Scotland national rugby union team

Last updated

Scotland
Scotlandlogo.png
Emblem Thistle
Union Scottish Rugby Union
Head coach Gregor Townsend
Captain Stuart McInally
Most caps Ross Ford (110)
Top scorer Chris Paterson (809)
Top try scorer Ian Smith &
Tony Stanger (24)
Home stadium Murrayfield Stadium
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Kit socks Scotlandsocks16.png
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First colours
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Second colours
World Rugby ranking
Current7 (as of 25 February 2019)
Highest5 (2018)
Lowest12 (2015)
First international
Scotland 1–0 England
(27 March 1871)
Biggest win
Scotland 100–8 Japan
(13 November 2004)
Biggest defeat
Scotland 10–68 South Africa
(6 December 1997)
World Cup
Appearances8 (First in 1987 )
Best resultFourth place, 1991
Website www.scottishrugby.org

The Scotland national rugby union team is administered by the Scottish Rugby Union. The team takes part in the annual Six Nations Championship and participates in the Rugby World Cup, which takes place every four years. As of 18 March 2019, Scotland are 7th in the World Rugby Rankings. [1]

Scottish Rugby Union governing body of rugby union in Scotland

The Scottish Rugby Union is the governing body of rugby union in Scotland. It is the second oldest Rugby Union, having been founded in 1873, as the Scottish Football Union. The SRU oversees the national league system, known as the Scottish League Championship. The SRU is headed by the President and Chairman, with Mark Dodson acting as the Chief Executive Officer. Bradbury became the first female president of a Tier 1 rugby nation upon her appointment on the 4th August 2018.

Six Nations Championship annual international rugby union competition

The Six Nations Championship is an annual international rugby union competition between the teams of England, France, Ireland, Italy, Scotland, and Wales. The current champions are Wales, who won the 2019 tournament.

Rugby World Cup international rugby union competition

The Rugby World Cup, through the upcoming 2019 edition, is a men's rugby union tournament contested every four years between the top international teams. The tournament was first held in 1987, when the tournament was co-hosted by New Zealand and Australia.

Contents

The Scottish rugby team dates back to 1871, where they beat England in the first international rugby union match at Raeburn Place. Scotland competed in the Five Nations from the inaugural tournament in 1883, winning it 14 times outright—including the last ever Five Nations in 1999—and sharing it another 8. In 2000 the competition accepted a sixth competitor, Italy, thus forming the Six Nations. Since this change, Scotland have yet to win the competition. The Rugby World Cup was introduced in 1987 and Scotland have competed in all eight competitions, the most recent being in 2015 where they were knocked out by Australia in the quarter-final. Their best finish came in 1991, where they lost to the All Blacks in the third place play-off.

England national rugby union team sportsteam in rugby union

The England national rugby union team competes in the annual Six Nations Championship with France, Ireland, Scotland, Italy, and Wales. They have won this championship on a total of 28 occasions, 13 times winning the Grand Slam and 25 times winning the Triple Crown, making them the most successful outright winners in the tournament's history. They are ranked third in the world by the International Rugby Board as of 9 September 2019. England are to date the only team from the northern hemisphere to win the Rugby World Cup, when they won the tournament back in 2003. They were also runners-up in 1991 and 2007.

Raeburn Place

Raeburn Place is the main street of Stockbridge, Edinburgh, and the name of the playing fields there.

The 1999 Five Nations Championship was the seventieth series of the rugby union Five Nations Championship. Including the previous incarnations as the Home Nations and Five Nations, this was the hundred-and-fifth series of the northern hemisphere rugby union championship. Ten matches were played over five weekends from 6 February to 11 April. The tournament was won by Scotland, who beat England on points difference. Scotland scored sixteen tries in the tournament, to England's eight.

Scotland have a strong rivalry with the English national team. They both annually compete for the Calcutta Cup. Each year, this fixture is played out as part of the Six Nations, with Scotland having last won in 2018.

Calcutta Cup Rugby competition between Scotland and England

The Calcutta Cup is the trophy awarded to the winner of the rugby match between England and Scotland. It is the oldest of several individual competitions that take place under the umbrella of the Six Nations Championship, including: the Millennium Trophy, Centenary Quaich, Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy, Auld Alliance Trophy, and the Doddie Weir Cup.

History

1871–1924

The Scots issue a challenge

Scotland's first national team, 1871, for the 1st international, vs. England in Edinburgh Scotland rugbyteam 1871.jpg
Scotland's first national team, 1871, for the 1st international, vs. England in Edinburgh

In December 1870 a group of Scots players issued a letter of challenge in The Scotsman and in Bell's Life in London , to play an England XX at rugby rules. The English could hardly ignore such a challenge and this led to the first-ever rugby international match being played at Academical Cricket Club's ground at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh, on Monday 27 March 1871. In front of around 4000 spectators, the Scots won the encounter by a try (made by Angus Buchanan) and a goal (made by William Cross) to a solitary try scored by England (a points scoring system had not then been devised so only the goal counted towards the 1–0 score). England later got revenge by winning the return match at the Kennington Oval, London in the following year. [2] [3] [4]

<i>The Scotsman</i> British national daily newspaper

The Scotsman is a Scottish compact newspaper and daily news website headquartered in Edinburgh. First established as a radical political paper in 1817, it began daily publication in 1855 and remained a broadsheet until August 2004. Its parent company, JPIMedia, also publishes the Edinburgh Evening News. It had an audited print circulation of 16,349 for July to December 2018. Its website, Scotsman.com, had an average of 138,000 unique visitors a day as of 2017. The title celebrated its bicentenary on 25 January 2017.

Bell's Life in London, and Sporting Chronicle was an English weekly sporting paper published as a pink broadsheet between 1822 and 1886.

