List of districts of Nepal

Last updated
District
Also known as:
जिल्ला
Category Jilla
Location Nepal
Createdpre 1816
Number77 (as of 20 September 2015)
Populations1,744,240 – 6,538
Areas7,889 square kilometres (3,046 sq mi) - 119 square kilometres (46 sq mi)
Government District Coordination Committee
Subdivisions Urban Municipality
Rural Municipality

Districts in Nepal are second level of administrative divisions after provinces. Districts are subdivided in municipalities and rural municipalities. There are seven provinces and 77 districts in Nepal.

Contents

After the state's reconstruction of administrative divisions, Nawalparasi District and Rukum District were divided into Parasi District and Nawalpur District, and Eastern Rukum District and Western Rukum District respectively.

District official include:

History

Districts of Nepal in 1942 1942 Geographical Map Nepal by Ganesh Bahadur KC.jpg
Districts of Nepal in 1942
Districts of Nepal in 1952 Districts of Nepal in 1952.png
Districts of Nepal in 1952
Districts of Nepal in 2015 Districts of Nepal 2015.svg
Districts of Nepal in 2015

During the time of king Rajendra Bir Bikram Shah and prime minister Bhimsen Thapa, Nepal was divided into 10 districts. [1] All areas east of Dudhkoshi River were one district, Dhankuta.

Rana regime (1885–1950): During the time of prime minister Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana (1885-1901) Nepal was divided into 32 districts and Doti, Palpa and Dhankuta were 3 gaunda (Nepali : गौंडा) (English meaning: Cantonment). Hilly region had 20 districts and Terai had 12 districts. [1]

Even after Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana to the end of Rana rule in Nepal in 1951 and till the proclamation of new constitution of Kingdom of Nepal in 1962, Nepal remained divided into 32 districts. Each had a headquarters and Bada Haqim (District Administrator) as its head. From 1951 to 1962 many acts and constitutions passed which shows name of districts as below: [2] [3] [4]

Districts Before 1956

Districts from 1956 to 1962

Panchayat era (1960–1990):

In 1962, the reorganisation of traditional 32 districts into 14 zones and 75 development Districts. [5]

District Panchayat was one of the four administrative divisions of Nepal during the Panchayat System (1962–1990). During the Panchayat time the country was divided into 75 districts and now 2 districts are added by dividing Nawalparasi and Rukum into 2 districts. Now the total number of districts is 77.

District Development Committee (1990–2015):

Composed of elected members at the district level. It was responsible for formulating district-level development policies. It was established in 1990, following the end of the Panchayat system.

Districts under new administration

As of 20 September 2015 Nepal is divided into 7 provinces. They are defined by schedule 4 of the new constitution, by grouping together the existing districts. Two districts, Rukum and Nawalparasi, are split in two parts ending up in two different provinces. [6] The old District Development Committee (DDC) replaced with District Coordination Committee (DCC).

Overview

S.N.ProvincesCapitalDistrictsArea
(KM²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(people/KM²)
Official Languages
Nepal Kathmandu 77147,181 km²26,494,504180 Nepali
1 Province No. 1 Biratnagar 1425,905 km²4,534,943175 Nepali/Bantawa/Maithili/Limbu
2 Province No. 2 Janakpur 89,661 km²5,404,145559 Nepali/Maithili/Bhojpuri
3 Bagmati Province Hetauda 1320,300 km²5,529,452272 Nepali/Tamang/Nepal Bhasha
4 Gandaki Province Pokhara 1121,504 km²2,413,907112 Nepali/Gurung/Magar
5 Lumbini Province Deukhuri 1222,288 km²4,891,025219 Nepali/Tharu/Awadhi
6 Karnali Province Birendranagar 1027,984 km²1,168,51541 Nepali/Magar/Tamang
7 Sudurpashchim Province Godawari 919,539 km²2,552,517130 Nepali/Doteli/Tharu

List of districts by province

Province No. 1

Districts of Province No. 1
NameNepaliHeadquartersArea (km2)Population (2011)Website
Bhojpur District भोजपुर जिल्ला Bhojpur 1,507182,459
Dhankuta District धनकुटा जिल्ला Dhankuta 892163,412
Ilam District इलाम जिल्ला Ilam 1,703290,254
Jhapa District झापा जिल्ला Bhadrapur 1,606812,650
Khotang District खोटाँग जिल्ला Diktel 1,591206,312
Morang District मोरंग जिल्ला Biratnagar 1,855965,370
Okhaldhunga District ओखलढुंगा जिल्ला Siddhicharan 1,074147,984
Panchthar District पांचथर जिल्ला Phidim 1,241191,817
Sankhuwasabha District संखुवासभा जिल्ला Khandbari 3,480158,742
Solukhumbu District सोलुखुम्बू जिल्ला Salleri 3,312105,886
Sunsari District सुनसरी जिल्ला Inaruwa 1,257763,497
Taplejung District ताप्लेजुंग जिल्ला Taplejung 3,646127,461
Tehrathum District तेह्रथुम जिल्ला Myanglung 679113,111
Udayapur District उदयपुर जिल्ला Gaighat 2,063317,532
Province No. 1 प्रदेश नं० १ Biratnagar 25,905 km24,534,943

