Gainsborough (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Gainsborough
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Gainsborough2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Gainsborough in Lincolnshire for the 2010 general election
EnglandLincolnshire.svg
Location of Lincolnshire within England
County Lincolnshire
Electorate 75,893 (June 2017) [1]
Major settlements Market Rasen and Gainsborough
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of Parliament Edward Leigh (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
18851983
Number of membersOne
Replaced by Gainsborough and Horncastle and Boothferry [2]
Created from North Lincolnshire

Gainsborough is a constituency [n 1] in Lincolnshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1983 by Sir Edward Leigh, a Conservative. [n 2]

Contents

History

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 that year, which lasted until it was reformed as Gainsborough and Horncastle on a boundary change for the 1983 election. That seat lasted until 1997, as from the mid-1990s population changes led to removal of Horncastle from the seat and recreation of the old seat with largely similar boundaries.

Boundaries

Gainsborough (UK Parliament constituency)
Map of current boundaries

1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Lincoln, the Sessional Divisions of Epworth, Gainsborough, Lincoln, and the parish of Bracebridge.

1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Crowle and Gainsborough, and the Rural Districts of Gainsborough, Isle of Axholme, and Welton.

1950–1983: The Urban Districts of Gainsborough and Market Rasen, and the Rural Districts of Caistor, Gainsborough, Isle of Axholme, and Welton.

1997–2010: The District of West Lindsey, and the District of East Lindsey wards of Binbrook and Wragby.

2010–present: The District of West Lindsey, and the District of East Lindsey ward of Wragby.

This constituency is named for its largest town of Gainsborough, on the west edge of the constituency, and comprises the West Lindsey district, and the Wragby ward of the East Lindsey district.

Constituency profile

This relatively vast rural seat north of Lincoln is named after the small market town at its western boundary. Regeneration projects are attempting to reduce pockets of severe deprivation in the constituency, but most of the area is affluent, albeit remote from many major cities; the closest conurbation is the city of Lincoln to the immediate south. Scunthorpe and Grimsby are both close enough to the northern edge of the constituency to be significant to residents. Though arable farming dominates the landscape and noteworthy pig farming industry (see Lincolnshire sausages), agriculture is in decline and the service/creative sector dominates. [3] The seat has elected Conservative MPs since 1924 and is a stronghold, as well as giving its MPs very long tenures, having been represented by only three people since 1924.

Members of Parliament

YearMemberParty
1885 Joseph Bennett Liberal
1886 Henry Eyre Conservative
1892 Joseph Bennett Liberal
1895 Emerson Bainbridge Liberal
1900 Seymour Fitzroy Ormsby-Gore Conservative
1906 Leslie Renton Liberal
1907 Liberal Unionist
1910 George Jackson Bentham Liberal
1918 John Molson Unionist
1923 Richard Winfrey Liberal
1924 Harry Crookshank Conservative
1956 by-election Marcus Kimball Conservative
1983 constituency abolished
1997 constituency re-established
1997 Sir Edward Leigh Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Gainsborough [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Edward Leigh 33,893 66.4 +4.6
Labour Perry Smith10,92621.47.3
Liberal Democrats Lesley Rollings5,15710.1+3.0
Independent Mary Cavill1,0702.1New
Majority22,96745.0+11.9
Turnout 51,04666.861.10
Conservative hold Swing +5.95
General election 2017: Gainsborough [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Edward Leigh 31,790 61.8 +9.1
Labour Catherine Tite14,76728.7+7.4
Liberal Democrats Lesley Rollings3,6307.1+0.4
Green Victoria Pearson1,2382.4−0.2
Majority17,02333.1+1.7
Turnout 51,57567.96+0.66
Conservative hold Swing +0.85
General election 2015: Gainsborough [6] [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Edward Leigh 25,949 52.7 +3.4
Labour David Prescott 10,50021.3+5.7
UKIP John Saxon [8] 7,72715.7+11.5
Liberal Democrats Lesley Rollings3,2906.7−21.1
Green Geoff Barnes1,2902.6New
Lincolnshire Independent Chris Darcel5051.0New
Majority15,44931.4+9.9
Turnout 48,26167.3−1.0
Conservative hold Swing -1.15
General election 2010: Gainsborough [9] [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Edward Leigh 24,266 49.3 +5.4
Liberal Democrats Pat O'Connor13,70727.8+1.8
Labour Jamie McMahon7,70115.6−10.5
UKIP Steven Pearson2,0654.2+0.1
BNP Malcolm Porter1,5123.1New
Majority10,55921.5+4.0
Turnout 49,25168.3+3.6
Conservative hold Swing +1.8

