Staveley, Derbyshire

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Staveley
Staveley - Miners Welfare.jpg
Staveley Miners Welfare
Derbyshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Staveley
Location within Derbyshire
Population18,247 (including Barrow Hill, Beighton Fields, Mastin Moor and Poolsbrook, civil parish, 2011) [1]
OS grid reference SK434749
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHESTERFIELD
Postcode district S43
Dialling code 01246
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°16′10″N1°20′54″W / 53.2694°N 1.3484°W / 53.2694; -1.3484 Coordinates: 53°16′10″N1°20′54″W / 53.2694°N 1.3484°W / 53.2694; -1.3484

Staveley is a former mining town in the borough of Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, alongside the River Rother, between Eckington to the north, Barlborough to the east, Sutton cum Duckmanton to the south and Brimington to the west.

Contents

History

Staveley was formerly a mining town with several large coal mines in and around the area, the closest being Ireland Pit (Ireland Colliery Brass Band is named after the colliery). However, the pit has closed, along with the others in the area.

Staveley Miners Welfare on Market Street was built in 1893 as an indoor market hall by Charles Paxton Markham, for a time owner of Markham & Co. At that time, it was called Markham Hall in memory of his father. [2] Markham played a large role in the industrial development of the area around Staveley. Through his company Markham & Co. and its successor Staveley Coal and Iron Company, Markham owned ironstone quarries, several coal mines (including Markham Colliery), chemical works, ironworks and an engineering works specialising in mining and tunnelling equipment.

Other major local industries in recent history have included Staveley Works foundry and Staveley Chemicals. The nationwide decline in industry has meant that Staveley Chemicals and Staveley Works have now almost entirely closed, with the only section of the chemical plant remaining being the P-aminophenol plant (a key component to making Paracetamol), which is run by American/Irish company Covidien. Notice has been served on the plant, earmarked for closure around June 2012, this closure will mark the end of over 100 yrs. of chemical production at Staveley.[ citation needed ].

It is also the home town of the Townes Brewery. [3] Modern industry includes a plastic pipe moulding factory for Brett Martin plc. There was also a wood wool production unit on Staveley works.

The New Markham Vale Loop Road has been completed and opens up the former Markham coal field areas to development, linking the town to a new junction (29A) on the M1 motorway, this junction opened in early July 2008. This is part funded by European Union regeneration money. The scheme also reinstates part of the former Chesterfield Canal which crosses the route. There is a long term project to reinstate the canal from Chesterfield to Kiveton where it currently terminates. Sections from Chesterfield to Brimington were reinstated as part of previous stages of the Chesterfield Bypass and opencast schemes on part of the former Staveley Coal and Iron Company site which was part of British Steel Corporation following Nationalisation. The new Staveley Town Basin was officially opened on 30 June 2012 and forms the centre piece of the imaginative redevelopment of the Chesterfield Canal in Staveley. The basin is designed to provide facilities to enable the economic development of the isolated section in advance of full restoration. It will provide secure short- and long-term moorings, slipway, car parking, cycle racks, toilets and showers as well as a large open play area which can also be used for major waterway events and festivals. [4]

As part of the Markham Vale scheme to regenerate the site of the former Markham Colliery site there was a proposal to build a "Solar Pyramid" to form the world's largest functional timepiece. [5] This project has now been cancelled. However, on the site near Poolsbrook Country Park, a caravan site for tourists has now been built boosting numbers to the country park. The area has several trails for walkers and mountain bikers along former pit railway lines.

Staveley Hall

Staveley Hall Staveley - Staveley Hall - from NE.jpg
Staveley Hall
Staveley Hall - main entrance Staveley - Staveley Hall - front entrance.jpg
Staveley Hall – main entrance
1604 heraldic shield above the front door of Staveley Hall, showing the arms of the father of Sir Peter Fretchville (d.1634) ( Azure, a bend between six escallops argent), impaling Kay (for his second wife Margaret Kaye, daughter of Arthur Kaye of Woodsome, Yorkshire) Argent, two bendlets sable (painted incorrectly here as Or, two bendlets azure) Staveley - Staveley Hall - Frecheville coat-of-arms.jpg
1604 heraldic shield above the front door of Staveley Hall, showing the arms of the father of Sir Peter Fretchville (d.1634) ( Azure, a bend between six escallops argent), impaling Kay (for his second wife Margaret Kaye, daughter of Arthur Kaye of Woodsome, Yorkshire) Argent, two bendlets sable (painted incorrectly here as Or, two bendlets azure)

Staveley Hall is situated to the northeast of St John The Baptist Church in Staveley, with vehicular access from the Lowgates traffic island. The Hall in its present form was built in 1604 by Sir Peter Frecheville (c.1571-1634), MP. Before the current building there had been buildings on this site for over 700 years. A brief history of the building and its ownership follows:

Transport

Staveley was served by four railway stations on two separate lines.

