List of regencies and cities of Indonesia

Last updated

Contents

Regencies (kabupaten) and cities (kota) are the second-level administrative subdivision in Indonesia, immediately below the provinces, and above the districts. Regencies are roughly equivalent to American counties, although most cities in the United States are below the counties. [1] Following the implementation of decentralization beginning on 1 January 2001, regencies and city municipalities became the key administrative units responsible for providing most governmental services. [2] Each of regencies and cities has their own local government and legislative body.

The difference between a regency and a city lies in demography, size, and economy. Generally, a regency comprises a rural area larger than a city, but also often includes various towns. A city usually has non-agricultural economic activities. A regency is headed by a regent (bupati), while a city is headed by a mayor (walikota). All regents, mayors, and members of legislatures are directly elected via elections to serve for a five-year term which can be renewed once. Each regency or city is divided further into districts more commonly known as kecamatan.

An administrative city (kota administrasi) or an administrative regency (kabupaten administrasi) is a subdivision of province without its own local legislatures (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The leader of administrative city or administrative regency is directly appointed by the governor. This type of city and regency in Indonesia is only found in Jakarta which consisted of five administrative cities and one administrative regency.

As of July2021, there were 514-second-level administrative divisions (416 kabupaten and 98 kota) in Indonesia. [3] The list below groups regencies and cities in Indonesia by provinces. Each regency has an administrative centre, the regency seat. [4]

List of regencies and cities by province

A map of the regencies and cities of Indonesia Indonesian cities and regencies.svg
A map of the regencies and cities of Indonesia

Sumatra

Aceh

Regencies and cities in Aceh Aceh Regencies.png
Regencies and cities in Aceh
No.Regency Seat HDI (2019) [5]
1 Aceh Besar Jantho 0.735 (High)
2 Aceh Jaya Calang 0.697 (Medium)
3 Aceh Singkil Singkil 0.689 (Medium)
4 Aceh Tamiang Karang Baru 0.692 (Medium)
5 Bener Meriah Simpang Tiga Redelong 0.729 (High)
6 Bireuën Bireuën 0.723 (High)
7 Central Aceh Takengon 0.731 (High)
8 East Aceh Idi Rayeuk 0.674 (Medium)
9 Gayo Lues Blangkejeren 0.669 (Medium)
10 Nagan Raya Suka Makmue 0.691 (Medium)
11 North Aceh Lhoksukon 0.692 (Medium)
12 Pidie Sigli 0.704 (High)
13 Pidie Jaya Meureudu 0.729 (High)
14 Simeulue Sinabang 0.657 (Medium)
15 South Aceh Tapaktuan 0.669 (Medium)
16 Southeast Aceh Kutacane 0.693 (Medium)
17 Southwest Aceh Blangpidie 0.666 (Medium)
18 West Aceh Meulaboh 0.712 (High)
NoCity HDI (2019) [5]
1 Banda Aceh 0.851 (Very High)
2 Langsa 0.771 (High)
3 Lhokseumawe 0.773 (High)
4 Sabang 0.757 (High)
5 Subulussalam 0.645 (Medium)

North Sumatra

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [5]
1 Asahan Kisaran 0.699 (Medium)
2 Batubara Limapuluh 0.684 (Medium)
3 Central Tapanuli Pandan 0.689 (Medium)
4 Dairi Sidikalang 0.714 (High)
5 Deli Serdang Lubuk Pakam 0.754 (High)
6 Humbang Hasundutan Dolok Sanggul 0.688 (Medium)
7 Karo Kabanjahe 0.743 (High)
8 Labuhan Batu Rantau Prapat 0.719 (High)
9 Langkat Stabat 0.708 (High)
10 Mandailing Natal Panyabungan 0.665 (Medium)
11 Nias Gunungsitoli 0.616 (Medium)
12 North Labuhan Batu Aek Kanopan 0.714 (High)
13 North Nias Lotu 0.619 (Medium)
14 North Padang Lawas Gunung Tua 0.692 (Medium)
15 North Tapanuli Tarutung 0.733 (High)
16 Padang Lawas Sibuhuan 0.682 (Medium)
17 Pakpak Bharat Salak 0.675 (Medium)
18 Samosir Pangururan 0.706 (High)
19 Serdang Bedagai Sei Rampah 0.702 (High)
20 Simalungun Raya 0.729 (High)
21 South Labuhan Batu Kota Pinang 0.714 (High)
22 South Nias Teluk Dalam 0.616 (Medium)
23 South Tapanuli Sipirok 0.698 (Medium)
24 Toba Balige 0.749 (High)
25 West Nias Lahomi 0.611 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [5]
1 Binjai 0.758 (High)
2 Gunungsitoli 0.693 (Medium)
3 Medan 0.809 (Very High)
4 Padang Sidempuan 0.751 (High)
5 Pematangsiantar 0.786 (High)
6 Sibolga 0.734 (High)
7 Tanjungbalai 0.685 (Medium)
8 Tebing Tinggi 0.751 (High)

West Sumatra

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [6]
1 Agam Lubuk Basung 0.724 (High)
2 Dharmasraya Pulau Punjung 0.715 (High)
3 Lima Puluh Kota Sarilamak 0.697 (Medium)
4 Mentawai Islands Tuapeijat 0.613 (Medium)
5 Padang Pariaman Parit Malintang 0.706 (High)
6 Pasaman Lubuk Sikaping 0.665 (Medium)
7 Sijunjung Muaro Sijunjung 0.676 (Medium)
8 Solok Arosuka 0.691 (Medium)
9 South Pesisir Painan 0.701 (High)
10 South Solok Padang Aro 0.689 (Medium)
11 Tanah Datar Batusangkar 0.721 (High)
12 West Pasaman Simpang Ampek 0.682 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [7]
1 Bukittinggi 0.807 (Very High)
2 Padang 0.827 (Very High)
3 Padang Panjang 0.780 (High)
4 Pariaman 0.767 (High)
5 Payakumbuh 0.789 (High)
6 Sawahlunto 0.724 (High)
7 Solok 0.783 (High)

