1982 Commonwealth Games

Last updated

XII Commonwealth Games
1982 Commonwealth Games logo.svg
Host city Brisbane, Australia
MottoThe Friendly Games
Nations participating46
Athletes participating1,583
Events141 events in 12 sports
Opening ceremony30 September 1982
Closing ceremony9 October 1982
Officially opened by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Athlete's Oath Tracey Wickham
Queen's Baton Final Runner Raelene Boyle
Main venue QEII Stadium
  XI
XIII  

The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Australia from 30 September to 9 October 1982. The Opening Ceremony was held at the QEII Stadium (named after Elizabeth II), in the Brisbane suburb of Nathan. The QEII Stadium was also the athletics and archery events venue. [1] Other events were held at the purpose-built Sleeman Sports Complex in Chandler.

Contents

The Chairman of the 1982 Commonwealth Games was Sir Edward Williams. [2]

The 1982 Commonwealth Games Logo was designed by Hugh Edwards, who was the winner of a nationwide competition held in 1978. [3] [4] [5] The symbol is derived from the form of a bounding kangaroo. The three bands, forming stylized A's (for Australia), are in colours which are common to flags of many Commonwealth countries.

Matilda the kangaroo mascot for the 1982 Commonwealth Games was represented by a cartoon kangaroo, [6] and a gigantic 13-metre (42 feet 8 inches) high mechanical "winking" kangaroo, who travelled around the stadium and winked at the crowd.

The games were officially opened by The Duke of Edinburgh and closed by The Queen.

Host selection

Bidding for the XII Commonwealth Games was held in Montreal, Canada at the 1976 Summer Olympics. Lagos, Brisbane, Kuala Lumpur and Birmingham were the bidding cities. On 14 July 1976 it was announced that Brisbane had won the rights to stage the Games [7] after the other candidate cities withdrew bids earlier that year.16 years after the Brisbane Games, Kuala Lumpur hosted the 1998 Commonwealth Games and Birmingham the 2022 Commonwealth Games.

Brisbane was awarded by default of being the only Candidate City left at the bid election after Birmingham reversed its decision to submit an application. [7] Nigeria's boycott of the Montreal Summer Olympics made Lagos' bid lobbying impractical.[ citation needed ] The Montreal Summer Olympics were plagued with cost overruns and bidding on a sports festival anywhere in the world was not good politically.

Participating teams

Countries and places which competed at the 1982 games Commonwealth games 1982 countries map.PNG
Countries and places which competed at the 1982 games

46 Commonwealth nations and territories took part in the 1982 Commonwealth Games. [8] A total of 1,583 athletes and 571 officials participated in the event. [9] The Griffith University student dormitories in Gold Coast was used as an athletes' village. [10]

Participating Commonwealth countries and territories
Debuting Commonwealth countries and territories

^  Note: The Falkland Islands debut at the games was partially poignant coming less than four months after the Falklands War .

Sports

Sports contested during the 1982 Commonwealth Games included athletics, archery, badminton, lawn bowls, boxing, cycling, shooting, swimming, diving, weightlifting and wrestling. [11]

Table tennis and Australian rules football were demonstration sports, [12] with the latter being demonstrated at a 6 October rematch at the Gabba of that year's VFL Grand Final, which took place just 11 days before at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Richmond won the demonstration rematch by 28.16 (184) to Carlton's 26.10 (166). [13]

Venues

Highlights

Opening Ceremony (30 September)

Opening ceremony of the 1982 Commonwealth Games in Brisbane with mascot Matilda winking to the crowd, 30 September 1982 Opening ceremony (8075978683).jpg
Opening ceremony of the 1982 Commonwealth Games in Brisbane with mascot Matilda winking to the crowd, 30 September 1982

The ceremony at the QEII Stadium was held on a fine but extremely windy day. The wind was so strong that skydivers who were going to descend into the stadium were cancelled. [9] Instead they made an entrance at the closing ceremony.

Day 1 (1 October)

The first event of the Games was 100 kilometres (62 mi) Road Trial in cycling. England won the Gold Medal in the event, and Australia won the Silver Medal—coming second to England by only six seconds.

Other sports which were contested on the first day of competition included swimming and diving, weightlifting, shooting and bowls.

