1995 Rugby World Cup

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1995 Rugby World Cup
Rugbywêreldbeker 1995
RWC1995logo.svg
Tournament details
Host nationFlag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Dates25 May – 24 June (31 days)
No. of nations16 (52 qualifying)
Final positions
Champions   Gold medal blank.svg Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa (1st title)
Runner-up  Silver medal blank.svg Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Third place  Bronze medal blank.svg Flag of France.svg  France
Tournament statistics
Matches played32
Attendance938,486 (29,328 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of France.svg Thierry Lacroix (112)
Most tries Flag of New Zealand.svg Jonah Lomu
Flag of New Zealand.svg Marc Ellis
(7 tries each)
1991
1999

The 1995 Rugby World Cup was the third Rugby World Cup. It was hosted and won by South Africa, and was the first Rugby World Cup in which every match was held in one country.

Contents

The World Cup was the first major sporting event to take place in South Africa following the end of apartheid. It was also the first World Cup in which South Africa was allowed to compete; the International Rugby Football Board (IRFB, now World Rugby) had only readmitted South Africa to international rugby in 1992, following negotiations to end apartheid. The World Cup would also be the last major event of rugby union's amateur era; two months after the tournament, the IRFB opened the sport to professionalism.

In the final, held at Ellis Park in Johannesburg on 24 June, South Africa defeated New Zealand 15–12, with Joel Stransky scoring a drop goal in extra time to win the match. Following South Africa's victory, Nelson Mandela, the President of South Africa, wearing a Springboks rugby shirt and cap, presented the Webb Ellis Cup to the South African captain François Pienaar.

Qualifying

AfricaAmericasEuropeOceania/Asia

The eight quarter-finalists from the 1991 Rugby World Cup all received automatic entry, as did South Africa, as hosts. The remaining seven of the 16 positions available in the tournament were filled by regional qualifiers. The qualifying tournaments were broken up into regional associations: Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania. Côte d'Ivoire qualified through Africa, Japan through Asia, Argentina through the Americas, Italy, Romania and Wales through Europe, Tonga through Oceania.

Squads

Referees

Venues

The 1995 tournament was the first Rugby World Cup to be hosted by just one country, and thus, all the venues are within the one country. South Africa were given the rights to host the tournament in 1993, after a meeting between the IRB and both the government led by F. W. de Klerk and the African National Congress. [1] In total, nine stadiums were used for the World Cup, most being owned by local municipalities, and the majority of the venues were upgraded prior to the tournament. Six of the nine stadiums were South African Test grounds. The four largest stadiums were used for the finals, with the final taking place at Johannesburg's Ellis Park.

There were games originally scheduled to have been played in Brakpan, Germiston, Pietermaritzburg and Witbank, but these games were reallocated to other venues. This reduced the number of venues from 14 to 9. The reasons cited for this change had to do with facilities for both the press and spectators, as well as the security. The change in the itinerary occurred in January 1994. Further changes occurred in April, so that evening games were played at stadiums with good floodlighting. It is also thought that Potchefstroom was an original venue.

Venues were paired:

Johannesburg Pretoria Cape Town
Ellis Park Loftus Versfeld Newlands
Capacity: 60,000Capacity: 50,000Capacity: 50,000
Ellis Park Stadium.jpg Loftus Versfeld Stadium.jpg Stormers rugby.jpg
Durban Bloemfontein Port Elizabeth
Kings Park Stadium Free State Stadium Boet Erasmus Stadium
Capacity: 50,000Capacity: 40,000Capacity: 38,950
King's Park Stadium, Durban.jpg Free State Stadium2.jpg Boet Erasmus Stadium.jpg
Rustenburg East London Stellenbosch
Olympia Park Basil Kenyon Stadium Danie Craven Stadium
Capacity: 30,000Capacity: 22,000Capacity: 16,000

Pools & format

Pool APool BPool CPool D

Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada

Flag of England.svg  England
Flag of Samoa.svg  Western Samoa
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
IRFU flag.svg  Ireland
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

Flag of France.svg  France
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast

The tournament was contested by 16 different nations using the same format that was used in 1987 and 1991 and in total 32 matches were played. The competition began on 25 May, when the hosts South Africa defeated Australia 27–18 at Newlands in Cape Town. The tournament culminated with the final between South Africa and the All Blacks at Ellis Park in Johannesburg on 24 June. In total, the tournament ran for thirty days. The nations were broken up into four pools of four, with each pool consisting of two teams that were automatically qualified and two that went through the qualifying tournaments.