Staveley Central was on the former Great Central Main Line which linked the town with Sheffield and London. The station opened in 1892 as Staveley Town but was renamed Staveley Central. It closed in 1963 to passengers and 1964 to all traffic on the line. It is now a mix of a cycle path and the Ireland's Cross road which pass through the site.

Staveley Works was the second station on the London Extension Line to north of Staveley Central. It was built to serve the outskirts of Staveley. This station also opened in 1892 and closed to passengers in 1963 with traffic finishing the following year in 1964. The site is now a road (Ireland Close) and part of a footpath. Platforms have all been removed.

Staveley Town was on the former "Clowne Branch Line". It opened in 1888 as Netherhope and was the original terminus of the line. In 1890, the Doe Lea Branch opened and the line was extended from Staveley Town. The station was a junction for both the Doe Lea Branch Line and the Clowne Branch Line. The station was renamed Netherhope for Staveley Town in 1893 only to be renamed to just Staveley Town in 1900. The Doe Lea Branch Line closed to passengers in 1930 but the station remained open on the Clowne Branch Line until 1952 when it was closed to passengers and the station was demolished in 1954. The line remained open until 1990s-2000s when the line in stages were mothballed. The track was lifted in 2012 and the line is now a mud trail.

Barrow Hill was on the junction where the Clowne Branch Line and Old Road Line branched off, the station opened in 1841 as Staveley but was renamed Barrow Hill and Staveley Works in 1900. The station was renamed Barrow Hill in 1951 until it closed in 1954. The line remained open but as mentioned above. Was mothballed and is now a mud trail.

Today, the nearest railway stations are at both Chesterfield and Creswell. There are regular bus services that connect the town to Chesterfield, Creswell and Sheffield.

Proposed Bypass

A road bypass of Staveley and Brimington has been proposed since 1927. [13] When the A61 Rother Way (also known as the Chesterfield Bypass) was constructed in the 1980s, a short dual carriageway spur was constructed over the River Rother and the Canal, terminating at a large roundabout which has an access road to a supermarket and the single carriageway A619 continuing to Brimington. The dual carriageway was planned to continue, heading northwards through Wheeldon Mill Greyhound Stadium (since demolished) before crossing the Canal twice and following the course of the Rother through Staveley Works. There would have likely been a grade separated junction between Mill Green and Hall Lane to serve the town and the nearby village of Barrow Hill. Then the dual carriageway would have curved eastward and run north of Mastin Moor, connecting to Junction 30 of the M1 at Barlborough. The plans caused controversy as the crossing of the Canal would have divided it into five linear ponds, and a petition put a halt to the bypass plans, but not before digging of a cutting had commenced. [14]

In 2009 the A6192 Ireland Close was built, connecting a small roundabout on Hall Lane to several more roundabouts near Poolsbrook, then to Junction 29A.

As part of regeneration proposals for Staveley Works, there is a 'spine road' proposed to run from the superstore roundabout off Rother Way to Hall Lane. However it is planned to be low speed single carriageway with several roundabouts or signal controlled junctions, which may create even more congestion. [15]

In July 2019, the MP for North East Derbyshire , Lee Rowley, gained support for a proper Staveley Bypass from the government. [16]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Chesterfield Town & Borough in England

Chesterfield is a large market town and borough in Derbyshire, England, 24 miles (39 km) north of Derby and 11 miles (18 km) south of Sheffield at the confluence of the rivers Rother and Hipper. With Whittington, Brimington and Staveley it had a population of about 103,801 in 2012, making it Derbyshire's second largest town. It has been traced to a soon-abandoned Roman fort of the 1st century AD. The name of the later Anglo-Saxon village comes from the Old English ceaster and feld. Its sizeable street market is held three days a week. The town sits on a coalfield, but little visual evidence of mining remains. Its biggest landmark is the Church of St Mary and All Saints with its crooked spire.

Chesterfield Canal

The Chesterfield Canal is a narrow canal in the East Midlands of England and it is known locally as 'Cuckoo Dyke'. It was one of the last of the canals designed by James Brindley, who died while it was being constructed. It was opened in 1777 and ran for 46 miles (74 km) from the River Trent at West Stockwith, Nottinghamshire to Chesterfield, Derbyshire, passing through the Norwood Tunnel at Kiveton Park, at the time one of the longest tunnels on the British canal system. The canal was built to export coal, limestone, and lead from Derbyshire, iron from Chesterfield, and corn, deals, timber, groceries and general merchandise into Derbyshire. The stone for the Palace of Westminster was quarried in North Anston, Rotherham, and transported via the canal.

Killamarsh Human settlement in England

Killamarsh is a town and civil parish in North East Derbyshire, England, bordering Sheffield and South Yorkshire to the North West. Killamarsh is surrounded by, in a clockwise direction from the north, Rother Valley Country Park, Wales, Kiveton, Woodall, Harthill, Barlborough, Spinkhill, Renishaw, Eckington, and the Sheffield suburbs of Oxclose, Halfway and Holbrook. Over the years, Sheffield and South Yorkshire have tried to merge the town into the ceremonial county as part of the city, but disagreements have prevented this, though Killamarsh does have a Sheffield dialling code, address and postcode.