1871 Scotland versus England rugby union match

The rugby union match played between Scotland and England on 27 March 1871 was the world's very first international football match. The match was played at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh in front of 4,000 spectators. Scotland won the match, scoring two tries and a goal to England's single try.

The Calcutta Cup

The Calcutta Cup match, 1890 Calcuttacup.jpg
The Calcutta Cup match, 1890

The Calcutta Cup was donated to the Rugby Football Union in 1878 by the members of the short-lived Calcutta Rugby Club. The members had decided to disband: the cup was crafted from melted-down silver rupees which became available when the Club's funds were withdrawn from the bank. The Cup is unique in that it is competed for annually only by England and Scotland. The first Calcutta Cup match was played in 1879 and, since that time, over 100 matches have taken place. [5]

Rugby Football Union rugby union governing body of England, Guernsey and the Isle of Man

The Rugby Football Union (RFU) is the governing body for rugby union in England. It was founded in 1871, and was the sport's international governing body prior to the formation of what is now known as World Rugby (WR) in 1886. It promotes and runs the sport, organises international matches for the England national team, and educates and trains players and officials.

Origins of the Nations Championship

In 1882 the Home Nations Championship, the fore-runner of the modern Six Nations Championship was founded with Scotland, England, Wales and Ireland taking part. [6] The Scots enjoyed occasional success in the early years, winning their first Triple Crown in 1891 and repeating the feat again in 1895, [6] [7] and vying with Wales for dominance in the first decade of the 20th century. [6] Further Triple Crowns wins for Scotland followed in 1901, 1903 and 1907. [7] However, Scotland's triumph in 1907 would be the last for eighteen years as the First World War (1914–1918) and England's dominance afterwards would deny them glory. [6]

Wales national rugby union team Nation rugby team from Wales

The Wales national rugby union team represents Wales in international rugby union. Its governing body, the Welsh Rugby Union (WRU), was established in 1881, the same year that Wales played their first international against England. The team plays its home matches at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, which replaced Cardiff Arms Park as the national stadium of Wales in 1999.

Ireland national rugby union team sports team

The Ireland national rugby union team represents the island of Ireland in rugby union. They are the number 1 ranked national team by World Rugby as of 9th September 2019, the first time Ireland have achieved that honour. The team competes annually in the Six Nations Championship, which they have won fourteen times outright and shared nine times in its various formats. The team also competes every four years in the Rugby World Cup, where they reached the quarter-final stage in all but two competitions. Ireland is also one of the four unions that make up the British and Irish Lions – players eligible to play for Ireland are also eligible for the Lions.

In rugby union, the Triple Crown is an honour contested annually by the "Home Nations" – i.e. England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales who compete within the larger Six Nations Championship. If any one of these teams defeats all three other teams, they win the Triple Crown.

Home ground

In 1897 land was purchased, by the SFU, at Inverleith, Edinburgh. Thus the SFU became the first of the Home Unions to own its own ground. The first visitors were Ireland, on 18 February 1899 (Scotland 3–9 Ireland). International rugby was played at Inverleith until 1925. The SFU bought some land and built the first Murrayfield Stadium which was opened on 21 March 1925. [7]

1925–1945

In 1925 Scotland already had victories over France at Inverleith (25–4), Wales in Swansea (24–14) and Ireland in Dublin (14–8). England, the Grand Slam champions of the two previous seasons were the first visitors to Murrayfield. 70,000 spectators saw the lead change hands three times before Scotland secured a 14–11 victory which gave them their first-ever Five Nations Grand Slam. [8]

In 1926, Scotland became the first Home nation side to defeat England at Twickenham after England had won the Grand Slam five times in eight seasons. [6] [9]

The outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939 brought rugby union in Scotland to a halt. The SRU cancelled all arranged trial and international matches and encouraged the member clubs to carry on as best they could. Some clubs closed down, others amalgamated and carried on playing other local clubs and, sometimes, teams from the armed forces stationed in their various areas. [7]

1946–1987

Internationals resumed in the 1946–47 season, although these were not formally recognised and no caps were awarded to participating players. [7] In January 1946, Scotland played and defeated a strong New Zealand Armed Forces team by 11–6. [10] [11] Scotland resumed full international matches in February 1947, losing 22–8 to Wales at Murrayfield. [7]

The period after World War Two was not a successful one for Scotland. In 1951, the touring Springboks massacred Scotland 44–0 scoring nine tries, a then record defeat. [12] Scotland suffered 17 successive defeats between February 1951 and February 1955, scored only 54 points in these 17 games: 11 tries, six conversions, and four penalties. [13]

The teams from 1955–63 were an improvement. There were no wins over England, but three of the games were drawn. Occasional wins were recorded against Wales, Ireland and France. [14] 1964 was a good year for Scotland. New Zealand were held to a 0–0 draw, the last international match in which no points were scored. [15] The Calcutta Cup was won 15–6, the first time since 1950 [16] and they shared the Five Nations title in 1964 with Wales. [17]

In 1971 the SRU appointed Bill Dickinson as their head coach, after years of avoidance, as it was their belief that rugby should remain an amateur sport. He was officially designated as an "adviser to the captain". [18]

Scotland were the first of the Home Unions to run a truly nationwide club league.[ citation needed ] This was introduced in 1973 and still flourishes today with several of the country's original clubs still very much in evidence, such as Heriots, West of Scotland, Watsonians and the famous 'border' clubs such as Gala, Hawick, Jed-Forest, Kelso and Melrose.[ citation needed ] However the advent of professionalism saw Scotland's District championship abandoned and two 'Super Districts' formed, which have resulted in the top players generally being unavailable for their clubs.[ citation needed ] These teams play in international club competitions such as the Heineken Cup and the Pro14.[ citation needed ]

