829°N 3.922°W / 55.829; -3.922
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Scotland
Lieutenancy areas Lanarkshire (Part), Dunbartonshire (Part)
Admin HQ Motherwell
Government
  BodyNorth Lanarkshire Council
  Control Labour minority (council NOC)
   MPs
   MSPs
Area
  Total181.4 sq mi (469.9 km2)
Area rank Ranked 19th
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total340,180
  Rank Ranked 4th
  Density1,900/sq mi (720/km2)
ONS code S12000044
ISO 3166 code GB-NLK
Website www.northlanarkshire.gov.uk

North Lanarkshire (Scots : North Lanrikshire; Scottish Gaelic : Siorrachd Lannraig a Tuath) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. It borders the northeast of the City of Glasgow and contains many of Glasgow's suburbs and commuter towns and villages. It also borders East Dunbartonshire, Falkirk, Stirling, South Lanarkshire and West Lothian. The council covers parts of the traditional counties of Dunbartonshire, Lanarkshire and Stirlingshire.

Contents

The area was formed in 1996, from the districts (within Strathclyde region) of Cumbernauld and Kilsyth, Motherwell, and Monklands, as well as part of the Strathkelvin district (Chryston and Auchinloch), which operated between 1975 and 1996. As a new single-tier authority, North Lanarkshire became responsible for all functions previously performed by both the regional council and the district councils.

History

The largest part of North Lanarkshire, in the south of the county, has its roots in the historic county of Lanarkshire, which has existed since around the time of King David I, who ruled Scotland from 1124 to 1153. [1] The county was based around the town of Lanark, now in South Lanarkshire, which had been the site of the first Parliament of Scotland under Kenneth II in 978, and was granted burgh status by David in 1140. [2] The northern parts of North Lanarkshire were in the historic counties of Dunbartonshire and Stirlingshire. [3] The area now covered by North Lanarkshire has five historical burghs: Airdrie, Coatbridge, Kilsyth, Motherwell and Wishaw. [4] The population of North Lanarkshire grew quickly during the Industrial Revolution. In the 18th century the county's towns, including Motherwell, were active in textile production. The discovery of coal and iron ore deposits in the 19th century, as well as the building of the Glasgow to Edinburgh railway, transformed the region. [5] The towns of Motherwell, Coatbridge and Wishaw became centres of the iron and steel industry. These industries began to decline in the second half of the 20th century, while a growth occurred in the financial and technology sectors, as well as a growth in logistics services related to the heavy goods traffic in the area. The new town of Cumbernauld expanded rapidly after World War II, and is now the largest town in North Lanarkshire. The growth of the Greater Glasgow metropolitan area into the south-western part of the county has also led to a large number of residential areas for commuters. [3]

The North Lanarkshire county area was established in 1996 as part of a reorganisation of local government in the United Kingdom. [6] This was the latest in a series of reforms, starting in 1889 with the establishment of a county council for Lanarkshire in 1889 and followed in 1975 by the abolition of the county and its absorption into the larger Strathclyde Region. [7] The 1996 reform abolished Strathclyde, and established North Lanarkshire as a merger of the districts of Cumbernauld and Kilsyth, Monklands, Motherwell and four of the wards of Strathkelvin district. [8]

Geography and demographics

North Lanarkshire lies in the Central Valley of Scotland, to the east of Glasgow. It lies on the Scotland's north–south watershed with the River Clyde flowing through the west of the county on its way to the Irish Sea, and the River Almond in the east emptying into the Firth of Forth near Edinburgh. [9] The northern areas consist of forests as well as higher areas such as the Kilsyth Hills. [3]

The highest population density of North Lanarkshire is in the urbanised south-west, which is part of the Greater Glasgow metropolitan area. Northern and eastern areas are more rural in character, with agricultural activity such as dairy and meat farming. [3] The largest towns in North Lanarkshire are Cumbernauld, which in 2008 had a population of 51,610, followed by Coatbridge (43,970), Airdrie (37,130) and Motherwell (32,120). [10] Other localities include Bellshill, Bargeddie, Moodiesburn, Shotts, Viewpark and Wishaw.

Wards

Motherwell Civic Centre, headquarters of North Lanarkshire Council, located in Motherwell Motherwell Civic Centre - geograph.org.uk - 3045184.jpg
Motherwell Civic Centre, headquarters of North Lanarkshire Council, located in Motherwell
Map of North Lanarkshire's 21 wards, using 2017 boundaries North Lanarkshire UK ward map 2017 (blank).svg
Map of North Lanarkshire's 21 wards, using 2017 boundaries

The council is made up of 21 wards, [11] [12] as follows:

Ward
Number
Ward NamePopulation
(2017)
1 Kilsyth 11,832
2 Cumbernauld North 19,670
3 Cumbernauld South 16,206
4 Cumbernauld East 16,608
5 Stepps, Chryston and Muirhead 11,623
6 Gartcosh, Glenboig and Moodiesburn 13,438
7 Coatbridge North 15,320
8 Airdrie North 20,062
9 Airdrie Central 16,570
10 Coatbridge West 14,213
11 Coatbridge South 17,286
12 Airdrie South 19,803
13 Fortissat 15,706
14 Thorniewood 13,916
15 Bellshill 15,252
16 Mossend and Holytown 12,799
17 Motherwell West 14,129
18 Motherwell North 18,667
19 Motherwell South East and Ravenscraig 20,146
20 Murdostoun 18,489
21 Wishaw 18,225
Overall Total339,960

Politics and governance

Political composition

As of 31st March 2021, the council composition is: [13]

PartyCouncillors
Labour 32
SNP 27
Conservative 8
Independent 7
Alba 2
Vacant1 [14]

Related Research Articles

Lanarkshire Historic county in Scotland

Lanarkshire, also called the County of Lanark, is an historic county, lieutenancy area and registration county in the central Lowlands of Scotland.

