Chesterfield (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Chesterfield
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Chesterfield2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Chesterfield in Derbyshirefor the 2010 general election
EnglandDerbyshire.svg
Location of Derbyshire within England
County Derbyshire
Population93,248 (2011 census) [1]
Electorate 72,866 (December 2010) [2]
Major settlements Chesterfield
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Toby Perkins (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created from Derbyshire East

Chesterfield is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Toby Perkins of the Labour Party. [n 2]

Contents

Constituency profile

The seat covers Chesterfield itself and the villages to the east. 59% of residents voted to leave the EU in 2016. Residents are slightly less healthy and wealthy than the UK average. [3]

Boundaries

Chesterfield (UK Parliament constituency)
Map of current boundaries

The current boundaries include the town of Chesterfield, together with areas to the north towards Dronfield and to the east towards Bolsover, comprising the Borough of Chesterfield wards: Brimington North, Brimington South, Brockwell, Dunston, Hasland, Hollingwood and Inkersall, Holmebrook, Linacre, Loundsley Green, Middlecroft and Poolsbrook, Moor, Old Whittington, Rother, St Helen's, St Leonard's, Walton, and West. [4] The other two Borough of Chesterfield wards (Barrow Hill and New Whittington; Lowgates and Woodthorpe) fall within the neighbouring North East Derbyshire seat. [4] Boundary changes before the 2010 general election, when the Mid Derbyshire constituency was created, meant that Chesterfield lost New Whittington to North East Derbyshire but otherwise retained its shape.

History

Chesterfield has mainly been a Labour seat, with periods when it has been held by other parties; it was gained by the Liberal Democrats in 2001 and held by them until 2010. Chesterfield was safe seat for Labour from 1935 until 2001. Andrew Cavendish, later the Duke of Devonshire, was the National Liberal candidate at the 1945 and 1950 elections.

The seat was held in succession by two prominent Labour politicians for over 35 years. The former Labour cabinet minister Eric Varley held the seat from October 1964 to January 1984, and was succeeded by his ex-government colleague Tony Benn, who held the seat following a by-election in March 1984. He remained the town's MP until his retirement from the House of Commons in 2001, when he famously remarked that his decision was taken to "spend more time on politics". Benn had been a Labour Cabinet Minister between 1966–70 and 1974–1979, while Varley was in the Wilson and Callaghan cabinets in the latter period. Paul Holmes gained the seat for the Liberal Democrats at the 2001 general election, the party's first Commons seat in the East Midlands, but were narrowly defeated at the 2010 by the Labour candidate Toby Perkins, one of only three seats the Labour Party gained at the 2010 general election. In 2015, a collapse in the Liberal Democrat vote nationwide had them fall behind to fourth place, the Conservatives move into second place, and Labour having their largest majority in the seat since 1979.

Members of Parliament

YearMember [5] [6] Party
1885 Alfred Barnes Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Thomas Bayley Liberal
1906 James Haslam Lib-Lab
1910 Labour
1913 by-election Barnet Kenyon Lib-Lab
1918 Liberal
1929 George Benson Labour
1931 Roger Conant Conservative
1935 George Benson Labour
1964 Eric Varley Labour
1984 by-election Tony Benn Labour
2001 Paul Holmes Liberal Democrat
2010 Toby Perkins Labour

Election results

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Chesterfield [7] [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Toby Perkins 18,171 40.2 −14.6
Conservative Leigh Higgins16,72037.0+2.2
Brexit Party John Scotting4,77110.6New
Liberal Democrats Emily Coy3,9858.8+3.4
Green Neil Jackson1,1482.5+0.9
Independent John Daramy3910.9New
Majority1,4513.2−16.8
Turnout 45,18663.6−3.3
Labour hold Swing −8.4

[9] [10]