Jambi

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [7]
1 Batang Hari Muara Bulian 0.697 (Medium)
2 Bungo Muara Bungo 0.699 (Medium)
3 East Tanjung Jabung Muara Sabak 0.639 (Medium)
4 Kerinci Siulak 0.709 (High)
5 Merangin Bangko 0.691 (Medium)
6 Muaro Jambi Sengeti 0.690 (Medium)
7 Sarolangun Sarolangun 0.697 (Medium)
8 Tebo Muara Tebo 0.690 (Medium)
9 West Tanjung Jabung Kuala Tungkal 0.675 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [7]
1 Jambi 0.783 (High)
2 Sungai Penuh 0.754 (High)

Riau

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [7]
1 Bengkalis Bengkalis 0.734 (High)
2 Indragiri Hilir Tembilahan 0.668 (Medium)
3 Indragiri Hulu Rengat 0.701 (High)
4 Kampar Bangkinang 0.732 (High)
5 Kuantan Singingi Teluk Kuantan 0.708 (High)
6 Meranti Islands Selat Panjang 0.659 (Medium)
7 Pelalawan Pangkalan Kerinci 0.719 (High)
8 Rokan Hulu Pasir Pangaraian 0.699 (Medium)
9 Rokan Hilir Bagansiapiapi 0.694 (Medium)
10 Siak Siak Sri Indrapura 0.741 (High)
NoCity HDI (2019) [7]
1 Dumai 0.746 (High)
2 Pekanbaru 0.814 (Very High)

Bengkulu

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [8]
1 Central Bengkulu Karang Tinggi 0.673 (Medium)
2 Kaur Bintuhan 0.668 (Medium)
3 Kepahiang Kepahiang 0.678 (Medium)
4 Lebong Muara Aman 0.668 (Medium)
5 Mukomuko Mukomuko 0.681 (Medium)
6 North Bengkulu Arga Makmur 0.688 (Medium)
7 Rejang Lebong Curup 0.701 (High)
8 Seluma Pasar Tais 0.667 (Medium)
9 South Bengkulu Manna 0.703 (High)
NoCity HDI (2019) [9]
1 Bengkulu 0.804 (Very High)

South Sumatra

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [10]
1 Banyuasin Pangkalan Balai 0.669 (Medium)
2 East Ogan Komering Ulu Martapura 0.694 (Medium)
3 Empat Lawang Tebing Tinggi 0.651 (Medium)
4 Lahat Lahat 0.676 (Medium)
5 Muara Enim Muara Enim 0.689 (Medium)
6 Musi Banyuasin Sekayu 0.678 (Medium)
7 Musi Rawas Muara Beliti 0.669 (Medium)
8 North Musi Rawas Rupit 0.643 (Medium)
9 Ogan Ilir Indralaya 0.672 (Medium)
10 Ogan Komering Ilir Kayuagung 0.669 (Medium)
11 Ogan Komering Ulu Baturaja 0.695 (Medium)
12 Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir Talang Ubi 0.643 (Medium)
13 South Ogan Komering Ulu Muaradua 0.654 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [11]
1 Lubuklinggau 0.748 (High)
2 Pagar Alam 0.684 (Medium)
3 Palembang 0.784 (High)
4 Prabumulih 0.744 (High)

Lampung

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [12]
1 Central Lampung Gunung Sugih 0.700 (High)
2 East Lampung Sukadana 0.693 (Medium)
3 Mesuji Mesuji 0.635 (Medium)
4 North Lampung Kotabumi 0.676 (Medium)
5 Pesawaran Gedong Tataan 0.658 (Medium)
6 Pringsewu Pringsewu 0.699 (Medium)
7 South Lampung Kalianda 0.682 (Medium)
8 Tanggamus Kota Agung Pusat 0.664 (Medium)
9 Tulang Bawang Menggala 0.683 (Medium)
10 Way Kanan Blambangan Umpu 0.672 (Medium)
11 West Lampung Liwa 0.675 (Medium)
12 West Pesisir Krui 0.638 (Medium)
13 West Tulang Bawang Panaragan Jaya 0.659 (Medium)
NoCity
1 Bandar Lampung 0.773 (High)
2 Metro 0.768 (High)

Bangka Belitung Islands

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [13]
1 Bangka Sungailiat 0.724 (High)
2 Belitung Tanjung Pandan 0.725 (High)
3 Central Bangka Koba 0.703 (High)
4 East Belitung Manggar 0.708 (High)
5 South Bangka Toboali 0.665 (Medium)
6 West Bangka Muntok 0.691 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [14]
1 Pangkal Pinang 0.779 (High)

Riau Islands

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [15]
1 Anambas Islands Tarempa 0.685 (Medium)
2 Bintan Bandar Seri Bentan 0.739 (High)
3 Karimun Tanjung Balai Karimun 0.711 (High)
4 Lingga Daik 0.649 (Medium)
5 Natuna Ranai 0.726 (High)
NoCity HDI (2019) [16]
1 Batam 0.811 (Very High)
2 Tanjung Pinang 0.787 (High)

Java

Special Capital Region of Jakarta

NoAdministrative regency Seat HDI (2019) [17]
1 Thousand Islands Pramuka Island 0.714 (High)
NoAdministrative city HDI (2019) [18]
1 Central Jakarta Menteng 0.812 (Very High)
2 East Jakarta Jatinegara 0.827 (Very High)
3 North Jakarta Koja 0.802 (Very High)
4 South Jakarta Kebayoran Baru 0.848 (Very High)
5 West Jakarta Kembangan 0.812 (Very High)

