2022 Commonwealth Games

Last updated

XXII Commonwealth Games
2022 Commonwealth Games logo.png
Host city Birmingham, England
MottoHeart of the UK, Soul of the Commonwealth
Nations participating73 Commonwealth nations (expected)
Athletes participating≈5000
EventsTBA in 18 sports
Opening ceremony 27 July
Closing ceremony7 August
Queen's Baton Final Runner TBD
Main venue Alexander Stadium
<  XXI XXIII  >

The 2022 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XXII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Birmingham 2022, is an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth that is scheduled to be held in Birmingham, England. [1] This is due to be the third time England has hosted the Games.

A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance is the modern Olympic Games.

Commonwealth of Nations Intergovernmental organisation

The Commonwealth of Nations, normally known as the Commonwealth, and historically the British Commonwealth, is a unique political association of 53 member states, nearly all of them former territories of the British Empire. The chief institutions of the organisation are the Commonwealth Secretariat, which focuses on intergovernmental aspects, and the Commonwealth Foundation, which focuses on non-governmental relations between member states.

Birmingham City in the English Midlands, 2nd highest population of UK cities

Birmingham is the second-most populous city in the United Kingdom, after London, and the most populous city in the English Midlands. It is also the most populous metropolitan district in the United Kingdom, with an estimated 1,137,123 inhabitants, and is considered the social, cultural, financial, and commercial centre of the Midlands. It is the main local government of the West Midlands conurbation, which is the third most populated urban area in the United Kingdom, with a population of 2,897,303 in 2017. The wider Birmingham metropolitan area is the second largest in the United Kingdom with a population of over 4.3 million. It is frequently referred to as the United Kingdom's "second city".

Contents

The Games are expected to take place between 27 July and 7 August 2022. The city was announced as the host at a press conference at the Arena Academy in Birmingham on 21 December 2017. [2]

Host selection

First selection

Two cities initially launched bids for the games; Durban, South Africa and Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Edmonton withdrew its bid in February 2015, leaving Durban as the only bid to go forward to CGF General Assembly in September 2015. [3] The coastal South African city of Durban initially secured the right to host the games, as they were the sole bidder for the event. The city previously considered bidding for the 2020 or 2024 Summer Olympics.

Durban Place in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Durban is the third most populous city in South Africa—after Johannesburg and Cape Town—and the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal. Located on the east coast of South Africa, Durban is famous for being the busiest port in the country. It is also seen as one of the major centres of tourism because of the city's warm subtropical climate and extensive beaches. Durban forms part of the eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality, which includes neighboring towns and has a population of about 3.44 million, making the combined municipality one of the biggest cities on the Indian Ocean coast of the African continent. It is also the second most important manufacturing hub in South Africa after Johannesburg. In 2015, Durban was recognised as one of the New7Wonders Cities. The city was heavily hit by flooding over 4 days from 18 April 2019, leading to 70 deaths and R650 000 000 in damage.

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Bantu ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European, Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Edmonton Provincial capital city in Alberta, Canada

Edmonton is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta. Edmonton is on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region, which is surrounded by Alberta's central region. The city anchors the north end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor".

Withdrawal of Durban as host

It was reported in February 2017 that Durban may be unable to host the games due to financial constraints. [4] This was confirmed one month later on 13 March 2017 when the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) stripped Durban of their rights to host the games. [5]

Commonwealth Games Federation international organization responsible for its namesake competitions

The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) is the international organisation responsible for the direction and control of the Commonwealth Games and Commonwealth Youth Games, and is the foremost authority in matters relating to the games. The headquarters of CGF are located in London, England.

It would have marked the first time the games were held in Africa and the second time a Commonwealth republic would have hosted, following Delhi, India in 2010. The games were set to open on 18 July 2022, coinciding with the birthday of the late South African President, Nelson Mandela. [6]

Africa The second largest and second most-populous continent, mostly in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres

Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent, being behind Asia in both categories. At about 30.3 million km2 including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere.