Province No. 2

Districts of Province No. 2
DistrictsNepaliHeadquartersArea (km2)Population (2011) [7] Official Website
Parsa District पर्सा जिल्ला Birgunj 1,353601,017
Bara District बारा जिल्ला Kalaiya 1,190687,708
Rautahat District रौतहट जिल्ला Gaur 1,126686,723
Sarlahi District सर्लाही जिल्ला Malangwa 1,259769,729
Dhanusha District धनुषा जिल्ला Janakpur 1,180754,777
Siraha District सिराहा जिल्ला Siraha 1,188637,328
Mahottari District महोत्तरी जिल्ला Jaleshwar 1,002627,580
Saptari District सप्तरी जिल्ला Rajbiraj 1,363639,284
Province No. 2 प्रदेश नं० २ Janakpur 9,661 km25,404,416

Bagmati Province

Districts of Bagmati
DistrictsNepaliHeadquartersArea (km2.)Population (2011) [7] Official Website
Sindhuli District सिन्धुली जिल्ला Kamalamai 2,491296,192
Ramechhap District रामेछाप जिल्ला Manthali 1,546202,646
Dolakha District दोलखा जिल्ला Bhimeshwar 2,191186,557
Bhaktapur District भक्तपुर जिल्ला Bhaktapur 119304,651
Dhading District धादिङ जिल्ला Nilkantha 1,926336,067
Kathmandu District काठमाडौँ जिल्ला Kathmandu 3951,744,240
Kavrepalanchok District काभ्रेपलान्चोक जिल्ला Dhulikhel 1,396381,937
Lalitpur District ललितपुर जिल्ला Lalitpur 385468,132
Nuwakot District नुवाकोट जिल्ला Bidur 1,121277,471
Rasuwa District रसुवा जिल्ला Dhunche 1,54443,300
Sindhupalchok District सिन्धुपाल्चोक जिल्ला Chautara 2,542287,798
Chitwan District चितवन जिल्ला Bharatpur 2,218579,984
Makwanpur District मकवानपुर जिल्ला Hetauda 2,426420,477
Bagmati Province वाग्मती प्रदेश Hetauda 20,300 km25,529,452

Gandaki Province

Districts of Gandaki
DistrictsNepaliHeadquartersArea (km2.)Population (2011) [7] Official Website
Baglung District बागलुङ जिल्ला Baglung 1,784268,613
Gorkha District गोरखा जिल्ला Gorkha 3,610271,061
Kaski District कास्की जिल्ला Pokhara 2,017492,098
Lamjung District लमजुङ जिल्ला Besisahar 1,692167,724
Manang District मनाङ जिल्ला Chame 2,2466,538
Mustang District मुस्ताङ जिल्ला Jomsom 3,57313,452
Myagdi District म्याग्दी जिल्ला Beni 2,297113,641
Nawalpur District नवलपुर जिल्ला Kawasoti 1,043.1310,864
Parbat District पर्वत जिल्ला Kusma 494146,590
Syangja District स्याङग्जा जिल्ला Putalibazar 1,164289,148
Tanahun District तनहुँ जिल्ला Damauli 1,546323,288
Gandaki Province गण्डकी प्रदेश Pokhara 21,733 km²2,403,757

Lumbini Province

Districts of Lumbini
DistrictsNepaliHeadquartersArea (km2.)Population (2011) [7] Official Website
Kapilvastu District कपिलवस्तु जिल्ला Taulihawa 1,738571,936
Parasi District परासी जिल्ला Ramgram 634.88321,058
Rupandehi District रुपन्देही जिल्ला Siddharthanagar 1,360880,196
Arghakhanchi District अर्घाखाँची जिल्ला Sandhikharka 1,193197,632
Gulmi District गुल्मी जिल्ला Tamghas 1,149280,160
Palpa District पाल्पा जिल्ला Tansen 1,373261,180
Dang Deukhuri District दाङ देउखुरी जिल्ला Ghorahi 2,955552,583
Pyuthan District प्युठान जिल्ला Pyuthan 1,309228,102
Rolpa District रोल्पा जिल्ला Liwang 1,879224,506
Eastern Rukum पूर्वी रूकुम जिल्ला Rukumkot 1,161.1353,018
Banke District बाँके जिल्ला Nepalganj 2,337491,313
Bardiya District बर्दिया जिल्ला Gulariya 2,025426,576
Lumbini Province लुम्बिनी प्रदेश Deukhuri 22,288 km24,499,272

Karnali Province

Districts of Karnali
DistrictsNepaliHeadquartersArea (km2)Population (2011) [7] Official Website
Western Rukum District पश्चिमी रूकुम जिल्ला Musikot 1,213.49154,272
Salyan District सल्यान जिल्ला Salyan 1,462242,444
Dolpa District डोल्पा जिल्ला Dunai 7,88936,700
Humla District हुम्ला जिल्ला Simikot 5,65550,858
Jumla District जुम्ला जिल्ला Chandannath 2,531108,921
Kalikot District कालिकोट जिल्ला Manma 1,741136,948
Mugu District मुगु जिल्ला Gamgadhi 3,53555,286
Surkhet District सुर्खेत जिल्ला Birendranagar 2,451350,804
Dailekh District दैलेख जिल्ला Narayan 1,502261,770
Jajarkot District जाजरकोट जिल्ला Khalanga 2,230171,304
Karnali Province कर्णाली प्रदेश Birendranagar 27,984 km21,570,418

