Shirebrook

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Shirebrook
Shirebrook School - Playing Fields - geograph.org.uk - 1003026.jpg
Skyline of Shirebrook from Shirebrook School, Playing Fields.
Derbyshire UK location map.svg
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Shirebrook
Location within Derbyshire
Population13,300 (civil parish) [1]
OS grid reference SK522678
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANSFIELD
Postcode district NG20
Dialling code 01623
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°12′17″N1°13′11″W / 53.2048°N 1.2197°W / 53.2048; -1.2197 Coordinates: 53°12′17″N1°13′11″W / 53.2048°N 1.2197°W / 53.2048; -1.2197
The Great Northern former-pub, once a frequent social point in Shirebrook, converted in 2016 to an alcohol-free homeless shelter for a maximum of 15 men as an outpost-mission by Lighthouse Homes, a church project originally based in Rotherham The Great Northern, Shirebrook-by-al-partington.jpg
The Great Northern former-pub, once a frequent social point in Shirebrook, converted in 2016 to an alcohol-free homeless shelter for a maximum of 15 men as an outpost-mission by Lighthouse Homes, a church project originally based in Rotherham

Shirebrook is a town in the Bolsover district in Derbyshire, England. Close to the boundaries with the districts of Mansfield and Bassetlaw of Nottinghamshire, [5] it had a population of 13,300 in 2001, reducing to 9,760 at the 2011 Census. [6] It is on the B6407, and close to the A632 road, between Mansfield and Bolsover.

Contents

The town is served by Shirebrook railway station, on the Robin Hood Line.

Economy

History

According to David Mills in A Dictionary of British Place-Names, [7] the area was first named in records in 1202 written in Old English as Scirebroc. This can be interpreted as Boundary or Bright Brook.

Prior to the intense and swift development of the Colliery at the turn of the 20th century, Shirebrook, even as late as 1872 it was little more than a chapelry of the larger Pleasley. Wilsons' Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870–72 [8] describes "SHIREBROOK, a chapelry in Pleaseley parish, Derby; 3¾ miles NNW of Mansfield r. station. It was constituted in 1849, and it has a post-office under Mansfield. Pop., 342. Houses, 70. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Lichfield. Value, £90.* Patron, the Rector of Pleaseley. The church was built in 1843."

Shirebrook Colliery was sunk in 1896–1897 by the Shirebrook Coal and Iron company [9] on land owned by the Duke of Devonshire, Joseph Paget (a Pleasley Mills partner and the builder of Stuffynwood Hall), and the Nicholson and Fowler farming families. Professor Arnold Lupton of Sheffield was the mining engineer. The sinking of two shafts, plus a pumping shaft, was based on independent surveys by Henry Hall and Matthew Fisher, managers of working collieries. The shafts, 19 feet (5.8 m) wide, met the 'Top Hard' seam at 430 yards (390 m).

By 1897, a 'model village' was already being built close to the colliery to house workers. The Derbyshire Times of 30 July 1897 reported that "About half a mile away a model village is springing up, some 150 houses have already been erected and about 420 are to be built."

Former Shirebrook Colliery 58010 Shirebrook Colliery.jpg
Former Shirebrook Colliery

Shirebrook Colliery operated in the town until April 1993. It had previously been linked underground to nearby Pleasley Colliery. [10] The workforce was about evenly split during the strike of 1984–85, leading to deep community divisions between strikers and workers, and briefly earned the nickname "the Belfast of England". [11]

In addition to two ongoing fabrication-engineering businesses at nearby Langwith, Shirebrook has a large furniture retailer.

Regeneration

Private helicopter at Sports Direct Chocks Away - geograph.org.uk - 539968.jpg
Private helicopter at Sports Direct

The 93-acre former Shirebrook Colliery site was reclaimed for development at a cost of £24million, funded by English Partnerships and administered by East Midlands Development Agency. [12]

Sports Direct hub

Re-titled as Brook Park, half of the entire business park designated as Zone 1 was allocated to Sports Direct after a planning application to Bolsover District Council in 2004 for four giant warehouses totalling 111,000 square metres, with a training facility, helipad and a retail store. [12] [13] [14]

Sports Direct complex in 2007 Sports World Head Office - geograph.org.uk - 539986.jpg
Sports Direct complex in 2007

Sports Direct amongst its 3,000 workers employs large number of people who decided to migrate to Shirebrook from eastern states of European Union