Republics in the Commonwealth of Nations

The republics in the Commonwealth of Nations are the sovereign states in the organization with a republican form of government. As of May 2017, 30 out of the 53 member states were republics. Elizabeth II, who is the British monarch in the Commonwealth realms, is also still the titular Head of the Commonwealth except India in a personal capacity, but this role does not carry with it any power; instead, it is a symbol of the free association of Commonwealth members.

Delhi Megacity and union territory of India, containing the national capital

Delhi, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India. It is bordered by Haryana on three sides and by Uttar Pradesh to the east. The NCT covers an area of 1,484 square kilometres (573 sq mi). According to the 2011 census, Delhi's city proper population was over 11 million, the second-highest in India after Mumbai, while the whole NCT's population was about 16.8 million. Delhi's urban area is now considered to extend beyond the NCT boundaries and include the neighboring satellite cities of Faridabad, Gurgaon, Sonipat, Ghaziabad and Noida in an area now called Central National Capital Region (CNCR) and had an estimated 2016 population of over 26 million people, making it the world's third-largest urban area according to United Nations. As of 2016, recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Delhi either the most or second-most productive metro area of India. Delhi is the second-wealthiest city in India after Mumbai and is home to 18 billionaires and 23,000 millionaires. Delhi ranks fifth among the Indian states and union territories in human development index. Delhi has the second-highest GDP per capita in India.

Second selection

A new bidding process was launched, where Liverpool and Birmingham expressed their interests in hosting the games. [7] On 14 March 2017, Manchester, who previously hosted the 2002 Commonwealth Games, expressed their interest in hosting the games. [8] In September 2017, Birmingham beat Liverpool for the recommended bid for England. [9] With Birmingham being the sole bidder for the event they won the right to stage the Games. [10] [11]

Liverpool City and Metropolitan borough in England

Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500. Its metropolitan area is the fifth-largest in the UK, with a population of 2.24 million in 2011. The local authority is Liverpool City Council, the most populous local government district in the metropolitan county of Merseyside and the largest in the Liverpool City Region.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 in 2017; the Greater Manchester Built-up Area is the United Kingdom's second-most populous, with a population of 2.55 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

2002 Commonwealth Games 17th edition of the Commonwealth Games

The 2002 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XVII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Manchester 2002 were held in Manchester, England, from 25 July to 4 August 2002. The 2002 Games were to be hosted in the United Kingdom to coincide with the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II, head of the Commonwealth, and Manchester was selected for the 2002 Games ahead of London. The XVII Commonwealth Games was, prior to the 2012 Summer Olympics, the largest multi-sport event ever to be held in the UK, eclipsing the London 1948 Summer Olympics in numbers of teams and athletes participating. In terms of sports and events, the 2002 Games were the largest Commonwealth Games in history featuring 281 events across 17 sports.

However, it was announced that the bid was not fully compliant, and the bidding process was extended until 30 November 2017. [12] The CGF had 170 questions regarding Birmingham's bid. [13]

Birmingham awarded as replacement host

On 21 December 2017, Birmingham was awarded for the 2022 Games as Durban's replacement host. [1] Louise Martin, president of the Commonwealth Games Federation, made the official announcement at a press conference at the Arena Academy in Birmingham. [2]

2022 Commonwealth Games bidding results
CityNationVotes
Birmingham Flag of England.svg  England Unanimous

Organisation

The Birmingham 2022 Organising Committee is responsible for the planning and operational delivery of the Games. This includes sport, venue and competition management, ticket sales, all ceremonies and the Queen’s Baton Relay. In summer 2018, Prime Minister Theresa May appointed John Crabtree OBE as Chair of the Organising Committee. [14] Crabtree is joined by board members:

In January 2019, Ian Reid was announced as Chief Executive Officer. [15] Reid was previously Chief Financial Officer for the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games.

Venues

Birmingham has a wealth of existing sports venues, arenas and conference halls that are ideal for hosting sport during the Games. 95% of the competition venues are already in place for the 2022 games. [16] Alexander Stadium which is scheduled to host the ceremonies and athletics is planned to be renovated and the capacity increased to 50,000 seats. A new 400 metre warm up track is also planned.

