All 63 seats in the Jamaica House of Representatives
32 seats needed for a majority
Map of result by constituency. All constituencies are numbered, with labels at the bottom.
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
General elections were held in Jamaica on Thursday, 3 September 2020to elect 63 members of Parliament. As the constitution stipulates a five-year parliamentary term, the next elections were not expected until between 25 February and 10 June 2021. However, Prime Minister Andrew Holness called early elections to ensure a united response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. On the advice of Holness, Governor General Patrick Allen dissolved Parliament on 13 August 2020.
The result was a victory for the ruling Jamaica Labour Party, which received 57% of the vote and won 49 seats; the People's National Party remained the opposition party, losing 16 seats.Amid the COVID-19 pandemic and the 2019–2020 dengue fever epidemic, voter turnout was only 37%, the lowest in an election since 1983.
Prior to the election, the Jamaica Labour Party, led by Prime Minister Andrew Holness, formed a majority government. The largest opposition party was the People's National Party, led by Peter Phillips. Either the Jamaica Labour Party or the People's National Party have been in power since universal suffrage was introduced in 1944.
The 63 members of the House of Representatives are elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting.Voters must be 18 years and over and be a citizen of Jamaica or a Commonwealth citizen.
The leader of the party commanding a majority of support in the House of Representatives is called on by the Governor General to form a government as Prime Minister,while the leader of the largest group or coalition not in government becomes the Leader of the Opposition.
Only two parties registered to contest the election, the Jamaica Labour Party and the People's National Party, and each nominated candidates in all 63 constituencies. The two parties agreed to participate in three televised debates hosted by the Jamaica Debates Commission.
The People's National Party campaigned for a referendum on removing Queen Elizabeth II as head of state.
On 15 August 2020, the pastors of the Christian right Jamaica Progressive Party announced that the party would not contest the elections due to lack of time to prepare.
|Last election||At dissolution||Contested|
|Jamaica Labour Party||Centre-right|| Nationalism |
| Andrew Holness |
32 / 63 (51%)
34 / 63 (54%)
|People's National Party||Centre-left|| Social democracy |
| Peter Phillips |
31 / 63 (49%)
29 / 63 (46%)
|JLP||"Build back stronger."|
|PNP||"Building your Jamaica."|
Seven members of parliament did not stand for re-election:
|Retiring incumbent||Electoral District||Term in office||Reason||Date announced||Replaced as MP by|
|Robert Pickersgill||PNP||Saint Catherine North Western||1989-2020||Not standing||22 August 2017||Hugh Graham|
|Evon Redman||PNP||Saint Elizabeth North Eastern||2016–2020||Not standing||10 May 2018||Delroy Slowley|
|Derrick Kellier||PNP||Saint James Southern||1987–2020||Not standing||28 May 2018||Homer Davis|
|Ronald Thwaites||PNP||Kingston Central||1997–2020||Not standing||22 May 2019||Donovan Williams|
|Noel Arscott||PNP||Clarendon South Western||2007–2020||Not standing||14 September 2019||Luthon Cousins|
|Shahine Robinson||JLP||Saint Ann North Eastern||2001–2020||Died in office||29 May 2020||Marsha Smith|
|Leslie Campbell||JLP||Saint Catherine North Eastern||2016–2020||Not standing||26 June 2020||Kerensia Morrison|
Candidate nominations were finalised on nomination day, 18 August 2020.The full candidate list is presented below, along with the incumbent candidates before the election. MPs who are not standing for re-election are marked (†). Government ministers are in bold, and party leaders are in italics.
