Hadfield, Derbyshire

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Hadfield
Station Road, Hadfield - geograph.org.uk - 943037.jpg
Station Road – The main street in Hadfield
Derbyshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hadfield
Location within Derbyshire
Population6,305 (Wards 2011)
OS grid reference SK021963
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GLOSSOP
Postcode district SK13
Dialling code 01457
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°28′N1°58′W / 53.46°N 1.97°W / 53.46; -1.97 Coordinates: 53°28′N1°58′W / 53.46°N 1.97°W / 53.46; -1.97

Hadfield is a town in the High Peak of Derbyshire, England. The population of the town's wards in the 2011 Census was 6,305. [1] [2] It lies on the south side of the River Etherow, the border between Derbyshire and Greater Manchester, at the western edge of the Peak District close to Glossop.

Contents

Geography

Hadfield lies between Bottoms Reservoir and the Glossop Brook, on the southern side of the River Etherow valley, which is known as Longdendale. The town lies between 394 and 690 feet (120 and 210 m) above sea level. Hadfield is 12+12 miles (20 km) from Manchester.

History

Hadfield was part of the Manor of Glossop and, at the time of the Domesday survey, belonged to William the Conqueror. [3] King Henry I granted the land to William Peveril. In 1157, King Henry II gave it to the Abbey of Basingwerk. In 1537, King Henry VIII gave it to the Earl of Shrewsbury, from whom it came to the Howard family (Dukes of Norfolk). While the Howards were responsible in the 1810s for the development of Glossop, it was the Sidebottom family who developed Hadfield. They bought the Waterside and Bridge Mill complex from John Turner and John Thornley in 1820.

For three generations, they developed these mills as a large spinning and weaving combine. They built their own branch railway to the mill and, in 1880, ran 293,000 spindles and 4,800 looms. In 1896, the Sidebottoms went into liquidation. Bridge Mill was destroyed by fire in 1899, but Waterside Mill was bought by John Gartside and Co of Ashton-under-Lyne. Gartside's re-equipped the mills with automatic looms from the United States and installed new engines and electric lighting. [4]

During the First World War (1914–18), the mill was taken over by the Greenfield Mill Company but parts of the mill were used to produce munitions. After the war, the company declined. In 1940, the mill was occupied by Maconochie's Foodstuffs Ltd, which had been bombed out of its previous premises in London. By 1954, about half of the original building had been demolished and more was to go. In 1976, the site was redeveloped and renamed as the Hadfield Trading Estate. [5]

Station Mill was built in 1834 by Thomas and Edward Platt, members of a family who had farmed Longdendale for generations. The family owned this cotton mill for 68 years, before selling it in 1923 to E. Wilman & Sons, which converted it to silk noil spinning. The mill closed in 1989.

Hadfield Mills were corn mills from before 1819. In 1874, Thomas Rhodes and Sons converted the mills to the manufacture of cotton. 1,000 workers were employed there in 1873, but it closed in 1932. In 1940, it was reopened by Hadfield Worsted Mills Ltd for cloth manufacture. [5]

Governance

Hadfield is administered by High Peak Borough Council at the Town/District/Borough level of Government and by Derbyshire County Council at County level.

Representation on Derbyshire County Council is split between the divisions of Glossop and Charlesworth, and Etherow – with the majority of the town being in the Etherow division. The Etherow division contains Hadfield North, Hadfield South, Gamesley and the large and sparsely populated Tintwistle ward. The Glossop and Charlesworth division contains, amongst others, the Padfield ward (which takes the northern side of Station Road, the main shopping street). These boundaries were set in 2013.

DivisionHolder
EtherowCllr Dave Wilcox
Glossop and CharlesworthCllr Damien Greenhalgh
Cllr Ellie Wilcox

[6]

Representation on High Peak Borough Council

WardHolder
Hadfield NorthCllr MANN, Victoria Elizabeth
Hadfield SouthCllr SIDDALL, Edward
Hadfield SouthCllr MCKEOWN, Robert Joseph

[7]

Hadfield does not have a parish council.

The Member of Parliament for the High Peak constituency, since 2019, has been Robert Largan MP who represents the Conservative Party. His majority in the 2019 general election was 590 over the Labour candidate Ruth George.

ConstituencyHolder
High Peak Robert Largan

Transport

Hadfield Mills, Padfield Padfield4774.JPG
Hadfield Mills, Padfield

The town is served by Hadfield and Dinting railway stations on the Glossop line. Hadfield is the terminus, with most trains running first to Glossop and then reversing through Dinting towards Manchester Piccadilly. The railway, formerly known as the Woodhead Line, used to run through to Penistone and Sheffield via the Woodhead Tunnel but passenger services were withdrawn in 1970. Goods trains ran until 1981, when Hadfield became the terminus. The trackbed to the east has been adopted as part of the Longdendale Trail footpath.

