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|President|| Petre Roman (1993–2001)|
Traian Băsescu (2001–2004)
Emil Boc (2004–2007)
|Founded||28 May 1993|
|Dissolved||15 December 2007|
|Preceded by||National Salvation Front (FSN)|
|Merged into||Democratic Liberal Party (PDL)|
|Political position||Before 2005|
Centre-left to left-wing
|National affiliation|| Social Democratic Union (1995–2000)|
Justice and Truth Alliance (2003–2007)
|European affiliation|| Party of European Socialists (1996–2005)|
European People's Party (2005–2007)
|International affiliation||Socialist International (1996–2005)|
The Democratic Party (Romanian : Partidul Democrat, PD) was a social-democratic and, later on, centre-right political party in Romania. In January 2008, it merged with the Liberal Democratic Party (PLD), a splinter group of the National Liberal Party (PNL), to form the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL).
From 1996 to 2005, the party was a member of the Socialist International. From 2004 to 2007, the PD was the junior member of the governing Justice and Truth Alliance (DA), although according to many Romanian opinion polls of the time, it remained the most popular of the two parties. Although it had to formally suspend his leadership to the party when elected president in 2004, the PD was largely associated with former Romanian president Traian Băsescu.
Conflict broke out between FSN leaders Ion Iliescu and Petre Roman in early 1992, and this led to the separation of the Iliescu wing under the name of the Democratic National Salvation Front (FDSN), which later became the Social Democratic Party (PSD).
FSN was defeated by the FDSN in the 1992 legislative election and spent the next four years in opposition. In 1993 the FSN changed its name to the Democratic Party (PD). In the 1996 legislative election, the PD jointly ran with the now-defunct Romanian Social Democratic Party (PSDR), under the Social Democratic Union (USD) banner. After having ranked third, they joined a governing coalition with the Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR) and the ethnic Hungarian party Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR).From 2000 to 2004, PD has been again in opposition.
In advance of the 2004 elections, the PD joined forces with the National Liberal Party (PNL) to create the Justice and Truth Alliance (DA), whose main purpose was to fight the all-dominating PSD. The DA managed to win around 32% of the votes in both Chambers, not enough for a majority and about 6% less than the PSD. Together with its Liberal allies, the UDMR, and the Conservative Party (PC), the PD was part of the governing coalition until April, 2007.
During a congress in 2005, PD members voted in favor of joining the European People's Party (EPP) and abandoning the Party of European Socialists (PES) and the Socialist International (SI). In the same year, Petre Roman left the party and, together with his followers, formed the Democratic Force (FD).
From mid-2005, the PD's relations with the PNL became strained due to an ongoing open conflict between Băsescu and then Prime Minister Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, who was also the chairman of the PNL. Previously, after his presidential victory in 2004, Băsescu appointed Popescu-Tăriceanu as Prime Minister. Although he wanted to, he could not constitutionally dismiss him; at least, it took him a while to do so. On 1 April 2007, Tăriceanu dismissed the ministers of the PD and formed a minority government.
On 15 December 2007, the PD merged with the Liberal Democratic Party (PLD) to form the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL).
The political doctrine of the Democratic Party (PD) shifted from social democracy to centrism and greater conservatism since 2004, combined with economic liberalism and reformism. The party supported the consolidation of the free market and is supportive of Romania's flat tax rate of 16%. The party also supported reforming the Romanian Constitution in order to bring about decentralization in administration and give greater power to the eight development regions.
In terms of European politics, the Democratic Party (PD):
Born - Died
|Portrait||Term start||Term end||Duration|
|1|| Petre Roman 1|
|28 May 1993||19 May 2001||7 years, 11 months and 21 days|
|2|| Traian Băsescu |
|19 May 2001||18 December 2004||3 years, 6 months and 29 days|
|3|| Emil Boc |
|20 December 2004||15 December 2007||2 years, 11 months and 25 days|
1Roman also served as Senate President between 27 November 1996 and 22 December 1999.