Day 2 (2 October)

Sports contested included swimming, diving, weightlifting, shooting, cycling, bowls and archery.

The day was marred by both Australia and Canada being disqualified in the 4 × 100 metres relay in swimming, both problems occurring during change-overs. The medals awarded for this race went to England, Scotland and New Zealand.

Day 4 (4 October)

Sports contested included swimming, diving, cycling, athletics, archery, hammer throwing and shooting.

The day was marred when Canada was again disqualified, this time in the 4 × 200 metres freestyle relay. Canada protested against the winners, Australia, as well as against their own disqualification.

Closing Ceremony

Her Majesty The Queen at the Closing Ceremony of the Games Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II at the Closing Ceremony of the XII Commonwealth Games, Brisbane.jpg
Her Majesty The Queen at the Closing Ceremony of the Games

Elizabeth II closed the Games during a colourful ceremony, which included parachute jumpers (who had originally been also intended as part of the Opening Ceremony display) jumping and landing in a special target area within the stadium and red, white and blue balloons. Matilda the Kangaroo also winked at the Queen. Following the closing of the Games, the Queen and the Duke left the stand to be driven from the stadium. However, nobody wanted the Games to end and the Australian team formed a 'guard of honour' and ran beside and behind the car in which Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip were travelling, as it circled the stadium several times before finally leaving. [15] Team members from other countries also joined in running after the royal car.

Medals by country

This is the full table of the medal count of the 1982 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.

  *   Host nation (Australia)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia  (AUS)*393929107
2Flag of England.svg  England  (ENG)383832108
3Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)26233382
4Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland  (SCO)861226
5Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)581326
6Flag of India.svg  India  (IND)58316
7Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria  (NGR)50813
8Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales  (WAL)4419
9Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN)42410
10Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas  (BAH)2226
11Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)2114
12Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania  (TAN)1225
13Flag of Hong Kong 1959.svg  Hong Kong  (HKG)1012
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia  (MAS)1012
15Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji  (FIJ)1001
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe  (ZIM)1001
17Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland  (NIR)0336
18Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda  (UGA)0303
19Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia  (ZAM)0156
20Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey  (GUE)0112
21Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda  (BER)0011
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Eswatini  (SWZ)0011
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore  (SIN)0011
Totals (23 entries)143141154438

Medals by event

Aquatics

Archery

Athletics

Badminton

Bowls

Boxing

EventGoldSilverBronze
Light FlyweightMenFlag of Kenya.svg  Abraham Wachire  (KEN)Flag of England.svg  John Lyon  (ENG)Flag of Zambia.svg  Lucky Siame  (ZAM)
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Leonard Makhanya  (SWZ)
FlyweightMenFlag of Kenya.svg  Michael Mutua  (KEN)Flag of Scotland.svg  Joseph Kelly  (SCO)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Grant Richards  (AUS)
Flag of Zambia.svg  Albert Musankabala  (ZAM)
BantamweightMenFlag of Nigeria.svg  Joe Orewa  (NGR)Ulster Banner.svg  Roy Webb  (NIR)Flag of England.svg  Ray Gilbody  (ENG)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Richard Reilly  (AUS)
FeatherweightMenFlag of Nigeria.svg  Peter Konyegwachie  (NGR)Flag of England.svg  Peter Hanlon  (ENG)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Rodney Harberger  (AUS)
Flag of Zambia.svg  Winfred Kabunda  (ZAM)
LightweightMenFlag of Kenya.svg  Hussein Khalili  (KEN)Flag of England.svg  James McDonnell  (ENG)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Brian Tink  (AUS)
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Steve Larrimore  (BAH)
Light WelterweightMenFlag of Nigeria.svg  Christopher Ossai  (NGR)Flag of Kenya.svg  Charles Owiso  (KEN)Flag of England.svg  Clyde McIntosh  (ENG)
Flag of Zambia.svg  David Chibuye  (ZAM)
WelterweightMenFlag of England.svg  Chris Pyatt  (ENG)Flag of Zambia.svg  Laston Mukobe  (ZAM)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Charles Nwokolo  (NGR)
Flag of India.svg  Chenanda Machaiah  (IND)
Light MiddleweightMenFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Shawn O'Sullivan  (CAN)Flag of England.svg  Nick Croombes  (ENG)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Roland Omoruyi  (NGR)
Ulster Banner.svg  Tom Corr  (NIR)
MiddleweightMenFlag of England.svg  Jimmy Price  (ENG)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Douglas Sam  (AUS)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Jeremiah Okoroduddu  (NGR)
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Kevin McDermott  (CAN)
Light HeavyweightMenFlag of Fiji.svg  Fine Sani  (FIJ)Flag of Uganda.svg  Jonathan Kirisa  (UGA)Flag of New Zealand.svg  Kevin Barry  (NZL)
Flag of Zambia.svg  Joseph Poto  (ZAM)
HeavyweightMenFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Willie DeWit  (CAN)Flag of England.svg  Harold Hylton  (ENG)Flag of Tanzania.svg  William Isangura  (TAN)
Flag of Kenya.svg  Mohammed Abdallah  (KEN)