The situation caused certain group of locals feel intimidated, reportedly by gatherings in the town square and other open public places, involving drinking and other anti-social behaviour. [15] [16] Councillors and Derbyshire Police therefore introduced in late 2015 a Public Space Protection Order (PSPO), upgraded from the previous Direct Public Policing Orders (DPPOs), banning consumption of alcohol with further restrictions in public spaces. [17] [18]

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Majority of Sports Direct employees came from countries marked yellow EU25-2004 European Union map enlargement.svg
  Majority of Sports Direct employees came from countries marked yellow

Many workers are indirectly employed by agencies using zero-hour contracts, [19] which has attracted media attention for their labour practices and has been referred to as a "gulag". [20] Having declined to appear previously, billionaire owner Mike Ashley was summoned to appear at Parliament before June 2016 to answer questions from a select committee of MPs. [21] [22] Ashley responded in March 2016 by publicly refusing the summons, further declaring the MPs to be "a joke". [23] [24]

Ashley eventually appeared before Parliament on 7 June 2016. Outstanding areas of concern were mentioned, including zero-hour contracts, lower than minimum-wage payments, workers' body searches, intrusive control of workers' personal habits, lateness penalties and sexual harassment. Ashley gave an undertaking to investigate and make changes, but suggested a timeframe of three months or greater may be required. [25]

Ashley was further criticised in 2017 by Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn for breaking his word by failing to enforce the withdrawal of widespread zero-hour contracts that he had agreed to in 2016. Corbyn's request for the UK Prime Minister to condemn Ashley's failure to end the practice was reported in the press as being "sidestepped" by Theresa May. [26]

A Polish couple who supplied workers to Sports Direct were accused of modern-day slavery in 2016. [27] They absconded before their scheduled trial appearance at Nottingham Crown Court in July 2017 and were believed by Police to be in Canada, despite having their Polish passports seized. [28]

Community building

In December 2017, the government through their Minister for Faith and Communities, Lord Bourne, announced a £1.26 million aid-package from the Controlling Migration Fund, after a bid from local networking groups Bolsover Partnership and Shirebrook Forward NG20 due to the large influx of Eastern European workers.

The money is a two-year investment intended to improve access to public services, stage community events, improve the shopping and Market Square area and ease pressures on housing, schooling and health services resulting from recent migration.

The project named Building Resilience will see investment into seven core areas: [29]

Shirebrook Town Hall was constructed as a new build on the site of a former storage unit on the market square. It opened in 2019 as a 'one stop shop' with customer contact centre and payment counter at ground floor level, and offices for Town Council and Bolsover District business above. [30] [31]

Housing

As part of the government's Levelling Up initiative, a plan to create affordable homes on part of the former colliery site has seen the First Homes pilot scheme established to allow local first-time buyers and key workers to buy new builds at a 30% discount of the market price. [32] [33] [34]

Education

Shirebrook Academy on Common Lane is the local secondary school for pupils aged 11–16.

Shirebrook also has many primary schools and nurseries such as:

Railway

Shirebrook once had three railway stations. The last remaining station was on the Midland Railway (later part of the LMS) route from Nottingham to Worksop via Mansfield, and was originally known as Shirebrook West, despite being on the eastern edge of the town. The route lost its passenger services in October 1964, leaving Shirebrook without a station, but the line remained open as a goods route. On the site of the goods yard a diesel locomotive fuelling depot was opened in the mid-1960s. The station was re-opened in 1998 as Shirebrook railway station for the new Robin Hood Line services from Nottingham to Worksop via Mansfield. A wagon repair and manufacturing business have a rail link with the main line.

Shirebrook North station (originally known as "Langwith Junction", until renamed in June 1924), was opened by the Lancashire, Derbyshire and East Coast Railway [35] (later part of the Great Central Railway and subsequently the London & North Eastern Railway) in March 1897 and closed in September 1955. By then only one of the four routes converging on it was left- that to Lincoln: the Great Northern Railway's "Leen Valley Extension" line to Pleasley and Sutton-in-Ashfield had closed in September 1931; the LD&ECR line to Beighton via Clowne in September 1939, and that to Chesterfield via Bolsover in December 1951, due to the unsafe condition of Bolsover Tunnel. The filling in of the tunnel began on 10 October 1966, and used waste from Bolsover Colliery. The mouth of the old tunnel can be found on the southern edge of Scarcliffe, emerging just south of Ridgdale Road, Bolsover.

Shirebrook South station was on the Great Northern Railway's "Leen Valley Extension" line mentioned above, opened in November 1901 and closed in September 1931.

