Progressive Alliance

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Progressive Alliance
Progressive alliance logo.png
MottoFreedom, Justice, Solidarity
Formation14–15 December 2012 (first conference)
22 May 2013 (foundation)
PurposeGlobal network of social-democratic and progressive political parties and organisations
Headquarters Berlin, Germany
Region served
Main organ
Conference of the Progressive Alliance
Countries with participants of the PA; green in government, red in opposition, yellow with no member (As of September 2018
). Progressive Alliance membership.png
Countries with participants of the PA; green in government, red in opposition, yellow with no member (As of September 2018).

The Progressive Alliance (PA) is a political international of social-democratic, socialist and progressive political parties and organisations founded on 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany. [1] The alliance was formed as an alternative to the existing Socialist International, of which many of its member parties are former or current members. [2] The Progressive Alliance claims 140 participants from around the world.

A political international is a transnational organization of political parties having similar ideology or political orientation. The international works together on points of agreement to co-ordinate activity.

Social democracy is a political, social and economic philosophy that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and a capitalist mixed economy. The protocols and norms used to accomplish this involve a commitment to representative and participatory democracy, measures for income redistribution and regulation of the economy in the general interest and welfare state provisions. In this way, social democracy aims to create the conditions for capitalism to lead to greater democratic, egalitarian and solidaristic outcomes. Due to longstanding governance by social democratic parties during the post-war consensus and their influence on socioeconomic policy in the Nordic countries, social democracy has become associated in policy circles with the Nordic model in the latter part of the 20th century.

Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership of the means of production and workers' self-management, as well as the political theories and movements associated with them. Social ownership can be public, collective or cooperative ownership, or citizen ownership of equity. There are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them, with social ownership being the common element shared by its various forms.



The first step towards the creation of the Progressive Alliance was the decision in January 2012 by Sigmar Gabriel, then chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), to cancel payment of the SPD's £100,000 yearly membership fee to the Socialist International. Gabriel had been critical of the Socialist International's admittance and continuing inclusion of undemocratic political movements into the organization. [3] [4] [5]

Sigmar Gabriel German politician (SPD)

Sigmar Hartmut Gabriel is a German politician who was Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2017 to 2018 and Vice-Chancellor of Germany from 2013 to 2018. He was Leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 2009 to 2017, which made him the party's longest-serving leader since Willy Brandt. He was the Federal Minister of the Environment from 2005 to 2009 and the Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Energy from 2013 to 2017. From 1999 to 2003 Gabriel was Prime Minister of Lower Saxony.

Social Democratic Party of Germany Social-democratic political party in Germany

The Social Democratic Party of Germany, is a social-democratic political party in Germany.

Socialist International Political international

The Socialist International (SI) is a worldwide organisation of political parties which seek to establish democratic socialism. It consists mostly of democratic socialist, social-democratic and labour political parties and other organisations.

An initial Conference of the Progressive Alliance was held in Rome, Italy on 14–15 December 2012, with representatives of 42 political parties attending. [6] [7] They included Pier Luigi Bersani, leader of the Democratic Party of Italy, Harlem Désir, Chair of the French Socialist Party, Hermes Binner, Chair of the Argentinian Socialist Party, Peter Shumlin, Democratic Governor of Vermont, and Mustapha Ben Jafar, Secretary General of the Tunisian Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties. [8] Also present were representatives of the Indian National Congress, the Workers Party of Brazil, and PASOK of Greece. [9] [10] The Dutch Labour Party also supported the formation of the organization, [11] as did the Swiss Socialist Party, [12] and the Social Democratic Party of Austria. [13]

Rome Capital city and comune in Italy

Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

Italy republic in Southern Europe

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

Pier Luigi Bersani Italian politician

Pier Luigi Bersani is an Italian politician and was Secretary of the Democratic Party (DP), Italy's leading centre-left party, from 2009 to 2013. Bersani was Minister of Industry, Commerce and Craftmanship from 1996 to 1999, Minister of Transport from 1999 to 2001, and Minister of Economic Development from 2006 to 2008.

During the Council of the Socialist International in Cascais, Portugal, on 4–5 February 2013, 50 political parties discussed on the sidelines the formation of the Progressive Alliance, including the Movement for Democratic Change of Zimbabwe. [14]

Cascais Municipality in Lisbon, Portugal

Cascais is a municipality in the Lisbon District of Portugal, located on the Portuguese Riviera. The population in 2011 was 206,479, in an area of 97.40 km2. Cascais is an important tourist destination. Its marina hosts events such as the America's Cup and the town of Estoril, part of the Cascais municipality, hosts conferences such as the Horasis Global Meeting.