|Clarendon Central||Michael Henry||Zuleika Jess||Michael Henry|
|Clarendon North Central||Robert Nesta Morgan||Desmond Brennan||Pearnel Charles|
|Clarendon North Western||Phillip Henriquez||Richard Azan||Merrick Cohen (Ind.)||Richard Azan|
|Clarendon Northern||Dwight Sibblies||Horace Dalley||Horace Dalley|
|Clarendon South Eastern||Pearnel Charles Jr||Patricia Duncan Sutherland||Pearnel Charles Jr|
|Clarendon South Western||Kent Gammon||Luthon Cousins||† Noel Arscott|
|Hanover Eastern||Dave Brown||Wavell Hinds||Dave Brown|
|Hanover Western||Tamika Davis||Ian Hayles||Ian Hayles|
|Kingston Central||Donovan Williams||Imani Duncan-Price||† Ronald Thwaites|
|Kingston East & Port Royal||Egwugwu Priestly||Phillip Paulwell||Phillip Paulwell|
|Kingston Western||Desmond McKenzie||Joseph Witter||Desmond McKenzie|
|Manchester Central||Rhoda Moy Crawford||Peter Bunting||Rohan Chung (Ind.)||Peter Bunting|
|Manchester North Eastern||Audley Shaw||Donald Jackson||Audley Shaw|
|Manchester North Western||Damion Young||Mikael Phillips||Mikael Phillips|
|Manchester Southern||Robert Chin||Michael Stewart||Michael Stewart|
|Portland Eastern||Ann-Marie Vaz||Bishop Purcell Jackson||Ann-Marie Vaz|
|Portland Western||Daryl Vaz||Valerie Neita Robertson||Daryl Vaz|
|Saint Andrew East Central||Jodian Myrie||Peter Phillips||Peter Phillips|
|Saint Andrew East Rural||Juliet Holness||Joan Gordon-Webley||Juliet Holness|
|Saint Andrew Eastern||Fayval Williams||Venesha Phillips||Fayval Williams|
|Saint Andrew North Central||Karl Samuda||O'Neil Lynch||Karl Samuda|
|Saint Andrew North Eastern||Delroy Chuck||David Tulloch||Delroy Chuck|
|Saint Andrew North Western||Nigel Clarke||Rohan Banks||Nigel Clarke|
|Saint Andrew South Eastern||Kari Douglas||Julian Robinson||Julian Robinson|
|Saint Andrew South Western||Moureen Lorne||Angela Brown-Burke||Angela Brown-Burke|
|Saint Andrew Southern||Victor Hyde||Mark Golding||Mark Golding|
|Saint Andrew West Central||Andrew Holness||Patrick Roberts||Andrew Holness|
|Saint Andrew West Rural||Juliet Cuthbert-Flynn||Krystal Tomlinson||Juliet Cuthbert-Flynn|
|Saint Andrew Western||Dorlan Francis||Anthony Hylton||Anthony Hylton|
|Saint Ann North Eastern||Marsha Smith||Keith Brown||Vacant|
|Saint Ann North Western||Krystal Lee||Dayton Campbell||Peter Shand (Ind.)||Dayton Campbell|
|Saint Ann South Eastern||Delroy Granston||Lisa Hanna||Lisa Hanna|
|Saint Ann South Western||Zavia Mayne||Valenton Wint||Zavia Mayne|
|Saint Catherine Central||Olivia Grange||Maurice Westney||Olivia Grange|
|Saint Catherine East Central||Alando Terrelonge||Raymond Pryce||Alando Terrelonge|
|Saint Catherine Eastern||Dwight Pecoo||Denise Daley||Denise Daley|
|Saint Catherine North Central||Natalie Campbell Rodriques||Natalie Neita-Headley||John Henry (Ind.)|
Lloyd Smith (Ind.)