Sport

The town's football club Shirebrook Town play in the First Division of the Northern Counties East Football League, and are based at Langwith Road. Before the current club was formed, Shirebrook Miners Welfare F.C. was the senior team in the area, competing in the FA Cup on occasion.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bolsover</span> Town in Derbyshire, England

Bolsover is a market town and the administrative centre of the Bolsover District, Derbyshire, England. It is 145 miles (233 km) from London, 18 miles (29 km) from Sheffield, 26 miles (42 km) from Nottingham and 27 miles (43 km) from Derby. It is the main town in the Bolsover district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pleasley</span> Human settlement in England

Pleasleylisten  is a village and civil parish with parts in both Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire. It lies between Chesterfield and Mansfield, 5 miles (8 km) south east of Bolsover, Derbyshire, England and 2.5 miles (4 km) north west of Mansfield, Nottinghamshire. The River Meden, which forms the county boundary in this area, runs through the village.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">River Meden</span> River in Nottinghamshire, England

The River Meden is a river in Nottinghamshire, England. Its source lies just north of Huthwaite, near the Derbyshire border, and from there it flows north east through Pleasley and Warsop before merging temporarily with the River Maun near Bothamsall. The rivers divide after a short distance and go on separately to a point near Markham Moor where they once more combine to form the River Idle.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bolsover District</span> Non-metropolitan district in England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shirebrook railway station</span> Railway station in Derbyshire, England

Shirebrook railway station serves the town of Shirebrook in Derbyshire, England. The station is on the Robin Hood Line, 21½ miles (35 km) north of Nottingham towards Worksop.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mansfield Woodhouse railway station</span> Railway station in Nottinghamshire, England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chesterfield Market Place railway station</span> Former railway station in Derbyshire, England

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The Lancashire, Derbyshire and East Coast Railway (LD&ECR) was built to connect coalfields in Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire with Warrington and a new port on the Lincolnshire coast. It was a huge undertaking, and the company was unable to raise the money to build its line. With the financial help of the Great Eastern Railway it managed to open between Chesterfield and Lincoln with a branch towards Sheffield from 1896. Despite efforts to promote tourist travel, the passenger business was never buoyant, but collieries were connected to the line, at first and in succeeding years. The Great Eastern Railway, and other main line companies, transported coal to the southern counties, and the company's engines took coal to Immingham in great quantities. The company had a fleet of tank engines.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shirebrook North railway station</span> Former railway station in Derbyshire, England

Shirebrook North railway station was a railway station serving the town of Shirebrook in Derbyshire, England. It was on the Lancashire, Derbyshire and East Coast Railway running from Chesterfield to Lincoln. The starion was also on the former Shirebrook North to Nottingham Victoria Line and the Sheffield District Railway. The station has since been demolished and housing now occupies parts of the site with some stub rails nearby serving a train scrapper.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Warsop railway station</span> Former railway station in Nottinghamshire, England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pleasley East railway station</span> Former railway station in Derbyshire, England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shirebrook South railway station</span> Former railway station in Derbyshire, England

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The Leen Valley lines of the Great Northern Railway were railway branch lines built to access the collieries in the Nottinghamshire coalfield in England. The Midland Railway had long been dominant in the area, but there was resentment against its monopolistic policies from coalowners, who encouraged the Great Northern Railway to build a line. The Leen Valley Line was opened in 1881; it ran as far as Annesley colliery. A passenger service was run the following year, and very considerable volumes of coal were hauled.

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  15. Clash of cultures blamed for street drinking problem in Shirebrook Chad, local newspaper, 2 June 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2016
  16. Couple linked to Sports Direct in court again on modern-day slavery charges Chad, local newspaper, 11 January 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2016
  17. New police powers promised to tackle antisocial behaviour in Shirebrook Chad, local newspaper, 18 June 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2016
  18. Public Spaces Protection Order in place in Shirebrook and Langwith Junction to tackle anti-social behaviour Derbyshire Police, 5 November 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2016
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  28. International arrest warrant sought for Notts trio who fled trial Chad, Nottinghamshire local newspaper, 2 August 2017. Retrieved 30 November 2017
  29. Minister for Faith Lord Bourne launches a £1.26 million government investment in Shirebrook, Bolsover District Council, 14 December 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2017
  30. Opening date for Shirebrook Council offices Chad, 24 March 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2021
  31. Shirebrook Town Hall Derbyshire Building Control partnership. Retrieved 7 December 2021
  32. Council Leader welcomes First Homes Scheme launch in Shirebrook Bolsover District Council, June 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2021
  33. New Shirebrook housing development joins First Homes pilot scheme, Chad, 3 September 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2021
  34. Key workers being helped on to housing ladder in Derbyshire is example of ‘levelling up’, says Government Derbyshire Times , 26 November 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2021
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