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|Host city||Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada|
|Opening ceremony||30 July|
|Closing ceremony||7 August|
|Officially opened by||Earl Alexander of Tunis|
|Officially closed by||HRH the Duke of Edinburgh|
|Athlete's Oath||Bill Parnell|
|Main venue||Empire Stadium|
The 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, from 30 July to 7 August 1954. These were the first games since the name change from British Empire Games took effect in 1952.
It was at these games that the "Miracle Mile" took place between Roger Bannister and John Landy at Empire Stadium. This was the first time these two (and at that time the only two) sub-four-minute mile runners appeared in the same race, and also the first time two runners broke four minutes in the same race. On the same afternoon, Jim Peters, the holder of the world best time for the marathon, entered the stadium 17 minutes ahead of his nearest rival, but collapsed on his final lap, and never completed the race.
The games were attended by 24 nations and 662 competitors.
24 teams were represented at the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games.
(Teams competing for the first time are shown in bold).
Host nation (Canada)
|8||Trinidad and Tobago||2||2||0||4|
|Totals (18 nations)||92||89||89||270|
|Flyweight Men||Dick Currie (SCO)||Abe Bekker (NRH)||Warner Batchelor (AUS)|
|Bantamweight Men||John Smillie (SCO)||Gordon Smith (SRH)||Abubakar Idi Garuba (NGR)|
|Featherweight Men||Leonard Leisching (SAF)||Malcolm Collins (WAL)||Dave Charnley (ENG)|
|Lightweight Men||Piet van Staden (SRH)||Frank McQuillan (SCO)||Brian Cahill (AUS)|
|Light Welterweight Men||Mickey Bergin (CAN)||Aubrey Harris (SRH)||Des Duguid (AUS)|
|Welterweight Men||Nicholas Gargano (ENG)||Rodney Litzow (AUS)||Hendrik van der Linde (SAF)|
|Light Middleweight Men||Wilf Greaves (CAN)||Freddy Wright (NRH)||Bruce Wells (ENG)|
|Middleweight Men||Johannes van der Kolff (SAF)||Arthur Crawford (NRH)||Marcel Piau (CAN)|
|Light Heavyweight Men||Piet van Vuuren (SAF)||Tony Madigan (AUS)||Bill Misselbrook (CAN)|
|Heavyweight Men||Brian Harper (ENG)||Gerry Buchanan (CAN)||George Jenkins (SAF)|
|Time Trial Men||Dick Ploog (AUS)||00:01:12||Keith Harrison (ENG)||00:01:13|
|Alfred Swift (SAF)|
|Sprint Men||Cyril Peacock (ENG)||+not awarded||Tom Shardelow (SAF)|
|Individual Pursuit Men||Norman Sheil (ENG)||00:05:03||Peter Brotherton (ENG)||00:05:09||Robert Fowler (SAF)||00:05:07|
|10 Miles Scratch Men||Lindsay Cocks (AUS)||00:21:59||Keith Harrison (ENG)||Don Skene (WAL)|
+ Lionel Cox did not receive a silver medal, the Australian cycling team refused to participate in the gold and bronze medal play offs and were subsequently disqualified.