Cycling

Diving

Shooting

Pistol

EventGoldSilverBronze
50m Free PistolMen/OpenFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Tom Guinn  (CAN)553Flag of England.svg  Geoffrey Robinson  (ENG)543Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Phil Adams  (AUS)540
50m Free Pistol - PairsMen/OpenFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Phil Adams & John Tremelling  (AUS)1077Flag of New Zealand.svg  Barrie Wickins & Rex Hamilton  (NZL)1075Flag of England.svg  Geoffrey Robinson & Frank Wyatt  (ENG)1074
25m Centre-Fire PistolMen/OpenFlag of England.svg  John Cooke  (ENG)580Flag of Scotland.svg  James Cairns  (SCO)579Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Noel Ryan  (AUS)577
25m Centre-Fire Pistol - PairsMen/OpenFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Noel Ryan & Alexander Taransky  (AUS)1151Flag of India.svg  Mohinder Lal & Ashok Pandit  (IND)1138Flag of England.svg  John Cooke & John Gough  (ENG)1131
25m Rapid-Fire PistolMen/OpenFlag of Hong Kong 1959.svg  Lee Kui Nang  (HKG)583Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Jim Timmerman  (CAN)583Flag of England.svg  John Cooke  (ENG)582
25m Rapid-Fire Pistol - PairsMen/OpenFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Peter Heuke & Alexander Taransky  (AUS)1160Flag of Scotland.svg  James Cairns & Hugh Hunter  (SCO)1152Flag of India.svg  Sharad Chauran & Ramakrishnan Vijay  (IND)1151
10m Air PistolMen/OpenFlag of England.svg  George Darling  (ENG)576Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Phil Adams  (AUS)573Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Tom Guinn  (CAN)571
10m Air Pistol - PairsMen/OpenFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Phil Adams & Gregory Colber  (AUS)1128Flag of England.svg  Geoffrey Robinson & George Darling  (ENG)1126Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Jim Timmerman & Tom Guinn  (CAN)1125

Rifle

EventGoldSilverBronze
50m Rifle ProneMen/OpenFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Alan Smith  (AUS)1184Flag of England.svg  Malcolm Cooper  (ENG)1184Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Bill Watkins  (WAL)1177
50m Rifle Prone - PairsMen/OpenFlag of England.svg  Malcolm Cooper & Mike Sullivan  (ENG)1187Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Colin Harris & Bill Watkins  (WAL)1183Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Patrick Vamplew & Ernest Sopsich  (CAN)1180
50m Rifle Three PositionsMen/OpenFlag of Scotland.svg  Alister Allan  (SCO)1146Flag of England.svg  Malcolm Cooper  (ENG)1145Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Guy Lorion  (CAN)1144
50m Rifle Three Positions - PairsMen/OpenFlag of England.svg  Malcolm Cooper & Barry Dagger  (ENG)2301Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Guy Lorion & Jean-François Sénécal  (CAN)2279Flag of Scotland.svg  Alister Allan & Bill MacNeill  (SCO)2277
Full Bore RifleMen/OpenFlag of Scotland.svg  Arthur Clarke  (SCO)387Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Lord John Swansea  (WAL)385Flag of Guernsey.svg  Charles Trotter  (GGY)384
Full Bore Rifle - PairsMen/OpenFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Keith Affleck & Geoffrey Ayling  (AUS)572Flag of England.svg  John Bloomfield & Dick Rosling  (ENG)570Ulster Banner.svg  David Calvert & Hazel Mackintosh  (NIR)563
10m Air RifleMen/OpenFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Jean-François Sénécal  (CAN)574Flag of Guernsey.svg  Matthew Guille  (GGY)572Flag of England.svg  Malcolm Cooper  (ENG)570
10m Air Rifle - PairsMen/OpenFlag of Scotland.svg  Alister Allan & Bill MacNeill  (SCO)1137Flag of England.svg  Malcolm Cooper & Barry Dagger  (ENG)1126Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Norbert Jahn & Anton Wurfel  (AUS)1123

