Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party

Last updated

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
President Hans van Baalen
Group leader Dacian Cioloș MEP
Founded26 March 1976 [1]
HeadquartersRue d'Idalie 11,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Think tank European Liberal Forum
Youth wing European Liberal Youth
Ideology Liberalism [2]
Pro-Europeanism
International affiliation Liberal International
European Parliament group
Colours             Dark blue, light blue, magenta
     Yellow (customary)
European Parliament
68 / 705
European Council
6 / 27
European Commission
5 / 27
European Lower Houses
723 / 9,874
European Upper Houses
244 / 2,714
Website
www.aldeparty.eu

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe, mainly active in the European Union. On 26 March 1976, it was founded in Stuttgart as a confederation of national political parties under the name Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe and renamed European Liberals and Democrats (ELD) in 1977 and European Liberal Democrats and Reformists (ELDR) in 1986. On 30 April 2004, the ELDR was reformed as an official European party, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party). [3] The ALDE Party is affiliated with the Liberal International [4] and a recognised European political party, incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law.

Contents

On 10 November 2012, the party chose its current name of ALDE Party, taken from its then-European Parliament group, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), which had been formed on 20 July 2004 in conjunction with the European Democratic Party (EDP). Prior to the 2004 European election the European party had been represented through its own group, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) Group. In June 2019, the ALDE group was succeeded by Renew Europe.

As of 2020, ALDE is represented in European Union institutions, with 65 MEPs and five members of the European Commission. Of the 27 EU member states, there are six with ALDE-affiliated Prime Ministers: Mark Rutte (VVD) in the Netherlands, Xavier Bettel (DP) in Luxembourg, Jüri Ratas (Estonian Centre Party) in Estonia, Andrej Babiš (ANO) in the Czech Republic, Sophie Wilmès (MR) in Belgium and Micheál Martin (FF) in Ireland. ALDE member parties are also in governments in four other EU member states: Croatia, Finland, Latvia and Slovenia. Some other ALDE member parties offer parliamentary support to governments in Croatia, Denmark, Italy, Romania and Sweden. Charles Michel, former Belgian Prime Minister, is current President of the European Council.

ALDE's think tank is the European Liberal Forum. The youth wing of ALDE is the European Liberal Youth (LYMEC), which is predominantly based upon youth and student liberal organisations but contains also a small number of individual members. LYMEC is led by Antoaneta Asenova (MRF) of Bulgaria, and counts 200,000 members.

Structure

Bureau

The day-to-day management of the ALDE Party is handled by the Bureau, the members of which are: [5]

OfficeNameState memberParty member
President Hans van Baalen Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands VVD
Vice-Presidents Henrik Bach Mortensen Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Venstre
Dita Charanzová MEP Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic ANO
Senator Timmy Dooley Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland FF
Baroness Sal Brinton Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom LibDem
Luis Garicano MEPFlag of Spain.svg  Spain Cs
Ilhan Kyuchyuk MEPFlag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria MRF
Daniel Berg Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary M
Annelou van Egmond Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands D66
Alexander Graf Lambsdorff Flag of Germany.svg  Germany FDP
Treasurer Gašper Koprivšek Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia SMC
Ex officio members
Secretary-General Jacob Moroza-Rasmussen Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Venstre
President of Liberal International Hakima El Haite Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco / (MP)
Group Chair in the PACE Jacques Maire MPFlag of France.svg  France / (LREM)
Leader in the European Parliament Dacian Cioloș MEPFlag of Romania.svg  Romania PLUS
Leader in the European Committee of the Regions François Decoster Flag of France.svg  France /
President of the European Liberal Youth Antoaneta AsenovaFlag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria MRF

Presidents

Hans van Baalen Johannes Cornelis van Baalen MEP 1 - Diliff.jpg
Hans van Baalen

History of pan-European liberalism

ELDR Party logo (2009-2012). ELDR logo.svg
ELDR Party logo (2009–2012).

Pan-European liberalism has a long history dating back to the foundation of Liberal International in April 1947. On 26 March 1976, the Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe was established in Stuttgart. The founding parties of the federation were the Free Democratic Party of Germany, Radical Party of France, Liberal Party of Denmark, Italian Liberal Party, Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democratic Party of Luxembourg. [6] Observer members joining later in 1976 were the Danish Social Liberal Party, French Radical Party of the Left and Independent Republicans, British Liberal Party, and Italian Republican Party. [6] In 1977, the federation was renamed European Liberals and Democrats, in 1986, European Liberal Democrats and Reformists.