On 1 March 1975, around 104,000 spectators watched Scotland defeat Wales 12–10 in a Five Nations match at Murrayfield. The attendance at the time was a World Record for a Rugby Union match, and remains the record attendance at Murrayfield. [19] [20] That win was part of a run of nine successive wins at Murrayfield during the 1970s for the national side, but they were unable to transfer that form outwith Scotland, only managing two away wins during the decade. [21]

In 1977 Nairn McEwan succeeded Bill Dickinson as national coach. [22] However, he was only able to win one international in his three years in charge. [22] Nevertheless, rugby in Scotland was clearly developing. [23] The establishment of the national leagues in 1973–74 was beginning to bear fruit; the standard of club and district rugby was higher than ever and players were more accustomed to experiencing pressure in matches where the result really mattered. [23] Fewer players were being selected from English clubs to represent Scotland as the domestic game was producing an adequate number of players of genuine international class for the first time since the First World War. [23]

Jim Telfer became national coach in 1980, [24] inheriting a squad of genuine potential. [23] In March 1982 Scotland won away in Wales for the first time in 20 years. [25] Scotland toured Australia in July 1982 and won the first test, Scotland's first away victory against any of the big three Southern Hemisphere sides. [26] [27] After this, the 1983 season was a disappointment; losing their first three Five Nations matches. [28] However, the tournament ended on a high when Scotland recorded only their second victory over England at Twickenham since 1938. [24] Scotland then went on to draw with the All Blacks 25–25 in the late autumn. [28]

Scotland recovered their form in 1984 and achieved their second Grand Slam, and their first since 1925, under the captaincy of Jim Aitken. [24] The team benefited from consistent selection - 12 players took part in all four Five Nations matches, [23] and of the 20 players used in total throughout only two played for clubs outwith Scotland. [23] Jim Telfer stood down after the Grand Slam to concentrate on his professional career as a school master. He was succeeded by his assistant, the former Hawick fly-half, Colin Telfer (not a relative). [23] [29] He lasted just over a year, enduring a whitewash in the 1985 Five Nations, before resigning to concentrate on his business. [30] Derrick Grant was then appointed head coach. [30]

In January 1986, a trial match between "Blues" (players expected to feature for Scotland) and "Reds" (emerging players with a possible international future) resulted in a shock 41–10 win for the "Reds". [31] The "Reds" team included Gavin and Scott Hastings, Finlay Calder and David Sole, all of whom who would debut for Scotland in the Five Nations that year and feature prominently for side in the years that followed. [32] Scotland went on to share the 1986 Five Nations championship with France, each side winning three out of their four games. [33] The series also saw Scotland thrash England 33–6 at Murrayfield; Scotland's record win over the English, at the time one point short of Scotland's best score in any rugby union international and England's heaviest defeat in over a century. [34]

1987–2000

Scotland went to the first World Cup, played in New Zealand and Australia in the summer of 1987. John Rutherford, the team's general and controlling influence, had injured his knee on an unauthorised tour of Bermuda. He broke down after less than a quarter of an hour of the first World Cup match against France and never played for Scotland again. Scotland had been in the lead but the match finished level. Scotland lost to New Zealand in the quarter-final. On 27 June 1988, Ian McGeechan was appointed as head coach to succeed Derrick Grant who had retired after the end of the 1988 Five Nations series. [35]

Their greatest year in the modern era was 1990,[ citation needed ] when their season came down to one game, a Grand Slam decider at Murrayfield against the "auld enemy", England. Both sides had won all their Five Nations fixtures, and England were overwhelming favourites despite being the away side. Scotland under the captaincy of prop David Sole went on to win 13–7, [36] and with it their third Grand Slam. [37] The match against England in 1990 was also only the second time that Flower of Scotland was played at Murrayfield, having become Scotland's pre-match national anthem that year. [38]

The second World Cup took place in 1991 with matches shared between the Five Nations. Scotland won their pool, though the game against Ireland was close, and then beat Western Samoa in the quarter-final. They lost to England in the semi-final held at Murrayfield to a Rob Andrew drop goal. In the third place play-off they were beaten by New Zealand. [39]

Scotland went through 1994 without a single win, [40] but bounced back in 1995 to win their first three Five Nations matches. [41] This run of wins included a 23–21 win away against France, courtesy of a last minute try and conversion by Gavin Hastings. [40] This was Scotland's first win in Paris since 1969. [40] [41] The last Five Nations match was another Grand Slam decider against England, however this time the English defeated the Scots 24–12, largely due to the kicking prowess of Rob Andrew. [41]

The third World Cup, held in South Africa, came in 1995. Pool play saw a narrow defeat by France, thanks to an injury-time try, and Scotland finished second in the pool. They were eliminated in the quarter-final against New Zealand. [42]

Scotland won the last-ever Five Nations Championship in 1999 with a last minute win by Wales over England. [43] However, in the 1999 World Cup they suffered a quarter-final defeat to New Zealand. [44]

2000–2008

Scotland endured a torrid Six Nations in 2000, losing their first four straight games. [45] but won the final game against England 19–13 under captain Andy Nicol. [46]

Scotland v Ireland 2007 Rugby World Cup 2007 - Scotland v Romania 185.jpg
Scotland v Ireland 2007

Australian coach Matt Williams became the first foreigner to coach Scotland in 2003. [47] However his tenure was both controversial and unsuccessful, marred by a string of poor results and fall-outs with coaches and players. [47] [48] [49] In 2004 Williams attempted to introduce a controversial "Fortress Scotland" policy, whereby only those currently playing in Scotland were eligible to play in the national team. [50] Meanwhile, the Scottish Rugby Union (SRU) came under new management, chief executive Phil Anderton (known as 'Firework Phil' for his pre-match entertainment spectacles) was leading the way back to financial solvency and implementing major reforms to reverse the decline of the game in Scotland, but he resigned in January 2005 after his boss David Mackay was forced to resign by the SRU's general committee. [51] [52] By April 2005, Scotland had won only three out of 17 matches under Williams. [47] Following a review by the SRU and public criticism from several of his players, [49] Williams was finally sacked on 25 April 2005. [53]

