Commission for Racial Equality

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The Commission for Racial Equality (CRE) was a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom which aimed to address racial discrimination and promote racial equality. The commission was established in 1976, and disbanded in 2007 when its functions were taken over by the newly created Equality and Human Rights Commission.

Contents

History

The Commission was established by the Race Relations Act 1976, under James Callaghan's Labour government. Its first Chairman was former Conservative MP, David Lane. It was formed through the amalgamation of the Race Relations Board and the Community Relations Commission [1]

The Race Relations Act, which has now been superseded by the Equality Act 2010, applied in England, Wales and Scotland. It did not apply in Northern Ireland, where the Race Relations (NI) Order 1997 applies. The CRE's work covered all the areas where people were protected against discrimination under the Race Relations Act.

The mission statement of the commission was: "We work for a just and integrated society, where diversity is valued. We use persuasion and our powers under the law to give everyone an equal chance to live free from fear of discrimination, prejudice and racism".

The main goals of the CRE were:

The CRE organised the annual Race in the Media Awards (RIMA), [2] launched in 1992, [3] [4] to encourage more informed coverage of race relations, diversity and multiculturalism as well as acknowledging excellence in the coverage of race issues by the UK media. [5] [6] In 2005 the Media Personality of the Year award was won by footballer Thierry Henry "for his strong stance against racism in football, most notably by initiating Nike's 'Stand Up, Speak Up' campaign". [7]

When the CRE ceased to exist as a separate entity, its library was acquired by the Ahmed Iqbal Ullah Race Relations Resource Centre at the University of Manchester.

Issues

Commissioners

See also Category:Commissioners for Racial Equality

The CRE was run by up to 15 commissioners (including the chair), who were appointed by the Home Secretary. At January 2007 the commissioners were:

Controversy

When it was first established, there was much judicial and governmental unrest about the scope of the Commission's investigatory powers. In one particular case, Lord Denning MR went so far as to compare the use by the CRE of its investigative powers to "the days of the inquisition", [9] and to suggest that it had in consequence created racial discord. [10] Subsequent House of Lords decisions made clear that the Commission had no power to launch investigations into employers' affairs where there had been no allegation of discrimination. [11]

See also

Notes

  1. "Race Relations Board: Minutes and Papers". /discovery.nationalarchives. The National Archive. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  2. "Race in Britain: Race in the Media Awards", The Guardian.
  3. "CRE Race in the media awards 2002", via JSTOR. The University of Manchester.
  4. Lisa O'Carroll, "Race in the Media celebrates first decade", The Guardian, 3 December 2001.
  5. "CRE Race in the media awards 1997", via JSTOR. The University of Manchester.
  6. "CRE Race in the media awards 1998", via JSTOR. The University of Manchester.
  7. "Race in the Media Awards", CRE Annual Report and Accounts, 2005, p. 16.
  8. Dominic Casciani, "Analysis: Segregated Britain?" BBC News, 22 September 2005.
  9. Science Research Council v. Nasse [1979] QB 144.
  10. James O'Driscoll (30 July 1982). "Race Board's 'Inquisition' over Turban". Daily Telegraph.
  11. R v. CRE, ex parte Hillingdon Borough Council [1982] AC 779 and In re Prestige [1984] ICR 473.

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