Socialist International

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Socialist International
Red Rose (Socialism).svg
Socialist International logo
Parties of Socialist International.svg
Countries with members of Socialist International
AbbreviationSI
Predecessor Labour and Socialist International
Formation3 June 1951;67 years ago (1951-06-03)
Type International non-governmental organisation
Purpose"Strengthen relations between the affiliated parties and to coordinate their political attitudes and activities" [1]
Location
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
153
President
George Papandreou
Secretary General
Luis Ayala  [ Wikidata ]
Main organ
Congress of the Socialist International
Budget
£1.4 million (2014) [2]
Website www.socialistinternational.org

The Socialist International (SI) is a worldwide association of political parties which seek to establish democratic socialism. [1] It consists mostly of democratic socialist, social-democratic and labour political parties and other organisations.

A political international is a transnational organization of political parties having similar ideology or political orientation. The international works together on points of agreement to co-ordinate activity.

Democratic socialism is a political philosophy that advocates political democracy alongside social ownership of the means of production with an emphasis on self-management and democratic management of economic institutions within a market or some form of decentralized planned socialist economy.

Social democracy is a political, social, and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy. The protocols and norms used to accomplish this involve a commitment to representative and participatory democracy; measures for income redistribution and regulation of the economy in the general interest; and welfare state provisions. Social democracy thus aims to create the conditions for capitalism to lead to greater democratic, egalitarian and solidaristic outcomes. Due to longstanding governance by social democratic parties and their influence on socioeconomic policy development in the Nordic countries, in policy circles social democracy has become associated with the Nordic model in the latter part of the 20th century.

Contents

Although formed in 1951 as a successor to the Labour and Socialist International, it has antecedents to the late nineteenth century. The association has grown to include 153 member parties [3] from over 100 countries. Its members have governed in many countries including most of Europe. The Party of European Socialists (PES), a major European political party, is an associated organisation of the SI.

The Labour and Socialist International was an international organization of socialist and labour parties, active between 1923 and 1940. The group was established through a merger of the rival Vienna International and the former Second International, based in London, and was the forerunner of the present-day Socialist International.

Party of European Socialists political party at European level

The Party of European Socialists (PES) is a social-democratic European political party.

European political party type of political party operating on a pan-European level

A European political party is a type of political party organisation operating transnationally in Europe and in the institutions of the European Union. They are regulated and funded by the European Union and are usually made up of national parties, not individuals. Europarties have the exclusive right to campaign during the European elections and express themselves within the European Parliament by their affiliated political groups and their MEPs. Europarties, through coordination meetings with their affiliated heads of state and government, influence the decision-making process of the European Council. Europarties also work closely and co-ordinate with their affiliated members of the European Commission and, according to the Lisbon Treaty the Europarty that wins the European elections has the right to nominate to the European Council its candidate for President of the European Commission.

The current secretary general of the SI is Luis Ayala  [ Wikidata ] (Chile), who has held the post since 1989. [4] The current president of the SI is the former Prime Minister of Greece George Papandreou. [4]

Prime Minister of Greece head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet

The Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic, colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Greece, is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet. The incumbent prime minister is Alexis Tsipras, who took office on 21 September 2015.

George Papandreou Greek politician

George Andreas Papandreou is a Greek American politician who served as Prime Minister of Greece from 2009 to 2011.

History

The First and Second Internationals (1864–1916)

The International Workingmen's Association (the First International) was the first international body to bring together organisations representing the working class. [5] It was formed in London on 28 September 1864 by socialist, communist and anarchist political groups and trade unions. [6] Tensions between moderates and revolutionaries led to its dissolution in 1876 in Philadelphia. [7]

International Workingmens Association

The International Workingmen's Association (IWA), often called the First International (1864–1876), was an international organization which aimed at uniting a variety of different left-wing socialist, communist and anarchist groups and trade unions that were based on the working class and class struggle. It was founded in 1864 in a workmen's meeting held in St. Martin's Hall, London. Its first congress was held in 1866 in Geneva.