Banten

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [19]
1 Lebak Rangkasbitung 0.639 (Medium)
2 Pandeglang Pandeglang 0.649 (Medium)
3 Serang Ciruas 0.664 (Medium)
4 Tangerang Tigaraksa 0.719 (High)
NoCity HDI (2019) [20]
1 Cilegon 0.730 (High)
2 Serang 0.721 (High)
3 South Tangerang 0.815 ( Very High)
4 Tangerang 0.784 (High)

West Java

Map of West Java with cities and regencies names.png
NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [21]
1 Bandung Soreang 0.724 (High)
2 Bekasi Cikarang 0.739 (High)
3 Bogor Cibinong 0.707 (High)
4 Ciamis Ciamis 0.704 (High)
5 Cianjur Cianjur 0.654 (Medium)
6 Cirebon Sumber 0.687 (Medium)
7 Garut South Tarogong 0.662 (Medium)
8 Indramayu Indramayu 0.669 (Medium)
9 Karawang Karawang 0.709 (High)
10 Kuningan Kuningan 0.691 (Medium)
11 Majalengka Majalengka 0.675 (Medium)
12 Pangandaran Parigi 0.682 (Medium)
13 Purwakarta Purwakarta 0.707 (High)
14 Subang Subang 0.687 (Medium)
15 Sukabumi Pelabuhan Ratu 0.669 (Medium)
16 Sumedang Sumedang 0.715 (High)
17 Tasikmalaya Singaparna 0.656 (Medium)
18 West Bandung Ngamprah 0.683 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [22]
1 Bandung 0.816 (Very High)
2 Banjar 0.718 (High)
3 Bekasi 0.816 (Very High)
4 Bogor 0.762 (High)
5 Cimahi 0.781 (High)
6 Cirebon 0.749 (High)
7 Depok 0.808 (Very High)
8 Sukabumi 0.743 (High)
9 Tasikmalaya 0.728 (High)

Central Java

Regencies and cities in Central Java Central Java province.png
Regencies and cities in Central Java
NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [23]
1 Banjarnegara Banjarnegara 0.673 (Medium)
2 Banyumas Purwokerto 0.719 (High)
3 Batang Batang 0.684 (Medium)
4 Blora Blora 0.687 (Medium)
5 Boyolali Boyolali 0.738 (High)
6 Brebes Brebes 0.661 (Medium)
7 Cilacap Cilacap 0.699 (Medium)
8 Demak Demak 0.719 (High)
9 Grobogan Purwodadi 0.699 (Medium)
10 Jepara Jepara 0.719 (High)
11 Karanganyar Karanganyar 0.759 (High)
12 Kebumen Kebumen 0.696 (Medium)
13 Kendal Kendal 0.719 (High)
14 Klaten Klaten 0.753 (High)
15 Kudus Kudus 0.749 (High)
16 Magelang Mungkid 0.699 (Medium)
17 Pati Pati 0.714 (High)
18 Pekalongan Kajen 0.697 (Medium)
19 Pemalang Pemalang 0.663 (Medium)
20 Purbalingga Purbalingga 0.689 (Medium)
21 Purworejo Purworejo 0.725 (High)
22 Rembang Rembang 0.702 (High)
23 Semarang Ungaran 0.742 (High)
24 Sragen Sragen 0.734 (High)
25 Sukoharjo Sukoharjo 0.768 (High)
26 Tegal Slawi 0.682 (Medium)
27 Temanggung Temanggung 0.696 (Medium)
28 Wonogiri Wonogiri 0.699 (Medium)
29 Wonosobo Wonosobo 0.683 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [24]
1 Magelang 0.788 (High)
2 Pekalongan 0.748 (High)
3 Salatiga 0.831 (Very High)
4 Semarang 0.832 (Very High)
5 Surakarta 0.819 (Very High)
6 Tegal 0.749 (High)

East Java

Regencies and cities in East Java East Java province.png
Regencies and cities in East Java
NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [25]
1 Bangkalan Bangkalan 0.638 (Medium)
2 Banyuwangi Banyuwangi 0.706 (High)
3 Blitar Kanigoro 0.706 (High)
4 Bojonegoro Bojonegoro 0.688 (Medium)
5 Bondowoso Bondowoso 0.661 (Medium)
6 Gresik Gresik 0.761 (High)
7 Jember Jember 0.667 (Medium)
8 Jombang Jombang 0.729 (High)
9 Kediri Ngasem 0.719 (High)
10 Lamongan Lamongan 0.726 (High)
11 Lumajang Lumajang 0.653 (Medium)
12 Madiun Caruban 0.717 (High)
13 Magetan Magetan 0.735 (High)
14 Malang Kepanjen 0.704 (High)
15 Mojokerto Mojosari 0.735 (High)
16 Nganjuk Nganjuk 0.717 (High)
17 Ngawi Ngawi 0.704 (High)
18 Pacitan Pacitan 0.682 (Medium)
19 Pamekasan Pamekasan 0.659 (Medium)
20 Pasuruan Bangil 0.683 (Medium)
21 Ponorogo Ponorogo 0.706 (High)
22 Probolinggo Kraksaan 0.656 (Medium)
23 Sampang Sampang 0.619 (Medium)
24 Sidoarjo Sidoarjo 0.801 (Very High)
25 Situbondo Situbondo 0.671 (Medium)
26 Sumenep Sumenep 0.662 (Medium)
27 Trenggalek Trenggalek 0.695 (Medium)
28 Tuban Tuban 0.684 (Medium)
29 Tulungagung Tulungagung 0.726 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [26]
1 Batu 0.759 (High)
2 Blitar 0.786 (High)
3 Kediri 0.781 (High)
4 Madiun 0.809 (Very High)
5 Malang 0.813 (Very High)
6 Mojokerto 0.779 (High)
7 Pasuruan 0.753 (High)
8 Probolinggo 0.733 (High)
9 Surabaya 0.822 (Very High)