|Saint Catherine North Eastern||Kerensia Morrison||Oswest Senior-Smith||† Leslie Campbell|
|Saint Catherine North Western||Newton Amos||Hugh Graham||Gene Guthrie (Ind.)||† Robert Pickersgill|
|Saint Catherine South Central||Andrew Wheatley||Kurt Matthews||Andrew Wheatley|
|Saint Catherine South Eastern||Robert Miller||Colin Fagan||Colin Fagan|
|Saint Catherine South Western||Everald Warmington||Kurt Waul||Upton Blake (Ind.)||Everald Warmington|
|Saint Catherine Southern||Delroy Dobney||Fitz Jackson||Fitz Jackson|
|Saint Catherine West Central||Christopher Tufton||Kenyama Brown||Christopher Tufton|
|Saint Elizabeth North Eastern||Delroy Slowley||Basil White||† Evon Redman|
|Saint Elizabeth North Western||William J.C. Hutchinson||Ryan Keating||William J.C. Hutchinson|
|Saint Elizabeth South Western||Floyd Green||Ewan Stephenson||Floyd Green|
|Saint Elizabeth South Eastern||Franklyn Witter||Dwaine Spencer||Franklyn Witter|
|Saint James Central||Heroy Clarke||Andre Hylton||Ras-Astor Black (Ind.)||Heroy Clarke|
|Saint James East Central||Edmund Bartlett||Michael Hemmings||Edmund Bartlett|
|Saint James North Western||Horace Chang||George Hamilton||Horace Chang|
|Saint James Southern||Homer Davis||Walton Small||† Derrick Kellier|
|Saint James West Central||Marlene Malahoo Forte||Andre Haughton||Marlene Malahoo Forte|
|Saint Mary Central||Lennon Richards||Morais Guy||Morais Guy|
|Saint Mary South Eastern||Norman Dunn||Shane Alexis||Norman Dunn|
|Saint Mary Western||Robert Montague||Jason Stanford||Robert Montague|
|Saint Thomas Eastern||Michelle Charles||Fenton Ferguson||Fenton Ferguson|
|Saint Thomas Western||James Robertson||Marsha Francis||James Robertson|
|Trelawny Northern||Tova Hamilton||Victor Wright Jnr||Genieve Dawkins (Ind.)||Victor Wright|
|Trelawny Southern||Marisa Dalrymple-Philibert||Lloyd Gillings||Richard Sharpe (Ind.)||Marisa Dalrymple-Philibert|
|Westmoreland Central||George Wright||Dwayne Vaz||Torraino Beckford (Ind.)|
Don Foote (Ind.)
|Westmoreland Eastern||Daniel Lawrence||Luther Buchanan||Haile Mika'el (Ind.)||Luther Buchanan|
|Westmoreland Western||Morland Wilson||Wykeham McNeill||Wykeham McNeill|
The following lists identify and rank seats using the vote margin by which the party's candidate finished behind the winning candidate in the 2015 election. This vote margin is given as a percentage of all eligible voters in the district.
For information purposes only, seats that have changed hands through subsequent by elections have been noted. Seats whose members have changed party allegiance are ignored.
|Jamaica Labour Party(JLP)||People's National Party (PNP)|
|1||Saint Mary South Eastern||0.02%||1||Saint Catherine North Eastern||0.53%|
|2||Saint James Southern||0.24%||2||Saint Andrew Eastern||0.62%|
|3||Saint Ann North Western||1.18%||3||Saint Elizabeth South Eastern||0.69%|
|4||Trelawny Northern||1.24%||4||Saint Thomas Western||1.08%|
|5||Saint Catherine South Eastern||1.49%||5||Saint Ann South Western||1.34%|
|6||Westmoreland Central||2.70%||6||Hanover Eastern||1.44%|
|7||Saint Catherine North Western||3.05%||7||Saint Andrew East Rural||1.83%|
|8||Manchester Central||3.17%||8||Saint Catherine East Central||1.97%|
|9||Clarendon Northern||3.21%||9||Clarendon North Central||2.42%|
|10||Clarendon North Western||3.57%||10||Clarendon South Eastern||2.44%|
|11||Manchester Southern||3.77%||11||Saint Elizabeth North Western||4.34%|
|12||Westmoreland Western||4.49%||12||Saint James West Central||4.67%|
|13||Saint Catherine North Central||4.59%||13||Saint Andrew West Rural||5.69%|
|14||Saint Elizabeth North Eastern||4.79%||14||Manchester North Eastern||5.86%|
|15||Hanover Western||4.82%||15||Saint Elizabeth South Western||6.81%|