Points system

The points system that was used in the pool stage was unchanged from 1991:

Knockout stage

Pool winners were drawn against opposite pool runners-up in the quarter-finals. For example, the winner of A faces the runner up of B, and the winner of B face the runner-up of A. The whole finals stage adopts a knock-out format, and the winners of the quarter-finals advance to the semi-finals, where winner 1 faces winner 2, and winner 3 faces winner 4. The winners advance to the final, and the losers contest a third/fourth place play-off two days before the final.

A total of 32 matches (24 pool stage & 8 knock-out) were played throughout the tournament over 30 days from 25 May to 24 June 1995.

Pool stage

Pool A

TeamPWDLPFPAPts
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 330068269
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 320187417
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 310245505
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 300314973
25 May 1995
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg27–18Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Try: Hendriks
Stransky
Con: Stransky
Pen: Stransky (4)
Drop: Stransky
Try: Kearns
Lynagh
Con: Lynagh
Pen: Lynagh (2)
Newlands, Cape Town
Attendance: 44,778
Referee: Derek Bevan (Wales)

26 May 1995
Canada  Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg34–3Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Try: Charron
McKenzie
Snow
Con: Rees (2)
Pen: Rees (4)
Drop: Rees
Pen: Nichitean

30 May 1995
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg21–8Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Try: Richter (2)
Con: Johnson
Pen: Johnson (3)
Try: Gurănescu
Pen: Ivanciuc
Newlands, Cape Town
Attendance: 45,000
Referee: Ken McCartney (Scotland)

31 May 1995
Australia  Flag of Australia (converted).svg27–11Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Try: Lynagh
Tabua
Roff
Con: Lynagh (3)
Pen: Lynagh (2)
Try: Charron
Pen: Rees (2)

3 June 1995
Australia  Flag of Australia (converted).svg42–3Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Try: Smith
Wilson
Roff (2)
Foley
Burke
Con: Burke (2)
Eales (4)
Pen: Ivanciuc
Danie Craven Stadium, Stellenbosch
Attendance: 15,542
Referee: Naoki Saito (Japan)

3 June 1995
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg20–0Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Try: Richter (2)
Con: Stransky (2)
Pen: Stransky (2)

Pool B

TeamPWDLPFPAPts
Flag of England.svg  England 330095609
Flag of Samoa.svg  Western Samoa 320196887
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 310269945
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 300369873
27 May 1995
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg18–42Flag of Samoa.svg  Western Samoa
Try: Vaccari
Cuttitta
Con: Dominguez
Pen: Dominguez
Drop: Dominguez
Report Try: Lima (2)
Harder (2)
Kellett
Tatupu
Con: Kellett (3)
Pen: Kellett (2)
Basil Kenyon Stadium, East London
Attendance: 7,868
Referee: Joël Dume (France)

27 May 1995
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg18–24Flag of England.svg  England
Try: Arbizu
Noriega
Con: Arbizu
Pen: Arbizu (2)
Pen: Andrew (6)
Drop: Andrew (2)
Kings Park Stadium, Durban
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Jim Fleming (Scotland)

30 May 1995
Western Samoa  Flag of Samoa.svg32–26Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Try: Lam
Leaupepe
Harder
Con: Kellett
Pen: Kellett (5)
Try: Penalty try
Crexell
Con: Cilley (2)
Pen: Cilley (4)

31 May 1995
England  Flag of England.svg27–20Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Try: R. Underwood
T. Underwood
Con: Andrew
Pen: Andrew (5)
Try: Cuttitta
Vaccari
Con: Dominguez (2)
Pen: Dominguez (2)
Kings Park Stadium, Durban
Attendance: 45,093
Referee: Stephen Hilditch (Ireland)

4 June 1995
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg25–31Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Try: Martin
Penalty try
Corral
Cilley
Con: Cilley
Pen: Cilley
Try: Vaccari
Gerosa
Dominguez
Con: Dominguez (2)
Pen: Dominguez (4)

