Scotland at the Commonwealth Games

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Scotland at the
Commonwealth Games
Flag of Scotland.svg
CGF codeSCO
CGA Commonwealth Games Scotland
Website goscotland.org
Medals
Ranked 7th
Gold
119
Silver
132
Bronze
200
Total
451
Commonwealth Games appearances (overview)
British Empire Games
British Empire and Commonwealth Games
British Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games

Scotland is one of only six countries to have competed in every Commonwealth Games since the first Empire Games in 1930. The others are Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand and Wales.

Australia at the Commonwealth Games

Australia has won 13 Commonwealth games.

Canada at the Commonwealth Games

Canada has participated in every Commonwealth Games since the first ever British Empire Games held in Hamilton, Ontario in 1930, one of only six countries to have done so. The others are Australia, England, New Zealand, Scotland, and Wales.

England at the Commonwealth Games

England is one of only six countries to have competed in every Commonwealth Games since the first Empire Games in 1930. The others are Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Scotland and Wales.

Contents

The Commonwealth Games is the only major multi-sport event in which Scottish athletes and teams compete as Scotland; otherwise Scotland participates in multi-sport events as part of a Great Britain team.

A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance is the modern Olympic Games.

Scotland has hosted the Commonwealth Games three times, Edinburgh in 1970 and 1986, and Glasgow in 2014. [1] The inaugural Commonwealth Youth Games were held in Edinburgh in 2000.

Edinburgh City and council area in Scotland

Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore.

1970 British Commonwealth Games 9th edition of the British Commonwealth Games

The 1970 British Commonwealth Games were held in Edinburgh, Scotland, from 16 July to 25 July 1970. This was the first time the name British Commonwealth Games was adopted, the first time metric units rather than imperial units were used in all events, and also the first time the games were held in Scotland. Also, these games saw the first unique Games trademark logo: an emblem showing the Games emblem intertwined with a St Andrews Cross and a thistle. They were followed by the 1970 Commonwealth Paraplegic Games for wheelchair athletes.

1986 Commonwealth Games 13th edition of the Commonwealth Games

The 1986 Commonwealth Games were held in Edinburgh, Scotland, between 24 July and 2 August 1986. They were the second Games to be held in Edinburgh.

Scotland sent a team of 207 athletes and 85 officials to the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester, England, and won 30 medals (6 Gold, 8 Silver and 16 Bronze).

2002 Commonwealth Games 17th edition of the Commonwealth Games

The 2002 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XVII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Manchester 2002 were held in Manchester, England, from 25 July to 4 August 2002. The 2002 Games were to be hosted in the United Kingdom to coincide with the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II, head of the Commonwealth, and Manchester was selected for the 2002 Games ahead of London. The XVII Commonwealth Games was, prior to the 2012 Summer Olympics, the largest multi-sport event ever to be held in the UK, eclipsing the London 1948 Summer Olympics in numbers of teams and athletes participating. In terms of sports and events, the 2002 Games were the largest Commonwealth Games in history featuring 281 events across 17 sports.

After the 2018 Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, Scotland was seventh in the all-time tally of medals, with an overall total of 451 medals (119 Gold, 132 Silver and 200 Bronze).

2018 Commonwealth Games 21st edition of the Commonwealth Games

The 2018 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XXI Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Gold Coast 2018, were an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth that were held on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, between 4 and 15 April 2018. It was the fifth time Australia had hosted the Commonwealth Games and the first time a major multi-sport event achieved gender equality by having an equal number of events for males and female athletes.

Gold Coast, Queensland City in Queensland, Australia

The Gold Coast is a coastal city in the Australian state of Queensland, approximately 66 kilometres (41 mi) south-southeast of the state capital Brisbane and immediately north of the border with New South Wales. With a census-estimated 2016 population of 638,090, the Gold Coast is the sixth-largest city in Australia, making it the largest non-capital city, and Queensland's second-largest city.

Scotland's most successful Commonwealth medallist by total medals is shooter Alister Allan, with 3 Gold, 3 Silver and 4 Bronze medals from 1974 to 1994. In 2018, Lawn Bowler Alex Marshall became the most successful athlete by Golds, winning his fifth Gold Medal which gave him 6 overall, having also won a Silver at the Gold Coast Games. [2] Other successful medallists include athlete Allan Wells (a total of 4 Gold, 1 Silver & 1 Bronze in two Games – 1978 & 1982) and Peter Heatly (diving Gold's in three successive Games & 1 Silver & 1 Bronze – 1950, 1954 & 1958). Lawn bowler Willie Wood is the first competitor to have competed in seven Commonwealth Games, from 1974 to 2002, missing 1986 because of a dispute over amateurism.