It evolved into the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party) in 2004, when it was founded as an official European party under that name and incorporated under Belgian law at an extraordinary Congress in Brussels, held on 30 April 2004 the day before the enlargement of the European Union. At the same time the matching group in the European Parliament, the European Liberal Democrats and Reformists Group allied with the members of the newly elected European Democratic Party, forming the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) with a matching ALDE Group in the European Parliament.

On 10 November 2012, the ELDR Party adopted the name of the alliance between the two parties, to match the parliamentary group and the alliance.

On 12 June 2019, the ALDE group was succeeded by a new enlarged group, Renew Europe, which primarly consists of ALDE and EDP member parties and France's La République En Marche! (LREM). [7]

European Council

MemberRepresentativePolitical partyMember sincePhoto
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Prime Minister

Mark Rutte

VVD 14 October 2010 Mark Rutte-6 (cropped).jpg
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Prime Minister

Xavier Bettel

DP 4 December 2013 Tallinn Digital Summit. Handshake Xavier Bettel and Juri Ratas (36718144533) CROP BETTEL.jpg
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia Prime Minister

Jüri Ratas

Kesk 23 November 2016 RK Juri Ratas (cropped).jpg
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic Prime Minister

Andrej Babiš

ANO 6 December 2017 A Babis Praha 2015.JPG
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium Prime Minister

Sophie Wilmès

MR 27 October 2019 Sophie Wilmes crop.jpg
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland Taoiseach

Micheál Martin

FF 27 June 2020 Micheal Martin TD (cropped).jpg
Flag of Europe.svg European Union President

Charles Michel

MR (ALDE)1 December 2019 Charles Michel (49467991288).jpg

European Commissioners

ALDE Member Parties contribute four out of the 28 members of the European Commission:

StateCommissionerPortfolioPolitical partyPhoto
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark Margrethe Vestager A Europe Fit for the Digital Age,

Executive Vice President


Competition,

Commissioner

RV Margrethe Vestager (2011).jpg
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Věra Jourová Values and Transparency,

Vice President

ANO Vera Jourova.jpg
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia Janez Lenarčič Crisis Management,

Commissioner

Ind. Hearing of Janez Lenarcic (Slovenia) - Crisis management (48833246092) (cropped).jpg
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Kadri Simson Energy,

Commissioner

KESK Kadri Simson 2017-05-25 (cropped).jpg
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Didier Reynders Justice,

Commissioner

MR Didier Reynders (31092545008)(cropped).jpg

Elected representatives of member parties

European institutions

OrganisationInstitutionNumber of seats
Flag of Europe.svg  European Union European Commission
5 / 27
European Council
(Heads of Government)
6 / 27
Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
10 / 27
European Parliament
65 / 705
Flag of the Council of Europe.svg  Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
28 / 318

National parliaments of European Union member states

CountryInstitutionNumber of seatsMember partiesStatus
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria National Council
15 / 183
NEOS Opposition
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Chamber of Representatives
Lower house
26 / 150
MR
14 / 26
Government
Open Vld
12 / 26
Government
Senate
Upper house
11 / 60
MR
6 / 11
Government
Open Vld
5 / 11
Government
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria National Assembly
25 / 240
MRF Opposition
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Sabor
12 / 151
HNS
4 / 12
Government
HSLS
1 / 12
Support
Glas
4 / 12
Opposition
IDS-DDI
3 / 12
Opposition
Pametno
0 / 12
Extraparliamentary
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
78 / 200
ANO Government
Senate
Upper house
7 / 81
ANO Government
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Folketing
58 / 175
RV
16 / 58
Support
V
42 / 58
Opposition
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia State Council
59 / 101
EK
25 / 59
Government
ER
34 / 59
Opposition
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Parliament
41 / 200
Kesk
31 / 41
Government
SFP
10 / 41
Government
Flag of France.svg  France National Assembly
Lower house
36 / 577
UDI
18 / 36
Opposition
MR
18 / 36
Opposition
Senate
Upper house
46 / 348
UDI
31 / 46
Opposition
MR
15 / 46
Opposition
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Bundestag
80 / 631
FDP Opposition
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Országgyűlés
1 / 199
Liberálisok
1 / 1
Opposition
M
0 / 1
Extraparliamentary
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Dáil
Lower house
37 / 160
FF Government
Seanad
Upper house
20 / 60
FF Government
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
2 / 630
RI, +E Support
Senate of the Republic
Upper house
1 / 315
RI, +E Support
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Seimas
14 / 141
LRLS
10 / 14
Opposition
DP
4 / 14
Opposition
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Saeima
13 / 100
LA Government
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies
12 / 60
DP Government
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta House of Representatives
0 / 67
PD Extraparliamentary
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands House of Representatives
Lower house
51 / 150
VVD
39 / 51
Government
D66
19 / 51
Government
Senate
Upper house
19 / 75
VVD
12 / 19
Government
D66
7 / 19
Government
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Sejm
Lower house
8 / 460
.Nowoczesna Opposition
Senat of Poland
Upper house
1 / 100
.Nowoczesna Opposition
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Assembly of the Republic
1 / 230
IL Opposition
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
27 / 329
USR Support
Senate
Upper house
13 / 136
USR Support
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia National Council
0 / 150
PS Extraparliamentary
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia National Assembly
27 / 90
SMC
8 / 27
Government
LMŠ
14 / 27
Opposition
SAB
5 / 27
Opposition
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Congress of Deputies
Lower house
10 / 350
C's Opposition
Senate
Upper house
8 / 266
C's Opposition
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Riksdag
50 / 349
C
31 / 50
Support
L
19 / 50
Support