Working class those employed in lower tier jobs

The working class comprises those engaged in waged or salaried labour, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work. Working-class occupations include blue-collar jobs, some white-collar jobs, and most pink-collar jobs. Members of the working class rely for their income exclusively upon their earnings from wage labour; thus the category includes almost all of the working population of industrialized economies, as well as those employed in the urban areas of non-industrialized economies or in the rural workforce.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

The Second International was formed in Paris on 14 July 1889 as an association of the socialist parties. [8] Differences over World War I led to the Second International being dissolved in 1916.

The Second International (1889–1916), the original Socialist International, was an organization of socialist and labour parties formed in Paris on 14 July 1889. At the Paris meeting, delegations from twenty countries participated. The International continued the work of the dissolved First International, though excluding the still-powerful anarcho-syndicalist movement and unions and by 1922 April 2 at a major post-World War I conference it began to reorganize into the Labor and Socialist International.

World War I 1914–1918 global war originating in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

The Labour and Socialist International (1919–1940)

International Socialist Commission (ISC, also known as Berne International) was formed in February 1919 at a meeting in Berne by parties that wanted to resurrect the Second International. [9] In March 1919 communist parties formed Comintern (the Third International) at a meeting in Moscow. [10]

The International Socialist Commission, also known as the International Socialist Committee or the Berne International was a coordinating committee of socialists parties that adhered to the idea of the Zimmerwald Conference of 1915.

Parties which did not want to be a part of the resurrected Second International (ISC) or Comintern formed the International Working Union of Socialist Parties (IWUSP, also known as Vienna International/Vienna Union/Two-and-a-Half International) on 27 February 1921 at a conference in Vienna. [11] The ISC and the IWUSP joined to form the Labour and Socialist International (LSI) in May 1923 at a meeting in Hamburg. [12] The rise of Nazism and the start of World War II led to the dissolution of the LSI in 1940.

The Socialist International (1951–present)

The Socialist International was formed in Frankfurt in July 1951 as a successor to the LSI. [13]

During the post-World War II period, the SI aided social democratic parties in re-establishing themselves when dictatorship gave way to democracy in Portugal (1974) and Spain (1975). Until its 1976 Geneva Congress, the SI had few members outside Europe and no formal involvement with Latin America. [14] In the 1980s, most SI parties gave their backing to the Nicaraguan Sandinistas (FSLN), whose democratically-elected left-wing government was subject to a campaign to overthrow it backed by the United States, which culminated in the Iran–Contra affair after the Reagan administration covertly continued US support for the Contras after such support was banned by Congress.

Willy Brandt with outgoing secretary general Bernt Carlsson (left) and new secretary general Pentti Väänänen (right) at the Socialist International Congress in 1983 WillyBrandtBerntCarlssonPenttiVäänänen.jpg
Willy Brandt with outgoing secretary general Bernt Carlsson (left) and new secretary general Pentti Väänänen (right) at the Socialist International Congress in 1983

In the late 1970s and in the 1980s the SI had extensive contacts and discussion with the two leading powers of the Cold War period, the United States and the Soviet Union, on issues concerning East–West relations and arms control. The SI supported détente and disarmament agreements, such as SALTII, START and INF. They had several meetings and discussion in Washington, D.C. with President Jimmy Carter and Vice-President George Bush and in Moscow with Secretaries General Leonid Brezhnev and Mikhail Gorbachev. The SI's delegations to these discussions were led by the Finnish Prime Minister Kalevi Sorsa. [15]

Since then, the SI has admitted as member parties not only the FSLN but also the left-wing Puerto Rican Independence Party, as well as former Communist parties such as the Democratic Party of the Left of Italy and the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO).

Following the Tunisian revolution, the Constitutional Democratic Rally was expelled from the SI in January 2011. [16] Later that month, the Egyptian National Democratic Party was also expelled. [17] As a result of the 2010–2011 Ivorian crisis, the Ivorian Popular Front was expelled in March 2011. [18] However, according to section 5.1.3 of the statutes of the Socialist International, an expulsion requires a decision of Congress by a majority of two-thirds. [19]

The Progressive Alliance (2013)

On 22 May 2013, the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) along with other current and former member parties of the SI founded a rival international network of social-democratic parties known as the Progressive Alliance, out of criticism of the perceived corrupt, undemocratic and outmoded nature of the SI. [20] [21] [22] [23]

Presidents, honorary presidents and secretaries general

Presidents

Honorary presidents

[24]