Special Region of Yogyakarta

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [27]
1 Bantul Bantul 0.800 (Very High)
2 Gunung Kidul Wonosari 0.699 (Medium)
3 Kulon Progo Wates 0.744 (High)
4 Sleman Sleman 0.839 (Very High)
NoCity HDI (2019) [28]
1 Yogyakarta 0.867 (Very High)

Lesser Sunda Islands

Bali

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [29]
1 Badung Mangupura 0.816 (Very High)
2 Bangli Bangli 0.693 (Medium)
3 Buleleng Singaraja 0.723 (High)
4 Gianyar Gianyar 0.771 (High)
5 Jembrana Negara 0.724 (High)
6 Karangasem Amlapura 0.673 (Medium)
7 Klungkung Semarapura 0.717 (High)
8 Tabanan Tabanan 0.762 (High)
NoCity HDI (2019) [30]
1 Denpasar 0.837 (Very High)

West Nusa Tenggara

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [31]
1 Bima Woha 0.664 (Medium)
2 Central Lombok Praya 0.664 (Medium)
3 Dompu Dompu 0.678 (Medium)
4 East Lombok Selong 0.662 (Medium)
5 North Lombok Tanjung 0.645 (Medium)
6 Sumbawa Sumbawa Besar 0.676 (Medium)
7 West Lombok Gerung 0.680 (Medium)
8 West Sumbawa Taliwang 0.715 (High)
NoCity HDI (2019) [32]
1 Bima 0.758 (High)
2 Mataram 0.791 (High)

East Nusa Tenggara

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [33]
1 Alor Kalabahi 0.610 (Medium)
2 Belu Atambua 0.625 (Medium)
3 Central Sumba Waibakul 0.610 (Medium)
4 East Flores Larantuka 0.643 (Medium)
5 East Manggarai Borong 0.605 (Medium)
6 East Sumba Waingapu 0.653 (Medium)
7 Ende Ende 0.672 (Medium)
8 Kupang Oelamasi 0.644 (Medium)
9 Lembata Lewoleba 0.649 (Medium)
10 Malaka Betun 0.603 (Medium)
11 Manggarai Ruteng 0.678 (Medium)
12 Nagekeo Mbay 0.659 (Medium)
13 Ngada Bajawa 0.678 (Medium)
14 North Central Timor Kefamenanu 0.633 (Medium)
15 Rote Ndao Baa 0.622 (Medium)
16 Sabu Raijua West Savu 0.567 (Medium)
17 Sikka Maumere 0.648 (Medium)
18 South Central Timor Soe 0.622 (Medium)
19 Southwest Sumba Tambolaka 0.626 (Medium)
20 West Manggarai Labuan Bajo 0.635 (Medium)
21 West Sumba Waikabubak 0.636 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [34]
1 Kupang 0.796 (High)

Kalimantan

West Kalimantan

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [35]
1 Bengkayang Bengkayang 0.676 (Medium)
2 Kapuas Hulu Putussibau 0.657 (Medium)
3 North Kayong Sukadana 0.627 (Medium)
4 Ketapang Ketapang 0.672 (Medium)
5 Kubu Raya Sungai Raya 0.678 (Medium)
6 Landak Ngabang 0.659 (Medium)
7 Melawi Nanga Pinoh 0.655 (Medium)
8 Mempawah Mempawah 0.655 (Medium)
9 Sambas Sambas 0.670 (Medium)
10 Sanggau Sanggau 0.657 (Medium)
11 Sekadau Sekadau 0.643 (Medium)
12 Sintang Sintang 0.667 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [36]
1 Pontianak 0.794 (High)
2 Singkawang 0.717 (High)

South Kalimantan

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [37]
1 Balangan Paringin 0.684 (Medium)
2 Banjar Martapura 0.689 (Medium)
3 Barito Kuala Marabahan 0.662 (Medium)
4 Central Hulu Sungai Barabai 0.688 (Medium)
5 Kotabaru Kotabaru 0.689 (Medium)
6 North Hulu Sungai Amuntai 0.655 (Medium)
7 South Hulu Sungai Kandangan 0.668 (Medium)
8 Tabalong Tanjung 0.719 (High)
9 Tanah Laut Pelaihari 0.690 (Medium)
10 Tanah Bumbu Batulicin 0.705 (High)
11 Tapin Rantau 0.701 (High)
NoCity HDI (2019) [38]
1 Banjarbaru 0.792 (High)
2 Banjarmasin 0.772 (High)

Central Kalimantan

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [39]
1 East Barito Tamiang Layang 0.713 (High)
2 East Kotawaringin Sampit 0.712 (High)
3 Gunung Mas Kuala Kurun 0.707 (High)
4 Kapuas Kuala Kapuas 0.694 (Medium)
5 Katingan Kasongan 0.686 (Medium)
6 Lamandau Nanga Bulik 0.705 (High)
7 Murung Raya Puruk Cahu 0.679 (Medium)
8 North Barito Muara Teweh 0.705 (High)
9 Pulang Pisau Pulang Pisau 0.683 (Medium)
10 Sukamara Sukamara 0.679 (Medium)
11 Seruyan Kuala Pembuang 0.676 (Medium)
12 South Barito Buntok 0.701 (High)
13 West Kotawaringin Pangkalan Bun 0.729 (High)
NoCity HDI (2019) [40]
1 Palangka Raya 0.808 (Very High)