The A57, which links Manchester to Sheffield via the Snake Pass, passes to the south of Hadfield, from Woolley Bridge to Dinting Vale. The A628 road, from Manchester to Barnsley and Sheffield over the Woodhead Pass, runs on the other side of the River Etherow through Hollingworth and Tintwistle. These two roads are major freight routes and are often congested, which has created traffic problems both for Hadfield and the neighbouring towns and villages. The proposed Mottram–Tintwistle Bypass is intended relieve the congestion.

Hadfield is within close proximity of the Greater Manchester county boundary and some services are provided with this in mind. Though lying within Derbyshire and the East Midlands, some of Hadfield's transport facilities are managed by Transport for Greater Manchester, whilst Tameside and Glossop Acute Services, based in Tameside in Greater Manchester, is the NHS Trust which operates in the area.

The village is served by three main bus routes: 237, which runs twice per hour in each direction towards Glossop and Ashton-under-Lyne; 341, which runs hourly to both Glossop and Hyde; and route 393, which is an hourly circular route linking the village to Padfield, Glossop and Shirebrook Park.

Media

The popular BBC television comedy series The League of Gentlemen was filmed in Hadfield, which doubled as the fictional town of Royston Vasey. In the film spin-off from the original series, The League of Gentlemen's Apocalypse , Hadfield appears as itself when the characters from the TV series enter into the real world through a supposed portal below a church. The statue featured in the series and film's opening credits is the war memorial, commemorating lives lost in the First and Second World Wars.

See also

Related Research Articles

Glossop Human settlement in England

Glossop is a market town in the Borough of High Peak, Derbyshire, England, 15 miles (24 km) east of Manchester, 24 miles (39 km) north-west of Sheffield and 32 miles (51 km) north of the county town, Matlock, near Derbyshire's borders with Cheshire, Greater Manchester, South Yorkshire and West Yorkshire. It is between 150 and 300 metres above mean sea level, and is bounded by the Peak District National Park to the south, east and north.

Longdendale

Longdendale is a valley in the Peak District of England, north of Glossop and southwest of Holmfirth. The name means "long wooded valley" and the valley is mostly in the counties of Derbyshire and Greater Manchester.

Tameside Borough of Greater Manchester, England

The Metropolitan Borough of Tameside is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in England. It is named after the River Tame, which flows through the borough, and includes the towns of Ashton-under-Lyne, Audenshaw, Denton, Droylsden, Dukinfield, Hyde, Mossley and Stalybridge. Its western border is approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Manchester city centre. Tameside is bordered by the metropolitan boroughs of Stockport and Oldham to the south and north respectively, the city of Manchester to the west and the borough of High Peak in Derbyshire to the east across Longdendale. As of 2011 the overall population was 219,324. It is also the 8th-most populous borough of Greater Manchester by population.

River Etherow River in north west England

The River Etherow is a river in northern England, and a tributary of the River Goyt. Although now passing through South Yorkshire, Derbyshire and Greater Manchester, it historically formed the ancient county boundary between Cheshire and Derbyshire. The upper valley is known as Longdendale. The river has a watershed of approximately 30 square miles (78 km2), and the area an annual rainfall of 52.5 inches (1,330 mm).

Broadbottom Human settlement in England

Broadbottom is a village in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England. Historically in Cheshire, it stands on the River Etherow which forms the border with Derbyshire.

Mottram in Longdendale Human settlement in England

Mottram in Longdendale is a village in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England. At the 2011 census, the population for the ward of Longdendale, which includes Mottram and the surrounding area, was 9,950.

M67 motorway Motorway in Greater Manchester, England

The M67 is a 5-mile (8.0 km) urban motorway in Greater Manchester, England, which heads east from the M60 motorway passing through Denton and Hyde before ending near Mottram. The road was originally conceived as the first section of a trans-Pennine motorway between Manchester and Sheffield that would connect the A57(M) motorway with the M1 motorway; however, the motorway became the only part to be built.

High Peak, Derbyshire Place in England

High Peak is a local government district with borough status in Derbyshire, England. The borough compromises high moorland plateau in the Dark Peak area of the Peak District National Park. The district stretches from Holme Moss in the north to Sterndale Moor in the south and from Hague Bar in the west to Bamford in the east. The population of the borough taken at the 2011 Census was 90,892. The borough is unusual in having two administrative centres for its council, High Peak Borough Council. The offices are based in both Buxton and Glossop. The borough also contains other towns including Chapel-en-le-Frith, Hadfield, New Mills and Whaley Bridge.