Secretaries general

Summits

Members

Full members

The following parties are full members: [25] [26]

CountryNameAbbrGovernmentNotes
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania Socialist Party of Albania [27] [28] [29] PS in government Admitted as consultative member in 1999. [30] [29] Promoted to full member in 2003. [31]
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Socialist Forces Front [32] [33] [34] FFS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Promoted to full member in 1996. [36] [34]
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra Social Democratic Party [37] [38] PS in opposition Promoted to full member in 2003. [31] [38]
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola [39] MPLA in government Admitted as observer member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 2003. [31] [39]
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Radical Civic Union [40] UCR junior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 1999. [30] [40]
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Socialist Party [41] [42] PS in opposition Full member since 1951. [42]
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia Armenian Revolutionary Federation [43] [44] ARF junior party in coalition Admitted (as Armenian Socialist Party) as observer member in 1996. [36] [44] Promoted (as ASP) to consultative member in 1999. [30] Promoted (as ASP) to full member in 2003. [31]
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria [45] SPÖ in opposition Full member since 1951. [45]
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan Social Democratic Party ASDPin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 1996. [36] Promoted to consultative member in 2003. [31] Readmitted as consultative member in June/July 2014. [46] Admitted as full member in 2016. [47]
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus Belarusian Social Democratic Party BSDPin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in 1999. [30] Promoted to consultative member in 2003. [31] Promoted to full member in November 2015. [48]
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Socialist Party [49] PSin opposition
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin Social Democratic Party [50] PSD in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1999. [30] [50] Promoted to full member in 2003. [31] [50]
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina [51] [38] SDP BiH in opposition Admitted as observer member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 1999. [30] [38]
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Democratic Labour Party [52] PDTin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in 1986. [53] [52] Promoted to full member in 1989. [52] [54]
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats [55] PBSD in opposition
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party [56] BSP in opposition Admitted as full member in 2003. [31] [56]
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso People's Movement for Progress MPP in government Admitted as full member in 2016. [47]
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Social Democratic Front [57] SDF in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 1999. [30] [57]
Flag of Cape Verde.svg  Cape Verde African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde [58] PAICV in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Promoted to full member in 1996. [36] [58]
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Party for Democracy [59] PPD in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Promoted to full member in 1996. [36] [59]
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Radical Social Democratic Party [60] PRSD in opposition
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Socialist Party of Chile [61] PS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Promoted to full member in 1996. [36] [61]
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Colombian Liberal Party [62] PLC in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Promoted to full member in 1999. [30] [62]
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica National Liberation Party [63] PLN in opposition Full member since 1987. [63]
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia [64] [65] SDP in opposition Admitted as full member in 1999. [30] [65]
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy [66] [67] EDEK in opposition Full member since 1987. [67] Promoted to full member in 1992. [35]
Flag of Cyprus.svg Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg Cyprus (North) Republican Turkish Party CTP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2008 (pending consultation). [68] Promoted to full member in June/July 2014. [46]
Flag of Cyprus.svg Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg Cyprus (North) Communal Democracy Party TDP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in November 2015. [48] Promoted to full member in March 2017.
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party [69] [70] ČSSD junior party in coalition
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic Dominican Revolutionary Party [71] PRD junior party in coalition Full member since 1987. [71]
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Egyptian Social Democratic Party ESDP (or HMDI in Arabic) in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2012. [72] Promoted to full member in November 2015. [48]
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea Convergence for Social Democracy [73] CPDS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 1999. [30] [73]
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland SDPin opposition
Flag of France.svg  France Socialist Party [74] PS in opposition
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana National Democratic Congress NDC in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003. [31] Promoted to full member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement [75] PASOK in opposition Full member since 1990. [75]
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala National Unity of Hope UNE in opposition Admitted as full member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea Rally of the Guinean People [76] [77] RPG in government Admitted (as Guinean People's Assembly) as consultative member in 1999. [30] Promoted (as GPA) to full member in 2003. [31] [77]
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats [78] PFSDH in opposition Full member since 1989. [78]
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party [79] [80] MSzP in opposition Admitted as observer member in 1992. [35] [80] Promoted to full member in 1996. [36]
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Social Democratic Party of Hungary MSZDP extra-parliamentary Member since 1990. [81] Admitted as observer member in 1992. [35] Promoted to consultative member in 1999. [30]
Promoted to full member in 2003. [31]
Flag of India.svg  India Indian National Congress INC in opposition Originally joined in 1993. [82] Readmitted as full member December 2014. [83]
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Kurdistan Democratic Party KDPN/AAdmitted as a full member in November 2015. [48]
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq Patriotic Union of Kurdistan PUK in government Admitted as observer member in 2003. [31] Promoted to full member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Labour Party [84] [85] in opposition
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Meretz [86] [67] in opposition
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Italian Socialist Party PSI in opposition
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica People's National Party [87] PNP in opposition Full member since 1952. [87] Temporarily demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25]
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Social Democratic Party [88] SDP in opposition Full member since 1951 as the Japan Socialist Party. [88]