Clowne Human settlement in England

Clowne is a village and civil parish in the Bolsover district of Derbyshire, England. The population at the 2001 Census was 7,447 increasing to 7,590 at the 2011 Census. It forms part of the Bolsover constituency. Clowne lies 9 miles (14 km) north east of Chesterfield and 7 miles (11 km) south west of Worksop. It is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Clune. The name is derived from the Celtic Clun for a river.

A616 road road which links Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, to the M1 motorway at Junction 30

The A616 is a road that links Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, to the M1 motorway at Junction 30, then reappears at Junction 35A and goes on to Huddersfield, West Yorkshire.

A617 road road in England

The A617 road runs through the northern East Midlands, England, between Newark-on-Trent and Chesterfield.

Staveley Central railway station

Staveley Central is a closed and demolished former railway station in Staveley, Derbyshire, England.

Barrow Hill railway station

Barrow Hill railway station is a former railway station in the village of Barrow Hill in northern Derbyshire, England.

The Lancashire, Derbyshire and East Coast Railway (LD&ECR) was built to connect coalfields in Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire with Warrington and a new port on the Lincolnshire coast. It was a huge undertaking, and the company was unable to raise the money to build its line. With the financial help of the Great Eastern Railway it managed to open between Chesterfield and Lincoln with a branch towards Sheffield from 1896. Despite efforts to promote tourist travel, the passenger business was never buoyant, but collieries were connected to the line, at first and in succeeding years. The Great Eastern Railway, and other main line companies, transported coal to the southern counties, and the company's engines took coal to Immingham in great quantities. The company had a fleet of tank engines.

Arkwright Town railway station

Arkwright Town railway station was in Arkwright Town, Derbyshire, England.

Clowne South railway station

Clowne South railway station is a former railway station in Clowne, Derbyshire, England.

Duckmanton Junction group of four former railway junctions in Derbyshire, UK

Duckmanton Junction is a former railway junction near Arkwright Town in Derbyshire, England.

Staveley Town railway station

Staveley Town is a closed and demolished former railway station in Staveley near Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England.

Clowne and Barlborough railway station

Clowne & Barlborough is a former railway station in Clowne northeast of Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England.

Bolsover Castle railway station

Bolsover Castle is a former railway station in Bolsover, Derbyshire, England.

Glapwell is a former railway station in Glapwell, Derbyshire, England.

The Clowne Branch is a lifted but protected former railway line in north eastern Derbyshire, England, currently being developed as part of the greenway network for walkers, cyclists and horse riders.

The Doe Lea branch is a partially closed and partially mothballed railway line in north eastern Derbyshire, England.

Beighton Junction is a set of railway junctions near Beighton on the border between Derbyshire and South Yorkshire, England.

References

  1. "Neighbourhood Statistics". Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  2. 1 2 "Staveley Town Centre Trail". Staveley Town Council. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  3. "Real Ales @ Townes Brewery". townesbrewery.com. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  4. Richardson, Christine, Lower John (2010). Chesterfield Canal – A Richlow Guide. Richlow. ISBN   978-0-9552609-4-0
  5. "UK | England | First glimpse of giant pyramid". BBC News. 15 October 2002.
  6. "The plaque over the front door shows the date, 1604 , his status as a Knight of the Realm and the coats of arms of his parents, Peter Frecheville and Margaret Kaye"
  7. Lyson, Magna Britannia, Derbyshire, 1817, p.lx
  8. Arms of Kay per: Newton, William, A Display of Heraldry, London, 1846, p.50 ; Guillim, John, A Display of Heraldry, 1724 (6th ed.), p.194, gives the arms of Sir John Kay of Woodsom, Yorkshire as Argent, two bendlets sable . The arms are not, as might be expected, for Fleetwood (Party per pale nebuly azure and or, six martlets, 2, 2 and 2 counterchanged), for the first wife of the builder, Joyce Fleetwood, whom he married in 1604)
  9. "Staveley Hall Listing". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  10. "Staveley Conservation Area Appraisal" (PDF). Chesterfield Borough Council. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  11. Pevsner, Nikolaus (2002). The Buildings of England – Derbyshire. Yale University Press. ISBN   0-300-09591-0.
  12. Craven, Maxwell; Stanley, Michael (1982). The Derbyshire Country House. Derbyshire Museum Service. ISBN   0-906753-01-5.
  13. "Tackling congestion and improving roads". Lee Rowley. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  14. "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  15. "Staveley Regeneration Route" (PDF). 29 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  16. "North East Derbyshire MP gains support for Staveley bypass project". www.derbyshiretimes.co.uk. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  17. Whites 1857 Directory of Derbyshire p. 770-780