4 June 1995
England  Flag of England.svg44–22Flag of Samoa.svg  Western Samoa
Try: R. Underwood (2)
Back
Penalty try
Con: Callard (3)
Pen: Callard(5)
Drop: Catt
Try: Sini (2)
Umaga
Con: Fa'amasino (2)
Pen: Fa'amasino
Kings Park Stadium, Durban
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Patrick Robin (France)

Pool C

TeamPWDLPFPAPts
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 3300222459
IRFU flag.svg  Ireland 320193947
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales 310289685
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 3003552523
27 May 1995
Japan  Flag of Japan.svg10–57Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales
Try: Ota (2)
Try: G. Thomas (3)
I. Evans (2)
Moore
Taylor
Con: N. Jenkins (5)
Pen: N. Jenkins (4)

27 May 1995
Ireland  IRFU flag.svg19–43Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Try: Corkery
McBride
Halpin
Con: Elwood (2)
Try: Lomu (2)
Kronfeld
Bunce
Osborne
Con: Mehrtens (3)
Pen: Mehrtens (4)
Ellis Park, Johannesburg
Attendance: 38,000
Referee: Wayne Erickson (Australia)

31 May 1995
Ireland  IRFU flag.svg50–28Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
Try: Francis
Geoghegan
Corkery
Halvey
Hogan
Penalty try (2)
Con: Burke (6)
Pen: Burke
Try: Latu
Izawa
Hirao
Takura
Con: Yoshida (4)

31 May 1995
New Zealand  Flag of New Zealand.svg34–9Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales
Try: Ellis
Little
Kronfeld
Con: Mehrtens (2)
Pen: Mehrtens (4)
Drop: Mehrtens
Pen: N. Jenkins (2)
Drop: N. Jenkins
Ellis Park, Johannesburg
Attendance: 45,000
Referee: Ed Morrison (England)

4 June 1995
Japan  Flag of Japan.svg17–145Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Try: Kajihara (2)
Con: Hirose (2)
Pen: Hirose
Report Try: Ellis (6)
Rush (3)
Wilson (3)
R. Brooke (2)
Osborne (2)
Loe
Culhane
Henderson
Dowd
Ieremia
Con: Culhane (20)
Free State Stadium, Bloemfontein
Attendance: 25,000
Referee: George Gadjovic (Canada)

4 June 1995
Ireland  IRFU flag.svg24–23Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales
Try: Halvey
Popplewell
McBride
Con: Elwood (3)
Pen: Elwood
Try: Humphreys
Taylor
Con: N. Jenkins (2)
Pen: N. Jenkins (2)
Drop: A. Davies
Ellis Park, Johannesburg
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Ian Rogers (South Africa)

Pool D

TeamPWDLPFPAPts
Flag of France.svg  France 3300114479
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 3201149277
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga 310244905
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 3003291723
26 May 1995
Ivory Coast  Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg0–89Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
Try: G. Hastings (4)
Logan (2)
Walton (2)
Wright
Chalmers
Stanger
Burnell
Shiel
Con: G. Hastings (9)
Pen: G. Hastings (2)
Olympia Park, Rustenburg
Attendance: 20,000
Referee: Felise Vito (Western Samoa)

26 May 1995
France  Flag of France.svg38–10Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga
Try: Lacroix (2)
Hueber
Saint-André
Con: Lacroix (3)
Pen: Lacroix (3)
Drop: Delaigue
Try: Vaʻenuku
Con: Tu'ipulotu
Pen: Tu'ipulotu
Loftus Versfeld, Pretoria
Attendance: 22,000
Referee: Steve Lander (England)

29 May 1995
France  Flag of France.svg54–18Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast
Try: Lacroix (2)
Benazzi
Téchoueyres
Viars
Accoceberry
Saint-André
Costes
Con: Deylaud (2)
Lacroix (2)
Pen: Lacroix (2)
Try: Soulama
Camara
Con: Kouassi
Pen: Kouassi (2)
Olympia Park, Rustenburg
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Han Moon-Soo (South Korea)

29 May 1995
Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg41–5Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga
Try: S. Hastings
Peters
G. Hastings
Con: G. Hastings
Pen: G. Hastings (8)
Try: Fenukitau
Loftus Versfeld, Pretoria
Attendance: 21,000
Referee: Barry Leask (Australia)