Portugal Republic in Southwestern Europe

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain. Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.

Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai political party

The Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai (MDC–T) is a center-left political party and currently the main opposition party in the House of Assembly of Zimbabwe ahead of the 2018 elections. After the split of the original Movement for Democratic Change in 2005, the MDC–T remains the major opposition faction. The smaller faction is the Movement for Democratic Change – Ncube, or MDC–N, led by Welshman Ncube.

The official foundation of the organization was held on the 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany, on the 150th anniversary of the formation of the General German Workers' Association (ADAV), the predecessor of the SPD. [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] The organization stated the aim of becoming the global network of "the progressive, democratic, social-democratic, socialist and labour movement". [20] [21] It was reported that representatives of approximately 70 social-democratic political parties from across the world attended the event. [22] [23] [24] [25] The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) group in the European Parliament joined the organization upon its official foundation. [26] Many member parties are also affiliated to the Socialist International. [27] In September 2013 the Democratic Party (DIKO) of Cyprus announced that it was negotiating to join the Progressive Alliance and that its representatives were to attend a seminar of the international in Stockholm on 24 October. [28] On 4–5 December 2014, a Progressive Alliance conference was held in Lisbon for member parties of the S&D group. [29] A regional seminar was held on 25 September 2015 in Batu Ferringhi, Malaysia, which also hosted delegates from the Democratic Action Party of Malaysia, Democratic Party of Japan and Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle. [30] On 25 April 2016 the organisation held a seminar in São Paulo hosted by the Workers' Party of Brazil. [31]

Leipzig Place in Saxony, Germany

Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. With a population of 581,980 inhabitants as of 2017, it is Germany's tenth most populous city. Leipzig is located about 160 kilometres (99 mi) southwest of Berlin at the confluence of the White Elster, Pleiße and Parthe rivers at the southern end of the North German Plain.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

The General German Workers' Association was a German political party founded on 23 May 1863 in Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony by Ferdinand Lassalle.


The Progressive Alliance lists the parties and organisations which participate in the network, rather than claiming members. [32]

Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Socialist Forces Front FFSIn opposition
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Generación para un Encuentro Nacional GENIn opposition
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Socialist Party PSIn opposition
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Australian Labor Party ALPIn oppositionIn government in Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory.
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria SPÖIn oppositionPart of governing coalitions in Vienna, Styria, Lower Austria, Carinthia, Burgenland and Upper Austria.
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Assembly) Hramada
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Socialist Party PSIn opposition
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Socialist Party Differently SPAIn opposition
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia Movement for Socialism MASIn government
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Workers' Party PTIn opposition
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Brazilian Socialist Party PSBIn opposition
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party BSPIn opposition
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso People's Movement for Progress MPPIn government
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso Party for Democracy and Progress / Socialist Party PDP/PS
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Social Democratic Front SDFIn opposition
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada New Democratic Party NDP/NPDIn oppositionIn government in the province of British Columbia.
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People MLPCIn opposition
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Socialist Party of Chile PSIn opposition
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Party for Democracy PPDIn opposition
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Citizens' Action Party PACIn government
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia SDPIn opposition
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy EDEKIn opposition
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus Democratic Party DikoIn opposition
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus Republican Turkish Party CTPIn opposition
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party ČSSDJunior party in coalition
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of Congo Union for Democracy and Social Progress UDPSIn opposition
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Social Democrats SDIn government
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic Modern Revolutionary Party PRMIn opposition
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Egyptian Social Democratic Party ESDPIn opposition
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea Convergence for Social Democracy CPDSIn opposition
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea Eritrean Peoples' Democratic Party EPDP
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland SDPSenior party in coalition
Flag of France.svg  France Socialist Party PSIn opposition
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Georgian Dream In government
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany SPDJunior party in coalition
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana National Democratic Congress NDCIn government
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement PASOKIn opposition
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada National Democratic Congress NDC
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea Guinean People's Assembly RPGIn government
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party MSzPIn opposition
Flag of India.svg  India Indian National Congress INCIn oppositionIn government in Punjab, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh. Part of governing coalitions in Karnataka and Puducherry.
Flag of India.svg  India Samajwadi (Socialist) Party SPIn opposition
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia National Democratic Party NasDemJunior party in coalition
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle PDIPSenior party in coalition
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan PDKI
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan KPK
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan KŞZK
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq Patriotic Union of Kurdistan PUKIn opposition
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq Kurdistan Socialist Democratic Party KSDPIn opposition
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Labour Party In opposition
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Israeli Labour Party HaAvodaIn opposition
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Meretz In opposition
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Democratic Party PDIn opposition
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast Cap Union for Democracy and Development CAP-UDD
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan Jordanian Social Democratic Party KPK
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya Labour Party of Kenya KLP
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Concord Social Democratic Party SDPSIn opposition
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon Progressive Socialist Party PSPJunior party in coalition
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania LSDPIn opposition
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party LSAPJunior party in coalition
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Democratic Action Party DAPSenior party in coalition
Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania Rally of Democratic Forces RFDIn opposition
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius Mauritius Militant Movement MMMIn opposition
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution PRDIn opposition
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Citizens' Movement MCIn opposition
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova PDMSenior party in coalition
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia Mongolian People's Party MPPIn government
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro Social Democratic Party of Montenegro SDPIn opposition
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro DPSSenior party in coalition
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces USFPIn opposition
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar Democratic Party for a New Society DPNS
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal Nepali Congress NCIn opposition
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Labour Party PvdAIn opposition
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand New Zealand Labour Party NZLPSenior party in coalition
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua Sandinista Renovation Movement MRSIn opposition
Flag of Niger.svg  Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism PNDSIn government
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia SDUMIn government
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus Republican Turkish Party CTPIn opposition
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Norwegian Labour Party ApIn opposition
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine Fatah In government
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine Palestinian National Initiative PNIIn opposition
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Party for a Country of Solidarity PPSIn opposition
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Akbayan Citizens' Action Party In opposition
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Democratic Left Alliance SLD
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Socialist Party PSIn government
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Republic of Congo Convergence Citoyenne CC
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Social Democratic Party PSDSenior party in coalition
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  Sao Tome and Principe Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party MLSTP-PSDIn opposition
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Socialist Party of Senegal PS
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Democratic Party DSIn opposition
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy SDIn government
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Social Democrats SDJunior party in coalition
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia Somali Social Unity Party SSUP
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Justice Party JP
In opposition
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party PSOEIn government
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Labour Party In opposition
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Swaziland People’s United Democratic Movement PUDEMO
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Swaziland Swazi Democratic Party SWADEPA
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party SAPSenior party in coalition
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland SPJunior party in coalition
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria Syrian Democratic People's Party
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania Chama Cha Mapinduzi CCMIn government
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Future Forward Party FWPIn opposition
Flag of East Timor.svg  Timor Leste Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor FRETILINIn government
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties Ettakatol
Extra-parliamentary opposition
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Peoples' Democratic Party HDPIn opposition
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Republican People's Party CHPIn opposition
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Socialist Party of Uruguay PSUIn government
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Labour Party In oppositionIn government in the Welsh Assembly, holds the London Mayoralty and London Assembly.
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Democratic Party [33] [34] [35] DIn oppositionIn government in 23 states, holds the House of Representatives.
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg  Western Sahara Polisario Front In government
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen Yemeni Socialist Party YSPIn opposition
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe Movement for Democratic Change MDCIn opposition
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe People's Democratic Party PDPIn opposition
International Socialist International Women SIW
International International Union of Socialist Youth IUSY
Flag of Europe.svg  Europe Party of European Socialists PES
Flag of Europe.svg  European Union Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists & Democrats in the European Parliament S&DJunior party in coalition
EuropeParty of European Socialists WomenPES Women
Europe Young European Socialists YES
AsiaNetwork of Social Democracy in AsiaSOCDEM
AsiaArab Social Democratic ForumASDF
AfricaCentral African Progressive AllianceAPAC
International International Trade Union Confederation ITUC
The Americas Trade Union Confederation of the Americas CSA
International Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD TUAC
InternationalIndustrial Global Union
Europe Solidar
InternationalGlobal Progressive Forum
InternationalCEE Network
InternationalJust Jobs Network
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Center for American Progress CAP
EuropeFoundation for European Progressive StudiesFEPS
Flag of France.svg  France Foundation Jean Jaurès
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Foundation João Mangabeira
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Friedrich Ebert Foundation FES
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Olof Palme International Center OPIC

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