Frank Hadden, the head coach of Edinburgh Gunners, was appointed interim coach for the 2005 summer internationals against the Barbarians and Romania, [54] winning both. [55] On 15 September 2005, he was appointed national coach of the Scotland team. [55]

In the first match of the 2006 Six Nations campaign, against France, Scotland won 20–16, [56] and this was the first time since 1999 that they had beaten France. [57] Scotland also beat England 18–12 at home at Murrayfield to reclaim the Calcutta Cup. [58] In the 2006 Autumn internationals Scotland won two of three fixtures. They convincingly beat Romania [59] and put up a solid first half performance against the Pacific Islanders. [60] In the final match against Australia, Scotland failed to impress, with Australia winning 44–15. [61]

11 November 2006 Scotland 44-6 Romania Scotland Romania Lineout.jpg
11 November 2006 Scotland 44–6 Romania

In 2007, Scotland became the first Six Nations team to lose at home to Italy, 17–37. [62] This was Italy's biggest ever victory over Scotland, home or away. Later that year, the side travelled to France for the 2007 Rugby World Cup. They made their way through their group and reached the quarter finals, where they were knocked out by Argentina. [63]

Scotland opened their 2008 Six Nations campaign losing 27–6 to France at home. [64] Pressure on Frank Hadden started to intensify after Scotland lost to Wales [65] and then to Ireland. [66] They then defeated England in the Calcutta Cup with a 15–9 victory [67] before succumbing to Italy, avoiding the wooden spoon only on scoring difference. [68] They then toured Argentina in the summer to play two tests against Argentina. They lost the first test 21–15, but won the second 26–14. [69]

2009–present

In a dismal 2009 Six Nations campaign, Scotland won just one match for a second consecutive year (against Italy) and thus, on 2 April 2009 Frank Hadden resigned as head coach of the national side. [70] On 4 June 2009, ex-England, Edinburgh and Bath coach Andy Robinson was named head coach in time for the 2009 Autumn Internationals. [71] Scotland's form picked up with a 23–10 victory over Fiji [72] and a memorable 9–8 win against Australia (the first win over the Wallabies for 27 years) at Murrayfield. [73]

In the 2010 Six Nations Scotland lost against France, Wales and Italy before drawing with England. Against Ireland, in the final rugby match at Croke Park, Scotland gained their only win of the tournament 23–20 with a last-minute penalty by Dan Parks, denying the Irish the Triple Crown and assuring they themselves would avoid the wooden spoon. [74] That summer, Scotland toured Argentina and recorded their first ever away series victory, beating the Pumas in both tests, 24–16 and 13–9. [75] In the Autumn Internationals of 2010, Scotland lost heavily against New Zealand before recording victories against South Africa, 21–17, and Samoa, 19–16. [76]

Scotland had a poor showing in the 2011 Six Nations, winning just one match, a 21–8 victory over Italy. [77] In the 2011 Rugby World Cup, Scotland struggled to beat Romania 34–24 and Georgia 15–6, [78] [79] before losing 13–12 to Argentina. [80] Needing a win going into their final match against England in Auckland, they led 12–3 with a quarter of the game to go, only to lose out to a Chris Ashton try, going down 16–12. This was the first time Scotland had been knocked out in the group stages of the Rugby World Cup. [81]

Scotland were terrible during the 2012 Six Nations, picking up the wooden spoon and being whitewashed, despite promising moments, [82] and falling to 12th, Scotland's lowest ever in the IRB rankings. [83] Even after this whitewash, Scotland defeated Australia 9–6 in the 2012 Scotland rugby union tour of Australia, Fiji and Samoa. This was Scotland's first win in Australia since 1982 and the first time in 30 years that Scotland defeated Australia more than once in a row. [84] Scotland also recorded away wins over both Fiji and Samoa. [85] During Scotland's 2012 Autumn Tests they suffered a series of defeats, versus the All Blacks, South Africa and most notably Tonga, which caused head coach Andy Robinson to resign. [86] Scott Johnson became interim Head Coach for the team in December 2012. [87]

During the 2013 Six Nations, Scotland won their matches against Italy and Ireland to finish third, their best finish in the competition since 2006. On 3 May 2013, Johnson was named the first ever Director of Rugby for Scotland responsible for overseeing all rugby in the nation. [88] On 27 May 2013, it was announced that Vern Cotter would become head coach of Scotland, but the SRU had to wait until 2014 as club Clermont failed to reach an agreement with the SRU to release Cotter a year early from his contract. [89]

Scotland had a dismal 2014 Six Nations campaign; managing only one win (away in Italy), finishing second bottom and hammered 51–3 by Wales in the final match. [90] Vern Cotter finally assumed his role as head coach, and in June of the same year Scotland won three tests against the top teams of the Americas, before being hammered by South Africa 55–6. [91] The three autumn tests held at Murrayfield during November yielded wins over Argentina and Tonga, and a narrow defeat against New Zealand. [92] [93] The test against Tonga took place at Rugby Park, Kilmarnock, and was the first Rugby Union international to be played on an artificial surface. [93]