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan Nationwide Social Democratic Party OSDPN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 2012. [72] Promoted to full member in November 2015. [48]
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan SDPK in government Promoted to full member in June 2018.
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon Progressive Socialist Party [89] PSP junior party in coalition Full member since 1980. [89]
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania [90] LSDP junior party in coalition Full member since the 1990s. [90]
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party [91] [92] LSAP/POSL junior party in coalition Full member since 1951. [92]
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali Alliance for Democracy in Mali [93] ADEMA-PASJ in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 1999. [30] [93] Promoted to full member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali Rally for Mali RPM in government Admitted as consultative member in 2003. [31]
Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania Rally of Democratic Forces RFD in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2003. [31] Promoted to full member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius Labour Party [94] PT in opposition Full member since 1969. [94]
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius Mauritian Militant Movement [95] MMM in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 2003. [31] [95] Part of the Alliance of the Heart.
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Institutional Revolutionary Party [96] PRI in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 2003. [31] [96]
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution [97] PRD in opposition Admitted as full member in 1996. [36] [97]
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova [98] PDM junior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 2008. [68] Promoted to full member in 2012. [72]
Part of Alliance for European Integration.
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia Mongolian People's Party [99] [100] MPP in government Admitted (as Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party) as observer member in 1999. [30] [100]
Promoted (as Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party) to full member in 2003. [31] [100]
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia Mongolian Social Democratic Party [100] MSDPN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] [100] Promoted to full member in 1996. [36] Merged with others in 2000 to form the Democratic Party
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro [101] DPS senior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 2003. [31] Promoted to full member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro Social Democratic Party of Montenegro [101] [102] [103] SDP in opposition Admitted as observer member in 1996. [36] Promoted to consultative member in 1999. [30] Promoted to full member in 2003. [31] [103]
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces [104] [105] [106] USFP in opposition Promoted to full member in 1992. [35]
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique Frelimo Party [107] FRELIMO in government Admitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 1999. [30]
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia South West Africa People's Organisation SWAPO in government Promoted to full member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal Nepali Congress [108] [109] NC in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1989. [54] Promoted to full member in 1999. [30] [109]
Flag of Niger.svg  Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism [110] PNDS in government Admitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 2003. [31] [110]
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Pakistan Peoples Party [111] PPP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1989. [54] Promoted to full member in 2003. [31] [111]
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine Fatah [112] [113] in government Admitted as observer member in 1996. [36] Promoted to consultative member in 1999. [30]
Promoted to full member in 2012. [72]
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama Democratic Revolutionary Party [114] PRD in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1986. [53] [114] Admitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 2003. [31]
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Democratic Progressive Party PDP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2008. [68] Promoted to full member in November 2015. [48]
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru American Popular Revolutionary Alliance [115] APRA in opposition Promoted to full member in 1999. [30]
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Socialist Party [116] PS in government
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Independence Party [117] PIP in opposition Consultative member in 1987, full member in 1994. [117] Promoted to full member in 1992. [35]
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Social Democratic Party [118] [119] PSD senior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 1999. [30] Consultative member in 1992, full member in 2001. [119] Admitted as full member in 2003. [31]
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia A Just Russia [120] [121] SR in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2008. [68] Promoted to consultative member in 2010. Promoted to full member in 2012. [72] [122]
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino Party of Socialists and Democrats [110] PSD in opposition Consultative member in 1961, full member in 1980. [110]
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Socialist Party of Senegal [123] [124] PSN/AFull member since the 1970s. [124] Boycotted last election.
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Democratic Party [125] DS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003. [31] Promoted to full member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy [126] SMER-SD senior party in coalition Full member since 1994. [126]
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa African National Congress [127] ANC in government Admitted as full member in 1999. [30] [127]
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party [128] PSOE in government Full member since 1951. [128]
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania Chama Cha Mapinduzi CCM in government Admitted as full member in 2013. [129]
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties FDTL junior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 2003. [31] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Promoted to full member in 2012. [72]
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Republican People's Party [130] [131] [132] CHP in opposition Took Social Democratic Populist Party's place in 1995. [132]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Social Democratic and Labour Party [133] [134] SDLP in opposition Full member since 1974. [134]
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay New Space [135] [136] PNE in government Admitted as consultative member in 1999. [30] Promoted to full member in 2003. [31] [136]
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela A New Era UNT in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2013. [129] Promoted to full member in November 2015. [48]
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela Democratic Action [137] [138] AD in opposition Observer member in 1966, consultative member in 1981, full member mid 1980s. [138]
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela Movement for Socialism MAS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003. [31]
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela Popular Will VP in opposition Admitted as full member in December 2014. [83]
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen Yemeni Socialist Party YSP in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2003. [31] Promoted to consultative member in 2008. [68]
Promoted to full member in 2012. [72]