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Gainsborough [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Edward Leigh 20,040 43.9 −2.3
Liberal Democrats Adrian Heath12,03726.4−0.3
Labour John Knight11,74425.7-1.4
UKIP Steven Pearson1,8604.1New
Majority8,00317.5−1.6
Turnout 45,68164.6+0.4
Conservative hold Swing −1.0
General election 2001: Gainsborough [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Edward Leigh 19,555 46.2 +3.1
Labour Alan Rhodes11,48427.1−1.7
Liberal Democrats Steve Taylor11,28026.7−1.4
Majority8,07119.1+4.8
Turnout 42,31964.2−10.4
Conservative hold Swing +2.4
Sir Edward Leigh Official portrait of Sir Edward Leigh crop 2.jpg
Sir Edward Leigh

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Gainsborough [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Edward Leigh 20,593 43.1
Labour Paul Taylor13,76728.8
Liberal Democrats Neil Taylor13,43628.1-1.5
Majority6,82614.3
Turnout 47,79674.6
Conservative win (new seat)

Election results following boundary changes

For 1983 - 1992, see Gainsborough and Horncastle (UK Parliament constituency)

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Marcus Kimball 24,040 46.4 +4.9
Liberal Roger Blackmore 16,88532.6-0.3
Labour Willy Bach 10,33520.0-5.6
Ind. Conservative R E August5701.1New
Majority7,15513.8+5.2
Turnout 51,83079.0+4.2
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Marcus Kimball 19,163 41.5 -2.7
Liberal Roger Blackmore 15,19532.9+1.1
Labour Terry J Lansbury11,79725.6+1.6
Majority3,9688.6-3.8
Turnout 46,15574.8-7.2
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Marcus Kimball 22,177 44.2 -6.0
Liberal Roger Blackmore 15,96731.8+14.7
Labour Terry J Lansbury12,01124.0-8.7
Majority6,21012.4-5.1
Turnout 50,15582.0+7.4
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1970: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Marcus Kimball 22,163 50.2 +3.0
Labour Maurice P Tracy14,45432.7-4.8
Liberal Roger Blackmore 7,54317.1+1.8
Majority7,70917.5+7.8
Turnout 44,16374.6-1.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Marcus Kimball 18,770 47.2 -0.5
Labour Alan Day14,90437.5+7.4
Liberal Geoffrey R S Stevenson6,06415.3-6.9
Majority3,8669.7-7.9
Turnout 39,73875.8-2.4
Conservative hold Swing +3.95
General election 1964: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Marcus Kimball 19,235 47.7 -1.9
Labour Douglas Poirier12,12630.1-2.7
Liberal Roy Douglas 8,93022.2+4.5
Majority7,10917.6+0.8
Turnout 40,29178.2-2.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Marcus Kimball 20,056 49.6 -6.2
Labour Henry Walston 13,24732.8-11.4
Liberal Roy Douglas 7,14717.7N/A
Majority6,80916.8+5.2
Turnout 40,45080.8+4.0
Conservative hold Swing
Gainsborough by-election, 1956
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Marcus Kimball 12,836 40.8 -15.0
Labour Henry Walston 11,83037.6-6.6
Liberal Henry Ivan Spence6,80621.6New
Majority1,0063.2-8.4
Turnout 31,472
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Gainsborough [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Harry Crookshank 22,576 55.8 +6.7
Labour Gordon RS Hawkins17,10744.2+4.6
Majority4,46911.6+2.1
Turnout 39,68376.8-3.3
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Gainsborough [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Harry Crookshank 19,915 49.1 +7.7
Labour Gordon RS Hawkins16,07439.6+3.5
Liberal John Gregory4,58011.3-11.2
Majority3,8419.5+4.2
Turnout 40,56980.1-3.4
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Harry Crookshank 17,066 41.4
Labour Gerald Samson Saville14,89036.1
Liberal Henry Ivan Spence9,27622.5
Majority2,1765.3
Turnout 41,23283.5
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s

General election 1945: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Harry Crookshank 11,081 38.5 -6.3
Labour Gerald Samson Saville9,43632.8+16.1
Liberal Roy Desmond Robinson8,28428.8-9.7
Majority1,6455.7-0.6
Turnout 28,80175.2-5.2
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939–40:

Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Election in the 1930s

General election 1935: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Harry Crookshank 12,597 44.8 -6.9
Liberal John Johnson Till Ferens10,84038.5+10.6
Labour E Pittwood4,69816.7-3.7
Majority1,7576.3-17.5
Turnout 28,13580.4-2.8
Conservative hold Swing
Henry Purchase 1922 Henry Purchase.jpg
Henry Purchase
General election 1931: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Harry Crookshank 14,839 51.7 +14.6
Liberal Henry Purchase 8,00927.9-9.0
Labour George Deer 5,85620.4-5.6
Majority6,83023.8+23.6
Turnout 28,70483.2+3.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s