The 2015 Six Nations Championship ended in a whitewash for Scotland, despite optimism amongst players and supporters beforehand. [94] However, Scotland displayed improved performances in their World Cup warm-up games over the summer, with two wins over Italy and narrow defeats away in Ireland and France. [95] Scotland played well at the 2015 Rugby World Cup in England; qualifying from their group by beating Japan, USA and Samoa, although they lost to South Africa. Scotland played Australia in the quarter-finals, and with 30 seconds remaining led 34–32. However, referee Craig Joubert then awarded the Wallabies a highly controversial penalty, later judged by the game's ruling body to be incorrect, which Bernard Foley scored to give Australia victory. [96] [97]

Scotland lost their first two games in the 2016 Six Nations Championship, extending their losing streak in the Six Nations to nine matches, their worst run in the championship since the 1950s. [98] The Scots finally ended their losing run with a 3620 win over Italy in Rome; John Barclay, John Hardie and Tommy Seymour all scoring tries. [99] Scotland followed that win up with a victory over France at Murrayfield; Stuart Hogg, Duncan Taylor and Tim Visser scoring tries in a 2918 win. It was Scotland's first victory over France since 2006, and also ended a 10 match losing streak against Les Bleus. [100] Scotland had a successful tour of Japan in June (winning both test matches), [101] and during the Autumn Internationals recorded a third consecutive win against Argentina (their seventh recognised win overall against the Pumas).[ citation needed ]

In the 2017 Six Nations, Scotland saw a marked improvement in performance with three home wins and two away defeats. This was Vern Cotter's last tournament as head coach of Scotland, despite their also beating Australia 24-19 on the summer tour of the Southern Hemisphere. In their first 6Ns game, Scotland went in with confidence to win their first opening match for eleven years against Ireland in a close match at Murrayfield Stadium. [102] [103] This followed with a defeat in Paris to France. Scotland secured a win over Wales in their third game, Scotland's first since 2007. In the eagerly anticipated Calcutta Cup tie against England at Twickenham, [104] however, Scotland were thrashed 61-21. [105] This was a record defeat against the English, and a result which ended their hopes of winning the Six Nations. [105] In the last week, Scotland defeated Italy at Murrayfield with a 29-0 victory, securing fourth place in the tournament table. [106]

Gregor Townsend took over as head coach in June 2017. His first fixture as head coach was against Italy in Singapore where Scotland won 34-13. A week later Scotland defeated Australia 24-19 in Sydney, the second time in a row Scotland had won on Australian soil. The victory was made more notable by the list of absentees, such as Stuart Hogg and Grieg Laidlaw, who were in New Zealand on Lions' duty. The tour was concluded by a 27-22 loss to Fiji in Suva.

Victory over Samoa in November 2017 [107] was followed by a breathtaking performance against New Zealand at a sold-out Murrayfield. Tries from Jonny Gray and Huw Jones brought Scotland to 17-22 with barely a minute to go, but it took a superb cover tackle from the All Blacks fly-half Beaudan Barrett to prevent Stuart Hogg from scoring a winning try. [108] A week later Scotland registered a record win over the Wallabies, inflicting eight tries on the visitors in what was the Australian hooker Stephen Moore's final international game. Scotland won 53-24, their biggest ever margin of victory over Australia. [109]

Thistle and the anthem

The thistle, the national emblem of Scotland since the reign of Alexander III of Scotland (1249-1286) and the emblem of the Scottish rugby team. Cirsium vulgare 6214.jpg
The thistle, the national emblem of Scotland since the reign of Alexander III of Scotland (1249–1286) and the emblem of the Scottish rugby team.

The thistle is the national flower, and also the symbol of the Scotland national rugby union team. According to legend the "guardian thistle" has played its part in the defence of Scotland against a night attack by Norwegian Vikings, one of whom let out a yell of pain when he stepped barefoot on a thistle, alerting the Scottish defenders. The Latin Nemo me impune lacessit ("No-one provokes me with impunity!" in English) is an ancient motto of the Kings of Scotland, and also of Scotland's premier chivalric order, the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, and of the Scots Guards (the latter both "belonging" to the monarch). [110]

"Flower of Scotland" has been used since 1990 as Scotland's unofficial national anthem. It was written by Roy Williamson of The Corries in 1967, and adopted by the SRU to replace "God Save the Queen". In the first year of using "Flower of Scotland" as an anthem, Scotland walked onto the pitch at the beginning of the Five Nations Championship deciding match against England. This combination was explosive and Scotland went on to beat England 13–7 and win the Five Nations Championship with a Grand Slam.

Strip

Scotland have traditionally worn navy blue jerseys, white shorts and blue socks. On the occasion that Scotland is the home side and the opposing team normally wears dark colours, Scotland will use its change strip. Traditionally this is a white jersey with navy blue shorts and socks. For a brief period, when Cotton Oxford were the shirt sponsors, the white shirt was replaced by a bright orange one with orange and blue hoops on the sleeves. This was first used against the New Zealand Māori on 14 November 1998. [111] This change strip was replaced by the traditional white one just two years later. Also during this sponsorship deal, purple was introduced to the traditional blue jersey. This was a significant departure from the traditional colours of blue and white, although purple is inspired from the thistle flower.

Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors

In September 1993, a sponsorship deal was announced with The Famous Grouse, resulting in a sponsors' name being added to Scottish international players' kit for the first time in addition to the jersey manufacturers' emblem. [112] In 1997 a new deal saw the Grouse logo appear on the Scotland jersey. [113] Further deals followed and it became the longest association with a sponsor in world rugby. [114] During this time, when Scotland played test matches in France, The Famous Grouse logo was replaced by the initias "TFG" due to the Evin law that bans any alcohol advertisement (including in sports events) in France. [115] In May 2007, after seventeen years, The Famous Grouse ended its shirt sponsorship with the team. [116] The Famous Grouse did maintain a low profile link to the Scottish Rugby Union by becoming the main spirit sponsor. This deal is thought to be worth a tenth of the original cost and forbids the Scottish Rugby Union from affiliating itself from any other whisky manufacturer.