General election 2017: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Toby Perkins [11] 26,266 54.8 +6.9
Conservative Spencer Pitfield [11] 16,66134.8+16.7
Liberal Democrats Tom Snowdon [11] 2,6125.4−8.4
UKIP Stuart Bent [11] 1,6113.4−13.1
Green David Wadsworth [11] 7771.6−1.4
Majority9,60520.0−9.8
Turnout 47,92766.9+3.7
Labour hold Swing −4.9
General election 2015: Chesterfield [12] [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Toby Perkins 21,829 47.9 +8.9
Conservative Mark Vivis8,23118.1+2.3
UKIP Stuart Yeowart7,52316.5+13.4
Liberal Democrats Julia Cambridge6,30113.8-24.0
Green Matthew Genn1,3523.0+1.7
TUSC Matt Whale [13] 2020.4New
Peace Tommy Holgate1290.3New
Majority13,59829.8+28.6
Turnout 45,56763.2-0.6
Labour hold Swing +3.3

At the 2015 general election, this seat was the 25th most marginal constituency in Great Britain, the Liberal Democrats requiring a swing from Labour of 0.6% to take the seat (based on the result of the 2010 general election). [14]

General election 2010: Chesterfield [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Toby Perkins 17,891 39.0 -1.6
Liberal Democrats Paul Holmes 17,34237.8-9.1
Conservative Carolyn Abbott7,21415.7+7.5
UKIP David Phillips1,4323.1+0.9
English Democrat Ian Jerram1,2132.6+0.8
Green Duncan Kerr6001.3New
Independent John "Noneoftheabove" Daramy1470.3New
Majority5491.2N/A
Turnout 45,83963.8+3.8
Labour gain from Liberal Democrats Swing +3.8

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Chesterfield [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Democrats Paul Holmes 20,875 47.3 -0.5
Labour Simon Rich17,83040.4-1.6
Conservative Mark Kreling3,6058.2+0.1
UKIP Christopher Brady9972.3New
English Democrat Ian Jerram8141.8New
Majority3,0456.9+1.1
Turnout 44,12159.6-1.1
Liberal Democrats hold Swing +0.6
General election 2001: Chesterfield [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Democrats Paul Holmes 21,249 47.8 +8.2
Labour Reg Race 18,66342.0-8.8
Conservative Simon Hitchcock3,6138.1-1.1
Socialist Alliance Jeannie Robinson4371.0New
Socialist Labour Bill Harrison2950.7New
Independent Christopher Rawson1840.4New
Majority2,5865.8N/A
Turnout 44,44160.7-10.2
Liberal Democrats gain from Labour Swing +8.6

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Chesterfield [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Benn 26,105 50.8 +3.5
Liberal Democrats Anthony Rogers20,33039.6+3.8
Conservative Martin Potter4,7529.2-7.7
Independent Norman Scarth 2020.4New
Majority5,77511.2−0.3
Turnout 51,38970.9−7.2
Labour hold Swing -0.15%
General election 1992: Chesterfield [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Benn 26,461 47.3 +2.4
Liberal Democrats Anthony Rogers20,04735.8+6.2
Conservative PG Lewis9,47316.9−8.1
Majority6,41411.5−3.8
Turnout 55,98178.1+1.4
Labour hold Swing -1.9%

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Chesterfield [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Benn 24,532 44.9 −3.2
Liberal Anthony Rogers15,95529.6+10.1
Conservative Ronald Grant13,47225.0-7.4
Majority8,57715.3-0.4
Turnout 53,95976.7+4.1
Labour hold Swing -6.65
1984 Chesterfield by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Benn 24,633 46.5 -1.6
Liberal Max Payne18,36934.7+15.2
Conservative Nick Bourne 8,02815.2-17.2
Independent Labour Bill Maynard 1,3552.6New
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 1780.3New
Independent David Bentley1160.2New
Independent John Davey830.2New
Independent Thomas Layton460.1New
Independent Helen Anscombe340.1New
Independent Jitendra Bardwaj330.1New
Independent Donald Butler240.1New
Independent Paul Nicholls-Jones220.0New
Independent Sid Shaw200.0New
Independent Christopher Hill170.0New
Independent Giancarlo Piccaro150.0New
Independent David Cahill120.0New
Independent John Connell70.0New
Majority6,26411.8-3.9
Turnout 52,99276.9+4.3
Labour hold Swing -8.4
General election 1983: Chesterfield [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Eric Varley 23,881 48.1 -9.3
Conservative Nick Bourne 16,11832.4+0.2
Liberal Max Payne9,70519.5+9.1
Majority7,76315.7-9.5
Turnout 49,70472.6-0.8
Labour hold Swing -4.75