3 June 1995
Ivory Coast  Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg11–29Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga
Try: Okou
Pen: Dali (2)
Try: Penalty try
Latukefu
Otai
Tu'ipulotu
Con: Tu'ipulotu (3)
Pen: Tu'ipulotu
Olympia Park, Rustenburg
Attendance: 15,000
Referee: Don Reordan (United States)

Three minutes into the match between Ivory Coast and Tonga, the Ivorian winger Max Brito was crushed beneath several other players, leaving him paralysed below the neck. [2]


3 June 1995
France  Flag of France.svg22–19Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
Try: Ntamack
Con: Lacroix
Pen: Lacroix (5)
Try: Wainwright
Con: G. Hastings
Pen: G. Hastings (4)
Loftus Versfeld, Pretoria
Attendance: 39,000
Referee: Wayne Erickson (Australia)

Knockout stage

 
Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
          
 
10 June – Ellis Park, Johannesburg
 
 
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 42
 
17 June – Kings Park Stadium, Durban
 
Flag of Samoa.svg  Western Samoa 14
 
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 19
 
10 June – Kings Park Stadium, Durban
 
Flag of France.svg  France 15
 
Flag of France.svg  France 36
 
24 June – Ellis Park, Johannesburg
 
IRFU flag.svg  Ireland 12
 
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa (a.e.t.)15
 
11 June – Newlands, Cape Town
 
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 12
 
Flag of England.svg  England 25
 
18 June – Newlands, Cape Town
 
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 22
 
Flag of England.svg  England 29
 
11 June – Loftus Versfeld, Pretoria
 
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 45Third place
 
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 48
 
22 June – Loftus Versfeld, Pretoria
 
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 30
 
Flag of France.svg  France 19
 
 
Flag of England.svg  England 9
 

Quarter-finals

10 June 1995
France  Flag of France.svg36–12IRFU flag.svg  Ireland
Try: Saint-André
Ntamack
Con: Lacroix
Pen: Lacroix (8)
Pen: Elwood (4)
Kings Park Stadium, Durban
Attendance: 20,000
Referee: Ed Morrison (England)

10 June 1995
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg42–14Flag of Samoa.svg  Western Samoa
Try: Williams (4)
Rossouw
Andrews
Con: Johnson (3)
Pen: Johnson (2)
Try: Tatupu
Nu'uali'itia
Con: Fa'amasino (2)
Ellis Park, Johannesburg
Attendance: 54,169
Referee: Jim Fleming (Scotland)

11 June 1995
England  Flag of England.svg25–22Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Try: T. Underwood
Con: Andrew
Pen: Andrew (5)
Drop: Andrew
Report Try: Smith
Con: Lynagh
Pen: Lynagh (5)
Newlands, Cape Town
Attendance: 35,448
Referee: Dave Bishop (New Zealand)

11 June 1995
New Zealand  Flag of New Zealand.svg48–30Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
Try: Little (2)
Lomu
Mehrtens
Bunce
Fitzpatrick
Con: Mehrtens (6)
Pen: Mehrtens (2)
Try: Weir (2)
S. Hastings
Con: G. Hastings (3)
Pen: G. Hastings (3)
Loftus Versfeld, Pretoria
Attendance: 28,000
Referee: Derek Bevan (Wales)

Semi-finals

17 June 1995
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg19–15Flag of France.svg  France
Try: Kruger
Con: Stransky
Pen: Stransky (4)
Pen: Lacroix (5)
Kings Park Stadium, Durban
Attendance: 49,773
Referee: Derek Bevan (Wales)

18 June 1995
England  Flag of England.svg29–45Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Try: Carling (2)
R. Underwood (2)
Con: Andrew (3)
Pen: Andrew
Report Try: Lomu (4)
Kronfeld
Bachop
Con: Mehrtens (3)
Pen: Mehrtens
Drop: Z. Brooke
Mehrtens
Newlands, Cape Town
Attendance: 43,414
Referee: Stephen Hilditch (Ireland)

Third-place play-off

22 June 1995
France  Flag of France.svg19–9Flag of England.svg  England
Try: Olivier Roumat
Ntamack
Pen: Lacroix (3)
Pen: Andrew (3)
Loftus Versfeld, Pretoria
Attendance: 44,000
Referee: Dave Bishop (New Zealand)