|Road Race Men||Eric Thompson (ENG)||02:44:08||John Baird (NZL)||NTT||Bernard Pusey (ENG)||NTT|
|Foil Men||René Paul (ENG)||John Fethers (AUS)||Allan Jay (ENG)|
|Foil – Team Men|| England (ENG)|
| Australia (AUS)|
| Canada (CAN)|
|Épée Men||Ivan Lund (AUS)||René Paul (ENG)||Carl Schwende (CAN)|
|Épée – Team Men|| England (ENG)|
Charles de Beaumont
| Canada (CAN)|
| Australia (AUS)|
|Sabre Men||Mike Amberg (ENG)||Ralph Cooperman (ENG)||John Fethers (AUS)|
|Sabre- Team Men|| Canada (CAN)|
| England (ENG)|
| Australia (AUS)|
|Foil Women||Mary Glen-Haig (ENG)||Gillian Sheen (ENG)||Aileen Harding (WAL)|
|Single Sculls Men||Don Rowlands (NZL)||00:08:28||Sidney Rand (ENG)||00:08:43||Bobby Williams (CAN)||00:08:51|
|Double Sculls Men||Mervyn Wood & Murray Riley (AUS)||00:07:55||Bob Parker & Reg Douglas (NZL)||00:08:05||Donald Guest & Lawrence Stephan (CAN)||00:08:29|
|Coxless Pairs Men||Bob Parker & Reg Douglas (NZL)||00:08:24||Tom Christie & Nicholas Clack (ENG)||00:08:24||Dave Anderson & Geoff Williamson (AUS)||00:08:30|
|Coxed four men||Lionel Robberds, Dave Anderson, Peter Evatt, Geoff Williamson & Mervyn Wood (AUS)||00:07:58||Bruce Culpan, Kerry Ashby, Murray Ashby, Bill Tinnock & Stanley Callagher (NZL)||00:08:04||Geoffrey Page, John Macmillan, Alastair Davidson, Maurice Legg & David Glynne-Jones (ENG)||00:08:05|
|Eight men||Douglas McDonald, Glen Smith, H.J. Zloklikovits, K.J. Drummond, Lawrence West, Ray Sierpina, Robert Wilson, Thomas Toynbee & Thomas Harris (CAN)||00:06:59||Alastair Davidson, Alan Watson, David Glynne-Jones, Geoffrey Page, John Pope, Joe Eldeen, M.G.C. Savage, Maurice Legg & John Macmillan (ENG)||00:07:11|
|110 yd freestyle||Jon Henricks (AUS)||56.5||Cyrus Weld (AUS)||58.5||Rex Aubrey (AUS)||58.7|
|440 yd freestyle||Gary Chapman (AUS)||4:39.8||Jack Wardrop (SCO)||4:41.5||Graham Johnston (SAF)||4:43.3|
|1650 yd freestyle||Graham Johnston (SAF)||19:01.4||Peter Duncan (SAF)||19:22.1||Gary Chapman (AUS)||19:28.4|
|110 yd backstroke||John Brockway (WAL)||1:06.5||Lincoln Hurring (NZL)||1:06.9||Cyrus Weld (AUS)||1:08.6|
|220 yd breaststroke||Jack Doms (NZL)||2:52.6||Peter Jervis (ENG)||2:52.6||Alan Hime (ENG)||2:52.8|
|4×220 yd freestyle relay|| Australia |
|8:47.6|| Canada |
|8:56.0|| South Africa |
|3×110 yd medley relay|| Australia |
|3:22.0|| New Zealand |
|3:26.6|| Scotland |
|110 yd freestyle||Lorraine Crapp (AUS)||1:05.8||Virginia Grant (CAN)||1:06.3||Joan Harrison (SAF)||1:08.2|
|440 yd freestyle||Lorraine Crapp (AUS)||5:11.4||Gladys Priestley (CAN)||5:19.6||Margaret Girvan (SCO)||5:21.4|
|110 yd backstroke||Joan Harrison (SAF)||1:15.2||Pat Symons (ENG)||1:17.4||Jean Stewart (NZL)||1:17.5|
|220 yd breaststroke||Elenor Gordon (SCO)||2:59.2||Mary Morgan (SAF)||3:03.3||Margaret Grundy (ENG)||3:04.5|
|4×110 yd freestyle relay|| South Africa |
|4:33.9|| Canada |
|4:37.0|| England |
|3×110 yd medley relay|| Scotland |
|3:51.0|| South Africa |
|3:52.7|| Australia |
|3 Metres Springboard Diving Men||Peter Heatly (SCO)||146.76||Tony Turner (ENG)||145.27||Jack Stewart (NZL)||144.98|
|10 Metres Highboard [Platform] Diving Men||Bill Patrick (CAN)||142.7||Kevin Newell (AUS)||142.06||Peter Heatly (SCO)||141.32|
|3 Metres Springboard Diving Women||Ann Long (ENG)||128.26||Barbara McAulay (AUS)||127.74||Irene MacDonald (CAN)||126.19|
|10 Metres Highboard [Platform] Diving Women||Barbara McAulay (AUS)||86.55||Eunice Miller (ENG)||79.86||Ann Long (ENG)||79.53|
|Bantamweight – Overall Men||Maurice Megennis (ENG)||281||Frank Cope (ENG)||276.5||Keith Caple (AUS)||274|
|Featherweight – Overall Men||Rodney Wilkes (TRI)||313||Jules Sylvain (CAN)||297||Ron Jenkins (WAL)||279|
|Lightweight – Overall Men||Vern Barberis (AUS)||347||George Nicholls (BAR)||344.5||Jan Pieterse (SAF)||333|
