Outline of the United Kingdom

Last updated

The location of the United Kingdom LocationUK.png
The location of the United Kingdom

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland ; a sovereign state in Europe, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK), or Britain. [1] [2] [3] Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, it includes the island of Great Britain—a term also applied loosely to refer to the whole country—the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands

An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure. An outline is used to present the main points or topics (terms) of a given subject. Each item in an outline may be divided into additional sub-items. If an organizational level in an outline is to be sub-divided, it shall have at least two subcategories, as advised by major style manuals in current use. An outline may be used as a drafting tool of a document, or as a summary of the content of a document or of the knowledge in an entire field. It is not to be confused with the general context of the term "outline", which a summary or overview of a subject, presented verbally or written in prose. The outlines described in this article are lists, and come in several varieties.

Sovereign state Political organization with a centralized independent government

In international law, a sovereign state, sovereign country, or simply state, is a political entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law defines sovereign states as having a permanent population, defined territory, one government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states. It is also normally understood that a sovereign state is neither dependent or non subjected to any other power or state.

Europe Continent in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

Contents

General reference

Country Region that is identified as a distinct entity in political geography

A country is a region that is identified as a distinct entity in political geography.

Countries of the United Kingdom The four countries of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, which make up the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Scotland, and Wales and Northern Ireland.

Nation state Political term for a state that is based around a nation

A nation state is a state in which the great majority shares the same culture and is conscious of it. The nation state is an ideal in which cultural boundaries match up with political ones. According to one definition, "a nation state is a sovereign state of which most of its subjects are united also by factors which defined a nation such as language or common descent." It is a more precise concept than "country", since a country does not need to have a predominant ethnic group.

Countries of the United Kingdom, Dependencies, Territories and Commonwealth

Political map featuring the United Kingdom United Kingdom-CIA WFB Map.png
Political map featuring the United Kingdom
Map of the British Crown Dependencies British Crown Dependencies.svg
Map of the British Crown Dependencies
British Overseas Territories British Overseas.png
British Overseas Territories

Countries of the UK and their subdivisions

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Subdivisions of England administrative division or non-administrative ceremonial area of England

The subdivisions of England constitute a hierarchy of administrative divisions and non-administrative ceremonial areas.

Regions of England Highest tier of sub-national division in England

The regions, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England. Between 1994 and 2011, nine regions had officially devolved functions within government. While they no longer fulfill this role, they continue to be used for statistical and some administrative purposes. They define areas (constituencies) for the purposes of elections to the European Parliament. Eurostat also uses them to demarcate first level Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions within the European Union. The regions generally follow the boundaries of the former standard regions, established in the 1940s for statistical purposes.

Crown dependencies

Crown dependencies

British Overseas Territories

British Overseas Territories

Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations Commonwealth of Nations.svg
Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations

Commonwealth of Nations

The United Kingdom is a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations

Geography, resources and demography

An enlargeable topographic map of the United Kingdom Uk topo en.jpg
An enlargeable topographic map of the United Kingdom

Geography of the United Kingdom

Ecoregions

List of ecoregions in the United Kingdom

An enlargeable satellite image of the United Kingdom Satellite image of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in April 2002.jpg
An enlargeable satellite image of the United Kingdom

Environment

Geographic features

Regions

Thirteen areas are designated as national parks in England and Wales National Parks in England and Wales.png
Thirteen areas are designated as national parks in England and Wales

Municipalities

Natural Resources

Map of population density in the UK as at the 2011 census. Population density UK 2011 census.png
Map of population density in the UK as at the 2011 census.
NASA VIIRS image highlighting UK population centres Northwestern Europe at night by VIIRS cropped to GB.jpg
NASA VIIRS image highlighting UK population centres
Population density (people per km ) by country, 2015. Countries by Population Density in 2015.svg
Population density (people per km ) by country, 2015.

Demography

Demography of the United Kingdom

Ethnicity

Ethnic groups in the United Kingdom

Government, monarchy, politics and honours

Queen Elizabeth II is the current UK monarch Queen Elizabeth II at Hillsborough Castle.jpg
Queen Elizabeth II is the current UK monarch
Boris Johnson is the current UK Prime Minister Yukiya Amano with Boris Johnson in London - 2018 (41099455635) (cropped).jpg
Boris Johnson is the current UK Prime Minister

Monarchy

Branches of the government

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Courts of the United Kingdom

Foreign relations

Foreign relations of the United Kingdom

International organisation membership

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a member of: [1]

Local government

Manchester Town Hall, a centre of local government Town Hall Manchester.jpg
Manchester Town Hall, a centre of local government

Politics of England

Politics of England

Politics of Northern Ireland

Politics of Northern Ireland

Politics of Scotland

The Scottish Parliament Building in Edinburgh Edinburgh Scottish Parliament01 2006-04-29.jpg
The Scottish Parliament Building in Edinburgh

Politics of Scotland

Politics of Wales

The Senedd in Cardiff Steps - Senedd.jpg
The Senedd in Cardiff

Politics of Wales

Honours

Military and Defence

British troops in Iraq Land Rover Defender 110 patrol vehicles.jpg
British troops in Iraq