Final

The final was contested by New Zealand and hosts South Africa. Both nations finished undefeated at the top of their pools. South Africa defeated Western Samoa in the quarter-finals, and then France in the semi-finals to reach the final; New Zealand defeated Scotland in the quarter-finals, and England in the semi-finals, a game in which Jonah Lomu famously scored four tries for the All Blacks. The final was played at Ellis Park in Johannesburg and refereed by Ed Morrison of England. To this point, New Zealand had led the tournament in production, outscoring their opponents 315–104, while South Africa had outscored their opponents 129–55. The tight Springbok defence would keep the high scoring All Blacks in check – particularly Jonah Lomu and Marc Ellis, who had already scored a then World Cup record seven tries each in the tournament – with neither team scoring a try in the match.

South Africa led 9–6 at half time, and New Zealand levelled the scores at 9–9 with a drop goal in the second half. Though Andrew Mehrtens almost kicked a late drop goal for the All Blacks, the score remained tied at full-time, forcing the game into extra time. Both teams scored penalty goals in the first half of extra time, but Joel Stransky then scored a drop goal to win the final for South Africa.

What happened after the match has become an iconic moment in the history of the sport. Nelson Mandela, wearing a Springbok rugby jersey and baseball cap, presented the Webb Ellis Cup to South African captain François Pienaar to the delight of the capacity crowd. The moment is thought by some to be one of the most famous finals of any sport. [3]

24 June 1995
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg15–12 (a.e.t.)Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Pen: Stransky (3)
Drop: Stransky (2)
Report Pen: Mehrtens (3)
Drop: Mehrtens
Ellis Park, Johannesburg
Attendance: 59,870
Referee: Ed Morrison (England)

Statistics

The tournament's top point scorer was France's Thierry Lacroix, who scored 112 points. Marc Ellis and Jonah Lomu scored the most tries, seven in total.

Top 10 point scorers
PlayerTeamPositionPlayedTriesConv­ersionsPenal­tiesDrop goalsTotal points
Thierry Lacroix Flag of France.svg  France Fly-half 647260112
Gavin Hastings Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Full-back 4514170104
Andrew Mehrtens Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand First five-eighth 511414384
Rob Andrew Flag of England.svg  England Fly-half 50520379
Joel Stransky Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Fly-half 51413361
Michael Lynagh Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Fly-half 3259047
Simon Culhane Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand First five-eighth 11200045
Neil Jenkins Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales Fly-half 3078141
Diego Domínguez Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Fly-half 3157139
Marc Ellis Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Wing 5700035
Jonah Lomu Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Wing 5700035

Broadcasters

The event was broadcast in Australia by Network Ten and in the United Kingdom by ITV.

Commemorative coins

The South African Mint issued a one-ounce gold proof "Protea" coin with a total mintage of 406 pieces to commemorate the event being hosted by South Africa.

Mandela and Pienaar's involvement in the World Cup is the subject of the John Carlin book Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game That Made a Nation, its 2009 film adaptation Invictus , and the ESPN TV documentary The 16th Man in 2010.

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The 1995 Rugby World Cup Final was the final match of the 1995 Rugby World Cup, played in South Africa. The match was played at Ellis Park Stadium, Johannesburg on 24 June 1995 between the host nation, South Africa, and New Zealand.

2015 Rugby World Cup Final

The 2015 Rugby World Cup Final was a rugby union match to determine the winner of the 2015 Rugby World Cup, played between reigning champions New Zealand and their rivals Australia on 31 October 2015 at Twickenham Stadium in London. New Zealand beat Australia 34–17, winning the World Cup for a record third time, and becoming the first team to retain the Webb Ellis Cup.

References

  1. Carlin, John (14 August 2008). Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game That Made a Nation. Penguin Press. p. 113. ISBN   978-1594201745.
  2. Irwin, Pirate (4 October 2007). "Max Brito at end of tether after 12-year struggle". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  3. "Rugby World Cup history". BBC. 7 October 2003. Retrieved 7 October 2006.
External video
Nuvola apps kaboodle.svg Rugby World Cup 1995: Pool A - Australia v South Africa on YouTube