National parliaments outside the European Union

CountryInstitutionNumber of seatsMember parties
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra General Council
4 / 28
PLA
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia National Assembly
17 / 132
ANC, Bright Armenia
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan National Assembly
0 / 125
Musavat
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina House of Representatives
4 / 42
Naša Stranka
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Parliament
0 / 150
Republican, FD
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland Althing
4 / 63
Viðreisn
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova Parliament
0 / 101
PL
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro Assembly
1 / 81
LPCG
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Storting
8 / 169
Venstre
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland National Council
Lower house
45 / 200
FDP, GLP
Council of States
Upper house
12 / 46
FDP
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom House of Commons
Lower house
12 / 650
Lib Dems, Alliance
House of Lords
Upper house
94 / 775
Lib Dems
Gibraltar Parliament
unicameral
3 / 17
Libs

Member parties

Proportion of ALDE Party MEPs per country as of 2004 Eldr2004.png
Proportion of ALDE Party MEPs per country as of 2004
States with full (and possibly associate) member parties
States with associate member parties ALDE party - countries with members.svg
  States with full (and possibly associate) member parties
  States with associate member parties
Country or RegionPartyMEPs
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum
1 / 18
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium (Dutch) Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats
3 / 12
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium (French) Reformist Movement
2 / 8
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms
3 / 17
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
0 / 11
Croatian Social Liberal Party
0 / 11
Istrian Democratic Assembly
1 / 11
Civic Liberal Alliance
0 / 11
Pametno
0 / 11
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus United Democrats
0 / 6
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic ANO 2011
6 / 21
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Social Liberal Party
2 / 13
Venstre
3 / 13
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Estonian Centre Party
1 / 6
Estonian Reform Party
2 / 6
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Centre Party
2 / 13
Swedish People's Party of Finland
1 / 13
Flag of France.svg  France Radical Movement
1 / 74
Union of Democrats and Independents
0 / 74
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Free Democratic Party
5 / 96
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Hungarian Liberal Party
0 / 21
Momentum Movement
2 / 21
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Fianna Fáil
1 / 11
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy More Europe
0 / 73
Team Köllensperger
0 / 73
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia For Latvia's Development
1 / 8
Movement For!
0 / 8
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Labour Party
1 / 11
Liberals' Movement of the Republic of Lithuania
1 / 11
Freedom Party
0 / 11
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg Democratic Party
2 / 6
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta Democratic Party
0 / 6
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Democrats 66
2 / 26
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
4 / 26
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland .Nowoczesna
0 / 51
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Liberal Initiative
0 / 21
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Save Romania Union [8]
4 / 33
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Progressive Slovakia
2 / 13
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia List of Marjan Šarec
2 / 8
Modern Centre Party
0 / 8
Party of Alenka Bratušek
0 / 8
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Citizens
6 / 54
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Centre Party
2 / 20
Liberals
1 / 20

Outside the EU

See also

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References

  1. as "Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe"
  2. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  3. "European Liberal Democrats change party name to ALDE Party | ALDE Party". Eldr.eu. Archived from the original on 13 February 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. "ALDE-party Bureau".
  6. 1 2 Dimitri Almeida (2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. Taylor & Francis. pp. 102–103. ISBN   978-1-136-34039-0.
  7. "Macron-Liberal alliance to be named Renew Europe". Politico . 12 June 2019.
  8. 1 2 "ALDE Party Council meets in Zürich". ALDE. 28 June 2019.