Alister Millar "Jock" Allan is an Olympic medal-winning Scottish rifleman who represented Great Britain at five Olympics between 1968 and 1992.

Allan Wipper WellsMBE is a former Scottish track and field sprinter who became the 100 metres Olympic champion at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. Within a fortnight of that, he also took on and beat America's best sprinters at an invitational meeting in Koblenz. In 1981, Wells was both the IAAF Golden Sprints and IAAF World Cup gold medallist. He is also a three-time European Cup gold medallist among many other sprint successes.

Peter Heatly British diver

Sir Peter Heatly, CBE, DL was a Scottish diver and Chairman of the Commonwealth Games Federation. He competed in the 3 m springboard and 10 m platform at the 1948 and 1952 Olympics, at the 1950, 1954 and 1958 British Empire Games, and at the 1954 European Championships. He won five British Empire Games and one European medals, while his best Olympic result was fifth place in 1948. Heatly was knighted in 1990, before being inducted into the Scottish Sports Hall of Fame in 2002, the Scottish Swimming Hall of Fame in 2010 and the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 2016.

Medal tally

  Host country (Scotland) [3]

GamesGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1930 Hamilton 23510
1934 London 541625
1938 Sydney 0235
1950 Auckland 53210
1954 Vancouver 62513
1958 Cardiff 55313
1962 Perth 47314
1966 Kingston 1449
1970 Edinburgh*681125
1974 Christchurch 351119
1978 Edmonton 36514
1982 Brisbane 861226
1986 Edinburgh*3121833
1990 Auckland 571022
1994 Victoria 631120
1998 Kuala Lumpur 32712
2002 Manchester 681630
2006 Melbourne 1171129
2010 Delhi 910726
2014 Glasgow*19151953
2018 Gold Coast 9132244
Totals (21 games)119132201452

Commonwealth Games council and member governing bodies

The Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland (CGCS) is the national sporting organisation responsible for entering a Scottish team in the Commonwealth Games and the Commonwealth Youth Games. It is also responsible for organising bids for hosting the Commonwealth Games. The CGCS headquarters is at the Gannochy Sports Centre, on the campus of the University of Stirling.

Membership of the CGCS consists of representatives of the governing bodies of the 26 sports in the Commonwealth Games programme from which the host city selects up to 17 sports for each Commonwealth Games:

Flag and victory anthem

Logo of Team Scotland CGCS.gif
Logo of Team Scotland

Scotland uses the St Andrew's Cross as its flag at the Commonwealth Games. This flag is common for all sporting teams that represent Scotland as an entity distinct from the United Kingdom.

From 2010 onwards, Scotland will use "Flower of Scotland" as the victory anthem. This replaces "Scotland the Brave" which was used at previous between 1958 and 2006. Prior to 1958, "Scots Wha Hae" was used. [4] The new anthem was chosen in January 2010 by athletes that had been selected to participate in the 2010 games. The shortlist of anthems also included "Scotland the Brave", "Loch Lomond" and "Highland Cathedral".

See also

Related Research Articles

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Commonwealth Youth Games multi-sport event

The Commonwealth Youth Games (CYG) is an international multi-sport event organized by the Commonwealth Games Federation. The games are held every four years with the current Commonwealth Games format. The first version was held in Edinburgh, Scotland from 10 to 14 August 2000. The age limitation of the athletes is 14 to 18.

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Papua New Guinea at the Commonwealth Games

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Bowling in India

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Great Britain at the 2015 European Games

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Australia at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

Australia competed at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland, between 23 July and 3 August 2014.

Canada at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

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Pakistan at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

Pakistan participated at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland. The Pakistan Olympic Association announced that its delegation for the games would consist of 62 athletes in 11 sports, but only 48 competed. Pakistan participated in badminton, boxing, gymnastics, judo, lawn bowling, shooting, swimming, table tennis, weightlifting and wrestling.

The 2014 Commonwealth Games, was a multi-sport event held in Glasgow, Scotland from 23 July to 3 August 2014. It was the first time that Glasgow hosted the games, and the third time it was hosted in Scotland after Edinburgh hosted in 1970 and 1986. A total of 4,947 athletes from 71 Commonwealth Games Associations (CGAs) competed in 261 events in 17 sports.

The 2014 Commonwealth Games were held in Glasgow, Scotland, from 23 July to 3 August 2014.

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1970 Commonwealth Paraplegic Games

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References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Scotland's most successful Commonwealth athlete ever". Capital FM. Global Media & Entertainment Ltd. 13 April 2018. Archived from the original on 17 July 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  3. "Malaysia Commonwealth Games History". Archived from the original on 16 May 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  4. "Games team picks new Scots anthem". BBC News. 9 January 2010. Retrieved 18 December 2011.