North East Derbyshire (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated
North East Derbyshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
NorthEastDerbyshire2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of North East Derbyshire in Derbyshire for the 2010 general election
EnglandDerbyshire.svg
Location of Derbyshire within England
County Derbyshire
Electorate 72,374 (December 2010)
Major settlements Clay Cross, Dronfield, Killamarsh, Staveley
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Lee Rowley (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created from East Derbyshire

North East Derbyshire is a constituency [n 1] created in 1885 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Lee Rowley of the Conservative Party. [n 2] This was the first time a Conservative candidate had been elected since 1935.

Contents

The seat had been, relative to others, a marginal seat from 2005 to 2019 as its winner's majority had not exceeded 5.7% of the vote since the 23.2% majority won in that year. The seat has changed hands once since that year and is no longer marginal after the 26% majority won in 2019.

History

Summary of results

The seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Until 1910, the area was regularly represented by a Liberal MP. From the 1935 to the 2015 elections inclusive N.E. Derbyshire returned Labour candidates in succession. In 2010 and 2015 the results featured marginal majorities (a majority of relatively few percentage points between the winner's and the runner-up's tallies). The runner-up candidate from 1945 to 2015 inclusive was Conservative. The 2015 result for example gave the seat the 17th-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority. [1] The seat was at the following election one of six gains between the two parties counterbalancing Conservative losses (the party emerged as the biggest single party by more than fifty seats and with an increased share of the vote but with a net loss of thirteen seats). Rowley's local majority was 5.7% of votes cast. [2]

Other parties

In line with nationwide swing in 2015, UKIP fielded a candidate who won more than 5% of the vote therefore kept their deposit; the Liberal Democrat candidate forfeited their deposit in 2015. The Green Party fielded a candidate for the first time in 2015; the party's Kesteven forfeited his deposit. These three parties forfeited their deposits in 2017.

Turnout

Turnout has ranged from 58.9% in 2001 to 86.4% in 1950.

Constituency profile

In the 20th century, mining and associated industries were an important source of employment and primary industries for the wider economy, though the former ceased around 1970. At about the same time, some ex-mining towns like Dronfield saw much middle class commuter house building in areas like Dronfield Woodhouse; jobs were typically in Sheffield and Chesterfield.

The western edge of the constituency borders the Peak District and is home to many rural villages.

Boundaries

North East Derbyshire (UK Parliament constituency)
Map of current boundaries
The boundaries of North East Derbyshire from 1983 to 2010 NorthEastDerbyshireConstituency.svg
The boundaries of North East Derbyshire from 1983 to 2010

1885–1918: The Sessional Division of Eckington, and in the Sessional Division of Chesterfield the parishes of Bolsover, Staveley, and Whittington.

1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Urban Districts of Bolsover and Dronfield, the Rural Districts of Clowne and Norton, and part of the Rural District of Chesterfield.

1950–1983: The Urban Districts of Clay Cross and Dronfield, and part of the Rural District of Chesterfield.

1983–2010: The District of North East Derbyshire wards of Ashover, Barlow and Holmesfield, Brampton and Walton, Clay Cross North, Clay Cross South, Coal Aston, Dronfield North, Dronfield South, Dronfield Woodhouse, Eckington North, Eckington South, Gosforth Valley, Hasland, Holmewood and Heath, Killamarsh East, Killamarsh West, North Wingfield Central, Renishaw, Ridgeway and Marsh Lane, Tupton, Unstone, and Wingerworth, and the Borough of Chesterfield wards of Barrow Hill and Hollingwood, and Lowgates and Woodthorpe.

2010–present: The District of North East Derbyshire wards of Ashover, Barlow and Holmesfield, Brampton and Walton, Clay Cross North, Clay Cross South, Coal Aston, Dronfield North, Dronfield South, Dronfield Woodhouse, Eckington North, Eckington South, Gosforth Valley, Grassmoor, Killamarsh East, Killamarsh West, North Wingfield Central, Renishaw, Ridgeway and Marsh Lane, Tupton, Unstone, and Wingerworth, and the Borough of Chesterfield wards of Barrow Hill and New Whittington, and Lowgates and Woodthorpe.