On 3 September 2007 it was announced that the then Rangers chairman Sir David Murray's company would become the new shirt sponsor, in a deal worth £2.7 million over three years. [117] In August 2011, the Royal Bank of Scotland took over as main sponsors of Scottish Rugby, after Sir David Murray's company decided to end their sponsorship. BT became the primary shirt sponsor as part of the £20 million deal signed in 2014. [118]

PeriodKit manufacturerShirt sponsor
1991–1994 Umbro No shirt sponsor
1994–1998 Pringle The Famous Grouse
1998–2000 Cotton Oxford
2000–2008 Canterbury
2008–2011 Murray
2011–2013 RBS
2013–2015 Macron
2015– BT

Between the 2007 Rugby World Cup warm up games and the 2013 South African quadrangular tournament, the fonts used for their number kit on the back of their kits were Crillee Extra Bold Italic. But since Macron took over as kit supplier, the number fonts on the back of their kits were Arial rounded MT bold (or Oswald Bold, during the 2015 Rugby World Cup).

Record

Top 30 rankings as of 9 September 2019 [119]
RankChange*TeamPoints
1Increase2.svg1IRFU flag.svg  Ireland 089.47
2Decrease2.svg1Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 089.40
3Steady2.svgFlag of England.svg  England 088.13
4Increase2.svg1Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 087.34
5Decrease2.svg1Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales 087.32
6Steady2.svgFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 084.05
7Steady2.svgFlag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 081.00
8Steady2.svgFlag of France.svg  France 079.72
9Steady2.svgFlag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 077.43
10Steady2.svgFlag of Japan.svg  Japan 076.70
11Steady2.svgFlag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 076.29
12Steady2.svgFlag of Georgia.svg  Georgia 073.29
13Increase2.svg1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 072.18
14Decrease2.svg1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 072.04
15Steady2.svgFlag of Tonga.svg  Tonga 071.04
16Steady2.svgFlag of Samoa.svg  Samoa 069.08
17Steady2.svgFlag of Spain.svg  Spain 068.15
18Steady2.svgFlag of Romania.svg  Romania 066.69
19Steady2.svgFlag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 065.18
20Steady2.svgFlag of Russia.svg  Russia 064.81
21Increase2.svg1Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 061.33
22Decrease2.svg1Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 061.12
23Steady2.svgFlag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 061.01
24Steady2.svgFlag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 059.64
25Steady2.svgFlag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 058.46
26Steady2.svgFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 057.84
27Steady2.svgFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 057.35
28Steady2.svgFlag of Germany.svg  Germany 054.96
29Steady2.svgFlag of Chile.svg  Chile 054.56
30Steady2.svgFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 053.19
*Change from the previous week
Scotland's historical rankings
Scotland IRB World Rankings.png
Source: World Rugby - Graph updated to 9 September 2019 [119]

Six Nations

Scotland competes annually in the Six Nations Championship, which is played against five other European nations: France, England, Ireland, Italy and Wales. [6] The Six Nations started out as the Home Nations Championship in 1883, with Scotland sharing the championship with England in 1886 before winning the title outright for the first time a year later. [6] Scotland have won the title outright 15 times and shared the championship a further nine times. Scotland have won three Grand Slams (including the Triple Crown) in 1925, 1984 and 1990, in addition to a further seven Triple Crowns. [6] They also contest the Calcutta Cup with England as part of the championship. [6] Scotland were the winners of the last Five Nations in 1999, before Italy joined the competition to make it the Six Nations. [6]

Trophies within the Six Nations

The Triple Crown is awarded to the Scotland, England, Ireland or Wales national side if they can beat the other three 'Home Nation' sides in the Six Nations tournament of that year.

The Calcutta Cup is awarded to the winner of the Scotland - England match in the Six Nations tournament. Scotland is the current holder.

The Centenary Quaich is awarded to the winner of the Scotland - Ireland match in the Six Nations tournament.

The Auld Alliance Trophy is awarded to the winner of the Scotland - France match in the Six Nations tournament.

The Doddie Weir Cup is awarded to the winner of the Scotland - Wales match in the Six Nations tournament.

Beating all the sides in the Six Nations is called a Grand Slam but this has no trophy.

 Flag of England.svg
England
Flag of France.svg
France
IRFU flag.svg
Ireland
Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
Flag of Scotland.svg
Scotland
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg
Wales
Tournaments1228812419124124
Outright wins (shared wins)
Home Nations5 (4)N/A4 (4)N/A10 (3)7 (4)
Five Nations17 (6)12 (8)6 (5)N/A5 (6)15 (8)
Six Nations654005
Overall28 (10)17 (8)14 (9)0 (0)15 (9)27 (12)
Grand Slams
Home Nations0N/A0N/A02
Five Nations1161N/A36
Six Nations232004
Overall13930312
Triple Crowns
Home Nations5N/A2N/A76
Five Nations16N/A4N/A311
Six Nations4N/A5N/A04
Overall25N/A11N/A1021
Wooden Spoons
Home Nations11N/A15N/A88
Five Nations141721N/A2112
Six Nations0101441
Overall251836143321

Individual trophies

The Hopetoun Cup is awarded to the winner of Scotland - Australia test matches. Scotland is the current holder.

The Douglas Horn Trophy is awarded to the winner of Scotland - Canada test matches. Scotland is the current holder.

Since 2018, the Doddie Weir Cup is awarded to the winner of Scotland - Wales test matches. Wales is the current holder.

