|Athletics at the 5th British Empire and Commonwealth Games|
A sculpture of Bannister and Landy was placed outside of the Empire Stadium to commemorate the Miracle Mile.
|Dates||31 July – 7 August 1954|
|Host city||Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada|
|Participation||249 athletes from |
At the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games , the athletics events were held at Empire Stadium in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in July and August 1954. A total of 29 athletics events were contested at the Games, 20 by men and 9 by women. A total of twenty-four Games records were set or improved over the competition, leaving just five previous best marks untouched. The 1954 edition saw the introduction of the shot put and discus throw for women, as well as the first 4×110 yards relay for women (which replaced a medley relay).
The men's mile run competition – dubbed The Miracle Mile – represented a landmark in the history of the Four-minute mile. Roger Bannister had been the first to have broken the barrier earlier that year, but Landy followed soon after with sub-4 minute (and world record time) of his own. The games offered the first time that two sub-4 minute runners had duelled against each other. Landy led until the final curve, at which point he turned to gauge Bannister's position. Bannister took the opportunity to overtake him on his blind side and he edged out a victory over Landy with a time of 3:58.8 minutes. Landy also ran under four minutes, representing the first time two men had done so in the same race.A sculpture of the race-deciding moment was later placed outside the stadium in memory of the duel.
Jim Peters, then the world record holder in the marathon, entered the stadium some seventeen minutes ahead of his nearest rival in the Games marathon. He collapsed in his final lap of the stadium, however, and did not finish the race (which was won by Joe McGhee).
A new Commonwealth record for the high jump was established at the games by Emmanuel Ifeajuna of Nigeria, who became the first Commonwealth athlete to clear six feet and eight inches.Ifeajuna was also the first black African to win a gold medal at the Commonwealth Games.
|100 yards||Mike Agostini (TRI)||9.6 =GR||Don McFarlane (CAN)||9.7||Hector Hogan (AUS)||9.7|
|220 yards||Don Jowett (NZL)||21.5||Brian Shenton (ENG)||21.5||Ken Jones (WAL)||21.9|
|440 yards||Kevan Gosper (AUS)||47.2 GR||Don Jowett (NZL)||47.4||Terry Tobacco (CAN)||47.8|
|880 yards||Derek Johnson (ENG)||1:50.7 GR||Brian Hewson (ENG)||1:51.2||Ian Boyd (ENG)||1:51.9|
|1 mile||Roger Bannister (ENG)||3:58.8 GR||John Landy (AUS)||3:59.6||Rich Ferguson (CAN)||4:04.6|
|3 miles||Chris Chataway (ENG)||13:35.2 GR||Fred Green (ENG)||13:37.2||Frank Sando (ENG)||13:37.4|
|6 miles||Peter Driver (ENG)||29:09.4 GR||Frank Sando (ENG)||29:10.0||Jim Peters (ENG)||29:20.0|
|Marathon||Joe McGhee (SCO)||2:39:36||Jack Mekler (SAF)||2:40:57||Johannes Barnard (SAF)||2:51:50|
|120 yards hurdles||Keith Gardner (JAM)||14.2 GR||Chris Higham (ENG)||14.9||Norman Williams (CAN)||14.9|
|440 yards hurdles||David Lean (AUS)||52.4 GR||Harry Kane (ENG)||53.3||Bob Shaw (WAL)||53.3|
|4 × 110 yards relay|| Canada (CAN)|
|41.3 GR|| Nigeria (NGR)|
Abdul Karim Amu
|41.3|| Australia (AUS)|
|4 × 440 yards relay|| England (ENG)|
|3:11.2 GR|| Canada (CAN)|
|3:11.6|| Australia (AUS)|
|High jump||Emmanuel Ifeajuna (NGR)||2.03 m GR||Patrick Etolu (UGA)||1.99 m NR||Nafiu Osagie (NGR)||1.99 m|
|Pole vault||Geoff Elliott (ENG)||4.26 m GR||Ron Miller (CAN)||4.20 m||Andries Burger (SAF)||4.13 m|
|Long jump||Ken Wilmshurst (ENG)||7.54 m GR||Karim Olowu (NGR)||7.39 m||Sylvanus Williams (NGR)||7.22 m|
|Triple jump||Ken Wilmshurst (ENG)||15.28 m||Peter Esiri (NGR)||15.25 m||Brian Oliver (AUS)||15.14 m|
|Shot put||John Savidge (ENG)||16.77 m GR||John Pavelich (CAN)||14.95 m||Stephanus du Plessis (SAF)||14.93 m|
|Discus throw||Stephanus du Plessis (SAF)||51.70 m GR||Roy Pella (CAN)||49.53 m||Mark Pharaoh (ENG)||47.84 m|
|Hammer throw||Muhammad Iqbal (PAK)||55.37 m GR||Jakobus Dreyer (SAF)||54.75 m||Ewan Douglas (SCO)||52.81 m|
|Javelin throw||James Achurch (AUS)||68.52 m GR||Muhammad Nawaz (PAK)||68.09 m||Jalal Khan (PAK)||67.50 m|
|100 yards||Marjorie Jackson-Nelson (AUS)||10.7w||Winsome Cripps (AUS)||10.8w||Edna Maskell (NRH)||10.8w|
|220 yards||Marjorie Jackson-Nelson (AUS)||24.0 GR||Winsome Cripps (AUS)||24.5||Shirley Hampton (ENG)||25.0|
|80 metres hurdles|
(wind: +4.5 m/s)
|Edna Maskell (NRH)||10.9w||Gwen Hobbins (CAN)||11.2w||Jean Desforges (ENG)||11.2w|
|4 × 110 yards relay|| Australia (AUS)|
|46.8 GR|| England (ENG)|
|46.9|| Canada (CAN)|
|High jump||Thelma Hopkins (NIR)||1.67 m GR||Dorothy Tyler (ENG)||1.60 m||Alice Whitty (CAN)||1.60 m|
|Long jump||Yvette Williams (NZL)||6.08 m GR||Thelma Hopkins (NIR)||5.84 m||Jean Desforges (ENG)||5.84 m|
|Shot put||Yvette Williams (NZL)||13.96 m GR||Jackie MacDonald (CAN)||12.98 m||Magdalena Swanepoel (SAF)||12.81 m|
|Discus throw||Yvette Williams (NZL)||45.01 m GR||Suzanne Allday (ENG)||40.02 m||Marie Dupree (CAN)||38.66 m|
|Javelin throw||Magdalena Swanepoel (SAF)||43.83 m GR||Pearl Fisher (NRH)||41.97 m||Shirley Couzens (CAN)||38.98 m|
Host nation (Canada)
|3||New Zealand (NZL)||4||1||0||5|
|4||South Africa (SAF)||2||2||4||8|
|7||Northern Rhodesia (NRH)||1||1||1||3|
|9||Northern Ireland (NIR)||1||1||0||2|
|Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)||1||0||0||1|
|Totals (14 nations)||29||29||29||87|
A four-minute mile is the completion of a mile run (1.6 km) in four minutes or less. It was first achieved in 1954 by Roger Bannister, at age 25, in 3:59.4. The "four-minute barrier" has since been broken by over 1,400 male athletes, and is now the standard of all male professional middle distance runners in cultures that use Imperial units. In the 65 years since, the mile record has been lowered by almost 17 seconds, and currently stands at 3:43.13, by Hicham El Guerrouj of Morocco, at age 24, in 1999. Running a mile in four minutes translates to a speed of 15 miles per hour (24 km/h).
Sir Roger Gilbert Bannister was a British middle-distance athlete and neurologist who ran the first sub-4-minute mile.
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John Michael Landy is an Australian retired middle-distance runner and state governor. He was the second man to break the four-minute mile barrier in the mile run and held the world records for the 1500-metre run and the mile race. He was also the 26th Governor of Victoria from 2001 to 2006.
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