Consultative parties

The following parties are consultative parties: [25] [26]

CountryNameAbbrGovernmentNotes
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria National Liberation Front FLN in government Admitted as consultative member in 2013. [129]
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize People's United Party PUPin oppositionAdmitted as consultative member in June/July 2014. [46]
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana Botswana Democratic Party BDP in government Admitted as consultative member in June/July 2014. [46]
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad National Union for Democracy and Renewal UNDRin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in June/July 2014. [46]
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon Gabonese Progress Party PGPN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 1996. [36]
Flag of The Gambia.svg  Gambia United Democratic Party UDPN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 2012. [72] Boycotted last election.
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Social Democrats for the Development of Georgia SDDN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 2013. [129]
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde PAIGC in government Admitted as consultative member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan PDKIN/AAdmitted as observer member in 1996. [36] Promoted to consultative member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria All Progressives Congress [113] APC in government Admitted as consultative member in December 2014. [83]
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine Palestinian National Initiative [113] PNI in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2008. [68] Promoted to consultative member in 2012. [72]
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg  Sahrawi Republic Polisario Front POLISARIO in government Admitted as observer member in 2008. [68] Promoted to consultative member in 2017. [139] [140]
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party MLSTP/PSD in government Admitted as consultative member in 2013. [129]
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Swaziland People's United Democratic Movement PUDEMON/AAdmitted as consultative member in 2013. [129] Political parties are banned in Swaziland.
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria Democratic Union Party PYDAdmitted as consultative member in November 2015. [48]
Flag of Togo.svg  Togo Democratic Convention of African Peoples CDPAAdmitted as consultative member in 1999. [30]
Flag of East Timor.svg  Timor-Leste Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor FRETILIN senior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 2003. [31]
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Peoples' Democratic Party HDP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2015.
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Social Democratic Party of Ukraine [141] SDPUN/AAdmitted as consultative member in 2003. [31]
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia Patriotic Front PF in government Admitted as consultative member in 2013. [129]

Observer parties

The following parties are observer parties: [25] [26]

CountryNameAbbrGovernmentNotes
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People MLPC in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2008. [68]
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of the Congo Union for Democracy and Social Progress UDPS in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2003. [31]
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of the Congo Unified Lumumbist Party PALU in opposition Admitted as observer member in December 2014. [83]
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Eswatini Swaziland Democratic Party SWADEPAAdmitted as observer member in June/July 2014. [46]
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti Struggling People's Organization OPLAdmitted (as Lavalas Political Organisation) as observer member in 1996. [36]
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan KPIKAdmitted as observer member in December 2014. [83]
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Komala Party of KurdistanKPKAdmitted as observer member in December 2014. [83]
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya Labour Party of KenyaAdmitted as observer member in 2012. [72]
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo Self-determination Movement VVAdmitted as observer member in 2018.
Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho Lesotho Congress for Democracy LCDin oppositionAdmitted as observer member in June/July 2014. [46]
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Social Democratic Party of Serbia SDPSjunior party in coalition governmentAdmitted as observer member in 2018.
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Labour Party [142] in opposition Member since 1951. [142] Welsh Labour is in government in Wales. The party asked and obtained to be downgraded to observer status in February 2013 "in view of ethical concerns, and to develop international co-operation through new networks." [143]