East Kalimantan

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [41]
1 Berau Tanjung Redeb 0.749 (High)
2 East Kutai Sangatta 0.735 (High)
3 Kutai Kartanegara Tenggarong 0.738 (High)
4 Mahakam Ulu Ujoh Bilang 0.676 (Medium)
5 Paser Tana Paser 0.723 (High)
6 Penajam North Paser Penajam 0.716 (High)
7 West Kutai Sendawar 0.716 (High)
NoCity HDI (2019) [42]
1 Balikpapan 0.801 (Very High)
2 Bontang 0.801 (Very High)
3 Samarinda 0.802 (Very High)

North Kalimantan

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [43]
1 Bulungan Tanjung Selor 0.717 (High)
2 Malinau Malinau 0.721 (High)
3 Nunukan Nunukan 0.663 (Medium)
4 Tana Tidung Tideng Pale 0.678 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [44]
1 Tarakan 0.761 (High)

Sulawesi

Gorontalo

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [43]
1 Boalemo Tilamuta 0.655 (Medium)
2 Bone Bolango Suwawa 0.696 (Medium)
3 Gorontalo Limboto 0.667 (Medium)
4 North Gorontalo Kwandang 0.645 (Medium)
5 Pahuwato Marisa 0.653 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [43]
1 Gorontalo 0.771 (High)

South Sulawesi

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [43]
1 Bantaeng Bantaeng 0.683 (Medium)
2 Barru Barru 0.706 (High)
3 Bone Watampone 0.657 (Medium)
4 Bulukumba Bulukumba 0.683 (Medium)
5 East Luwu Malili 0.728 (High)
6 Enrekang Enrekang 0.727 (High)
7 Gowa Sungguminasa 0.697 (Medium)
8 Jeneponto Bontosunggu 0.640 (Medium)
9 Luwu Belopa 0.704 (High)
10 North Luwu Masamba 0.695 (Medium)
11 North Toraja Rantepao 0.692 (Medium)
12 Maros Maros 0.695 (Medium)
13 Pangkajene and Islands Regency Pangkajane 0.683 (Medium)
14 Pinrang Pinrang 0.711 (High)
15 Selayar Islands Benteng 0.669 (Medium)
16 Sinjai Sinjai 0.671 (Medium)
17 Sidenreng Rappang Pangkajene Sidenreng 0.711 (High)
18 Soppeng Watansoppeng 0.683 (Medium)
19 Takalar Pattallassang 0.669 (Medium)
20 Tana Toraja Makale 0.683 (Medium)
21 Wajo Sengkang 0.691 (Medium)
NoCity
1 Makassar 0.823 (Very High)
2 Palopo 0.779 (High)
3 Parepare 0.776 (High)

West Sulawesi

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [43]
1. Central Mamuju Tobadak 0.651 (Medium)
2. Majene Majene 0.666 (Medium)
3. Mamasa Mamasa 0.653 (Medium)
4. Mamuju Mamuju 0.677 (Medium)
5. Pasangkayu Pasangkayu 0.673 (Medium)
6. Polewali Mandar Polewali 0.637 (Medium)

Southeast Sulawesi

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [43]
1 Bombana Rumbia 0.657 (Medium)
2 Buton Pasarwajo 0.658 (Medium)
3 Central Buton Labungkari 0.641 (Medium)
4 East Kolaka Tirawuta 0.665 (Medium)
5 Kolaka Kolaka 0.730 (High)
6 Konawe Unaaha 0.713 (High)
7 Konawe Islands Langara 0.651 (Medium)
8 Muna Raha 0.689 (Medium)
9 North Buton Buranga 0.677 (Medium)
10 North Kolaka Lasusua 0.689 (Medium)
11 North Konawe Asera 0.692 (Medium)
12 South Buton Batauga 0.644 (Medium)
13 South Konawe Andoolo 0.679 (Medium)
14 Wakatobi Wangiwangi 0.689 (Medium)
15 West Muna Laworo 0.645 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [43]
1 Baubau 0.752 (High)
2 Kendari 0.829 (Very High)

Central Sulawesi

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [43]
1 Banggai Luwuk 0.704 (High)
2 Banggai Islands Salakan 0.651 (Medium)
3 Banggai Laut Banggai 0.653 (Medium)
4 Buol Buol 0.677 (Medium)
5 Donggala Banawa 0.655 (Medium)
6 Morowali Bungku 0.720 (High)
6 North Morowali Kolonodale 0.685 (Medium)
8 Parigi Moutong Parigi 0.655 (Medium)
9 Poso Poso 0.714 (High)
10 Sigi Sigi Biromaru 0.682 (Medium)
11 Tojo Una-Una Ampana 0.645 (Medium)
12 Tolitoli Tolitoli 0.654 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [43]
1 Palu 0.815 (Very High)

North Sulawesi

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [43]
1 Bolaang Mongondow Lolak 0.678 (Medium)
2 East Bolaang Mongondow Tutuyan 0.661 (Medium)
3 Minahasa Tondano 0.756 (High)
4 North Bolaang Mongondow Boroko 0.669 (Medium)
5 North Minahasa Airmadidi 0.739 (High)
6 Sangihe Islands Tahuna 0.705 (High)
7 Sitaro Islands Ondong 0.675 (Medium)
8 South Bolaang Mongondow Molibagu 0.653 (Medium)
9 South Minahasa Amurang 0.717 (High)
10 Southeast Minahasa Ratahan 0.705 (High)
11 Talaud Islands Melonguane 0.689 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [43]
1 Bitung 0.742 (High)
2 Kotamobagu 0.732 (High)
3 Manado 0.791 (High)
4 Tomohon 0.767 (High)

Maluku Islands

Maluku

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [43]
1 Aru Islands Dobo 0.636 (Medium)
2 Buru Namlea 0.689 (Medium)
3 Central Maluku Masohi 0.713 (High)
4 East Seram Bula 0.637 (Medium)
5 South Buru Namrole 0.644 (Medium)
6 Southeast Maluku Langgur 0.659 (Medium)
7 Southwest Maluku Tiakur 0.655 (Medium)
8 Tanimbar Islands Saumlaki 0.616 (Medium)
9 West Seram Piru 0.655 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [43]
1 Ambon 0.808 (Very High)
2 Tual 0.677 (Medium)