Sudurpashchim Province

Districts of Sudurpaschim
DistrictsNepaliHeadquartersArea (km2)Population (2011) [7] Official Website
Kailali District कैलाली जिल्ला Dhangadhi 3,235775,709
Achham District अछाम जिल्ला Mangalsen 1,680257,477
Doti District डोटी जिल्ला Dipayal Silgadhi 2,025211,746
Bajhang District बझाङ जिल्ला Jayaprithvi 3,422195,159
Bajura District बाजुरा जिल्ला Martadi 2,188134,912
Kanchanpur District कंचनपुर जिल्ला Bheemdatta 1,610451,248
Dadeldhura District डडेलधुरा जिल्ला Amargadhi 1,538142,094
Baitadi District बैतडी जिल्ला Dasharathchand 1,519250,898
Darchula District दार्चुला जिल्ला Darchula 2,322133,274
Sudurpashchim Province सुदूर-पश्चिम प्रदेश Godawari 19,539 km22,552,517

See also

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Lumbini Province Province of Nepal

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Karnali Province Province of Nepal

Karnali Province is one of the seven federal provinces of Nepal formed by the new constitution which was adopted on 20 September 2015. The total area of the province is 27,984 square kilometres (10,805 sq mi) covering 18.97% of the country, making it the largest province in Nepal. According to the 2011 Nepal census, the population of the province was 1,570,418, making it the least populous province in Nepal. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Gandaki Province to the east, Sudurpashchim Province to the west, and Lumbini Province to the south. Birendranagar with a population of 47,914 is both the province's capital and largest city.

Sudurpashchim Province Province of Nepal

Sudurpashchim Province is one of the seven provinces established by the new constitution of Nepal which was adopted on 20 September 2015. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Karnali Province and Lumbini Province to the east, and the Indian states of Uttarakhand to the west and Uttar Pradesh to the south. The province covers an area of 19,515.52 km2 - about 13.22% of the country's total area Initially known as Province No. 7, the newly elected Provincial Assembly adopted Sudurpashchim Pradesh as the permanent name for the province in September 2018. As per a 28 September 2018 Assembly voting, the city of Godawari has been declared the capital of the Province. The province is coterminous with the former Far-Western Development Region, Nepal. The three major cities in terms of population and economy are Dhangadhi, Bhimdutta (Mahendranagar) and Tikapur.

Former administrative units of Nepal

Former administrative units of Nepal are administrative divisions during Kingdom of Nepal. In 2008 Nepal was proclaimed a federal republic and old administrative units restricted after adoption of new constitution on 20 September 2015.

Nawalpur District District in Gandaki Province, Nepal

Nawalpur or is a district located in Gandaki Province of Nepal. It is 1 out of 11 districts of Gandaki Province. The headquarter of the district is Kawasoti.

Parasi District District in Lumbini Province, Nepal

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Hupsekot

Hupsekot was a VDC in the former Nawalparasi District which was a part of the former Lumbini Zone of the Western Development Region of Nepal. Total population of Hupsekot VDC in 2011 was 3,681 individuals with 552 households

Eastern Rukum District District in Province No. 5, Nepal

Eastern Rukum is a mountain district located in the Lumbini Province of Nepal. It is one of the twelve districts of the province and contains over sixty percent of Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve in the western section of Dhaulagiri mountain range. It is also the only mountain-district of the province with its tallest mountain Putha Hiunchuli situated in the west end of Dhaulagiri II mountain chain, at an elevation of 7,246 meters. Eastern Rukum has been included as one of "Nepal´s top 100 travel destinations" by the Government of Nepal.

References

  1. 1 2 "संक्षिप्त परिचय" [Short Intro]. ddcdhankuta.gov.np (in Nepali). Govt of Nepal. Retrieved 6 February 2018. ..."श्री ५ राजेन्द्रविक्रम शाह र प्रधानमन्त्री भीमसेन थापाको शासनकालमा प्रशासनिक दृष्टिकोणले वि.सं.१८७३ साल पश्चात देश १० जिल्लामा विभाजन भयो।"
  2. "Government of Nepal Act 1948" (PDF).
  3. "प्रशासकीय पुनर्गठन समिति (बुच कमिशन) को प्रतिवेदन, २००९" (PDF).
  4. "नेपालको जिल्ला प्रशासन पुनर्गठनको रिपोर्ट, २०१३" (PDF).
  5. "Memorial Step of King Mahendra in 1st Poush 2017 BS". reviewnepal.com. 13 December 2017. Retrieved 6 February 2018. ..." "
  6. "There will be 77 districts in the country: Minister Thapa". myrepublica.com. 6 August 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 2011 Census District Level Detail Report Archived 2018-09-02 at the Wayback Machine , Central Bureau of Statistics.