|16||Saint Thomas Eastern||5.41%||16||Saint James Central||6.85%|
|17||Kingston Central||5.78%||17||Saint Andrew West Central||7.05%|
|18||Portland Eastern||6.62%||18||Portland Western||7.14%|
|19||Clarendon South Western||6.67%||19||Saint Catherine South Western||7.43%|
|20||Manchester North Western||6.75%||20||Saint Ann North Eastern||7.83%|
|21||Saint Mary Central||7.10%||21||Saint James East Central||8.06%|
|22||Saint Catherine Southern||7.12%||22||Saint Andrew North Western||8.47%|
|23||Saint Andrew East Central||7.44%||23||Saint Mary Western||9.80%|
|24||Saint Catherine Eastern||7.61%||24||Trelawny Southern||10.70%|
|25||Saint Andrew South Eastern||9.78%||25||Saint James North Western||11.85%|
|26||Saint Andrew Western||10.43%||26||Saint Andrew North Eastern||12.05%|
|27||Westmoreland Eastern||10.52%||27||Saint Andrew North Central||12.39%|
|28||Saint Ann South Eastern||10.98%||28||Saint Catherine West Central||13.43%|
|29||Kingston East and Port Royal||25.20%||29||Clarendon Central||15.33%|
|30||Saint Andrew Southern||36.37%||30||Saint Catherine South Central||20.47%|
|31||Saint Andrew South Western||40.79%||31||Saint Catherine Central||24.94%|
|Source: General Election 2016 - Electoral Commission of Jamaica|
Don Anderson, CEO of Market Research Services Limited, Larren Peart, founder and CEO of Bluedot Data Intelligence Limited and Bill Johnson of Johnson's Survey Research Limited Inc have commissioned opinion polling for the general election regularly sampling the electorates' opinions.
|3 September 2020||2020 general election||–||57.1||42.8||0.1||14.3|
|21–24 August 2020||RJR Gleaner Group/Don Anderson poll||–||37||25||38||12|
|21–23 August 2020||Jamaica Observer/Bill Johnson poll||1,000||37||23||40||14|
|20 July–6 August 2020||Nationwide News Network/Bluedot poll||–||52||34||14||18|
|23 July–3 August 2020||RJR Gleaner Group/Don Anderson poll||–||36||20||44||16|
|9–12 July 2020||Jamaica Observer/Bill Johnson poll||1,200||36||17||47||19|
|13–20 June 2020||Mello TV/Bill Johnson poll||1,200||38||19||43||19|
|12–15 March 2020||Jamaica Observer/Bill Johnson poll||1,200||33||19||48||14|
|8–18 February 2020||RJR Gleaner Group/Don Anderson poll||1,038||30||22||48||8|
|2–19 December 2019||Nationwide News Network/Bluedot poll||–||56||44||0||12|
|7 August 2019||Don Anderson poll||–||35||30||35||5|
|2–4 August 2019||One PNP/Bill Johnson poll||1,000||34||32||34||2|
|28 March 2019||RJR Gleaner Group/Don Anderson poll||1,003||29||18||53||11|
|12 March 2018||RJR Gleaner Group/Don Anderson poll||–||26||19||55||6|
|25 February 2016||2016 general election||–||50.1||49.7||0.2||0.4|
These polls are used internally by the PNP.
|3 September 2020||2020 general election||–||57.1||42.8||0.1||14.3|
|28-29 August 2020||CEAC Solutions poll||366||41||44||15||3|
|25 February 2016||2016 general election||–||50.1||49.7||0.2||0.4|
The ECJ reported that 97% of the polling stations had opened by 7:00 AM, and the remaining stations were open by 8:00 AM.The polls closed at 5:00 PM. Election observers included the EU delegation to Jamaica and a domestic NGO, Citizens Action for Free and Fair Elections (CAFFE).
Before 10:00 PM, preliminary results indicated that the JLP had won 44 seats; for the first time since 1967, the JLP was re-elected while contesting all seats.PNP leader Phillips did not give a concession speech, but called Holness privately to offer congratulations. Phillips resigned as PNP leader on 4 September 2020. The full preliminary count indicated a total of 49 seats for the JLP. A recount was later conducted in Westmoreland Eastern which resulted in a tie-breaker being required. The PNP won the tie-breaker, gaining one seat (bringing their total to 15), while the JLP lost one seat (bringing their total to 48).