Dunbartonshire Historic county in Scotland

Dunbartonshire or the County of Dumbarton is a historic county, lieutenancy area and registration county in the west central Lowlands of Scotland lying to the north of the River Clyde. Dunbartonshire borders Perthshire to the north, Stirlingshire to the east, Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire to the south, and Argyllshire to the west. The boundaries with Lanarkshire and Stirlingshire are split in two owing to the existence of an exclave around Cumbernauld.

Motherwell Town and administrative centre in Scotland

Motherwell is a large town and former burgh in North Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdom, south east of Glasgow. It has a population of around 32,120. Historically in the parish of Dalziel and part of Lanarkshire, Motherwell is the headquarters for North Lanarkshire Council. Geographically the River Clyde separates Motherwell from Hamilton to the west whereas the South Calder Water separates Motherwell from Carfin to the north-east and New Stevenston and Bellshill towards the north.

Coatbridge town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland

Coatbridge is a town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland, about 8 12 miles east of Glasgow city centre, set in the central Lowlands. The town, with neighbouring Airdrie, is part of the Greater Glasgow urban area. While the earliest known settlement of the area dates back to the Stone Age era, the founding of the town can be traced to the 12th century, when a Royal Charter was granted to the monks of Newbattle Abbey by King Malcolm IV. Coatbridge, along with its neighbour Airdrie, forms the area known as the Monklands.

Cumbernauld and Kilsyth (district)

Cumbernauld and Kilsyth was formerly (1975–96) one of nineteen local government districts in the Strathclyde region of Scotland.

East Dunbartonshire (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2005 onwards

East Dunbartonshire is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster). It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The seat is possibly best known for formerly being the constituency of Jo Swinson, the former Leader of the Liberal Democrats who was however defeated at the 2019 general election. The current MP for the constituency is the Scottish National Party's Amy Callaghan.

Cumbernauld, Kilsyth and Kirkintilloch East (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2005 onwards

Cumbernauld, Kilsyth and Kirkintilloch East is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was created for the 2005 general election, replacing Cumbernauld and Kilsyth and part of Strathkelvin and Bearsden.

Airdrie and Shotts (Scottish Parliament constituency) Constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Airdrie and Shotts is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament. It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. It is also one of nine constituencies in the Central Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to ten constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Coatbridge and Chryston (Scottish Parliament constituency) Region or constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Coatbridge and Chryston is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament. It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. It is also one of nine constituencies in the Central Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Monklands (district)

Monklands was, between 1975 and 1996, one of nineteen local government districts in the Strathclyde region of Scotland.

Cumbernauld and Kilsyth (Scottish Parliament constituency) Region or constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Cumbernauld and Kilsyth is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. Also, however, it is one of nine constituencies in the Central Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

East Kilbride (Scottish Parliament constituency) Region or constituency of the Scottish Parliament

East Kilbride is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. Also, however, it is one of nine constituencies in the Central Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Falkirk East (Scottish Parliament constituency) Region or constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Falkirk East is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. Also, however, it is one of nine constituencies in the Central Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Falkirk West (Scottish Parliament constituency) Region or constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Falkirk West is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. Also, however, it is one of nine constituencies in the Central Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Hamilton North and Bellshill (Scottish Parliament constituency) Region or constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Hamilton North and Bellshill was a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elected one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. It was also one of ten constituencies in the Central Scotland electoral region, which elected seven additional members, in addition to ten constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Motherwell and Wishaw (Scottish Parliament constituency) Region or constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Motherwell and Wishaw is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. Also, however, it is one of nine constituencies in the Central Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Strathclyde East (European Parliament constituency)

Prior to its uniform adoption of proportional representation in 1999, the United Kingdom used first-past-the-post for the European elections in England, Scotland and Wales. The European Parliament constituencies used under that system were smaller than the later regional constituencies and only had one Member of the European Parliament each.

Motherwell (district) Former local government district in Strathclyde, Scotland

Motherwell was a local government district in the Strathclyde region of Scotland from 1975 to 1996, lying to the south-east of the regional capital Glasgow.

Uddingston and Bellshill (Scottish Parliament constituency) Region or constituency of the Scottish Parliament

Uddingston and Bellshill is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality method of election. Also, however, it is one of nine constituencies in the Central Scotland electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to nine constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

References

  1. "Lanarkshire". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  2. "Lanark from kings to covenanters". South Lanarkshire. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "North Lanarkshire". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  4. "Common Good Register". North Lanarkshire. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  5. "History of Motherwell". Culture NL. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  6. "Policy: Local government". Scottish Government. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  7. Stephen Herbert (13 June 2007). "Local Government – Subject Profile" (PDF). Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  8. "Joint Working Group Report: Planning and Development" (PDF). North Lanarkshire. March 1995. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  9. "North Lanarkshire State of the Environment Report". North Lanarkshire. December 2005. p. 43. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  10. "SCOTTISH CITIES & TOWNS BY POPULATION". Undiscovered Scotland. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  11. "2017 Wards: Boundaries, population and household numbers". North Lanarkshire Council. 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  12. "United Kingdom: Scotland | Council Areas and Electoral Wards". City Population. 30 June 2019. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  13. "North Lanarkshire Council -". mars.northlanarkshire.gov.uk.
  14. "Tributes paid after death of North Lanarkshire councillor Robert McKendrick". Glasgow Times. Retrieved 2021-04-10.