The North East Derbyshire constituency covers the north eastern part of Derbyshire, surrounding Chesterfield on three sides. It covers most of the area of North East Derbyshire District Council.

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [3] Party!
1885 Francis Egerton Liberal
1886 Thomas Bolton Liberal
1907 by-election William Harvey Liberal
January 1910 Labour
1914 by-election George Bowden Unionist
1918 Stanley Holmes Liberal
1922 Frank Lee Labour
1931 Jardine Whyte Conservative
1935 Frank Lee Labour
1942 by-election Henry White Labour
1959 Tom Swain Labour
1979 Ray Ellis Labour
1987 Harry Barnes Labour
2005 Natascha Engel Labour
2017 Lee Rowley Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: North East Derbyshire [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Lee Rowley 28,897 58.7 Increase2.svg 9.5
Labour Chris Peace16,02132.6Decrease2.svg 10.9
Liberal Democrats Ross Shipman3,0216.1Increase2.svg 3.3
Green Frank Adlington-Stringer1,2782.6Increase2.svg 1.2
Majority12,87626.2Increase2.svg 20.4
Turnout 49,21768.0Decrease2.svg 1.9
Conservative hold Swing Increase2.svg10.2
General election 2017: North East Derbyshire [2]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Lee Rowley 24,784 49.2 Increase2.svg 12.5
Labour Natascha Engel 21,92343.5Increase2.svg 2.9
UKIP James Bush1,5653.1Decrease2.svg 12.8
Liberal Democrats David Lomax1,3902.8Decrease2.svg 1.4
Green David Kesteven7191.4Decrease2.svg 0.8
Majority2,8615.7N/A
Turnout 50,38169.9Increase2.svg 2.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing Increase2.svg 4.8
General election 2015: North East Derbyshire [5] [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Natascha Engel [7] 19,488 40.6 +2.4
Conservative Lee Rowley [7] 17,60536.7+3.7
UKIP James Bush [8] 7,63115.9+10.3
Liberal Democrats David Batey [9] 2,0044.2-19.1
Green David Kesteven [10] 1,0592.2New
Independent Rob Lane1610.3New
Majority1,8833.9-1.3
Turnout 47,94867.1+1.2
Labour hold Swing -0.6
General election 2010: North East Derbyshire [11] [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Natascha Engel 17,948 38.2 -10.1
Conservative Huw Merriman 15,50333.0+7.0
Liberal Democrats Richard Bull10,94723.3+1.8
UKIP James Bush2,6365.6+1.2
Majority2,4455.2−18.0
Turnout 47,03465.9+4.7
Labour hold Swing −8.6

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: North East Derbyshire [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Natascha Engel 21,416 49.3 −6.3
Conservative Dominic Johnson11,35126.1−0.4
Liberal Democrats Tom Snowdon8,81220.3+2.5
UKIP Kenneth Perkins1,8554.3New
Majority10,06523.2−5.9
Turnout 43,43461.2+2.3
Labour hold Swing −3.0
General election 2001: North East Derbyshire [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harry Barnes 23,437 55.6 −4.9
Conservative James Hollingsworth11,17926.5+1.3
Liberal Democrats Mark Higginbottom7,50817.8+3.5
Majority12,25829.1−6.2
Turnout 42,12458.9−13.6
Labour hold Swing −3.1

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: North East Derbyshire [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harry Barnes 31,425 60.5 +11.7
Conservative Simon Elliott13,10425.2−13.0
Liberal Democrats Stephen Hardy7,45014.3+1.3
Majority18,32135.3+24.7
Turnout 51,97971.5−9.1
Labour hold Swing
General election 1992: North East Derbyshire [15] [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harry Barnes 28,860 48.8 +4.4
Conservative John Hayes 22,59038.2+0.5
Liberal Democrats D Stone7,67513.0−4.9
Majority6,27010.6+3.9
Turnout 59,12580.6+1.3
Labour hold Swing +2.0