|Middleweight – Overall Men||Jim Halliday (ENG)||362.5||Lionel de Freitas (TRI)||342||Julius Park (BGU)||338|
|Light Heavyweight – Overall Men||Gerry Gratton (CAN)||403.5||Louis Greeff (SAF)||367||Tony George (NZL)||353.5|
|Middle Heavyweight – Overall Men||Keevil Daly (CAN)||399||Lennox Kilgour (TRI)||392||Joseph Barnett (ENG)||376.5|
|Heavyweight – Overall Men||Doug Hepburn (CAN)||471.5||Dave Baillie (CAN)||453.5||Harold Cleghorn (NZL)||421.5|
|Flyweight Men||Louis Baise (SAF)||Fred Flannery (AUS)||Muhammad Din (PAK)|
|Bantamweight Men||Geoff Jameson (AUS)||Muhammad Amin (PAK)||Ian Epton (NRH)|
|Featherweight Men||Abraham Geldenhuys (SAF)||Herb Hall (ENG)||John Armitt (NZL)|
|Lightweight Men||Godfrey Pienaar (SAF)||Ruby Leobovitch (CAN)||Dick Garrard (AUS)|
|Welterweight Men||Nick Loubser (SAF)||Abdul Rashid (PAK)||Ray Myland (ENG)|
|Middleweight Men||Hermanus van Zyl (SAF)||Jim Christie (CAN)||Harry Kendall (ENG)|
|Light Heavyweight Men||Jacob Theron (SAF)||Bob Steckle (CAN)||Dan van Staden (NRH)|
|Heavyweight Men||Ken Richmond (ENG)||Keith Maltman (CAN)|
The Commonwealth Games is an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations. The event was first held in 1930, and, with the exception of 1942 and 1946, has taken place every four years since then. The Commonwealth Games were known as the British Empire Games from 1930 to 1950, the British Empire and Commonwealth Games from 1954 to 1966, and British Commonwealth Games from 1970 to 1974. Athletes with a disability are also included as full members of their national teams, making the Commonwealth Games the first fully inclusive international multi-sport event. It is also the world's first multi-sport event which inducts equal number of women's and men's medal events and was implemented recently in the 2018 Commonwealth Games. With such unique features, the World Economic Forum called the event inspiring and significant.
The 2002 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XVII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Manchester 2002 were held in Manchester, England, from 25 July to 4 August 2002. The 2002 Games were to be hosted in the United Kingdom to coincide with the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II, head of the Commonwealth, and Manchester was selected for the 2002 Games ahead of London. The 2002 Commonwealth Games was, prior to the 2012 Summer Olympics, the largest multi-sport event ever to be held in the UK, eclipsing the London 1948 Summer Olympics in numbers of teams and athletes participating. In terms of sports and events, the 2002 Games were the largest Commonwealth Games in history featuring 281 events across 17 sports.
The 1930 British Empire Games were the inaugural edition of what now is known as the Commonwealth Games, and were held in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada from 16 to 23 August 1930.
The 1934 British Empire Games were the second edition of what is now known as the Commonwealth Games, held in England, from 4–11 August 1934. The host city was London, with the main venue at Wembley Park, although the track cycling events were in Manchester. Seventeen national teams took part, including the Irish Free State.
The 1938 British Empire Games was the third British Empire Games, the event that evolved to become the Commonwealth Games. Held in Sydney, Australia from 5–12 February 1938, they were timed to coincide with Sydney's sesqui-centenary. Venues included the Sydney Cricket Ground, the Sydney Sports Ground, North Sydney Olympic Pool and Henson Park. An estimated 40,000 people attended the opening ceremony. A competitors' residential village was established within the grounds of the Sydney Showground.