Shotgun

EventGoldSilverBronze
TrapMen/OpenFlag of England.svg  Peter Boden  (ENG)191Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Terry Rumbel  (AUS)190Flag of England.svg  Peter Croft  (ENG)190
Trap - PairsMen/OpenFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Jim Ellis & Terry Rumbel  (AUS)190Flag of England.svg  Peter Croft & Peter Boden  (ENG)186Flag of Scotland.svg  James Young & Martin Girvan  (SCO)183
SkeetMen/OpenFlag of New Zealand.svg  John Woolley  (NZL)197Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Ian Hale  (AUS)196Flag of England.svg  Wally Sykes  (ENG)195
Skeet - PairsMen/OpenFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Brian Gabriel & Fred Altmann  (CAN)191Flag of England.svg  Jim Sheffield & Wally Sykes  (ENG)190Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Alex Crikis & Ian Hale  (AUS)190

Swimming

Weightlifting

EventGoldSilverBronze
Flyweight - OverallMenFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Nick Voukelatos  (AUS)207.5Flag of India.svg  Grunadan Kambiah  (IND)200Flag of Nigeria.svg  Lawrence Tom  (NGR)192.5
Bantamweight - OverallMenFlag of England.svg  Geoff Laws  (ENG)235Flag of India.svg  Bijay Kumar Satpathy  (IND)227.5Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Lorenzo Orsini  (AUS)222.5
Featherweight - OverallMenFlag of England.svg  Dean Willey  (ENG)267.5Flag of India.svg  M Tamil Selvan  (IND)245Flag of Singapore.svg  Chua Koon Siang  (SIN)242.5
Lightweight - OverallMenFlag of Wales (1959-present).svg  David Morgan  (WAL)295Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Bill Stellios  (AUS)285Flag of Nigeria.svg  Patrick Bassey  (NGR)277.5
Middleweight - OverallMenFlag of England.svg  Steve Pinsent  (ENG)312.5Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Tony Pignone  (AUS)305Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Jacques Demers  (CAN)302.5
Light Heavyweight - OverallMenFlag of England.svg  Newton Burrowes  (ENG)325Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Guy Greavette  (CAN)320Flag of Nigeria.svg  Cosmas Idioh  (NGR)317.5
Middle Heavyweight - OverallMenFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Robert Kabbas  (AUS)337.5Flag of England.svg  Peter Pinsent  (ENG)335Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mike Sabljak  (AUS)325
Sub Heavyweight - OverallMenFlag of Nigeria.svg  Oliver Orok  (NGR)350Flag of England.svg  Gary Langford  (ENG)350Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Kevin Roy  (CAN)340
Heavyweight - OverallMenFlag of Wales (1959-present).svg  John Burns  (WAL)347.5Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Joe Kabalan  (AUS)325Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Mario Leblanc  (CAN)315
Super Heavyweight - OverallMenFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Dean Lukin  (AUS)377.5Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Bob Edmond  (AUS)347.5Flag of Nigeria.svg  Bassey Ironbar  (NGR)320

