United Democratic Front (Malawi)

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United Democratic Front
President Atupele Muluzi
Secretary-GeneralKandi Padambo
Spokesperson Ken Ndanga
Founder Bakili Muluzi
FoundedOctober 1992
Youth wing Yellow Youth
Ideology Liberalism
Political position Centre
African affiliation Africa Liberal Network
ColorsYellow, Blue
SloganDelivering Change in Malawi
National Assembly
10 / 193
0 / 5
Pan-African Parliament
0 / 5
Election symbol
Pair of holding hands

The United Democratic Front is a political party in Malawi founded in 1992 by Bakili Muluzi. [1] It claims to be a liberal party in Malawi and is mainly strong in the southern region populated by ethnic Yao. Bakili Muluzi was President of Malawi from 1994 to 2004.



The United Democratic Front is a prominent political party in Malawi that was founded in 1992 by Bakili Muluzi. [2] Until 2009 the party was a member of Liberal International, which it joined at the latter's Reykjavík Congress in 1994. [3]

Rise of DPP faction

It came into power in 1994 under Bakili Muluzi who was in power until 2004, serving two terms. It continued in power under Bingu wa Mutharika; however Muluzi remained the head of the party. After succeeding Muluzi, Mutharika came into conflict with much of the party, including Muluzi, and he left the party in February 2005 to form the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). In 2009 it was the DPP which won the election. This led to mass defections from the UDF to the ruling DPP. The party however, continued to restructure.

Political performance

In 1994, the UDF candidate Bakili Muluzi came to power in Malawi. In the general election held on 20 May 2004, the UDF's candidate for president, Bingu wa Mutharika, won 35.9% of the vote and was elected. The party also won 49 out of 194 seats.

On 24 April 2008, a UDF convention, which included 2,000 delegates, chose Muluzi as the party's 2009 presidential candidate, despite questions about his eligibility due to term limits. He received 1,950 votes at the convention against 38 for Vice-President Cassim Chilumpha. [4]

UDF presidents

UDF members

Electoral history

Presidential elections

ElectionParty candidateVotes%Result
1994 Bakili Muluzi 1,404,75447.15%ElectedGreen check.svg
1999 2,442,68545.21%ElectedGreen check.svg
2004 Bingu wa Mutharika 1,195,58635.97%ElectedGreen check.svg
2014 Atupele Muluzi 717,22413.7%LostRed x.svg
2019 235,1644.67%LostRed x.svg

National Assembly elections

ElectionParty leaderVotes%Seats+/–Position
1994 Bakili Muluzi 1,375,87846.53%
85 / 177
Increase2.svg 85Increase2.svg 1st
1999 2,124,99947.32%
93 / 193
Increase2.svg 8Steady2.svg 1st
2004 801,20025.34%
49 / 193
Decrease2.svg 44Steady2.svg 1st
2009 562,02512.92%
17 / 193
Decrease2.svg 32Decrease2.svg 3rd
2014 Atupele Muluzi 496,7659.63%
14 / 193
Decrease2.svg 3Decrease2.svg 4th
2019 227,3354.58%
10 / 193
Decrease2.svg 4Increase2.svg 3rd

See also

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  1. "Eulogy for a Dictator? Malawi's Bingu wa Mutharika | Malawi news, Malawi - NyasaTimes breaking online news source from Malawi". Archived from the original on 22 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  2. "Eulogy for a Dictator? Malawi's Bingu wa Mutharika | Malawi news, Malawi - NyasaTimes breaking online news source from Malawi". Archived from the original on 22 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  3. UDF page at Liberal International website Archived 26 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine .
  4. "Tough times ahead for Muluzi", Sapa-AFP (IOL), 25 April 2008.
  5. "UDF president Atupele Muluzi quits politics - Malawi Nyasa Times - News from Malawi about Malawi". www.nyasatimes.com. 28 May 2022. Retrieved 15 August 2022.