Arthur Neal 1919 Arthur Neal.jpg
Arthur Neal
General election 1929: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Harry Crookshank 10,058 37.1 10.0
Liberal Arthur Neal 9,99136.9+11.3
Labour George Deer 7,03226.01.3
Majority670.219.6
Turnout 27,08179.70.7
Registered electors 33,977
Unionist hold Swing 10.7
General election 1924: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Harry Crookshank 10,281 47.1 +9.0
Labour F J Knowles5,95827.3+12.5
Liberal Richard Winfrey 5,59025.621.5
Majority4,32319.8N/A
Turnout 21,82979.0+3.6
Registered electors 27,619
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing 1.8
Richard Winfrey 1910s Richard Winfrey.jpg
Richard Winfrey
General election 1923: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Richard Winfrey 9,694 47.1 +12.9
Unionist John Molson 7,84138.14.6
Labour James Read3,03914.88.3
Majority1,8539.0N/A
Turnout 20,57475.42.2
Registered electors 27,294
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing 8.8
General election 1922: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist John Molson 9,015 42.7 14.1
Liberal Joel Seaverns 7,21634.29.0
Labour James Read4,88423.1New
Majority1,7998.55.1
Turnout 21,11577.6+22.4
Registered electors 27,219
Unionist hold Swing 2.6

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Gainsborough
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Unionist John Molson 8,63456.8+7.1
Liberal George Jackson Bentham 6,55643.27.1
Majority2,07813.6N/A
Turnout 15,19055.232.7
Registered electors 27,503
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +7.1
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Election results 1885-1918

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1885: Gainsborough [16] [17] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Joseph Bennett 4,955 56.3
Conservative Charles Alexander Sim3,85043.7
Majority1,10512.6
Turnout 8,80579.3
Registered electors 11,107
Liberal win (new seat)
General election 1886: Gainsborough [16] [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Eyre 4,123 50.5 +6.8
Liberal Joseph Bennett 4,03849.5-6.8
Majority851.0N/A
Turnout 8,16173.5-5.8
Registered electors 11,107
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.8

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1892: Gainsborough [16] [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Joseph Bennett 4,945 55.1 +5.6
Conservative Henry Eyre 4,03744.9-5.6
Majority90810.2N/A
Turnout 8,98277.8+4.3
Registered electors 11,546
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.6
Emerson Bainbridge Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge.jpg
Emerson Bainbridge
General election 1895: Gainsborough [16] [17] [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Emerson Bainbridge 5,077 54.1 -1.0
Conservative Edward Pearson4,30145.9+1.0
Majority7768.2-2.0
Turnout 9,37871.8-6.0
Registered electors 13,057
Liberal hold Swing -1.0

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1900: Gainsborough [16] [17] [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Seymour Fitzroy Ormsby-Gore 4,661 50.2 +4.3
Liberal Emerson Bainbridge 4,62449.84.3
Majority370.4N/A
Turnout 9,28575.3+3.5
Registered electors 12,328
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +4.3
Leslie Renton Leslie Renton.jpg
Leslie Renton
General election 1906: Gainsborough [16] [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Leslie Renton 5,922 53.9 +4.1
Conservative Charles Algernon Moreing5,07146.14.1
Majority8517.8N/A
Turnout 10,99388.9+13.6
Registered electors 12,370
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.1

Elections in the 1910s

General election January 1910: Gainsborough [16] [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal George Jackson Bentham 6,178 52.2 -1.7
Conservative Robert Henderson 5,66347.8+1.7
Majority5154.4-3.4
Turnout 11,84189.9+1.0
Liberal hold Swing -1.7
General election December 1910: Gainsborough [16] [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal George Jackson Bentham 5,825 50.3 -1.9
Conservative Archibald Weigall 5,74549.7+1.9
Majority800.6-3.8
Turnout 11,57087.9-2.0
Liberal hold Swing -1.9

General Election 1914–15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also

Notes

  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

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References

  1. "UK Parliamentary General Election, Gainsborough Constituency Result (2017)". Gainsborough Conservatives. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  2. "'Gainsborough', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 24 August 2019. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  3. "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". ons.gov.uk.
  4. "Gainsborough Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  5. "UK Parliamentary General Election - 8 June 2017". West Lindsey District Council. Archived from the original on 24 April 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  6. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  7. "Gainsborough parliamentary constituency". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  8. "UKIP candidate John Saxon will challenge veteran Tory Sir Edward Leigh's seat in Gainsborough and Market Rasen". Lincolnshire Echo. 19 January 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  9. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  10. "UK > England > East Midlands > Gainsborough". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  11. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  12. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  14. The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1955.
  15. The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  18. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  19. 1 2 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  20. 1 2 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916

Sources

Coordinates: 53°21′N0°30′W / 53.35°N 0.50°W / 53.35; -0.50