This would leave the stadium well placed to become the home of UK Athletics, hosting all the major national and international competitions after the Games. [17]

Resorts World Arena Genting Arena.jpg
Resorts World Arena
Symphony Hall Symphony Hall Birmingham.jpg
Symphony Hall
Villa Park 2012 Community Shield.JPG
Villa Park

Venues in Birmingham and the West Midlands area

VenueSportCapacityStatus
Alexander Stadium Ceremonies

Athletics

40,000Upgrade
National Exhibition Centre Boxing

Judo

Table Tennis

Freestyle Wrestling

5,000Existing
Resorts World Arena Badminton15,000Existing
Arena Birmingham Artistic and Rhythmic Gymnastics15,000Existing
Symphony Hall Weightlifting2,200Existing
University of Birmingham Squash

Hockey

5,000Existing
Sandwell Aquatics CentreSwimming

Diving

5,000New
Villa Park Rugby 7s42,000Existing
Victoria Square [18] Basketball 3x33,000Existing
Ericsson Indoor Arena, Coventry Netball7,000Existing
Victoria Park, Leamington Spa [19] Bowls2,000Existing

Venues outside West Midlands

VenueSportCapacityStatus
Lee Valley VeloPark, London Cycling (track)6,000Existing

Sports

On 22 December 2017, the BBC Reported that the organisers of the games were in talks with the International Cricket Council (ICC) about the inclusion of women's cricket. It was also reported that shooting is likely to be excluded from the games citing a lack of facilities around Birmingham, if this is true it will be the first time since 1970 where shooting has not been included in the games. [20] The dropping of shooting from the games programme was confirmed by the CEO of the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF), David Grevemberg, in January 2018. [21] [22] [23] In November 2018,the ICC confirmed that they have submitted a bid to include women's cricket in Birmingham. [24] The CGF are scheduled to make a decision on the inclusion of women's cricket in September 2019. [25] Meanwhile on June 20, 2019, the Birmingham 2022 Organizing Committee announced the confirmation of a women's cricket tournament, the return of beach volleyball after the success of the sport in Gold Coast 2018, and among the events for EAD the addition of more finals on the table tennis. [26]


Related Research Articles

Alexander Stadium stadium

Alexander Stadium is an international athletics stadium located within Perry Park in Perry Barr, Birmingham, England, at grid reference SP065925. It has staged the Amateur Athletics Association Championships, and was the venue of the 1998 Disability World Athletics Championships. It hosted one England Monarchs game in 1998 with an attendance of 8,000. It frequently hosts the English Schools' Athletics Championships, alternating every few years with Gateshead. 2019 will be the last year the ESAA Championships will be held there due to its demolition and rebuild for the commonwealth games.It hosts the annual British Grand Prix and will be the main athletics venue of the 2022 Commonwealth Games.

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Scotland at the Commonwealth Games

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Moses Mabhida Stadium stadium in Durban, South Africa

The Moses Mabhida Stadium is a stadium in Durban, South Africa, named after Moses Mabhida, a former General Secretary of the South African Communist Party. It is a multi-use stadium. The stadium became a venue for several events, like bungee jumping, concerts, cricket, football, golf practice, motorsports and rugby union.

Commonwealth Games sports

The Commonwealth Games sports comprise all the sports officially recognised and approved by the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF). There are a total of 31 approved sports, two multi-disciplinary sports, and a further 7 para-sports. Not all sports are competed at each edition of the Games as programmes must be limited to a maximum of 17 sports and a maximum 15 para-sports events.

2018 Commonwealth Games 21st edition of the Commonwealth Games

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Bidding for the 2014 Commonwealth Games began from 24 February 2006 until the winner was announced on 9 November 2007. Glasgow won the race and was selected by the General Assembly of the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) at a meeting in Sri Lanka to host the games. The vote was 47 votes for Glasgow and 24 for Abuja. The decision was announced by Mike Fennell, the Chairman of the CGF.