Former members

CountryNameAbbrNotes
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania Social Democratic Party of Albania [144] PSDAdmitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Promoted to full member in 1996. [36] [144] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra New Democracy NDAdmitted as consultative member in 1999. [30]
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda Antigua Labour Party ALPAdmitted as consultative member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Popular Socialist Party PSPAdmitted as full member in 1992. [35] Merged with the Democratic Socialist Party to form the Socialist Party.
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba People's Electoral Movement [39] MEPPromoted to full member in 1992. [35] Full member since 1994. [39] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Australian Labor Party [145] ALPAdmitted as full member in 1966. [145] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados Barbados Labour Party [146] BLPAdmitted as full member in 1987. [146] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Belgian Socialist Party PSB/BSPFounder member. Split in 1978.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Socialist Party Different SP.aDelisted in 2017.
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin Democratic Union of Progressive ForcesUDFPAdmitted as observer member in 1992. [35]
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina Alliance of Independent Social Democrats SNSDAdmitted as consultative member in 2003. [31] Promoted to full member in 2008 [68] Expelled in August 2012. [72]
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana Botswana National Front BNFAdmitted as observer member in 1996. [36]
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia Revolutionary Left Movement [147] MIRAdmitted as consultative member in 1986. [53] Consultative member in 1987. [147] Promoted to full member in 1992. [35] [147]
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria European Left BEL [148] Admitted as observer member in 1999. [30]
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso Party for Democracy and Progress / Socialist Party [59] PDP/PSAdmitted as full member circa 1995. [59] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi Front for Democracy in Burundi FRODEBUAdmitted as consultative member in 2003. [31] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25]
Delisted in December 2014.
Canadian Red Ensign (1957–1965).svg  Canada Co-operative Commonwealth Federation CCFBecame the New Democratic Party in 1961.
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada New Democratic Party [149] NDP/NPDDelisted in 2018.
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic Movement for Democracy and Social ProgressMDPSAdmitted as observer member in 1992. [35]
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast Ivorian Popular Front [150] FPIAdmitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Promoted to full member in 1996. [36] [150] Expelled in March 2011. [18]
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Alternative Democratic Pole PDAFormer observer member. Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia M-19 Democratic Alliance Admitted as observer member in 1992. [35]
Flag of Curaçao.svg  Curaçao Partido MAN MANPromoted to full member in 1989. [54] Delisted in 2017.
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Social Democrats SDFounding member. Withdrew in 2017.
Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica Dominica Labour Party DLPAdmitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Democratic Left [151] PIDMember since 1987. [151] Delisted in 2017.
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt National Democratic Party [63] NDPAdmitted as full member in 1989. [54] Full member since 1992. [63] Expelled in January 2011. [17] [152] [153]
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador Democratic PartyPDAdmitted as observer member in 1996. [36]
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Social Democratic Party [154] [155] SDEMember since 1990. [155] Withdrew in 2017.
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji Fiji Labour Party FLPAdmitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Expelled in 2008, due to the party's participation in a government issued from a military coup. [68]
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Union of Citizens of Georgia CUGAdmitted as observer member in 1996. [36]
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany SPDFounding member. Withdrew in 2017.
Flag of Greenland.svg  Greenland Forward Admitted as consultative member in 1986. [53] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Social Democratic Convergence [156] CSDAdmitted as consultative member in 2003. [31] [156]
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti Party of the National Congress of Democratic MovementsKONAKOMAdmitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Promoted to full member in 1996. [36]
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti Revolutionary Progressive Nationalist PartyPANPRAAdmitted as consultative member in 1989. [54] Promoted to full member in 1992. [35]
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland Social Democratic Party AMember since 1987. [157] Formed Social Democratic Alliance in 2000.
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland Social Democratic Alliance SWithdrew in 2017.
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Israeli Labor Party [86] HavodaSuspended membership in July 2018 over SI's adoption of BDS policies. [158]
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran League of Iranian Socialists Joined in 1960. [159] It was dissolved in 1980s.
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Democratic Party of the Left PDSAdmitted as full member in 1992. [35] Merged with others to form Democrats of the Left in 1998.
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Democrats of the Left [160] DSFull member since 1992 as Democratic Party of the Left. [160] Merged with other movements to form the Democratic Party in 2007. Listed as SI member until XXIV Congress in 2012.
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Italian Socialist Party PSIParty dissolved in 1994 and succeeded by the Italian Socialists (who formed the Italian Democratic Socialists in 1998 and resumed as the Italian Socialist Party PSI in 2007).
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Italian Democratic Socialist Party PSDIParty merged into the Italian Democratic Socialists in 1998 (renamed into Italian Socialist Party PSI in 2007).
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Democratic Socialist Party Minsha-tōAdmitted as SI member in 1961. [161] Merged with non-socialist movements to form the New Frontier Party in 1994.
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan Jordanian Democratic Party of the LeftJDPLAdmitted as observer member in 2003. [31]
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan Ata Meken Socialist Party [162] Admitted as observer member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party [163] LSDSPFull member since 1994. [163] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25]
Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Social Democratic Party "Harmony" SDPSAdmitted as consultative member in June/July 2014. [46] Withdrew in 2017.
Flag of Macedonia.svg  Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia [164] [165] [166] SDSMAdmitted as observer member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 2003. [31] [166] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar Party for National UnityVITMAdmitted as consultative member in 1989. [54]
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Democratic Action Party [167] [138] DAPFull member since 1987. [138] Delisted in 2017. [168]
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta Labour Party [169] PLFull member since 1955. [169] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova Social Democratic Party of Moldova PSDMAdmitted as observer member in 1996. [36]
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia Congress of Democrats CoDAdmitted as consultative member in 2003. [31] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Labour Party [170] PvdADecided to minimise involvement in SI in December 2012. [171] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand New Zealand Labour Party [136] NZLPMember since 1952. [136] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front FSLNDelisted in January 2019.
Flag of North Vietnam (1955–1975).svg  North Vietnam Vietnamese Socialist Party [172] Consultative member between 1955 and 1969. [172]
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Labour Party [173] [174] DNAMember since 1951. [174] Withdrew in 2016.
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Party for a Country of Solidarity [175] PPSAdmitted as consultative member in 2003. [31] Promoted to full member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Revolutionary Febrerista Party [176] [177] PRFAdmitted as full member in the 1970s. [177]
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Philippines Democratic Socialist Party PDSPAdmitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Akbayan Citizens' Action Party AKBAYANAdmitted as consultative member in 2003. [31]
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Democratic Left Alliance [178] [179] SLDFull member since 1996. [179] Withdrew in 2017.
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Labour Union [180] UPAdmitted as full member in 1996. [36] [180] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25]
Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland SdRPAdmitted as full member in 1996. [36] Absorbed into the Democratic Left Alliance in 1999.
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Democratic Party PDAdmitted as consultative member in 1996. [36] Promoted to full member in 1999. [30] Merged with the Liberal Democratic Party to form the Democratic Liberal Party.
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Social Democratic Party of Russia SDPRAdmitted as consultative member in 2003. [31]
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia Progressive Labour Party Expelled in 1992. [35]
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party SKNLPAdmitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Labour Party SLPAdmitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent Labour Party SVGLPAdmitted as consultative member in 1989. [54] Merged with the Movement for National Unity in 1994 to form the Unity Labour Party.
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Unity Labour Party ULPDemoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Social Democratic Party [125] SDPAdmitted as consultative member in 2003. [31] Promoted to full member in 2008. [68]
Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Ceased to exist in 2009 [125]
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore People's Action Party PAPResigned in 1976 due to Dutch concerns over suppression of free speech.
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Party of the Democratic Left SDĽAdmitted as full member in 1996. [36] Merged with Direction – Social Democracy in 2005.
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Social Democratic Party of Slovakia SDSSAdmitted as full member in 1992. [35] Merged with Direction – Social Democracy in 2005.
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDSAdmitted (as the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia) as observer member in 1992. [35]
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Social Democrats [181] SDAdmitted (as United List of Social Democrats) as full member in 1996. [36] [181] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees. [25] Delisted in December 2014.
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party SAPWithdrew in March 2017. [182] [183]
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland [184] SP/PSWithdrew in 2017.
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Constitutional Democratic Rally [52] RCDAdmitted as full member in 1989. [54] Full member since 1993. [52] Expelled in January 2011. [16]
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Popular Unity Movement MUPAdmitted as consultative member in 1989. [54]
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Democratic Left Party DSPAdmitted as consultative member in 1986. [53] Expelled in 1992. [35]
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Democratic People's Party DEHAPAdmitted as observer member in 2003. [31] Merged with the Democratic Society Movement to form the Democratic Society Party which in turn was succeeded by the Peace and Democracy Party.
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Social Democracy Party [132] SODEPFull member since 1990. [132] Merged with the Republican People's Party in 1995. [132]
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Social Democratic Populist Party SHPAdmitted as consultative member in 1986. [53] Promoted to full member in 1989. [54] Merged with the Republican People's Party in 1995.
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Socialist Party of Ukraine SPUAdmitted as consultative member in 2003. [31] Expelled in July 2011. [185]
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Democratic Socialists of America DSAHad been a member of SI since founding in 1982, withdrew in August 2017. [186]
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Social Democrats, USA [181] SDUSAMember since 1972. [181] Exited SI in 2005.
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Party for the Government of the People PGPAdmitted as consultative member in 1992. [35] Merged with the Colorado Party in 1994.
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Socialist Party of Uruguay [187] PSUAAdmitted as full member in 1999. [30] [187] Withdrew in 2017. [188]
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela For Social Democracy PODEMOSAdmitted as consultative member in 2008. [68]
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe Movement for Democratic Change MDCAdmitted as full member in 2008. [68] Delisted in 2017.