North Maluku

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [43]
1 Central Halmahera Weda 0.656 (Medium)
2 East Halmahera Maba 0.667 (Medium)
3 Morotai Island Daruba 0.624 (Medium)
4 North Halmahera Tobelo 0.678 (Medium)
5 South Halmahera Labuha 0.641 (Medium)
6 Sula Islands Sanana 0.636 (Medium)
7 Taliabu Island Bobong 0.606 (Medium)
8 West Halmahera Jailolo 0.653 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [43]
1 Ternate 0.800 (Very High)
2 Tidore 0.708 (High)

Western New Guinea

Special Region of West Papua

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [43]
1 Fakfak Fakfak 0.679 (Medium)
2 Kaimana Kaimana 0.646 (Medium)
3 Manokwari Manokwari 0.717 (High)
4 Maybrat Kumurkek 0.592 (Medium)
5 Raja Ampat Waisai 0.637 (Medium)
6 Arfak Mountains Anggi 0.566 (Medium)
7 Sorong Aimas 0.653 (Medium)
8 South Manokwari Ransiki 0.597 (Medium)
9 South Sorong Teminabuan 0.619 (Medium)
10 Tambrauw Fef 0.529 (Low)
11 Teluk Bintuni Bintuni 0.640 (Medium)
12 Teluk Wondama Rasiei 0.598 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [43]
1 Sorong 0.779 (High)

Special Region of Papua

NoRegency Seat HDI (2019) [43]
1 Asmat Agats 0.504 (Low)
2 Biak Numfor Biak 0.726 (High)
3 Boven Digoel Tanah Merah 0.615 (Medium)
4 Central Mamberamo Kobakma 0.472 (Low)
5 Deiyai Waghete 0.501 (Low)
6 Dogiyai Kigamani 0.554 (Medium)
7 Intan Jaya Sugapa 0.475 (Low)
8 Jayapura Sentani 0.718 (High)
9 Jayawijaya Wamena 0.578 (Medium)
10 Keerom Waris 0.666 (Medium)
11 Lanny Jaya Tiom 0.480 (Low)
12 Mamberamo Raya Burmeso 0.522 (Low)
13 Mappi Kepi 0.583 (Medium)
14 Merauke Merauke 0.699 (Medium)
15 Mimika Timika 0.741 (High)
16 Nabire Nabire 0.685 (Medium)
17 Nduga Kenyam 0.308 (Low)
18 Paniai Enarotali 0.566 (Medium)
19 Pegunungan Bintang Oksibil 0.452 (Low)
20 Puncak Ilaga 0.427 (Low)
21 Puncak Jaya Mulia 0.483 (Low)
22 Sarmi Sarmi 0.635 (Medium)
23 Supiori Sorendiweri 0.623 (Medium)
24 Tolikara Karubaga 0.497 (Low)
25 Waropen Botawa 0.653 (Medium)
26 Yahukimo Dekai 0.493 (Low)
27 Yalimo Elelim 0.481 (Low)
28 Yapen Islands Serui 0.678 (Medium)
NoCity HDI (2019) [43]
1 Jayapura 0.802 (Very High)

Superlatives

Superlatives of cities can be found at Indonesian Wikipedia articles Daftar kota di Indonesia menurut jumlah penduduk and Daftar kota di Indonesia menurut luas wilayah. Although the least populated regency in Indonesian by various sources is held by Tana Tidung Regency of North Kalimantan, [45] Tambrauw Regency is included here instead because it is effectively has fewer population of about 13 thousand people compared to 24 thousand people of Tana Tidung Regency.

RegenciesProvinceCitiesProvince
Largest by area Merauke Regency [ citation needed ]Papua Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan
Smallest by area Administrative Regency of Thousand Islands [ citation needed ]Jakarta Sibolga [46] North Sumatra
Largest by population Bogor Regency [ citation needed ]West Java East Jakarta Jakarta
Smallest by population Tambrauw Regency [ citation needed ]West Papua Sabang Aceh

Subdivision splits

Following the Regional Autonomy Act (Indonesian : Undang-Undang Otonomi Daerah) of 1999, many regencies have been split to create additional regencies and cities, the number of such divisions were thus increased to 514. However, these territorial splits can sometimes lead into corruption cases. [47] As of 2020, these territorial splits are still in moratorium. [48]

The latest new regencies split from existing regencies were South Buton Regency, Central Buton Regency and West Muna Regency in July 2014, while the latest cities were South Tangerang and Gunungsitoli in October 2008. There are no cities which have been split into other subdivisions, although the administrative regency of Thousand Islands was split from North Jakarta administrative city in 2001. Despite the name of South Tangerang being similar to that of Tangerang city, South Tangerang was actually split from Tangerang Regency.

In two special cases, all subdivisions of North Maluku and Riau Islands were made from parts of the defunct North Maluku Regency and Riau Islands Regency, respectively. All subdivisions of North Kalimantan are also made from lands of Bulungan Regency, but its area was split to several regencies before the province was established. Central Java and Special Region of Yogyakarta are the only provinces which have not had any subdivision splits. Listed below are the subdivision splits from 2007; for pre-2007 splits see also main article in Indonesian Wikipedia.