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: North East Derbyshire [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harry Barnes 24,747 44.4 +3.6
Conservative John Hayes 21,02737.7+0.8
SDP Stephen Hardy9,98517.9−4.3
Majority3,7206.7+2.8
Turnout 55,75979.30.0
Labour hold Swing
General election 1983: North East Derbyshire [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Raymond Ellis 21,094 40.8
Conservative I. Bridge19,08836.9
SDP Stephen Hardy11,49422.2New
Majority2,0063.9
Turnout 51,67679.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Raymond Ellis 27,218 48.1 -1.8
Conservative E. Oliver21,88938.7+9.0
Liberal P. Hall7,43613.2-7.2
Majority5,3299.4-10.8
Turnout 56,54379.9+6.5
Labour hold Swing
General election October 1974: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Swain 25,234 49.9 -7.1
Conservative J. C. Ramsden14,99729.7-13.3
Liberal C. Cook10,33620.4New
Majority10,23720.2+6.2
Turnout 50,56773.4-5.0
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Swain 29,602 57.0 -3.9
Conservative J. C. Ramsden22,32043.0+3.9
Majority7,28214.0-7.7
Turnout 51,92278.4+8.6
Labour hold Swing
General election 1970: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Swain 38,181 60.9 -6.0
Conservative John P Pashley24,55039.1+6.0
Majority13,63121.8-12.0
Turnout 62,73169.8-4.1
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Swain 38,723 66.9 +2.7
Conservative Michael Fabian Spungin19,12333.1-2.7
Majority19,60033.8+5.4
Turnout 57,84673.9-4.0
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Swain 38,657 64.2 +1.3
Conservative Michael Fabian Spungin21,56435.8-1.3
Majority17,09328.4+2.6
Turnout 60,22177.9-2.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Swain 37,444 62.9 -3.6
Conservative Robert A Ward22,11237.1+3.6
Majority15,33225.8-7.2
Turnout 59,55680.8+4.1
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Henry White 34,965 66.5 -0.2
Conservative George R Shaw17,62133.5+0.2
Majority17,34433.0-0.4
Turnout 52,58676.7-7.7
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Henry White 33,376 66.7 +0.4
Conservative Peter Hughes16,65533.3-0.5
Majority16,72133.4+0.9
Turnout 50,03184.4-2.0
Labour hold Swing
General election 1950: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Henry White 33,417 66.3
Conservative George R Shaw17,02133.8
Majority16,39632.5
Turnout 50,43886.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Henry White 35,795 65.6 +8.4
Conservative Ronald Edward Warlow18,78934.4-1.2
Majority17,00631.2+9.6
Turnout 54,58479.0+1.1
Labour hold Swing
1942 North East Derbyshire by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Henry White Unopposed N/AN/A
Labour hold

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Frank Lee 25,382 57.2 +6.4
Conservative Horace Trevor-Cox 15,80235.6-15.2
Liberal Arthur Thomas Marwood 3,1867.2New
Majority9,58021.6N/A
Turnout 44,37077.9-1.4
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1931: North East Derbyshire [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Jardine Whyte 20,71950.79
Labour Frank Lee 19,38547.52
New Party Albert Vincent Williams6891.69New
Majority1,3343.27N/A
Turnout 40,79379.35
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: North East Derbyshire [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Frank Lee 21,633 54.6 +9.7
Unionist Rupert Eric Herbert Samuelson9,16723.1-10.1
Liberal Harry Briggs 8,86122.3+0.4
Majority12,46631.5-19.8
Turnout 39,66179.8+1.3
Labour hold Swing +9.9
General election 1924: North East Derbyshire [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Frank Lee 13,420 44.9 +5.4
Unionist George Bowden 9,91433.2+1.7
Liberal Philip Guedalla 6,52921.9-7.1
Majority3,50611.7+3.7
Turnout 29,86378.5+2.7
Labour hold Swing +1.8
General election 1923: North East Derbyshire [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Frank Lee 10,971 39.5 +5.6
Unionist Charles Waterhouse 8,76831.5-0.7
Liberal Philip Guedalla 8,08029.0-4.9
Majority2,2038.0+8.0
Turnout 27,81975.8-1.5
Labour hold Swing +3.1
General election 1922: North East Derbyshire [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Frank Lee 9,359 33.9 +5.3
Liberal Stanley Holmes 9,34433.9+2.5
Unionist Charles Waterhouse 8,87732.2+18.1
Majority150.0N/A
Turnout 27,58077.3+19.3
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: North East Derbyshire [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Stanley Holmes 6,117 31.4 N/A
Labour Frank Lee 5,56028.627.7
Ind U George Bowden 5,04925.9New
C Unionist Edward Cavendish 2,73814.129.6
Majority5572.8N/A
Turnout 19,46458.020.7
Liberal gain from Labour Swing N/A
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