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Eric Varley 31,049 57.4 -2.5
Conservative S. Hill17,44532.2+6.3
Liberal M. Payne5,61710.4-3.8
Majority13,60425.2-8.8
Turnout 54,11173.4+0.8
Labour hold Swing -4.4
General election October 1974: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Eric Varley 30,953 59.9 +5.1
Conservative J. D. Taylor13,39325.9-1.7
Liberal M. W. Brown7,34914.2-3.4
Majority17,56034.0+6.8
Turnout 51,69572.6-7.5
Labour hold Swing +3.4
General election February 1974: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Eric Varley 31,040 54.8 -4.2
Conservative J. D. Taylor15,64427.6-3.9
Liberal M. W. Brown9,93717.6+8.1
Majority15,39627.2-0.3
Turnout 56,62180.1+7.7
Labour hold Swing -0.15
General election 1970: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Eric Varley 30,386 59.0 -2.6
Conservative John C Ramsden16,21731.5+5.2
Liberal Terence D Bamford4,8919.5-2.7
Majority14,16927.5-7.8
Turnout 51,49472.4-4.3
Labour hold Swing -3.9

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Eric Varley 31,542 61.6 +5.1
Conservative Alan T Hale13,44326.3-2.4
Liberal Terence D. Bamford6,22712.2-2.6
Majority18,09935.3+7.5
Turnout 51,21276.7-2.1
Labour hold Swing +3.75
General election 1964: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Eric Varley 29,452 56.5 -0.1
Conservative William G Blake14,94428.7-3.0
Liberal Derek A McKie7,73814.8+3.0
Majority14,50827.8+2.9
Turnout 52,13478.8-3.9
Labour hold Swing +1.49

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Benson 30,534 56.6 -1.0
National Liberal James Anthony Lemkin17,08431.7-10.7
Liberal Geoffrey R. Smedley-Stevenson6,36011.8New
Majority13,45024.9+9.6
Turnout 53,97882.7+2.8
Labour hold Swing +4.85
General election 1955: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Benson 29,602 57.7 -6.0
National Liberal Frank Hadfield21,74842.4+6.1
Majority7,85415.3-12.1
Turnout 51,35079.9-4.3
Labour hold Swing -6.05
General election 1951: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Benson 34,753 63.7 +2.9
National Liberal John F. Nash19,77636.3+5.4
Majority14,97727.4-2.5
Turnout 54,52984.2-2.8
Labour hold Swing +1.25
General election 1950: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Benson 33,914 60.8 -2.0
National Liberal Andrew Cavendish 17,23130.9-6.3
Liberal John William O'Neill4,0527.3New
Communist Bas Barker [22] 5541.0New
Majority16,68329.9+4.2
Turnout 55,75187.0+9.6
Labour hold Swing +2.15

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Chesterfield [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Benson 29,459 62.8 +11.9
Conservative Andrew Cavendish 17,42437.2-2.1
Majority12,03525.6+14.0
Turnout 46,88377.4-2.4
Labour hold Swing +7.0

General Election 1939–40:

Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; *Labour: George Benson,

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Benson 21,43950.94
Conservative Roger Conant 16,55539.33
Liberal Robert George Hill4,0969.73New
Majority4,88411.61N/A
Turnout 40,07279.78
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1931: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Roger Conant 23,02657.46
Labour George Benson 17,04642.54
Majority5,98014.92N/A
Turnout 40,07280.02
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Benson 20,296 54.1 +14.4
Unionist Roger Conant 9,91526.4New
Liberal Harry Cropper7,32919.540.8
Majority10,38127.7N/A
Turnout 37,54077.8+13.4
Registered electors 48,278
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +27.6
General election 1924: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Barnet Kenyon 13,971 60.3 +9.4
Labour George Benson 9,20639.7+13.8
Majority4,76520.64.4
Turnout 23,17764.44.6
Registered electors 35,989
Liberal hold Swing 2.2
Barnet Kenyon 1922 Barnet Kenyon.jpg
Barnet Kenyon
General election 1923: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Barnet Kenyon 12,164 50.9 N/A
Labour George Benson 6,19825.9New
Unionist R F H Broomhead-Colton-Fox5,54123.2New
Majority5,96625.0N/A
Turnout 23,90369.0N/A
Registered electors 34,648
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1922: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Barnet Kenyon Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Chesterfield
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Barnet Kenyon Unopposed
Liberal gain from Labour
Kenyon Barnet Kenyon.jpg
Kenyon
1913 Chesterfield by-election [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab Barnet Kenyon 7,725 55.8 3.2
Unionist Edward Christie5,53940.01.0
Independent Labour John Scurr 5834.2New
Majority2,18615.82.2
Turnout 13,84781.5+5.6
Registered electors 16,995
Lib-Lab hold Swing 1.1
General election December 1910: Chesterfield [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour James Haslam 7,283 59.0 0.1
Conservative W.G.W. Radford5,05541.0+0.1
Majority2,22818.00.2
Turnout 12,33875.99.8
Registered electors 16,248
Labour hold Swing 0.1
General election January 1910: Chesterfield [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour James Haslam 8,234 59.1 +2.6
Conservative W.G.W. Radford5,69340.92.6
Majority2,54118.2+5.2
Turnout 13,92785.7+0.5
Registered electors 16,248
Labour hold Swing +2.6

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: Chesterfield [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab James Haslam 7,254 56.5 +3.1
Conservative Godfrey Locker-Lampson 5,59043.53.1
Majority1,66413.0+6.2
Turnout 12,84485.2+1.1
Registered electors 15,077
Lib-Lab hold Swing +3.1
General election 1900: Chesterfield [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Bayley 5,418 53.4 +2.0
Conservative A. W. Byron4,72946.62.0
Majority6896.8+4.0
Turnout 10,14784.11.3
Registered electors 12,069
Liberal hold Swing +2.0

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1895: Chesterfield [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Bayley 4,572 51.4 +0.3
Conservative A. W. Byron4,32548.60.3
Majority2472.8+0.6
Turnout 8,89785.4+4.8
Registered electors 10,413
Liberal hold Swing +0.3
General election 1892: Chesterfield [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Bayley 4,249 51.1 +1.9
Liberal Unionist Alfred Barnes 4,06748.91.9
Majority1822.2N/A
Turnout 8,31680.60.9
Registered electors 10,313
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +1.9

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: Chesterfield [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Unionist Alfred Barnes 3,567 50.8 +22.1
Liberal Thomas Bayley 3,45349.2+3.5
Majority1141.6N/A
Turnout 7,02081.55.0
Registered electors 8,616
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +9.3
General election 1885: Chesterfield [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Alfred Barnes 3,408 45.7
Conservative John Cumming Macdona2,13628.7
Independent Liberal-Labour James Haslam 1,90725.6
Majority1,27217.0
Turnout 7,45186.5
Registered electors 8,616
Liberal win (new seat)

See also

Notes

  1. A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

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  21. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. Stevenson, Graham. "Barker Bas". Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  23. Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 . Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p.  320. ISBN   0-900178-01-9.
  24. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN   9781349022984.
General

Coordinates: 53°15′N1°24′W / 53.25°N 1.40°W / 53.25; -1.40