2014

Southeast Sulawesi

2013

South Sumatra

Central Sulawesi

Southeast Sulawesi

2012

South Sumatra

East Nusa Tenggara

East Kalimantan

Central Sulawesi

West Sulawesi

Southeast Sulawesi

North Maluku

Lampung

West Java

West Papua

2008

North Sumatra

Jambi

Riau

Bengkulu

Lampung

Riau Islands

Banten

West Nusa Tenggara

East Nusa Tenggara

North Sulawesi

Central Sulawesi

South Sulawesi

Maluku

North Maluku

West Papua

Papua

2007

Aceh

North Sumatra

South Sumatra

Lampung

Banten

West Java

East Nusa Tenggara

West Kalimantan

North Kalimantan

North Sulawesi

Gorontalo

Southeast Sulawesi

Maluku

Papua

Former regencies

Emblem of Kutai Regency, until the regency was renamed to Kutai Kartanegara Regency in 2002. Logo Kutai Lama.png
Emblem of Kutai Regency, until the regency was renamed to Kutai Kartanegara Regency in 2002.

These regencies are defunct by splitting its lands together, or renamed.[ citation needed ] This list does not include colonial-era regencies, or former regencies of the former province of East Timor.

Subdivision nameFate
Toba Samosir Regency (−2020)Renamed to Toba Regency
Western Southeast Maluku Regency (1999–2019)Renamed to Tanimbar Islands Regency
North Mamuju Regency (2003–2018)Renamed to Pasangkayu Regency
Pontianak Regency (−2014)Renamed to Mempawah Regency
Riau Islands Regency (−2006)Split into 3 in 1999 and one each in 2001 and 2003, later changed name to Bintan Regency
North Maluku Regency (−2003)Split into 4 regencies and cities
Kutai Regency (−2002)Split into 4 regencies and cities in 1999, later renamed to Kutai Kartanegara Regency
Sarolangun Bangko Regency (−1999)Split into Sarolangun Regency and Merangin Regency
Bungo Tebo Regency (−1999)Split into Bungo Regency and Tebo Regency
Tanjung Jabung Regency (−1999)Split into West Tanjung Jabung Regency and East Tanjung Jabung Regency
Buol Toli-Toli Regency (−1999)Split into Buol Regency and Toli-Toli Regency
Adikarto Regency (−1951)Merged to Kulon Progo Regency
Hulu Sungai Regency (−1950)Split into six regencies
Barito Regency (−1950)Split into North Barito Regency and South Barito Regency
Kotawaringin Regency (−1950)Split into West Kotawaringin Regency and East Kotawaringin Regency

Related Research Articles

North Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

North Sulawesi is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the Minahasa Peninsula of Sulawesi, south of the Philippines and southeast of Sabah, Malaysia. It borders Davao and Soccsksargen regions of the Philippines to the north, the Maluku Sea to the east, Gorontalo and Celebes Sea to the west and the Gulf of Tomini to the southwest. With Miangas, it is the northernmost province of Indonesia. The province's area is 13,892.47 square kilometres (5,363.91 sq mi), and its population was 2,270,596 according to the 2010 census; this rose to 2,621,923 at the 2020 Census.

Southeast Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

Southeast Sulawesi is a province on the island of Sulawesi, forming the southeastern peninsula of that island, together with a number of substantial offshore islands such as Buton, Muna, Kabaena and Wawonii, together with many smaller islands. The capital is the city of Kendari, on the east coast of the peninsula.

Serang Regency Regency in Banten, Indonesia

Serang Regency is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia. It is located in the northwest corner of the island of Java. The administrative center of the regency is at Baros, while the capital of the province is the independent municipality of Serang which was split off the regency in 2007.

Jakarta metropolitan area Metropolitan area in Indonesia

The Jakarta metropolitan area, or Greater Jakarta known locally as Jabodetabek, Jabodetabekjur, or Jabodetabekpunjur, is the most populous metropolitan area in Indonesia. It includes the national capital Jakarta as the core city as well as five satellite cities and four regencies. The original term "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1970s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" in 1999 when "De" was inserted into the name following its formation. The term "Jabodetabekjur" or "Jabodetabekpunjur" was legalised on the Presidential Regulation Number 54 of 2008, although the name Jabodetabek is more commonly used.

Tangerang Regency Regency in Banten, Indonesia

Tangerang Regency is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia. It is located on the island of Java. The current regent is Ahmed Zaki Iskandar. Though commonly misunderstood as being a part of Jakarta, Tangerang is actually outside Jakarta City but is part of Greater Jakarta. Since 1993, the Regency has lost territory as first Tangerang city was split off on 27 February 1993 and subsequently South Tangerang city was split off on 29 October 2008. The residual Regency now has an area of 959.61 km² and a population of 2,834,376 at the 2010 Census, growing to 3,245,619 at the 2020 Census. Tigaraksa is the regency seat.

Kalideres

Kalideres is a district of West Jakarta, Indonesia and is the westernmost district of Jakarta. Kalideres covers 3,023.36 hectares and is bounded by Tangerang Regency to the north, Penjaringan District to the northeast, Cengkareng District to the east and Tangerang City to the south and west.

Pandeglang Regency Regency in Banten

Pandeglang Regency is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia. It is mainly located on the west and south coasts of the island of Java, and is the most westerly regency on Java Island, but it also includes a number of offshore islands such as Panaitan, Deli and Tinjil. The regency has an area of 2,746.81 km2, and an population at the 2010 Census of 1,149,610, rising to 1,272,687 at the 2020 Census. The regency seat is the town of Pandeglang.

Serang City in Banten, Indonesia

Serang municipality is the capital of Banten province and was formerly also the administrative center of Serang Regency in Indonesia. The city is located towards the north of Banten province, on the island of Java. Before Banten province was formed in 2000 Serang was part of West Java province.