General Election 1914–15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Bowden 1914 Harland Bowden.jpg
Bowden
1914 North East Derbyshire by-election [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist George Bowden 6,469 39.7 -4.0
Liberal John Houfton 6,15537.8New
Labour James Martin 3,66922.5-33.8
Majority3141.9N/A
Turnout 16,29384.2+5.5
Registered electors 19,340
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +14.9
Harvey 1912 William Harvey.jpg
Harvey
General election December 1910:North East Derbyshire
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour W. E. Harvey 7,838 56.3 1.3
Conservative Josiah Court6,08843.7+1.3
Majority1,75012.62.6
Turnout 13,92678.76.8
Registered electors 17,701
Labour hold Swing 1.3
General election January 1910:North East Derbyshire [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour W. E. Harvey 8,715 57.6 New
Conservative Josiah Court6,41142.41.1
Majority2,30415.2N/A
Turnout 15,12685.5+0.2
Registered electors 17,701
Labour gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1900s

1907 North East Derbyshire by-election [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab W. E. Harvey 6,644 52.9 3.6
Conservative Josiah Court5,91547.1+3.6
Majority7295.87.2
Turnout 12,55977.47.9
Registered electors 16,233
Lib-Lab hold Swing 3.6
General election 1906:North East Derbyshire [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Bolton 7,665 56.5 +5.2
Conservative Josiah Court5,89643.55.2
Majority1,76913.0+10.4
Turnout 13,56185.3+4.9
Registered electors 15,898
Liberal hold Swing +5.2
General election 1900:North East Derbyshire [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Bolton 5,251 51.3 1.6
Conservative Josiah Court4,98348.7+1.6
Majority2682.63.2
Turnout 10,23480.40.5
Registered electors 12,732
Liberal hold Swing 1.6

Elections in the 1890s

Thomas Bolton Thomas Bolton.jpg
Thomas Bolton
General election 1895: North East Derbyshire [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Bolton 4,737 52.9 10.3
Conservative Josiah Court4,21047.1+10.3
Majority5275.820.6
Turnout 8,94780.9+3.5
Registered electors 11,066
Liberal hold Swing 10.3
General election 1892: North East Derbyshire [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Bolton 5,206 63.2 +8.1
Conservative Frederic Gorell Barnes 3,03436.88.1
Majority2,17226.4+16.2
Turnout 8,24077.4+1.0
Registered electors 10,643
Liberal hold Swing +8.1

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: North East Derbyshire [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Bolton 3,879 55.1 11.2
Liberal Unionist Charles Markham3,15844.9+11.2
Majority72110.222.4
Turnout 7,03776.45.4
Registered electors 9,207
Liberal hold Swing 11.2
General election 1885: North East Derbyshire [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Francis Egerton 4,999 66.3
Conservative Charles Gould (barrister)2,53633.7
Majority2,46332.6
Turnout 7,53581.8
Registered electors 9,207
Liberal win (new seat)

See also

Notes

  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

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References

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  14. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
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  18. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. 1 2 The Constitutional Year Book 1936, p.222
  20. 1 2 British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  21. 1 2 The Liberal Year Book 1924, p.203
  22. The Constitutional Year Book 1914, p.3
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Coordinates: 53°14′N1°33′W / 53.24°N 1.55°W / 53.24; -1.55