British Armed Forces

Command


Forces

History

See § History

Law and order

The Middlesex Guildhall is home to the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom Middlesex.guildhall.london.arp.jpg
The Middlesex Guildhall is home to the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom

Law of the United Kingdom

Law of England and Wales

Law of Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland law

Law of Scotland

Scots law

Infrastructure

Regulatory bodies

Trade Union Federations

Transport

Transport in the United Kingdom

Economy

Economy of the United Kingdom

History

"A new map of Great Britain according to the newest and most exact observations" A new map of Great Britain according to the newest and most exact observations (8342715024).jpg
"A new map of Great Britain according to the newest and most exact observations"

Historical states of the British Isles

Roman Britain in 410 Brittain 410.jpg
Roman Britain in 410

By subject

Culture

Sunday roast consisting of roast beef, roast potatoes, vegetables and Yorkshire pudding Sunday roast - roast beef 1.jpg
Sunday roast consisting of roast beef, roast potatoes, vegetables and Yorkshire pudding

Culture of the United Kingdom

Architecture

Belfast City Hall is a municipal building in the Edwardian Baroque style. Belfast City Hall and Big Wheel!.jpg
Belfast City Hall is a municipal building in the Edwardian Baroque style.

Architecture of the United Kingdom

The arts

The Angel of the North near Gateshead by Antony Gormley, 1998 Fly-Angel edit 1.jpg
The Angel of the North near Gateshead by Antony Gormley, 1998

Museums

Music

Led Zeppelin performing in 1975 LedZeppelinChicago75 2.jpg
Led Zeppelin performing in 1975
The Proms in 2004 Proms-albert-hall-04.jpg
The Proms in 2004

Classical music

Folk music

Theatre

Shakespeare's Globe London, UK (August 2014) - 156.JPG
Shakespeare's Globe

Film

Cinema of the United Kingdom

Cultural icons

Union Flag Flag - Union Flag.jpg
Union Flag
Row of phone boxes in Covent Garden Red Public Phone Boxes - Covent Garden, London, England - July 10, 2012.JPG
Row of phone boxes in Covent Garden
AEC Routemaster bus Routemaster RML2588 (JJD 588D), 6 March 2004.jpg
AEC Routemaster bus
Black cab 1985 Austin FX4Q London taxi.jpg
Black cab
Mini Cooper S Mini Cooper S 1963.jpg
Mini Cooper S
A cup of tea Cup of tea, Scotland.jpg
A cup of tea
Giant's Causeway stones Giant's Causeway stones (2).JPG
Giant's Causeway stones
A thistle Milk thistle.jpg
A thistle
Edinburgh Castle Edinburgh Castle dsc06361.jpg
Edinburgh Castle
A daffodil, a national symbol of Wales Sunshine yellow - by Spiralz.jpg
A daffodil, a national symbol of Wales
Land Rover Defender Land Rover Defender 110 XS TD DC 2015 - front.jpg
Land Rover Defender
Stonehenge Stonehenge 2016.jpg
Stonehenge

United Kingdom icons

English icons

Northern Irish icons

Scottish icons

Welsh icons

Languages

Languages of the United Kingdom

People

Demography of the United Kingdom

Interest groups and societies

Religion

Westminster Abbey is used for the coronation of British monarchs Westminster abbey west.jpg
Westminster Abbey is used for the coronation of British monarchs

Religion in the United Kingdom

Sports, games, and pastimes

Sport in the United Kingdom The following are the major sports; local groups may well play many others.

Angling

Chess

Cricket

The first England team to tour Southern Australia English cricket team 1861.jpg
The first England team to tour Southern Australia
The media centre at Lord's Cricket Ground Lord's Media Centre.jpg
The media centre at Lord's Cricket Ground

Hiking

Association football

Wembley Stadium exterior England mai 2007 040.jpg
Wembley Stadium exterior
The Old Firm derby Oldfirm.jpg
The Old Firm derby

Polo

Rugby

England playing Wales in the Six Nations Lineout-EvW-2004.jpg
England playing Wales in the Six Nations

Sport rowing

Skiing

Other sports, games, and pastimes

Olympic Stadium in June 2011 Olympic Park, London, 14 June 2011 (2) cropped.jpg
Olympic Stadium in June 2011

Education

Education in England

Education in Northern Ireland

Education in Scotland

Education in Wales

See also

Related Research Articles

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Law of the United Kingdom legal systems

Sub-nationally, the United Kingdom has three legal systems, each of which derives from a particular geographical area and for a variety of historical reasons: English law, Scots law, and Northern Ireland law. Since 2007, as a result of the passage of the Government of Wales Act 2006 by Parliament, there also exists purely Welsh law. However, unlike the other three laws, this is not a separate legal system per se, being merely the primary and secondary legislation generated by the National Assembly for Wales, interpreted in accordance with the doctrines of English law, and not impacting upon English common law. There is a substantial overlap between these three legal systems, and the three legal jurisdictions of the United Kingdom, these being England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Each legal system defaults to each jurisdiction, and court systems of each jurisdiction further the relevant system of law through jurisprudence. In private law it is possible for people in certain jurisdictions to use the law of other jurisdictions, for example a company in Edinburgh, Scotland and a company in Belfast, Northern Ireland are free to contract in English law. This is inapplicable in public law, where there are set rules of procedure in each jurisdiction. Overarching these systems is the law of the United Kingdom, also known as United Kingdom law or British law. British law arises where laws apply to the United Kingdom and/or its citizens as a whole, most obviously constitutional law, but also other areas, for instance tax law.