PM Holness was sworn in for a new term by Governor-General Sir Patrick Allen on 7 September 2020. The ceremony, which was held at King's House, was restricted to 32 people to comply with public health measures.
|Jamaica Labour Party||407,753||57.04||+6.94||49||+17|
|People's National Party||305,864||42.79||–6.90||14||–17|
|Total ballots cast||100|
|Source: Electoral Commission|
The People's National Party (PNP) is a social-democratic political party in Jamaica, founded in 1938 by activist Osmond Theodore Fairclough. It holds 14 of the 63 seats in the House of Representatives, as 96 of the 227 local government divisions. The party is democratic socialist by constitution.
Sir William Alexander Clarke Bustamante was a Jamaican politician and labour leader, who, in 1962 became the first prime minister of Jamaica. He founded the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union following the 1938 labour riots, and the Jamaican Labour Party in 1943. Bustamante is honoured in Jamaica with the title National Hero of Jamaica in recognition of his achievements.
The Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) is one of the two major political parties in Jamaica, the other being the People's National Party (PNP). While its name might suggest that it is a social democratic party, the JLP is actually a conservative party. However, it has longstanding ties to the Jamaican labour movement.
Portia Lucretia Simpson-Miller is a Jamaican politician. She served as Prime Minister of Jamaica from March 2006 to September 2007 and again from 5 January 2012 to 3 March 2016. She was the leader of the People's National Party from 2005 to 2017 and the Leader of the Opposition twice, from 2007 to 2012 and from 2016 to 2017.
The Cabinet of the Government of Jamaica is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminster system of government in traditional constitutional theory. The Cabinet of Jamaica is the principal instrument of government policy. It consists of the Prime Minister, and a minimum of thirteen other Ministers of Government, who must be members of one of the two Houses of Parliament. Not more than four members of the Cabinet may be members of the Senate. The Minister of Finance must be an elected member of the House of Representatives. The Shadow Cabinet of Jamaica is seen as the alternative to the Cabinet of Jamaica, led by the Leader of the Opposition (Jamaica), and is charged with fairly criticizing and providing alternative policy to that proposed by the Government.
Oswald Gaskell Harding CD, QC, OJ is a former Jamaican politician from the Jamaica Labour Party, and the longest-serving senator in the nation's history. He was born in Kingston. Harding was the first person to serve as President of the Senate of Jamaica for two non-consecutive tenures, serving from 1980 to 1984 and from 2007 to 2011. First appointed to the Senate in 1977, he served in the body continuously until 2002, and rejoined the Senate from 2007 until his retirement from politics in 2011. His first period as a senator was the longest continuous tenure in the body's history.
Andrew Michael Holness, ON, MP is a Jamaican politician who has been the Prime Minister of Jamaica since 3 March 2016, following the 2016 Jamaican general election. Holness previously served as prime minister from October 2011 to 5 January 2012. He succeeded Bruce Golding as prime minister, and decided to go to the polls in the 29 December 2011 general election in an attempt to get his own mandate from the Jamaican electorate. He failed in that bid, however, losing to the People's National Party led by Portia Simpson-Miller, with the PNP gaining 42 seats to the Jamaica Labour Party's 21. Following that defeat, Holness served as Leader of the Opposition from January 2012 to March 2016, when he once again assumed the position of prime minister. In 2020, The Labour Party won a landslide in another general election, and on 7 September Holness was sworn in for another term as prime minister.
Kenneth Wykeham McNeill, MD, MP, CD is a Jamaican politician, former Member of Parliament for Westmoreland West, Jamaica. He is a former government minister. He was the Minister of Tourism of Jamaica from 2012-2016. He was elected the first vice chair of the Executive Council of the United Nations World Tourism Organization representing Jamaica in 2012 and elected chairman of the Executive council for the 2014-2015 period. McNeill was elected a Vice President of The People's National Party at the Party's annual conference in September 2016.