The 1950 British Empire Games was the fourth staging of what is now called the Commonwealth Games. It was held in Auckland, New Zealand between 4 and 11 February 1950, after a 12-year gap from the third edition of the games. The main venue was Eden Park, although the closing ceremonies were held at Western Springs Stadium, see New Zealand at the 1950 British Empire Games. The fourth games were originally awarded to Montreal, Canada and were to be held in 1942 but were cancelled due to World War II.
The 2006 Commonwealth Games, officially the XVIII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Melbourne 2006, was an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia between 15 and 26 March 2006. It was the fourth time Australia had hosted the Commonwealth Games. It was also the largest sporting event to be staged in Melbourne, eclipsing the 1956 Summer Olympics in terms of the number of teams competing, athletes competing, and events being held.
Empire Stadium was a multi-purpose stadium that stood at the Pacific National Exhibition site at Hastings Park in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Track and field and Canadian football, as well as soccer and musical events, were held at the stadium. The stadium was originally constructed for the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games. The stadium hosted both Elvis Presley and The Beatles. It saw most of its use as the home of the BC Lions of the CFL from 1954 to 1982, in which the venue also played host to the first Grey Cup game held west of Ontario in 1955. Empire Stadium also hosted the Grey Cup game in 1958, 1960, 1963, 1966, 1971, and 1974; seven times in total.
John Michael Landy is an Australian retired middle-distance runner and state governor. He was the second man to break the four-minute mile barrier in the mile run and held the world records for the 1500-metre run and the mile race. He was also the 26th Governor of Victoria from 2001 to 2006.
The 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were held in Cardiff, Wales, from 18–26 July 1958.
Canada has participated in every Commonwealth Games since the first ever British Empire Games held in Hamilton, Ontario in 1930, one of only six countries to have done so. The others are Australia, England, New Zealand, Scotland, and Wales.
There have been a wide variety of sports in Vancouver since the city was founded. Team sports such as ice hockey, lacrosse, and Canadian football have extensive history in the area, while the city's relatively mild climate and geographical location facilitate a wide variety of other sports and recreational activities.
New Zealand at the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games was represented by a team of 56 competitors and nine officials. Selection of the team for the Games in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, was the responsibility of the New Zealand Olympic and British Empire Games Association. New Zealand's flagbearer at the opening ceremony was Max Carr. The New Zealand team finished fifth on the medal table, winning a total of 19 medals, seven of which were gold.
This is a timeline of the history of Vancouver.
At the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, the athletics events were held at Empire Stadium in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in July and August 1954. A total of 29 athletics events were contested at the Games, 20 by men and 9 by women. A total of twenty-four Games records were set or improved over the competition, leaving just five previous best marks untouched. The 1954 edition saw the introduction of the shot put and discus throw for women, as well as the first 4×110 yards relay for women.
The lawn bowls competition at the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games took place in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada from 30 July until 7 August 1954. The host clubs were the West Point Grey Lawn Bowling Club of Vancouver and the New Westminster Bowling Club of New Westminster.
The Westshore Velodrome is a 333m outdoor bicycle racing track located in Colwood, B.C., and one of only two velodromes in British Columbia. It is part of the Juan de Fuca Recreation Centre, and is operated by the Greater Victoria Velodrome Association. The GVVA was founded in 1991. The velodrome was commissioned for the 1994 Commonwealth Games, and constructed for approximately $2 million. The track was designed to be used by the public after the Games, which is why the banking in the corners is less than might be found on tracks primarily intended for competition.
Barbara Ethel McAulay Donnet was an Australian diver. She competed in the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games and the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games.
The men's 1 mile event at the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games was held on 6 and 7 July at the Empire Stadium in Vancouver, Canada.
The men's marathon event at the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games was held on 7 July in Vancouver, Canada with a start and finish at the Empire Stadium.
| British Empire and Commonwealth Games |
V British Empire and Commonwealth Games