Liberalism in Montenegro

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This article gives an overview of liberalism in Montenegro . It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mostly limited to parties with parliamentary status

Montenegro Republic in Southeastern Europe

Montenegro is a country in Southeast Europe on the Adriatic Sea. It borders Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest; Serbia and Kosovo to the east, Albania to the south and Croatia to the southwest. Montenegro has an area of 13,812 square kilometres and a population of 620,079. Its capital Podgorica is one of the twenty-three municipalities in the country. Cetinje is designated as the Old Royal Capital.

Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equal rights. Liberals espouse a wide array of views depending on their understanding of these principles, but they generally support limited government, individual rights, capitalism, democracy, secularism, gender equality, racial equality, internationalism, freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom of religion.

A political party is an organized group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. The party agrees on some proposed policies and programmes, with a view to promoting the collective good or furthering their supporters' interests.

History

Following the fall of communism in Montenegro, one of the first political parties to emerge was Liberal Alliance of Montenegro (LSCG), a party which advocated liberalism, pacifism, civic concept of the state and supported restoration of Montenegrin independence. LSCG was an active opponent of the ruling DPS-led regime from 1990 to 2004, when it froze its political activity. Slavko Perović and Miro Vicković were the most prominent party officials and held the leading positions in the party throughout its existence.

Liberal Alliance of Montenegro political party

Liberal Alliance of Montenegro was a liberal separatist anti-war political party active in Montenegro between 1990 and 2005. Liberal Alliance was a full member of Liberal International from 1994 until its dissolution in 2005.

Montenegrin nationalism refers to the nationalism of Montenegrins and/or the culture of Montenegro. Contemporary Montenegrin nationalism cites that an independent Montenegrin culture separate from Serbian culture arose after Serbia was taken over by the Ottoman Empire in the 14th century while Montenegro remained independent for many years, resulting in a different culture developing in Montenegro.

Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro political party

The Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro is the ruling political party in Montenegro. It has been so since the introduction of a multi-party system in 1990.

In 2004, Liberal Party of Montenegro (LP) was founded, its membership including a number of former LSCG officials who were previously ousted from the party due to corruption charges. Despite attempting to adopt the legacy of LSCG, LP pursued an entirely different political strategy, and has closely cooperated with the ruling DPS since its foundation. At the latest parliamentary election, LP was integrated into the electoral list of DPS, which ran independently.

Liberal Party of Montenegro political party

Liberal Party of Montenegro is a liberal political party in Montenegro, an associate member of ALDE and a full member of the Liberal International. The party advocates liberalism and the bringing down of Milo Đukanović's rule, seeing it as authoritarian and undemocratic. It had continued the fight against what it saw as the DPS' authoritarianism that the Liberal Alliance of Montenegro pursued since its foundation in 1990. However, the party changed its discourse and became a junior coalition partner of DPS both on local and national level.

See also

The history of Montenegro begins in the early Middle Ages, into the former Roman province of Dalmatia that forms present-day Montenegro. In the 9th century, there were three principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in the independence of Duklja and the establishment of the Vojislavljević dynasty. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav's son, Mihailo (1046–81), and his grandson Bodin (1081–1101). By the 13th century, Zeta had replaced Duklja when referring to the realm. In the late 14th century, southern Montenegro (Zeta) came under the rule of the Balšić noble family, then the Crnojević noble family, and by the 15th century, Zeta was more often referred to as Crna Gora. Large portions fell under the control of the Ottoman Empire from 1496 to 1878. Parts were controlled by Venice. From 1515 until 1851 the prince-bishops (vladikas) of Cetinje were the rulers. The House of Petrović-Njegoš ruled until 1918. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of an independence referendum held on 21 May 2006, Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year.

Politics of Montenegro

Politics of Montenegro takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Montenegro is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Montenegro. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit has rated Montenegro as "hybrid regime" in 2016.


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