In 2007, out of 54 members of the PD group in Chamber of Deputies, 14 were not elected on PD electoral list:
263 / 395
91 / 119
| 1st |
|FSN government (1990–1991)|
|FSN-PNL-MER-PDAR government (1991–1992)|
43 / 341
18 / 143
| 3rd |
|Opposition to PDSR-PUNR-PRM government (1992–1996)|
43 / 343
22 / 143
| 3rd |
|CDR-USD-UDMR government (1996–2000)|
31 / 345
13 / 140
|3rd||Opposition to PDSR minority government (2000–2004)|
48 / 332
21 / 137
| 2nd |
|DA-PUR-UDMR government (2004–2007)|
|Opposition to PNL-UDMR minority government (2007–2008)|
1 USD members: PD and PSDR (1 senator and 10 deputies).
2 Justice and Truth Alliance members: PNL (28 senators and 64 deputies) and PD.
|Election||Candidate||First round||Second round|
|1992||Caius Traian Dragomir||564,655||4th|
|1996||Petre Roman 1||2,598,545||3rd|
|2004||Traian Băsescu 2||3,545,236||2nd||5,126,794||1st|
1In 1996, Petre Roman was the candidate of the center-left alliance Social-Democratic Union (USD). USD members: PD and PSDR.
2Traian Băsescu was endorsed by the Justice and Truth Alliance (DA); alliance members: PNL and PD.
13 / 35
|1st||European People's Party (EPP)|
Romania's political framework is a semi-presidential representative democratic republic where the Prime Minister is the head of government while the President represents the country internationally, signs some decrees, approves laws promulgated by parliament and nominations as head of state. Romania has a multi-party system, with legislative power vested in the government and the two chambers of Parliament: the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. From 1948 until 1989, the Communist rule political structure took place in the framework of a one-party socialist republic governed by the Romanian Communist Party (PCR) as its only legal party.
After the Communist leader Nicolae Ceaușescu was executed in the Romanian Revolution of December 1989, the National Salvation Front (FSN) took power, led by Ion Iliescu. The FSN transformed itself into a political party and overwhelmingly won the general election of May 1990, with Iliescu as president. These first months were marked by violent protests and counter-protests, involving among others the coal miners of the Jiu Valley.
The National Liberal Party is the first and most significant centre-right conservative-liberal and liberal-conservative political party in Romania. Refounded in mid January 1990, shortly after the violent 1989 Romanian Revolution, it claims the legacy of the major political party of the same name, active between 1875 and 1947 in the Kingdom of Romania. Based on this legacy, it often presents itself as the first formally constituted political party in the country and the oldest party from the family of European liberal parties.
Traian Băsescu is a Romanian politician who served as President of Romania from 2004 to 2014.
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The Justice and Truth Alliance was a political alliance comprising two political parties in Romania: the centre-right liberal National Liberal Party (PNL) and the initially left-wing Democratic Party (PD), which later switched to center-right ideology.
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Emil Boc is a Romanian politician who was Prime Minister of Romania from 22 December 2008 until 6 February 2012 and is the current Mayor of Cluj-Napoca, the largest city of Transylvania, where he was first elected in July 2004. Boc was also the president of the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL), which proposed and supported him as Prime Minister in late 2008, from December 2004 until July 2012. On 13 October 2009, his cabinet fell after losing a motion of no confidence in Parliament. He was acting as the head of acting cabinet until a new Prime Minister and cabinet were confirmed by Parliament. On 17 December 2009, President Traian Băsescu designated him again to form a new government, receiving afterwards the vote of confidence from the Parliament.
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The Liberal Democratic Party was a political party in Romania, formed in December 2006 as a breakaway group from the National Liberal Party (PNL). The Liberal Democratic Party was headed by Theodor Stolojan, a former PNL leader, and included a series of prominent former National Liberals, such as Gheorghe Flutur, Mona Muscă and Valeriu Stoica, who were opposed to the leadership of the PNL, now headed by Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu.
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The Democratic Liberal Party was a liberal-conservative political party in Romania. The party was formed on 15 December 2007, when the Democratic Party (PD) merged with the Liberal Democratic Party (PLD). On 17 November 2014 the PDL officially merged into the National Liberal Party (PNL), ceasing to exist. The PDL was associated with Traian Băsescu, who was previously leader of the PD and President of Romania from 2004 to 2014.
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