Wrestling

EventGoldSilverBronze
Light FlyweightMenFlag of India.svg  Ram Chander Sarang  (IND)Flag of New Zealand.svg  Steve Reinsfield  (NZL)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Maldwyn Cooper  (CAN)
FlyweightMenFlag of India.svg  Mahabir Singh  (IND)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Ray Takahashi  (CAN)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Ken Hoyt  (AUS)
BantamweightMenFlag of England.svg  Brian Aspen  (ENG)Flag of India.svg  Ashok Kumar  (IND)Flag of New Zealand.svg  Chris Maddock  (NZL)
FeatherweightMenFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Bob Robinson  (CAN)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Cris Brown  (AUS)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Augustine Atasie  (NGR)
LightweightMenFlag of India.svg  Jagminder Singh  (IND)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Zsigmund Kelevitz  (AUS)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Lloyd Renken  (CAN)
WelterweightMenFlag of India.svg  Rajinder Singh  (IND)Flag of New Zealand.svg  Ken Reinsfield  (NZL)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Brian Renken  (CAN)
MiddleweightMenFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Chris Rinke  (CAN)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Wally Koenig  (AUS)Flag of India.svg  Jai Parkash Kangar  (IND)
Light HeavyweightMenFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Clark Davis  (CAN)Flag of India.svg  Kartar Singh  (IND)Flag of New Zealand.svg  Nigel Sargeant  (NZL)
HeavyweightMenFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Richard Deschatelets  (CAN)Flag of India.svg  Satpal Singh  (IND)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Murray Avery  (AUS)
Super HeavyweightMenFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Wyatt Wishart  (CAN)Flag of India.svg  Rajinder Singh  (IND)Flag of Scotland.svg  Albert Patrick  (SCO)

Aboriginal movement protests

The Brisbane Commonwealth Games were also noted by large-scale protests by the Aboriginal rights movement in Australia, which brought to the centre of international media attention the lack of land rights, poor living condition and suppression of personal and political rights in Queensland in particular, and in Australia as a whole. [17] The protests, which were followed by large-scale arrests, are a significant event in the history of the Australian Aboriginal movement. [18]

Games identity

Mascot

The Matilda mascot from the opening ceremony was relocated to Wet'n'Wild Water World, a water park in the Gold Coast hinterland.

Legacy

In 2009 as part of the Q150 celebrations, the 1982 Commonwealth Games were announced as one of the Q150 Icons of Queensland for its role as a "Defining Moment". [19] Brisbane also bid for the 1992 Summer Olympics but lost to Barcelona. Queensland Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk announced on 9 December 2019 that the state will make an official bid for the 2032 Summer Olympics featuring venues across Brisbane, Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast. [20] [21]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1956 Summer Olympics</span> Multi-sport event in Melbourne, Australia

The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, from 22 November to 8 December 1956, with the exception of the equestrian events, which were held in Stockholm, Sweden, in June 1956.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2006 Commonwealth Games</span> Multi-sport event in Melbourne, Australia

The 2006 Commonwealth Games, officially the XVIII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Melbourne 2006, was an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth held in Melbourne, Australia between 15 and 26 March 2006. It was the fourth time Australia had hosted the Commonwealth Games. It was also the largest sporting event to be staged in Melbourne, eclipsing the 1956 Summer Olympics in terms of the number of teams competing, athletes competing, and events being held.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1992 Summer Paralympics</span> Multi-parasport event in Barcelona and Madrid, Spain

The 1992 Summer Paralympics were the ninth Paralympic Games to be held. They were held in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. In addition, the 1992 Paralympic Games for Persons with mental handicap were held immediately after the regular Paralympics in the Spanish capital, Madrid.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1998 Commonwealth Games</span> Multi-sport event in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The 1998 Commonwealth Games(Malay: Sukan Komanwel 1998), officially known as the XVI Commonwealth Games(Malay: Sukan Komanwel ke-16), was a multi-sport event held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This edition is marked by several unprecedented facts in the history of the event. The 1998 games were the first held in an Asian country and the last Commonwealth Games of the 20th century. This was also the first time the games took place in a nation with a head of state other than the Head of the Commonwealth, and the first time the games were held in a country whose majority of the population did not have English as the first language. For the first time ever, the games included team sports. The other bid from the 1998 games came from Adelaide in Australia. Malaysia was the eighth nation to host the Commonwealth Games after Canada, England, Australia, New Zealand, Wales, Jamaica and Scotland. Around 3638 athletes from 70 Commonwealth member nations participated at the games which featured 214 events in 15 sports with 34 of them collected medals.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games</span> Multi-sport event in Vancouver, Canada

The 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were held in Vancouver, British Columbia, from 30 July to 7 August 1954. These were the first games since the name change from British Empire Games took effect in 1952.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1974 British Commonwealth Games</span> Multi-sport event in Christchurch, New Zealand