World Cup

Scotland has competed in every Rugby World Cup since the inaugural tournament in 1987. Their best finish was fourth in 1991. [39] In their semi-final on 26 October 1991 Scotland lost 6–9 to England at Murrayfield after Gavin Hastings missed a penalty almost in front of and a short distance from the posts. On 30 October Scotland lost the third-place play-off to New Zealand in Cardiff 13–6. [39] Since then they have qualified for the quarter-finals in all but one occasion, in 2011. [81] Their most recent world cup campaign in 2015 saw them come within 30 seconds of a famous win over Australia, however a last minute penalty sealed the win for the Wallabies. [96]

Overall

Scotland achieved 100 points for the first time in defeating a young and inexperienced Japan side 100–8 on 13 November 2004. [120] The previous record had been 89–0 against Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) in the first round of Rugby World Cup 1995. The game versus Japan was played at the home of St Johnstone F.C., McDiarmid Park, Perth. It was the first time that Scotland had ever played "North of the Forth" (i.e. the Firth of Forth) in the Caledonian region. In the same game Chris Paterson moved ahead of Andy Irvine in the list of Scotland's all-time points scorers. [121] [122]

Below is table of the representative rugby matches played by a Scotland national XV at test level up until 17 September 2019. [123]

OpponentPlayedWonLostDrawnWin %ForAgaDiff
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 18 99050.00%386308+78
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 32 1121034.38%463772−309
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 541080.00%15359+94
Flag of England.svg  England 137 43751938.32%12251674−449
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 8 62075.00%258189+69
Flag of France.svg  France 95 3755338.95%11801401−221
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia 4 400100.00%13841+97
IRFU flag.svg  Ireland 135 6763549.63%14281547−119
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 30 228073.33%749515+234
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 1100100.00%890+89
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 7700100.00%31384+229
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 31 02920.00%349922−573
  Pacific Islanders 1100100.00%3422+12
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 1100100.00%5610+46
  Presidents XV 1100100.00%2716+11
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 13 112084.62%475192+283
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa 11 91181.81%298193+105
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 27 522018.51%306712−406
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1100100.00%480+48
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga 431075.00%13658+78
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 651083.33%24996+153
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 1100100.00%4312+31
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales 125 4973339.52%12941698−404
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 2200100.00%11133+78
Total6963003633343.13%980810554−746

Players

Current squad

On 7 May 2019, Gregor Townsend named an initial 42-man training squad for the 2019 Rugby World Cup. [124]

On 28 May, Kyle Steyn and Scott Cummings were added to the squad. [125]

On 9 August, Nick Grigg, Kyle Steyn, Henry Pyrgos and Gary Graham were released from the training squad. [126]

On 27 August, Sam Skinner left the squad with an injury and was replaced by Tim Swinson. [127]

On 3 September, Gregor Townsend announced his 31-man squad for the 2019 Rugby World Cup. Grant Stewart, Jamie Bhatti, Tim Swinson, Magnus Bradbury, Matt Fagerson, Josh Strauss, Rory Hutchinson, Huw Jones and Byron McGuigan were all dropped from the squad. [128]

Head Coach: Flag of Scotland.svg Gregor Townsend

Player Position Date of birth (age)CapsClub/province
Fraser Brown Hooker (1989-06-20) 20 June 1989 (age 30)42 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
Stuart McInally Hooker (1990-08-09) 9 August 1990 (age 29)29 Flag of Scotland.svg Edinburgh
George Turner Hooker (1992-10-08) 8 October 1992 (age 26)8 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
Simon Berghan Prop (1990-12-07) 7 December 1990 (age 28)22 Flag of Scotland.svg Edinburgh
Allan Dell Prop (1992-03-16) 16 March 1992 (age 27)25 Flag of Scotland.svg Edinburgh
Zander Fagerson Prop (1996-01-19) 19 January 1996 (age 23)22 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
WP Nel Prop (1986-04-30) 30 April 1986 (age 33)31 Flag of Scotland.svg Edinburgh
Gordon Reid Prop (1987-03-04) 4 March 1987 (age 32)37 Flag of Scotland.svg Ayrshire Bulls
Scott Cummings Lock (1996-12-03) 3 December 1996 (age 22)4 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
Grant Gilchrist Lock (1990-08-09) 9 August 1990 (age 29)36 Flag of Scotland.svg Edinburgh
Jonny Gray Lock (1994-03-14) 14 March 1994 (age 25)52 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
Ben Toolis Lock (1992-03-31) 31 March 1992 (age 27)21 Flag of Scotland.svg Edinburgh
John Barclay Back row (1986-09-25) 25 September 1986 (age 32)74 Flag of Scotland.svg Edinburgh
Jamie Ritchie Back row (1996-08-16) 16 August 1996 (age 23)12 Flag of Scotland.svg Edinburgh
Blade Thomson Back row (1990-12-04) 4 December 1990 (age 28)2 Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Scarlets
Hamish Watson Back row (1991-10-15) 15 October 1991 (age 27)27 Flag of Scotland.svg Edinburgh
Ryan Wilson Back row (1989-05-18) 18 May 1989 (age 30)45 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
George Horne Scrum-half (1995-05-12) 12 May 1995 (age 24)7 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
Greig Laidlaw Scrum-half (1985-10-12) 12 October 1985 (age 33)73 Flag of France.svg Clermont Auvergne
Ali Price Scrum-half (1993-05-12) 12 May 1993 (age 26)27 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
Adam Hastings Fly-half (1996-10-05) 5 October 1996 (age 22)14 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
Finn Russell Fly-half (1992-09-23) 23 September 1992 (age 26)46 Flag of France.svg Racing 92
Chris Harris Centre (1990-12-28) 28 December 1990 (age 28)10 Flag of England.svg Newcastle Falcons
Peter Horne Centre (1989-10-05) 5 October 1989 (age 29)43 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
Sam Johnson Centre (1993-06-19) 19 June 1993 (age 26)6 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
Duncan Taylor Centre (1989-09-05) 5 September 1989 (age 30)23 Flag of England.svg Saracens
Darcy Graham Wing (1997-06-21) 21 June 1997 (age 22)7 Flag of Scotland.svg Edinburgh
Sean Maitland Wing (1988-09-14) 14 September 1988 (age 31)42 Flag of England.svg Saracens
Tommy Seymour Wing (1988-07-01) 1 July 1988 (age 31)52 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
Stuart Hogg Fullback (1992-06-24) 24 June 1992 (age 27)69 Flag of Scotland.svg Glasgow Warriors
Blair Kinghorn Fullback (1997-01-18) 18 January 1997 (age 22)15 Flag of Scotland.svg Edinburgh

