Kildrummy Castle

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Kildrummy Castle
Kildrummy castle 2.jpg
Kildrummy Castle
Aberdeenshire UK location map.svg
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Location of Kildrummy Castle in Aberdeenshire
General information
Country Scotland
Coordinates 57°14′06″N2°54′18″W / 57.235°N 2.905°W / 57.235; -2.905 Coordinates: 57°14′06″N2°54′18″W / 57.235°N 2.905°W / 57.235; -2.905
Completed13th century
OwnerHistoric Environment Scotland

Kildrummy Castle is a ruined castle near Kildrummy, in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Though ruined, it is one of the most extensive castles dating from the 13th century to survive in eastern Scotland, and was the seat of the Earls of Mar. It is owned today by Historic Environment Scotland and is open to the public as a scheduled ancient monument [1] with gardens that are included in the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland. [2]

Contents

History

The castle was probably built in the mid-13th century under Gilbert de Moravia. It has been posited that siting of Kildrummy Castle was influenced by the location of the Grampian Mounth trackway crossings, particularly the Elsick Mounth and Cryne Corse Mounth. [3] Kildrummy Castle underwent siege numerous times in its history, first in defence of the family of Robert the Bruce in August–September 1306 (leading to the executions of Nigel Bruce and many other Scots), [4] and again in 1335 by David of Strathbogie. On this occasion Christina Bruce held off the attackers until her husband Sir Andrew Murray came to her rescue. [5] In the reign of David II, Walter Maule of Panmure was warden of Kildrummy Castle. [6]

In 1374 the castle's heiress Isobel was seized and married by Alexander Stewart, who then laid claim to Kildrummy and the title of "Earl of Mar". In 1435 it was taken over by James I and became a royal castle. In 1468 Henry Kinghorn was keeper of Kildrummy Castle for James III and spent £100 Scots on building works and repairs. [7] James IV granted the keeping of Kildrummy and its lands to Alexander Elphinstone, 1st Lord Elphinstone and his wife Elizabeth Barlow in 1507. [8]

The castle passed from the Clan Elphinstone to the Clan Erskine before being abandoned in 1716 following the failure of the Jacobite Rising of 1715.

In May 1585 Margaret Haldane, the wife of David Erskine, Commendator of Dryburgh, was held at Kildrummy in the custody of the Master of Elphinstone. [9] In 1645 Robert Farquharson of Invercauld was the keeper of Kildrummy Castle for the Earl of Mar and his son Lord Erskine. The laird of Glenkindie also helped to keep the castle, fearing the depredations that a garrison of outsider or "stranger" soldiers would make on his lands. [10]

Architecture

Kildrummy Castle is "shield-shaped" in plan with a number of independent towers. The flat side of the castle overlooks a steep ravine; moreover, on the opposite side of the castle the walls come to a point, which was once defended by a massive twin-towered gatehouse. The castle also had a keep, called the Snow Tower, taller than the other towers, built in the French style, as at Bothwell Castle. Extensive earthworks protected the castle, including a dry moat and the ravine. Most of the castle foundations are now visible, along with most of its lower-storey walls. Archaeological excavations in 1925 uncovered decorative stone flooring and evidence of battles.

Today

The castle was given into the care of the Ministry of Works in 1951, [11] and is now owned by its successor organisation, Historic Environment Scotland. Kildrummy Castle gardens, in the quarry used to excavate stone for the castle, are both open to the public. [12] [13] [14]

A hotel (the Kildrummy Castle Hotel) has been built on the old estate, overlooking the ruins.

Kildrummy Castle was the venue for the Scottish Sculpture Open, sometimes known as the Kildrummy Open, organised by the Scottish Sculpture Workshop from 1981 to 1997. [15]

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References

  1. Historic Environment Scotland. "Kildrummy Castle (SM90181)" . Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  2. Historic Environment Scotland. "KILDRUMMY CASTLE (GDL00237)" . Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  3. C. Michael Hogan, Elsick Mounth, Megalithic Portal, ed A. Burnham
  4. Robert de Bruce (King of Scotland) (1810). The Life of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland. Edinburgh. p. 39. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  5. Ormrod, W. M. (2011). Edward III (Online ed.). New Haven: Yale UP. ISBN   978-0300178159 . Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  6. Maule, Harry (1874). Stuart, John (ed.). Registrum de Panmure. Records of the families of Maule, De Valoniis, Brechin, and Brechin-Barclay, united in the line of the Barons and Earls of Panmure. Edinburgh: Fox Maule-Ramsay.
  7. George Burnett, Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, vol. 7 (Edinburgh, 1884), pp. 559-61.
  8. HMC 9th Report: Lord Elphinstone (London, 1884), p. 190 no. 34.
  9. Joseph Bain, Hamilton Papers, vol. 2 (London, 1896), p. 643.
  10. HMC Mar & Kellie (London, 1904), pp. 201-2, 205.
  11. Apted, M. R. (1965). "Excavation at Kildrummy Castle, Aberdeenshire, 195262" (PDF). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 96: 208–236.
  12. "Kildrummy Castle". Places to visit. Historic Scotland. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  13. "Kildrummy Castle Gardens". Scotland's Gardens Scheme. Archived from the original on 22 January 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  14. "Kildrummy Castle Gardens website". Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  15. "Home".