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The United Kingdom has been awarded, or is bidding to hold, a number of major international sporting events during the 2010s leading to an idea of a 'Golden Decade' in British sport. The idea of the golden decade has been discussed in many newspapers and has been mentioned by former Prime Minister Gordon Brown and Lord Coe.

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The city of Durban, South Africa was initially elected as the host for the 2022 Commonwealth Games on 2 September 2015, at a General Assembly in Auckland, New Zealand. It was reported in February 2017 however, Durban may be unable to host the games due to financial constraints. On 13 March 2017, the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) stripped Durban of their rights to host. On 21 December 2017, Birmingham was awarded for the 2022 Games as Durban's replacement host. Louise Martin, president of the Commonwealth Games Federation, made the official announcement at a press conference at the Arena Academy in Birmingham.

2026 Commonwealth Games 2026 edition of the Commonwealth Games

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Birmingham bid for the 2022 Commonwealth Games

The Birmingham bid for the 2022 Commonwealth Games was a bid by Birmingham, England and Commonwealth Games England to host the 2022 Commonwealth Games. On 21 December 2017 it was announced that the bid has been successful.

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References

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  2. 1 2 Sport, Telegraph (21 December 2017). "Birmingham named 2022 Commonwealth Games host city". The Telegraph. ISSN   0307-1235 . Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  3. "Edmonton withdraws bid for 2022 Commonwealth Games | euronews, world news". Euronews.com. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  4. "Commonwealth Games 2022: Durban 'may drop out as host'". BBC News. 28 February 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  5. "Durban stripped of 2022 Commonwealth Games". The Sydney Morning Herald. 14 March 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  6. "Durban is #ReadyToInspire, are you?". Durban-2022. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  7. Rumsby, Ben (13 March 2017). "Liverpool and Birmingham battle to host Commonwealth Games 2022". The Daily Telegraph . Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  8. Williams, Jennifer (14 March 2017). "Manchester in discussions to host the 2022 Commonwealth Games". Manchester Evening News . Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  9. "Birmingham beats Liverpool for hosting the 2022 commonwealth games". www.independent.co.uk. The Independent. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  10. "Birmingham beats Liverpool to become UK candidate for potential 2022 Commonwealth bid". 7 September 2017 via www.bbc.com.
  11. "Commonwealth Games England to reveal 2022 candidate city in September". Inside the Game. 20 July 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  12. "Commonwealth Games 2022: Birmingham bid 'not fully compliant'". 6 October 2017 via www.bbc.co.uk.
  13. "Commonwealth Games Federation had '170 queries' over Birmingham's 2022 bid". 31 October 2017 via www.bbc.co.uk.
  14. "Prime Minister appoints Chair of Birmingham Organising Committee for 2022 Commonwealth Games". GOV.UK. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  15. "Chief Executive confirmed for Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games Organising Committee | Birmingham 2022" . Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  16. "Birmingham 2022 Heart of the UK, Soul of the Commonwealth". www.birmingham2022.com. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  17. Elkes, Neil (30 June 2017). "See how Alexander Stadium could be transformed for Commonwealth Games". birminghammail. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  18. Cosgrove, David. "How Birmingham's Victoria Square would look hosting basketball in 2022 Commonwealth Games". www.expressandstar.com. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  19. Elkes, Neil (17 August 2017). "Lawn bowls venue unveiled for city's 2022 Commonwealth Games bid". birminghammail. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  20. "Birmingham 2022: Four unanswered questions for the Commonwealth Games". BBC Sport. 22 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  21. "Optional Sports at 2022 Commonwealth Games". Around the Rings. 18 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  22. "Birmingham 2022: Shooting dropped from Commonwealth Games". BBC. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  23. "No shooting at 2022 Commonwealth Games, top official suggests T20 mixed cricket". Indian Express. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  24. "ICC bids for Women's Cricket in Commonwealth Games". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  25. "MCC throw support behind women's cricket at 2022 Commonwealth Games". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  26. "Birmingham 2022 confirm shooting left off programme as women's cricket, beach volleyball and Para table tennis added". Inside The Games. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
Preceded by
Gold Coast 2018
Birmingham
Host City
XXII Commonwealth Games
Succeeded by
TBA 2026