The 1974 British Commonwealth Games were held in Christchurch, New Zealand from 24 January to 2 February 1974. The bid vote was held in Edinburgh at the 1970 British Commonwealth Games. The Games were officially named "the friendly games". There were 1,276 competitors and 372 officials, according to the official history, and public attendance was excellent. The main venue was the QEII Park, purpose-built for this event. The Athletics Stadium and fully covered Olympic standard pool, diving tank, and practice pools were all on the one site. The theme song was "Join Together", sung by Steve Allen. The Games were held after the 1974 Commonwealth Paraplegic Games in Dunedin for wheelchair athletes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1978 Commonwealth Games</span> Multi-sport event in Edmonton, Canada

The 1978 Commonwealth Games were held in Edmonton, Alberta from 3 to 12 August 1978, two years after the 1976 Summer Olympics were held in Montreal, Quebec. They were boycotted by Nigeria, in protest at New Zealand's sporting contacts with apartheid-era South Africa, as well as by Uganda, in protest at alleged Canadian hostility towards the government of Idi Amin. The Bid Election was held at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Commonwealth Youth Games</span>

The Commonwealth Youth Games (CYG) is an international multi-sport event organized by the Commonwealth Games Federation. The games were held in the years, mid-way between when the Commonwealth Games are held, until 2008. They continued to be held every four years, but in the year after the Commonwealth Games are held, from 2011 to 2015. Since 2017, they've been held in the year before the Commonwealth Games are held. The first edition was held in Edinburgh, Scotland from 10–14 August 2000. The age limitation of the athletes is from 14 to 18.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scotland at the Commonwealth Games</span> Sporting event delegation

Scotland is one of only six countries to have competed in every Commonwealth Games since the first Empire Games in 1930. The others are Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand and Wales.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sleeman Centre (Brisbane)</span> Sporting and entertainment facility located in Brisbane, Queensland

The Sleeman Centre is a sporting and entertainment facility located in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Construction of the centre was completed in 1982. Located on Old Cleveland Road in the suburb of Chandler, the centre is 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) east of Brisbane's CBD and is home to an aquatic centre, velodrome, sports arena, gymnastics training hall, gymnasium, and auditorium. The centre currently offers a range of services to the public, including indoor and outdoor community activities such as swimming, diving, health and fitness classes, a gymnasium, childcare facilities, and a children's pool and water slide.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sport in Brisbane</span>

Sport is a significant aspect of the Brisbane lifestyle. Activities range from the occasional international event, annual competitions, competitive leagues and individual recreational pursuits.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">World Masters Games</span> International multi-sport event

The World Masters Games is an international multi-sport event held every four years which, in terms of competitor numbers, has developed into the largest of its kind. Governed by the International Masters Games Association (IMGA), the World Masters Games is open to sports people of all abilities and most ages – the minimum age criterion ranges between 25 and 35 years depending on the sport. Auckland, New Zealand hosted the event's ninth edition from 21 to 30 April 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2018 Commonwealth Games</span> Multi-sport event on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia

The 2018 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XXI Commonwealth Games and also known as Gold Coast 2018, was an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth that were held on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, between 4 and 15 April 2018. It was the fifth time Australia had hosted the Commonwealth Games and the first time a major multi-sport had an equal number of events for male and female athletes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2015 Commonwealth Youth Games</span>

The 2015 Commonwealth Youth Games, officially known as the V Commonwealth Youth Games, and commonly known as Samoa 2015, was the fifth Commonwealth Youth Games which started in 2000. They were held from 5 to 11 September 2015 in Apia, the capital of Samoa. Samoa were the only bidders for the Games.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2001 Goodwill Games</span>

The 2001 Goodwill Games was the fifth and final edition of the international multi-sport event. The competition was held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 29 August to 9 September 2001. A total around 1300 athletes took part in 14 sporting competitions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Birmingham bid for the 1992 Summer Olympics</span>

The Birmingham bid for the 1992 Summer Olympics and Paralympics was an unsuccessful campaign, first recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on 28 February 1986. Ultimately it lost, having only gained eight votes with Barcelona going on to host the 1992 Summer Olympics. Its failure was due to a number of factors, including a perceived lack of support by the British Government for the bid as well as the international relations that the UK had at the time with South Africa and the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2026 Commonwealth Games</span> Multi-sport event in Victoria, Australia