Notable players

Four former Scotland players have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame:

Ian McGeechan, [133] Bill Maclagan, [133] David Bedell-Sivright, [134] Jim Greenwood [135] Gavin Hastings, [136] Gordon Brown, GPS Macpherson and Andy Irvine are members of the World Rugby Hall of Fame. [133]

Coaches

Before 1971, there was no appointed coach of the Scotland team, the role being assumed by the captain. In 1971, the SRU appointed the first coach as "adviser to the captain". He was Bill Dickinson, a lecturer at Jordanhill College, and his contribution to Scottish rugby in the 1970s was immense. [18] Nairn McEwan took the reins in 1977 for three years [22] before the team was led by Jim Telfer in 1980. [24] Colin Telfer took over for a year before being succeeded by Derrick Grant in the autumn of 1985. [23] [30] From 1988 onwards, Scotland was coached by either Jim Telfer or Ian McGeechan until 2003 when the Australian Matt Williams was appointed, becoming the first non Scot to coach the national side. [47] Scotland have appointed a further three non-Scottish coaches to lead the national side, the others being Scott Johnson, an Australian, Andy Robinson, an Englishman, and Vern Cotter from New Zealand.

Robinson took the reins in 2009 after Frank Hadden stepped down. Robinson was no stranger to Scottish rugby as, like his predecessor Hadden, had been the head coach of Edinburgh Rugby and joint coach of Scotland A before being promoted head coach of the national side. Scott Johnson was Robinson's assistant coach when Robinson stood down in 2013, which ended in the result of Johnson being announced as Interim Head Coach for Scotland in 2013, taking the team through the 2013 Six Nations Championship and the 2013 South African Quadrangular Tournament. [137] Vern Cotter was announced as Scottish Head coach but would not take up on the role until June 2014 as he one-year left on his contract with Clermont Auvergne. This meant that Scott Johnson would remain as Interim Coach until the end of that year's Six Nations Championship. [89]

In August 2016 it was announced that Gregor Townsend would replace Vern Cotter as Scotland head coach in June 2017 when his contract expired. [138]

Scottish Rugby Coaches
NameTenureTestsWonDrewLostWin %
Flag of Scotland.svg Bill Dickinson 1971–1977271401352
Flag of Scotland.svg Nairn McEwan 1977–19801412117
Flag of Scotland.svg Jim Telfer 1980–1984271321252
Flag of Scotland.svg Colin Telfer 1984–198560060
Flag of Scotland.svg Derrick Grant 1985–19881891850
Flag of Scotland.svg Ian McGeechan 1988–1993331911358
Flag of Scotland.svg Jim Telfer 1994–1999532123040
Flag of Scotland.svg Ian McGeechan 2000–2003431812442
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Matt Williams 2003–200517301418
Flag of Scotland.svg Frank Hadden 2005–2009411602539
Flag of England.svg Andy Robinson 2009–2012351511943
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Scott Johnson (interim)2012–201416501131
Flag of New Zealand.svg Vern Cotter 2014–2017361901753
Flag of Scotland.svg Gregor Townsend 2017–231211052

The current Scottish coaching set up is:

Individual records


Most capped players

Updated 6 September 2019 [139]

#NameYearsCapsPosition
1 Ross Ford 2004–2017110Hooker
2 Chris Paterson 1999–2011109Full-back
3 Sean Lamont 2004–2016105Wing
4 Scott Murray 1997–200787Lock
5 Mike Blair 2002–201285Scrum-half
6 Gregor Townsend 1993–200382Fly-half
7 Nathan Hines 2000–201177Lock
Jason White 2000–200977Back-row
9 Gordon Bulloch 1997–200575Hooker
10 John Barclay 2007–74Back-row

Top point scorers

Updated 6 September 2019 [140]

#NameCareerPointsCapsPosition
1 Chris Paterson 1999–2011809109Full-back
2 Greig Laidlaw 2010–69573Scrum-half
3 Gavin Hastings 1986–199566761Full-back
4 Andy Irvine 1972–198226951Full-back
5 Dan Parks 2004–201226667Fly-half
6 Kenny Logan 1992–200322070Wing
7 Peter Dods 1983–199121023Full-back
8 Craig Chalmers 1989–199916660Fly-half
9 Gregor Townsend 1993–200316482Fly-half
10 Brendan Laney 2001–200414120Centre

Top try scorers

Updated 6 September 2019 [141]

#NameCareerTriesCapsPosition
1 Ian Smith 1924–19332432Wing
Tony Stanger 1989–19982458Wing
3 Chris Paterson 1999–201122109Full-back
4 Stuart Hogg 2012–1969Full-back
Tommy Seymour 2013–1952Wing
6 Gavin Hastings 1986–19951761Full-back
Alan Tait 1987–19991727Centre
Gregor Townsend 1993–20031782Fly-half
9 Iwan Tukalo 1985–19921537Wing
10 Sean Lamont 2004–201614105Wing
Tim Visser 2012–20171433Wing

See also

Men's national teams

Senior

Development

Age Grades

Women's national teams

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