Sharon Hay-Webster is a Jamaican politician. She was a member of the House of Representatives of the Parliament of Jamaica from 1997 to 2012, representing the People's National Party. She came to international attention after the 2004 Haitian coup d'état, when she escorted Jean-Bertrand Aristide from his temporary exile in the Central African Republic to Jamaica at the invitation of then-Prime Minister of Jamaica P. J. Patterson.
General elections were held in Jamaica on 29 December 2011. The elections were contested mainly between the nation's two major political parties, the governing Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), led by Andrew Holness, and the Portia Simpson-Miller-led opposition People's National Party (PNP). The result was a landslide victory for the PNP which won 42 of the 63 seats, a two-thirds majority.
General elections were held in Jamaica on 25 February 2016. The elections were largely a contest between the governing People's National Party (PNP) and the opposition Jamaica Labour Party (JLP). The result was a narrow victory for the JLP, which won 32 of the 63 seats. One political commentator described the poll as "the closest election Jamaica has ever had".
Shahine Elizabeth Fakhourie Robinson was a Jamaican politician, who served as the Minister of Labour and Social Security. She was a member of the Parliament of Jamaica for Saint Ann North Eastern. She served briefly as the Transport and Works Minister from late November 2011 to January 2012.
Ian Dave Hayles is a Jamaican politician with the People's National Party. He was a Member of the Parliament of Jamaica since 2007 before losing his seat to Jamaica Labour Party Candidate and Attorney-at-Law,Tamika Davis, at the September 3,2020 parliamentary elections.
Fenton Rudyard Ferguson is a Jamaican politician with the People's National Party. He has served as Jamaica's Minister of labor and social security under Prime Minister Portia Simpson-Miller since 2012. Outside politics he is a dental surgeon by profession. Dr. Fenton Ferguson was moved from his post to labor and social security following a comment he made. Fenton Ferguson is the MP for East St.Thomas his opponent in 2016 is Mr. Delano Seiveright. His infamous quote was that the babies who have died as a result of the Klebsiella bacteria outbreak in 2015 at Victoria Jubilee Hospital are “not babies in the real sense” during his tenure as Minister of Health when many premature babies died from that bacteria.(3)
Fayval Shirley Williams is a Jamaican politician who is the Minister of Education, Youth and Information and the Member of Parliament for the St Andrew Eastern constituency. Williams had previously been the minister in the Ministry of Science, Energy and Technology as well as the minister without portfolio in the Ministry of Finance and the Public Service. She is the first female to be a minister in the Ministry of Finance and the Public Service, and also the first female minister of science, energy and technology. In June 2014, Fayval Williams was named as a member of the Jamaica Labour Party's Economic Advisory Council.
Republicanism in Jamaica is a position which advocates that Jamaica's system of government be changed from a constitutional monarchy to a republic. Both major political parties – the Jamaica Labour Party and the People's National Party – subscribe to the position, and the current Prime Minister of Jamaica, Andrew Holness, has announced that transitioning to a republic will be a priority of his government.
Jamaica is the first English-speaking country in the Caribbean to achieve universal adult suffrage and grant women the right to be elected to Parliament. Between 1944 and 2020, a total of 45 women have been elected as Members of the House of Representatives. As of September 2020 there are 18 women in the House of Representatives, the highest ever. This is a new all-time high at 29% and is the first time that female representation in the House of Representatives stands at more than a quarter of the total membership.
A by-election to the House of Representatives was held for the Saint Andrew North Western constituency on March 5, 2018. The seat was declared vacant after the resignation of Derrick Smith as member of Parliament effective January 15, 2018. The election was won by Nigel Clarke of the Jamaica Labour Party.
Trelawny Northern is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Representatives of the Jamaican Parliament. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It was one of the 32 constituencies fixed in the new constitution granted to Jamaica in 1944. The constituency has featured in all 16 contested Parliamentary General Elections from 1944 to 2016. The current MP is Tova Hamilton, representing the Jamaica Labour Party, who has been in office since the 2020 general election.
Edwin Leopold Allen was a Jamaican politician, representing the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP). He served twice as minister of education (1953-1955) and (1962-1972). He was the first and longest-serving minister of education of independent Jamaica.