Fraternal organisations

Associated organisations

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 "Statutes of the Socialist International". Socialist International.
  2. "Finances of the International". Socialist International.
  3. "About Us". Socialist International.
  4. 1 2 3 "Presidium". Socialist International.
  5. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 176.
  6. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. xxiv.
  7. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. xxv.
  8. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 302.
  9. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 52.
  10. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 77.
  11. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 177.
  12. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 197.
  13. Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 320.
  14. The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of South America, Routledge, 1989
  15. Väänänen, Pentti (2012). Purppuraruusu ja samettinyrkki (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Kellastupa. pp. 192–194. ISBN   9789525787115.
  16. 1 2 "SI decision on Tunisia". Socialist International. 17 January 2011.
  17. 1 2 "Letter to the General Secretary of the National Democratic Party, NDP Egypt" (PDF). Socialist International. 31 January 2011.
  18. 1 2 "SI Presidium addresses situation in Côte d'Ivoire". Socialist International. 19 March 2011.
  19. "SI Statutes". Socialist International. 5 February 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
  20. Bruderzwist unter Sozialisten - Politik - Süddeutsche.de. Sueddeutsche.de. Retrieved on 15 July 2013.
  21. Progressive Alliance: Sozialdemokraten gründen weltweites Netzwerk - SPIEGEL ONLINE. Spiegel.de (22 May 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  22. Sozialdemokratie: „Progressive Alliance“ gegründet - Politik. FAZ. Retrieved on 15 July 2013.
  23. (in German) Sozialistische Internationale hat ausgedient: SPD gründet "Progressive Alliance". n-tv.de. Retrieved on 15 July 2013.
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  29. 1 2 Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 323.
  30. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 "XXI Congress of the Socialist International, Paris - Decisions of the Congress Regarding Membership". Socialist International.
  31. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 "XXII Congress of the Socialist International, São Paulo - Decisions of the Congress Regarding Membership". Socialist International.
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  36. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 "XX Congress of the Socialist International, New York - Congress Decisions Regarding Membership". Socialist International.
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  53. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "XVII Congress of the Socialist International, Lima - Decisions on Membership of the Socialist International". Socialist International.
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  99. "Party History". Mongolian People's Party.
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  108. "Introduction". Nepali Congress.
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