The 2026 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XXIII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Victoria 2026, is a multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth scheduled to take place across four regional sites in the Australian state of Victoria: Geelong, Bendigo, Ballarat and Gippsland. The opening ceremonies will be held in the state capital Melbourne at the Melbourne Cricket Ground and the closing ceremonies will be held at the Kardinia Park in Geelong. In a departure from previous Commonwealth Games, the event will not be held in one major city but will be hosted by the state and held across a number of regional cities outside the capital. The Games will take place over twelve days between 17 and 29 March 2026.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2018 Commonwealth Games opening ceremony</span>

The opening ceremony for the 2018 Commonwealth Games took place on the evening of Wednesday 4 April in the Carrara Stadium, Gold Coast. As mandated by the Commonwealth Games Charter, the proceedings of the ceremony combined the formal opening of the sporting event with an artistic performance to showcase the host nation's culture. The 2018 Games were formally opened by Charles, Prince of Wales. Jack Morton Worldwide was given the contract to produce the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2018 Commonwealth Games. The theme of the opening ceremony was Hello Earth and directed by David Zolkwer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021 National Games of China</span>

The 14th National Games of China (中华人民共和国第十四届运动会), commonly known as Shaanxi 2021 (陕西2021), was a multi-sports event held throughout Shaanxi from September 15 to 27, 2021. It is projected that the Games will attract around 20,000 athletes who will compete in 409 events in 35 sports. This will be the first event in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.

References

  1. "Queensland Sport and Athletic Centre". Austadiums.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  2. "Commemorating the life of Sir Edward Williams". 2004. Supreme Court of Queensland Library. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  3. "Medal - XII Commonwealth Games, Brisbane, Gold, Uncirculated, Queensland, Australia, 1982".
  4. "Episode 9 - Hugh Edwards".
  5. "Australian Commonwealth Games Association". Archived from the original on 22 June 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-08.
  6. "Australian Commonwealth Games Association". Archived from the original on 22 June 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-08.
  7. 1 2 Cole, John R. (1984). Shaping a city. Albion, Queensland: William Brooks Queensland. pp. 350–353. ISBN   0-85568-619-7.
  8. "Australian Commonwealth Games Association". Archived from the original on 13 May 2006. Retrieved 2006-03-17.
  9. 1 2 Phil Lutton. "Could the Gold Coast ever beat Brisbane's Games?". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  10. "Past Commonwealth Games". Commonwealth Games Federation. Retrieved 25 September 2013.[ permanent dead link ]
  11. 1 2 McBride, Frank; et al. (2009). Brisbane 150 Stories. Brisbane City Council Publication. pp. 274–275. ISBN   978-1-876091-60-6.
  12. "Provincial Councils". The Official Website of the Government of Sri Lanka. 3 September 2010. Archived from the original on 7 July 2009.
  13. Greenberg, Tony (4 April 2018). "When the Tigers won Games gold". RichmondFC.com.au. Richmond Football Club. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
  14. The XII Commonwealth Games, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, September 30 - October 9, 1982 : The Official History. Brisbane: The XIIth Commonwealth Games Australia Foundation. 1983. ISBN   0959220712.
  15. "Could the Gold Coast ever beat Brisbane's Games?". Brisbanetimes.com.au. 11 November 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  16. "Commonwealth Games Medallists - Boxing". Gbrathletics.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  17. Spencer Reiss with Carl Robinson, "Aborigines Vs. Queensland", Newsweek: International Edition, 11 October 1982, p. 13
  18. Foley, Gary. "A Short History of the Australian Indigenous Resistance 1950–1990". The Koori History Website. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  19. Bligh, Anna (10 June 2009). "PREMIER UNVEILS QUEENSLAND'S 150 ICONS". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 24 May 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  20. "Queensland government says 'yes' to bidding for 2032 Olympics". 7NEWS.com.au. 9 December 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  21. "Australia's giant Olympic risk explained". NewsComAu. 10 December 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019.

Other sources

Preceded by
Edmonton
Commonwealth Games
Brisbane
XII Commonwealth Games
Succeeded by
Edinburgh

Coordinates: 27°33′30″S153°3′44″E / 27.55833°S 153.06222°E / -27.55833; 153.06222