Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntly

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Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntly
Died21 January 1524
Perth, Scotland
Noble family Clan Gordon
Spouse(s)Lady Jean Stewart
Elizabeth Gray
IssueHon. John Gordon, Lord Gordon
Hon. Alexander Gordon of Strathavon
Hon. William Gordon, Bishop of Aberdeen
Jean Gordon, Countess of Argyll
Christian Gordon, Lady de Menzies
Marjory Gordon-Lumsden
Father George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly
Mother Annabella of Scotland

Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntly (died 1524) was a Scottish nobleman. He was a member of Parliament, a member of the Privy Council, a regent and Lieutenant of the kingdom.

Contents

Biography

He was the son of George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly and his second wife, Princess Annabella of Scotland, the youngest daughter of King James I of Scotland. [lower-alpha 1] [1]

As a favorite of King James IV of Scotland, [2] he acquired considerable grants of land throughout his career. In 1500, he was made hereditary sheriff of Inverness, giving him considerable powers throughout the north of Scotland, [3] and a year later, in June 1501 succeeded his father as the 3rd Earl of Huntly. [1] He witnessed the marriage contract of James IV in 1503 and was engaged in quelling disturbances in the Isles in 1505. [2] In 1509, he was awarded the comital Lordship of Lochaber .

Alexander fought in the Battle of Flodden on 9 September 1513, where he commanded the Scots left wing and was one of the fortunate few Scottish noblemen who escaped with their lives. [1] He was a member of the council of Regency in 1517 during the minority of King James V of Scotland and was appointed King's Lieutenant over all of Scotland excepting Argyle in 1517–18. [1] He was a supporter of the Duke of Albany in his dispute with the Earl of Angus. [4]

Alexander died on 21 January 1524 at Perth, [2] and was buried in the choir of the church of the Blackfriars monastery. [5] The same year he was succeeded by his grandson, George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly. [6]

Family

Alexander Gordon married by contract on 20 October 1474, Lady Jean Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl and Lady Margaret Douglas, daughter of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas. Alexander and Jean had the following children:

After the death of his first wife, Alexander Gordon married Elizabeth Gray, daughter of Andrew Gray, 2nd Lord Gray and Janet Keith, some time after 27 July 1511. She built a house for herself in Perth, which passed into the ownership of the Ruthven family, and was known as Gowrie House. It was demolished in 1807. [8]

Notes

  1. There has been some uncertainty regarding Alexander's mother, whether she was Annabella Stewart (m. to Geo. Gordon c.1460–1471) or Elizabeth Hay (m. 1471–1501). The fact that his father married Elizabeth Hay after 18 Aug 1471 [CP, vi, 677 & n. b.] and that Alexander himself was a member of parliament as well as being one of the Lords of the Articles in 1485 makes it chronologically implausible he could have been Elizabeth's son. Logic dictates he could not have held these positions of authority at age 13 or less. See: SP, IV, 529, 532; CP, VI, 677 n. f.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage; or, a History of the House of Lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VI, eds. H. A. Doubleday: Howard de Walden (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1926), p. 677
  2. 1 2 3 4 The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), p. 532
  3. A. D. M. Barrell, Medieval Scotland (Cambridge; New York, Cambridge University Press, 2000), p. 220
  4. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Huntly, Earls and Marquesses of"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 954.
  5. Perth, the Ancient Capital of Scotland: The Story of Perth from the Invasion of Agricola to the Passing of the Reform Bill in 2 volumes – Samuel Cowan J.P. (1904), chapter 3
  6. The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), p. 534
  7. 1 2 3 4 The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland , ed. James Balfour Paul, Vol. IV (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), p. 533
  8. James Scott, A History of the Life and Death of John, Earl of Gowrie (Edinburgh, 1818), pp. 168-172.


Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by Earl of Huntly
15011524
Succeeded by