Administrative geography of the United Kingdom Geographical subdivisions of local government in Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The administrative geography of the United Kingdom is complex, multi-layered and non-uniform. The United Kingdom, a sovereign state to the northwest of continental Europe, consists of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. For local government in the United Kingdom, England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales each have their own system of administrative and geographic demarcation. Consequently, there is "no common stratum of administrative unit encompassing the United Kingdom".

England and Wales Administrative jurisdiction within the United Kingdom

England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom. ’England and Wales’ forms the constitutional successor to the former Kingdom of England and follows a single legal system, known as English law.

Languages of the United Kingdom languages of a geographic region

English, in various dialects, is the most widely spoken language of the United Kingdom, however there are a number of regional languages also spoken. There are 14 indigenous languages used across the British Isles: 5 Celtic, 3 Germanic, 3 Romance, and 3 sign languages. There are also many immigrant languages spoken in the British Isles, mainly within inner city areas; these languages are mainly from South Asia and Eastern Europe.

Home Nations The individual nations within the United Kingdom

The Home Nations, or Home Countries, refer collectively to England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, and in certain sports include the whole island of Ireland. The term "Home Nations" is used in this second sense partly because Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland have a unified association structure in certain sports, such as the Irish Rugby Football Union and Cricket Ireland. Formerly, the term was applied in general in this same wider sense, such as the period between 1801 and 1922, when the whole island of Ireland was part of the United Kingdom. The synonymous "Home Countries" is also sometimes used.

Association football is organised on a separate basis in each of the four constituent countries that make up the United Kingdom (UK), with each having a national football association responsible for the overall management of football within their respective country. There is no United Kingdom national football team. Football has been the most popular sport in the UK since the 1860s. Rugby union, rugby league and cricket are other popular sports.

Sport in the United Kingdom sports traditions in the United Kingdom

Sport in the United Kingdom plays an important role in British culture. The United Kingdom has given birth to a range of major international sports including association football, badminton, billiards, bowls, boxing, cricket, croquet, curling, darts, golf, fives, hockey, netball, rugby, tennis, table tennis, snooker, squash, and water polo. The standardisation of various sports, such as in rowing, dancesports and motorsports occurred in the United Kingdom.

Terminology of the British Isles

The terminology of the British Isles refers to the various words and phrases that are used to describe the different geographical and political areas of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, and the smaller islands which surround them. The terminology is often a source of confusion, partly owing to the similarity between some of the actual words used, but also because they are often used loosely. In addition, many of the words carry both geographical and political connotations which are affected by the history of the islands.

Great Britain island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe

Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km2 (80,823 sq mi), it is the largest of the British Isles, the largest European island, and the ninth-largest island in the world. In 2011, Great Britain had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world's third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan. The island of Ireland is situated to the west of Great Britain, and together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, form the British Isles archipelago.

Unionism in the United Kingdom

Unionism in the United Kingdom, also referred to as British unionism, is a political ideology favouring the continued unity of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland as one sovereign state, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Those who support the union are referred to as "Unionists".

History of the formation of the United Kingdom United Kingdom

The formation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has involved personal and political union across Great Britain and the wider British Isles. The United Kingdom is the most recent of a number of sovereign states that have been established in Great Britain at different periods in history, in different combinations and under a variety of polities. Norman Davies has counted sixteen different states over the past 2,000 years.

British people citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, British Overseas Territories, Crown Dependencies, and their descendants

The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies. British nationality law governs modern British citizenship and nationality, which can be acquired, for instance, by descent from British nationals. When used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, and Bretons. It may also refer to citizens of the former British Empire.

Rugby league is a popular sport in Northern England and south Wales, and to a lesser extent in Scotland, Ireland, and other parts of England and Wales. It is organised separately in each of these countries, and also on an all-Ireland basis, with Northern Ireland and the independent Republic of Ireland playing together.

Index of United Kingdom-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Outline of Northern Ireland Overview of and topical guide to Northern Ireland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Northern Ireland.

Devolution in the United Kingdom Granting Parliamentary powers to England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland

In the United Kingdom, devolution is the statutory granting of powers from the Parliament of the United Kingdom to the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, the Northern Ireland Assembly and the London Assembly and to their associated executive bodies the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government, the Northern Ireland Executive and in England, the Greater London Authority and combined authorities.

References

  1. 1 2 "United Kingdom". The World Factbook . United States Central Intelligence Agency. 2 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009.
  2. "Encyclopædia Britannica" . Retrieved 25 September 2007. Island country located off the north-western coast of mainland Europe
  3. "Countries within a country". www.number-10.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 June 2007. Countries within a country