Tarakan City in North Kalimantan, Indonesia

Tarakan is an island and the largest city of the Indonesian province of North Kalimantan. The island city is located in northern Borneo, just across the border from Sabah, Malaysia. The city boundaries are co-extensive with the island. Once a major oil-producing region during the colonial period, Tarakan had great strategic importance during the Pacific War and was among the first Japanese targets early in the conflict. It is the sole city within the newly established Indonesian province of North Kalimantan. According to Statistics Indonesia, the city had a population of 193,370 at the 2010 Census and 242,786 inhabitants at the 2020 Census.

South Labuhan Batu Regency Regency in North Sumatra, Indonesia

South Labuhan Batu Regency is a regency of North Sumatra, Indonesia, created in 2007 by being carved out of the existing Labuhan Batu Regency The new South Labuhan Batu Regency covers an area of 3,595.9 square kilometres and according to the 2010 census it had a population of 277,673, which rose to 314,094 at the 2020 Census. Its administrative headquarters are at Kotapinang.

Lembata Regency Regency in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

Lembata Regency is a regency in East Nusa Tenggara province of Indonesia. Established in 1999, the regency covers the island of Lembata, together with three small offshore islands together forming the eastern part of the Solor Archipelago, and has its administrative seat (capital) in Lewoleba. The population of the Regency was 117,829 at the 2010 decennial census; at the 2015 Census this had risen to 131,955 and at the 2020 Census was 135,930.

North Kalimantan Province of Indonesia

North Kalimantan is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the northernmost of Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. North Kalimantan borders the Malaysian states of Sabah to the north and Sarawak to the west, and by the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan to the south. Tanjung Selor serves as the capital of the province, while Tarakan is the largest city and the financial centre.

Malinau Regency Regency in North Kalimantan, Indonesia

Malinau Regency is a regency of North Kalimantan Province in Indonesia. The administrative centre is the town of Malinau. The regency is home to the Kayan Mentarang National Park. It covers an area of 40,088.38 km2, and had a population of 62,423 at the 2010 Census and 82,510 at the 2020 Census. It is regency with the largest area in the province, as well as the least densely populated. Other than that, Malinau is the only regency in North Kalimantan that is predominantly Protestant and the second most-developed region in North Kalimantan after Tarakan in terms of Human Development Index.

Tana Tidung Regency Regency in North Kalimantan, Indonesia

Tana Tidung Regency is a regency of North Kalimantan Province in Indonesia. It is the least populous regency in the province as well as the least populous in Indonesia with only 15,202 inhabitants at the 2010 Census and 25,584 people at the 2020 census. Its regency seat is the town of Tideng Pale, located in Sesayap District, where a majority of the regency's population lives.

North Buton Regency Regency in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia

North Buton Regency is a regency of Indonesia's Southeast Sulawesi Province, which was separated from Buton Regency in accordance with Indonesia's Law Number 14 of 2007. The area of the regency, which covers the north part of Buton Island, is 1,923.03 km2. Its population was 54,736 at the 2010 Census and 66,653 at the 2020 Census. The principal town lies at Buranga.

Bolaang Mongondow Regency Regency in North Sulawesi, Indonesia

Bolaang Mongondow Regency is a regency of North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia, situated on the island of Sulawesi. The principal town lies at Kotamobagu, which is now administratively separated from the regency, the administrative centre of which is now at the town of Lolak. The Regency covers an area of 2,871.65 km2, and had a population of 213,484 at the 2010 Census and 248,751 at the 2020 Census.

East Bolaang Mongondow Regency Regency in North Sulawesi, Indonesia

East Bolaang Mongondow Regency is a regency of North Sulawesi Province of Indonesia. It covers an area of 910.18 sq km and had a population of 63,654 at the 2010 Census, rising to 87,241 at the 2020 Census. The principal town lies at Tutuyan.

North Bolaang Mongondow Regency Regency in North Sulawesi, Indonesia

North Bolaang Mongondow Regency is a regency of North Sulawesi Province of Indonesia. Boroko is the principal town of the regency. The regency covers an area of 1,856.86 km2 and had a population of 70,693 at the 2010 Census and 83,112 at the 2020 Census.

South Bolaang Mongondow Regency Regency in North Sulawesi, Indonesia

South Bolaang Mongondow Regency is a regency of North Sulawesi Province of Indonesia. It covers an area of 1,932.30 km2, and had a population of 57,001 at the 2010 Census, which rose to 69,791 at the 2020 Census. The principal town lies at Molibagu.

This is a list of emblems or seals used in Indonesia. Indonesia is divided into 34 provinces, and each province is divided into regencies (kabupaten) and cities (kota). There are 416 regencies and 98 cities. Each province, regency, and city has its own emblem.

References

  1. Turner, Mark; Owen Podger; Maria S. Sumardjono; Wayan K. Tirthayasa (2003). Decentralisation in Indonesia: redesigning the state. Australian National University. Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government. ISBN   0-7315-3697-5.
  2. Indonesia – The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 2013
  3. Kode Pos Indonesia
  4. "Profil Daerah (Regional profiles)". Indonesian Ministry of Interior.
  5. 1 2 3 4 "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  6. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  8. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  9. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  10. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  11. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  12. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  13. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  14. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  15. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  16. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  17. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  18. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  19. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  20. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  21. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  22. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  23. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  24. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  25. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  26. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  27. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  28. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  29. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  30. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  31. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  32. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  33. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  34. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  35. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  36. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  37. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  38. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  39. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  40. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  41. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  42. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  43. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  44. "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  45. "Penduduk Kabupaten Bogor Terbanyak, Tana Tidung Tersedikit". CNN Indonesia . 14 August 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  46. "15 Kota Terkecil di Indonesia, Solo Masuk Urutan Berapa?". Solopos. 9 February 2021. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  47. "Daerah Pemekaran Sering Jadi Ladang Korupsi". Republika. 26 July 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  48. "Moratorium pemekaran daerah di tengah pandemi" [A moratorium on regional expansion amidst the pandemic]. Antaranews. 7 December 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2021.