Tintwistle Human settlement in England

Tintwistle is a village and civil parish in the High Peak district of the non-metropolitan county of Derbyshire, England. Historically in Cheshire, according to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 1,401, reducing marginally to 1,400 and including Arnfield at the 2011 Census. The village is just north of Glossop at the lower end of Longdendale Valley. Tintwistle, like nearby Crowden and Woodhead, lies within the historic county boundaries of Cheshire.

Woodhead, Derbyshire Human settlement in England

Woodhead is a small and scattered settlement at the head of the Longdendale valley in Derbyshire, England. It lies on the trans-Pennine A628 road connecting Greater Manchester and South Yorkshire, 6 miles (10 km) north of Glossop, 19 miles (31 km) east of Manchester and 18 miles (29 km) west of Barnsley. It is close to the River Etherow and the Trans Pennine Trail. Like nearby Tintwistle and Crowden, the hamlet lay within the historic (pre-1974) county boundaries of Cheshire.

Woodhead line Former Manchester to Sheffield railway line

The Woodhead line was a railway line linking Sheffield, Penistone and Manchester in the north of England. A key feature of the route is the passage under the high moorlands of the northern Peak District through the Woodhead Tunnels. The line was electrified in 1953 and closed between Hadfield and Penistone in 1981.

Dinting railway station Railway station in Derbyshire, England

Dinting railway station serves the village of Dinting near Glossop in Derbyshire, England. The station is on the Manchester-Glossop Line, 12+14 miles (19.7 km) east of Manchester Piccadilly. Prior to the Woodhead Line closure in 1981, Dinting was a station on a major cross-Pennine route.

Hadfield railway station Railway station in Derbyshire, England

Hadfield railway station serves the Peak District town of Hadfield in Derbyshire, England. The station is one of the twin termini at the Derbyshire end of the Manchester-Glossop Line, the other being Glossop. It was opened by the Sheffield, Ashton-under-Lyne and Manchester Railway in 1844.

Valehouse Reservoir A lake in Derbyshire, England

ValehouseReservoir is a man-made lake in Longdendale in north Derbyshire. It was built between 1865 and 1869 as part of the Longdendale chain, which was built to supply water from the River Etherow to the urban areas of Greater Manchester while maintaining a constant flow into the river. The upper reservoirs supply the drinking water, while Vale House and Bottoms are compensation reservoirs which guarantee the flow of water to water-powered mills downstream. Valehouse, with a crest elevation of 503 metres (1,650 ft), is too low to supply water under gravity to the Mottram tunnel, so could not be used as an impounding reservoir. Today 45 megalitres of compensation water are released each day into the River Etherow.

Longdendale Bypass

The Longdendale Bypass is a long-planned road scheme in England by the Highways Agency. The aim is to alleviate traffic congestion on the A57 road/A628 road/A616 road routes that presently pass through the villages. There is both support and opposition for this long-planned scheme which will pass through the valley of Longdendale and part of the Peak District National Park.

Padfield Human settlement in England

Padfield is a small village near Hadfield in High Peak, Derbyshire, England. The village is on the west side of the Peak District National Park, and the nearest town is Glossop, where many local amenities and services are based. It is in a conservation area. The population as of the 2011 census was 2,796.

Glossopdale is the area around Glossop, Derbyshire, England, the valley of the Glossop Brook.

Dinting Viaduct Bridge in Glossop, Derbyshire

Dinting Viaduct is a 19th-century railway viaduct in Glossopdale in Derbyshire, England, that carries the Glossop Line over a valley at the village of Dinting. It crosses the Glossop Brook and the A57 road between Manchester and Sheffield.

Broadbottom Viaduct Bridge in England, grid reference

Broadbottom Viaduct is a railway viaduct that spans the River Etherow between Derbyshire and Greater Manchester in England. Originally of wooden construction supported by stone piers, the timber was replaced first with wrought iron box girders, less than 20 years after the viaduct's opening, later followed by steel trusses and more supporting piers.

References

  1. "Hadfield South Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  2. "Hadfield North Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  3. Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN   0-14-143994-7
  4. Perkins, Helen. Old Ordnance Survey Maps Hadfield and Tintwistle 1907. Gateshead NE11 9BD: Alan Godfrey Maps. ISBN   0-85054-647-8.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  5. 1 2 Quayle, Tom (2006). The Cotton Industry in Longdendale and Glossopdale. Stroud,Gloucestershire: Tempus. pp. 96–108. ISBN   0-7524-3883-2.
  6. "Derbyshire County Council election results". 3 May 2013. Archived from the original on 6 May 2013.
  7. High Peak councillors. Archived 26 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine