2014 Commonwealth Games

Last updated

XX Commonwealth Games
20mh Geamannan a' Cho-fhlaitheis
2014 Commonwealth Games Logo.svg
Logo of 2014 Commonwealth Games
Host city Glasgow, Scotland [1] [2] [3] [4]
Motto“People, Place, Passion” (Gaelic: Daoine, àite, pàis)
Nations participating71 Commonwealth Teams
Athletes participating4,947 [5]
Events261 in 18 sports
Opening ceremony 23 July
Closing ceremony3 August
Officially opened by Elizabeth II
Officially closed by Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Queen's Baton Final Runner Sir Chris Hoy
Main venue Celtic Park (opening ceremony)
Hampden Park (closing ceremony)
Website Glasgow2014.com
<  XIX XXI  >

The 2014 Commonwealth Games (Scottish Gaelic : Geamannan a' Cho-fhlaitheis 2014), officially known as the XX Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Glasgow 2014, (Scottish Gaelic : Glaschu 2014), was an international multi-sport event celebrated in the tradition of the Commonwealth Games as governed by the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF). It took place in Glasgow, Scotland, from 23 July to 3 August 2014.

Commonwealth Games multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth Games are an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations. The event was first held in 1930, and has taken place every four years since then. The Commonwealth Games were known as the British Empire Games from 1930 to 1950, the British Empire and Commonwealth Games from 1954 to 1966, and British Commonwealth Games from 1970 to 1974. It is the world's first multi-sport event which inducted equal number of women’s and men’s medal events and was implemented recently in the 2018 Commonwealth Games.

Commonwealth Games Federation international organization responsible for its namesake competitions

The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) is the international organisation responsible for the direction and control of the Commonwealth Games and Commonwealth Youth Games, and is the foremost authority in matters relating to the games. The headquarters of CGF are located in London, England.

Glasgow City and council area in Scotland

Glasgow is the most populous city in Scotland, and the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Historically part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland; the local authority is Glasgow City Council. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as "Glaswegians" or "Weegies". It is the fourth most visited city in the UK. Glasgow is also known for the Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect of the Scots language that is noted for being difficult to understand by those from outside the city.

Contents

Glasgow was selected as the host city on 9 November 2007 during CGF General Assembly in Colombo, Sri Lanka, defeating Abuja, Nigeria. It was the largest multi-sport event ever held in Scotland with around 4,950 athletes from 71 different nations and territories competing in 18 different sports, outranking the 1970 and 1986 Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh. Over the last 10 years, however, Glasgow and Scotland had staged World, Commonwealth, European, or British events in all sports proposed for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, including the World Badminton Championships in 1997. [6]

Colombo Commercial Capital in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Colombo is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka by population. According to the Brookings Institution, Colombo metropolitan area has a population of 5.6 million, and 752,993 in the city proper. It is the financial centre of the island and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka and Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. Colombo is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is within the urban area of, and a suburb of, Colombo. It is also the administrative capital of the Western Province and the district capital of Colombo District. Colombo is a busy and vibrant place with a mixture of modern life and colonial buildings and ruins.

Abuja Capital of Nigeria

Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria located in the centre of the country within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). It is a planned city and was built mainly in the 1980s, replacing the country's most populous city of Lagos as the capital on 12 December 1991. Abuja's geography is defined by Aso Rock, a 400-metre (1,300 ft) monolith left by water erosion. The Presidential Complex, National Assembly, Supreme Court and much of the city extend to the south of the rock. Zuma Rock, a 792-metre (2,598 ft) monolith, lies just north of the city on the expressway to Kaduna.

A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance is the modern Olympic Games.

The Games received acclaim for their organisation, attendance, and the public enthusiasm of the people of Scotland, with CGF chief executive Mike Hooper hailing them as "the standout games in the history of the movement". [7] [8] Held in Scotland for the third time, the Games were notable for the successes of the Home Nations of the United Kingdom, with England, Wales and hosts Scotland achieving their largest ever gold medal hauls and overall medal hauls at a Commonwealth Games. [9] [10] England finished top of the medal table for the first time since the 1986 Commonwealth Games, also held in Scotland. Kiribati also won its first ever medal at a Commonwealth Games, a gold in the 105 kg men's weightlifting competition. [11]

Home Nations The individual nations within the United Kingdom

The Home Nations, or Home Countries, refer collectively to England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, and in certain sports include the whole island of Ireland. The term "Home Nations" is used in this second sense partly because Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland have a unified association structure in certain sports, such as the Irish Rugby Football Union and Cricket Ireland. Formerly, the term was applied in general in this same wider sense, such as the period between 1801 and 1922, when the whole island of Ireland was part of the United Kingdom. The synonymous "Home Countries" is also sometimes used.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. The UK's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

England at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

England competed at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland between 23 July and 3 August 2014. Commonwealth Games England named a team of 416 athletes consisting of 216 men and 200 women across the 18 disciplines.

Host selection

Special liveries in support of Glasgow's bid were applied to numerous subway carriages. GlasgowSubwayCommonwealth.jpg
Special liveries in support of Glasgow's bid were applied to numerous subway carriages.

Scotland was the first country to consider hosting the 2014 Commonwealth Games in 2004, with Scottish cities being invited by the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland to consider making a bid. In September 2004, Glasgow was announced as the Scottish candidate city over Edinburgh (which hosted the Games in 1970 and 1986, and the inaugural Commonwealth Youth Games in 2000) following a cost-benefit analysis by the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland. The Scottish Executive under then First Minister of Scotland, Jack McConnell, with the support of the United Kingdom government and all main parties in the Scottish Parliament, formally announced Glasgow's intention to host the games on 16 August 2005. [12] [13]

Edinburgh Capital city in Scotland

-->| YouTube = Anders vlogs | official_name = City of Edinburgh | native_name = Dùn Èideann | settlement_type = Capital city | image_skyline = EdinburghMontage.png | image_caption = Clockwise from top-left: View from Calton Hill, Old College, Old Town from Princes Street, Edinburgh Castle, Princes Street from Calton Hill | image_flag = Flag of Edinburgh.svg | image_shield = Arms of Edinburgh.png | nicknames = "Auld Reekie", "Edina", "Athens of the North" | map_caption = Edinburgh in Scotland | pushpin_map = UK Scotland#United Kingdom#Europe | pushpin_map_caption = Location within Scotland##Location within the United Kingdom##Location within Europe | pushpin_relief = 1 | coordinates = 55.953°N 3.189°W | subdivision_type = Sovereign state | subdivision_name = United Kingdom | subdivision_type1 = Constituent country | subdivision_type2 = Council area | subdivision_type3 = Lieutenancy area | subdivision_name1 = Scotland | subdivision_name2 = City of Edinburgh | subdivision_name3 = Edinburgh | established_title = Founded | established_date = Prior to 7th century AD | established_title2 = Burgh Charter | established_date2 = 1125 | established_title3 = City status | established_date3 = 1889 | government_type = Unitary authority | leader_title = Governing body | leader_name = The City of Edinburgh Council | leader_title1 = Lord Provost of Edinburgh | leader_name1 = Frank Ross | area_total_km2 = 264 | area_urban_km2 = | area_metro_km2 = 225 | elevation_m = 47 | elevation_footnotes = | area_code = 0131 | population_total = 488,050 – Locality 518,500 – Council | population_as_of = 2016 and 2018 | population_footnotes = | population_density_km2 = 1828 | population_metro = 794,040 | population_blank1_title = Language(s) | population_blank1 = English, Scots | population_demonym = Edinburgher | postal_code_type = Postcode areas | postal_code = EH1-17, EH28-30 | blank_name_sec2 = GDP | blank_info_sec2 = $33 billion | blank1_name_sec2 = GDP per capita | blank1_info_sec2 = $58,000 | website = www.edinburgh.gov.uk | leader_title2 = MSPs

1970 British Commonwealth Games 9th edition of the British Commonwealth Games

The 1970 British Commonwealth Games were held in Edinburgh, Scotland, from 16 July to 25 July 1970. This was the first time the name British Commonwealth Games was adopted, the first time metric units rather than imperial units were used in all events, and also the first time the games were held in Scotland. Also, these games saw the first unique Games trademark logo: an emblem showing the Games emblem intertwined with a St Andrews Cross and a thistle. They were followed by the 1970 Commonwealth Paraplegic Games for wheelchair athletes.

1986 Commonwealth Games 13th edition of the Commonwealth Games

The 1986 Commonwealth Games were held in Edinburgh, Scotland, between 24 July and 2 August 1986. They were the second Games to be held in Edinburgh.

In March 2006, the bidding process began, with the Glasgow Bidding team presenting their case to the Commonwealth Games Federation at the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne, along with the other confirmed candidate cities; the Nigerian capital, Abuja and Halifax in Canada. [14] In October 2006, the first voting delegates arrived in Glasgow, to inspect the city's existing and proposed amenities and facilities. Glasgow announced on 16 January 2007, the 17 sports to be included should its bid be successful. [15] Halifax later withdrew its bid on 8 March 2007, following the withdrawal of funding from the municipal government. [16]

Glasgow bid for the 2014 Commonwealth Games

The Glasgow bid for the 2014 Commonwealth Games was the successful bid to host the 2014 Commonwealth Games by the city of Glasgow, Scotland. It beat the Abuja 2014 Commonwealth Games bid to host the games, which will be held over 11 days, with the opening ceremony on 23 July 2014, and the last day of competition and closing ceremony on 3 August 2014.

2006 Commonwealth Games 18th edition of the Commonwealth Games

The 2006 Commonwealth Games, officially the XVIII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Melbourne 2006, were an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth that were held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia between 15 and 26 March 2006. It was the fourth time Australia had hosted the Commonwealth Games. It was also the largest sporting event to be staged in Melbourne, eclipsing the 1956 Summer Olympics in terms of the number of teams competing, athletes competing, and events being held.

Melbourne City in Victoria, Australia

Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2 (3,858.1 sq mi), comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, and is also the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. It has a population of approximately 5 million, and its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians".

Glasgow city centre. GlasgowIn2011Rooftops.jpg
Glasgow city centre.

That left Abuja and Glasgow as the remaining bidders, with Abuja seen as a likely favourite due to the basis of its campaign that an African nation has never before hosted the Commonwealth Games. [17] The deadline for formal submission of bids to the Commonwealth Games Federation, in the form of a Candidate City File, was set for May 2007. [18] Both bids were highly recommended, though Glasgow's bid team had made use of extensive benchmarking against the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester and the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne and as a result, its bid was deemed technically superior according to the CGF Evaluation Report that was released in September 2007. The Commonwealth Games Evaluation Commission concluded that: "Glasgow has shown it has the ability to stage the 2014 Commonwealth Games to a standard which would continue to enhance the image and prestige of the Games." This put Glasgow ahead in terms of the technical comprehensiveness of its bid. [19]

2002 Commonwealth Games 17th edition of the Commonwealth Games

The 2002 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XVII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Manchester 2002 were held in Manchester, England, from 25 July to 4 August 2002. The 2002 Games were to be hosted in the United Kingdom to coincide with the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II, head of the Commonwealth, and Manchester was selected for the 2002 Games ahead of London. The XVII Commonwealth Games was, prior to the 2012 Summer Olympics, the largest multi-sport event ever to be held in the UK, eclipsing the London 1948 Summer Olympics in numbers of teams and athletes participating. In terms of sports and events, the 2002 Games were the largest Commonwealth Games in history featuring 281 events across 17 sports.

The final decision on the host city of the 2014 Commonwealth Games was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 9 November 2007 at the Commonwealth Games Federation General Assembly, attended by all 71 Commonwealth Games member associations. Each bid city made a presentation to the General Assembly, the order of which was determined by drawing lots. Glasgow's delegation was led by Louise Martin, chair of the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland, First Minister Alex Salmond, athlete Jamie Quarry and Leader of Glasgow City Council Steven Purcell. The presentation also included a promotional film narrated by Sean Connery. [20] Abuja's delegation was led by General Yakubu Gowon, head of the Abuja 2014 Commonwealth Games bid team.

The CGF members later voted for their preferred candidate in a secret ballot. As there were only two bids, the winner was announced by the CGF President, Mike Fennel, after the first round of voting, with the winner only requiring a simple majority. The results of the bidding process were as follows:

2014 Commonwealth Games bidding results
CityCountryVotes
Glasgow Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 47
Abuja Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 24

Development and preparation

Venues

The Clyde Auditorium hosted weightlifting Clyde Auditorium.JPG
The Clyde Auditorium hosted weightlifting
Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome hosted the track cycling Emirate Arena 08.jpg
Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome hosted the track cycling
The SSE Hydro arena hosted Gymnastics, Boxing and Netball events SSE Hydro in Glasgow.jpg
The SSE Hydro arena hosted Gymnastics, Boxing and Netball events
Royal Commonwealth Pool, Edinburgh hosted the Diving event 20131207 Warrender Gala.JPG
Royal Commonwealth Pool, Edinburgh hosted the Diving event

The Commonwealth Arena and Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome precinct is situated at Parkhead in the East End of the city, the velodrome itself is opposite Celtic Park, which was used for the opening ceremony. These venues hosted the Badminton as well as Track cycling. The Road cycling and Cycling Time-trial events started and finished at Glasgow Green. Glasgow Green was the venue for Field hockey and saw the construction of a new Glasgow Green Hockey Centre. Tollcross International Swimming Centre, was the venue for Swimming events. It already had one Olympic standard 50 metre swimming pool, which was extensively upgraded, and a second 50-metre pool was added for the Games as a warm-up facility. The existing permanent seating capacity was increased by 1,000. Combined with additional temporary seating there was over 5,000 seats for the Games.

Ibrox Stadium, in the South Side, was the venue for the Rugby Sevens tournament. Mountain biking was held on the Cathkin Braes in Rutherglen, the Royal Burgh neighbouring the City. The Marathon began and ended at Hampden Park in the South Side, which hosted all the track and field events as well as the closing ceremony.

The Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre, located in the West End of the city, hosted the Wrestling, Judo and Boxing, as well as the Main Press Centre and the International Broadcast Centre, benefiting from its strategic position adjacent to the headquarters of BBC Scotland and STV at Pacific Quay. The Clyde Auditorium hosted Weightlifting, whilst the new SSE Hydro was used for the Gymnastics and Netball events. Kelvingrove Park, also in the city's West End, was the venue for Bowls and has five bowling greens installed for competitive use. A comprehensive upgrade and refurbishment of the park was completed ahead of the Games. Scotstoun Leisure Centre hosted Table tennis and Squash. [21]

The Shooting competitions took place at the Ministry of Defence full-bore rifle and clay target ranges at Barry Buddon, near Dundee, which were also used in the 1986 Commonwealth Games. There were temporary ranges built for the small-bore rifle and pistol events. Diving was held at the Royal Commonwealth Pool in Edinburgh, located 45 miles (72 km) to the east, which held the annual Edinburgh Festival at the same time as the 2014 Commonwealth Games. Strathclyde Country Park, beside Hamilton and Motherwell, hosted the Triathlon event. [22]

Athletes' village

The 2014 Commonwealth Games athlete's village at Glasgow Glasgow 2014 Athletes Village from outside Emirates Arena.JPG
The 2014 Commonwealth Games athlete's village at Glasgow

The Athletes Village for the 2014 Commonwealth Games was situated on a 35 hectare site, in the east end of Glasgow. The whole project has been designed by the Paul Stallan Studio @ RMJM. Primarily the site was used as accommodation for the athletes competing in the games as well as team officials from every competing nation for the duration of the games. As well as accommodation the athletes' village also provided an exclusive retail area for the athletes as well as a dining hall and medical facilities. This is to ensure the athletes and officials have a comfortable stay and have everything they need near by.

Throughout the Games period, transport played a crucial role for those enjoying the Games, those working at the Games, and those competing at the Games. Glasgow hosted 4,500 athletes who required transportation between the Athletes' Village, training venues, and competition venues. Athletes travelled in minibuses or coaches, which used, where necessary, dedicated lanes – known as the Games Route Network – to ensure they are given priority over other traffic in a similar way buses are in bus lanes. These lanes formed part of a larger dedicated Games Route Network that was also used by the people working on the Games. [23]

Queen's baton relay

Queen's Baton Relay in Thurso, Scotland Queen's Baton Relay in Thurso (14435809807).jpg
Queen's Baton Relay in Thurso, Scotland

The Queen's Baton Relay began its 190,000 km journey on 9 October 2013. The baton travelled via 70 nations and territories over 288 days before opening the games on 23 July 2014. At the ceremony, 32 inspiring volunteers from across Scotland carried the baton around Celtic Park Stadium after being nominated for giving their time to developing the nation's youth through sport. The baton was then passed to Sir Chris Hoy, who delivered it to President of the Commonwealth Games Federation HRH Prince Imran and the Queen who then declared the games open. [24]

The BBC provided coverage of the relay. Adventurer Mark Beaumont presented a series of documentaries filmed on the relay for BBC One Scotland, there were also weekly updates for BBC News and a BBC News website and blog written by Mark. [25]

Budget

Queen's Baton Queen's Baton (14248102059).jpg
Queen's Baton

The total games budget was £575.6 million (US$ 720.8 million). This figure included £472.3 million for Glasgow 2014 and £90 million for security. The Glasgow 2014 budget of £472.3 million was made up of £372 million of public money with the remainder coming from commercial income generated through sponsorship, ticket sales, broadcasting rights and merchandise sales. However, the games were under-budget. More than £25 million were saved. Former First minister of Scotland, Alex Salmond said that the left over money would be invested in the National Health Service of Scotland. Lord Smith of Kelvin, Chairman of the Glasgow 2014 said: "It gives me considerable pride to now be able to say that Glasgow and Scotland have made Games history - and have done so well within budget." [26]

Transport

The Glasgow Airport was upgraded at a cost of £100 million with improved road system, a new food court, a new runway lighting system and improved airfield taxiway. The airport's main passenger lounge, skylounge, was also refurbished along with improvements to the internal layouts of the main terminal building. [27] During the games, spectators were encouraged to use the public transport, particularly for longer journeys as they make their way to the venues of the games. The Glasgow 2014 ticket included access to local public transport services (trains, buses and Subway) to and from the venue on the day of the event. In order to access those services, the spectators had to show the valid event ticket on request. The spectators were also encouraged to walk or use bicycles instead of motor vehicles to reach the venues in order to avoid traffic jam. [28]

Opening ceremony

Directed by David Zolkwer with David Proctor (Executive Producer) and Sarah Gardiner (Creative Producer).

The programme, which included about 2,000 performers, featured Karen Dunbar, John Barrowman, Amy Macdonald, Rod Stewart, Susan Boyle, Nicola Benedetti, Julie Fowlis, Eric Whitacre, and Pumeza Matshikiza, as well as a message from the International Space Station. The ceremony began with a countdown and a recorded video message from Scottish actor Ewan McGregor, explaining the partnership between the Games and UNICEF. Following the arrival of the Queen there was a flypast by the Red Arrows display team. The venue featured the largest LED video screen in Europe, supplied by Sports Technology. Scotland's then First Minister Alex Salmond welcomed the participants and spectators, and introduced a moment of silence in memory of the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 disaster. The final part of the Queen's Baton Relay was run by 32 Scottish volunteers nominated for giving their time to developing the nation's youth through sport. The baton was then passed to Sir Chris Hoy, who delivered it to President of the Commonwealth Games Federation HRH Prince Imran and the Queen. The display of the message concealed within the baton was delayed by a difficulty in opening the device. The Games were launched in partnership with UNICEF, to save and change children’s lives. The unique partnership aimed "to use the power of sport to reach every child in Scotland and benefit children in every Commonwealth nation and territory." In the culmination of a groundbreaking partnership with UNICEF, the ceremony inspired millions to text donations to our shared ‘Put Children First’ campaign, which raised £3.5 million on the night and more than £5 million to date. [29]

Closing ceremony

Directed by David Zolkwer with David Proctor (Executive Producer) and Sarah Gardiner (Creative Producer).

The closing ceremony took a visual theme of a music festival, with performers, tents, and flags within the stadium. The ceremony began with Scottish singer Lulu welcoming the athletes of the games. Scottish band Deacon Blue performed their signature song "Dignity". During this the workers of Glasgow were recognised as they paraded along the front of the main stand at Hampden, some on foot, others in their work vehicles. Local band Prides performed their hit song "Messiah". Speeches followed, with Prince Imran telling the crowd that the games were "pure dead brilliant", a local Glaswegian term. The games were officially closed and handed over to the Gold Coast for 2018, who began their own performance with Australian singer Jessica Mauboy. Kylie Minogue then performed a seven-hit songs set list, while the volunteer cast told the story of "a typical Glasgow night out". Her costume was designed by Jean Paul Gaultier and headpiece designed by millinery designer Lara Jensen. The show ended with Dougie MacLean performing Caledonia with the other performers, and a performance of "Auld Lang Syne". [30]

Participating Commonwealth Games Associations

There were 71 participating nations at the 2014 Commonwealth Games with approximately 4,950 competing athletes, making it one of the largest Commonwealth Games staged to date. On 7 October 2013, The Gambia, having withdrawn from the Commonwealth five days earlier, confirmed that it would not be taking part in the games. [31]

In this table the number of athletes sent is shown in parenthesis.

Nations that competed at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow 2014CWG prelim countries map.PNG
Nations that competed at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow
Participating Commonwealth Games Associations

Calendar

The following table shows a summary of the competition schedule. [105]

All times are in BST (UTC+1)
OCOpening ceremonyEvent competitions1Event finalsCCClosing ceremony
July/August23
Wed
24
Thu
25
Fri
26
Sat
27
Sun
28
Mon
29
Tue
30
Wed
31
Thu
1
Fri
2
Sat
3
Sun
Events
CeremoniesOCCCN/A
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 477797950
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 156
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 1311
Cycling pictogram.svg Cycling 445422223
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 323210
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics 114225520
Field hockey pictogram.svg Hockey 112
Judo pictogram.svg Judo 54514
Bowling pictogram.svg Lawn bowls 1222310
Netball pictogram.svg Netball 11
Rugby Sevens pictogram.svg Rugby sevens 11
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 3524519
Squash pictogram.svg Squash 2125
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 68778844
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 11237
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon 213
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 22222221419
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 55414
Daily medal events2022302327311925203311261
Cumulative total20427295122153172197217250261
July/August23
Wed
24
Thu
25
Fri
26
Sat
27
Sun
28
Mon
29
Tue
30
Wed
31
Thu
1
Fri
2
Sat
3
Sun
Total events

Sports

A total of 18 sports and 261 medal events were contested at the 2014 Commonwealth Games. [106] A record 22 para-sport events were contested in five different sports (athletics, cycling, lawn bowls, swimming and weightlifting) and para track cycling was held for the very first time. [107] Archery and tennis from the 2010 games were replaced on the sports programme with triathlon (for the first time since 2006) [108] and judo (first time since 2002). Among sport disciplines removed from 2010 include the walking events in athletics, synchronised swimming and Greco-Roman wrestling, while mountain biking was contested for the first time since 2006. Shooting medal events also dropped from 44 in 2010 to 19. Among new disciplines on the Commonwealth Games programme for the first time were the triathlon mixed relay event, more shooting medal chances for women and the addition of women's boxing to the programme. [109] [110]

Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each sport.

Medal table

Only the top ten successful nations are displayed here. The ranking in this table is consistent with International Olympic Committee convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a "nation" is an entity represented by a Commonwealth Games Association). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by their three-letter country code. [111] [112]

Two bronze medals were awarded in boxing, judo and wrestling, except for Women's freestyle 75 kg as only five competitors were entered in the event. Additionally, two bronze medals were awarded in the men's 100 m backstroke and women's pole vault as a result of a tie between two athletes. No bronze medal was awarded in the men's synchronized 10 metre platform as only four teams competed in the event. Therefore, the total number of bronze medals is greater than the total number of gold or silver medals.

  *   Host nation (Scotland)

2014 Commonwealth Games medal table
RankCGAGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of England.svg  England  (ENG)585957174
2Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)494246137
3Flag of Canada.svg  Canada  (CAN)32163482
4Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland  (SCO)*19151953
5Flag of India.svg  India  (IND)15301964
6Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)14141745
7Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (RSA)13101740
8Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria  (NGR)11111436
9Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN)1010525
10Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)104822
11–37 Remaining 305066146
Totals (37 CGAs)261261302824

Marketing

Interim and bid logo. Glasgow2014logo.PNG
Interim and bid logo.

The interim logo for the Games was first used during Glasgow's bid, with the "Candidate City" section removed following 9 November 2007, when the bid was approved. The logo depicts two sprinters woven into a tartan motif, representing Scotland. The logo also vaguely resembles the Clyde Auditorium, one of Glasgow's most recognisable landmarks. The pattern, forming the Roman numerals XX, also represents the 20th edition of the Commonwealth Games. The text is more specifically Glaswegian, with its stylised Mackintosh font. A flag featuring the logo was used extensively during the bid process. The flag was flown above Merchant House in George Square daily. [113]

Sponsors

Sponsors of the 2014 Commonwealth Games [114]
Official partners
Official Games Supporters
Official Games Providers

The Games brand identity

The 'Big G' was set up just before the Games in George Square The Big G 2014 Commonwealth Games.jpg
The 'Big G' was set up just before the Games in George Square

The full Games brand identity was developed by Glasgow design studio Tangent Graphic, the lead creative agency between 2010 and 2014. Tangent's first major project was the official sport Pictograms, launched on 23 July 2011, and they continued to deliver and influence every aspect of the Glasgow 2014 identity. Tangent inherited the official logo which was designed by Marque Creative. The logo was unveiled on Commonwealth Day, 8 March 2010. [115] It was inspired by three factors, time, data and measurement. Its rings are proportioned to represent the 20th Commonwealth Games, across 17 sports, over 11 days in 1 city. An animated version of the logo has also been produced. [116]

There is also a version of the logo in Scottish Gaelic. Arthur Cormack, the Chair of Bòrd na Gàidhlig, made the following official statement:

"Bòrd na Gàidhlig welcomes the Gaelic version of the logo for the Glaschu 2014 Commonwealth Games and we have been happy to work with the Glaschu 2014 team in helping them develop their identity. Given the unique importance of Gaelic to Scotland and the many Scots in the diaspora throughout the Commonwealth, we believe it should be seen, heard and spoken as widely as possible."
"Given the worldwide interest there will be in the Games when they take place in Glasgow, a city with a large number of Gaelic speakers, we believe they offer an exciting opportunity for Gaelic to be seen and, we hope, heard and appreciated in an international setting. We hope this is just the start; we wish the Games well and look forward to working further with Glaschu 2014 to enhance the status of Gaelic within this hugely significant event." [117]

The official website was built in phases, delivered by Dog Digital and Blonde.

Mascot

Mascot sculpture in the Glasgow Botanic Gardens Clyde (Mascot).jpg
Mascot sculpture in the Glasgow Botanic Gardens

Clyde, an anthropomorphic thistle named after the river which flows through the centre of Glasgow, was the official mascot of the 2014 Commonwealth Games. The mascot was designed by Beth Gilmour, who won a competition run by Glasgow 2014 for children to design the Mascot. Beth's drawing was then brought to life by digital agency Nerv, who turned it into a commercial character, created a full backstory, gave it a name – Clyde – and created a website for him. Clyde was finally revealed in a seven-minute animated film created by Nerv at a ceremony at BBC Scotland's headquarters in Glasgow. The organiser, Glasgow 2014, said the mascot's design was chosen because of its "Scottish symbolism and Glaswegian charm and likeability". [118]

25 life-size Clyde statues were erected at places of public interest across the city including the Glasgow Botanic Gardens, the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and at George Square. However following vandalism at a statue in the Govan area of the city, the statues were taken down. They are expected to be re-erected in secure areas. By the final day of the Games, over 50,000 Clyde mascot cuddly toys had been sold. [119]

Due to popularity in the city, the Clyde mascots are currently proposed official mascots of the City of Glasgow.

Controversies

Drug doping and testing

Nigeria's Chika Amalaha failed a doping test and was stripped of a gold medal in the women's 53 kg weightlifting. [120] In the women's 400 metres final, Botswana's Amantle Montsho placed fourth; she was subsequently provisionally suspended pending the results of a B sample after failing a doping test. [121] Montsho's B sample was reported as positive on 14 August 2014. [122]

See also

Related Research Articles

Sport plays an important role in the culture of Glasgow, the largest city in Scotland. Association football is particularly popular: Glasgow is known for the fierce Old Firm rivalry between Scotland's most successful clubs, Celtic and Rangers. The national stadium, Hampden Park, is located in the city and stages most home matches of the Scotland national team, as well as the finals of the Scottish Cup and Scottish League Cup. The Scottish Football Association (SFA) and Scottish Professional Football League (SPFL) are both also based at Hampden. The world's first official international match took place in Glasgow in 1872.

Scotland at the Commonwealth Games

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2018 Commonwealth Games 21st edition of the Commonwealth Games

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Athletics at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

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Botswana at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

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Brunei at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

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Nauru at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

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Montserrat at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

Montserrat competed in the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland from 23 July to 3 August 2014. Montserrat's team consisted of four male athletes in athletics.

Norfolk Island at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

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Preceded by
Delhi 2010
Commonwealth Games
Host city
XX Commonwealth Games
Succeeded by
Gold Coast 2018